Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics
Author: Bashar Alsadik
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2019-03-15
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0128175885

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Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics: With MATLAB Examples, Volume Four introduces a complete package of theoretical and practical subjects in adjustment computations relating to geomatics and geophysical applications, particularly photogrammetry, surveying, remote sensing, GIS, cartography, geodesy and computing. Supported by illustrating figures and solved examples with MATLAB codes, the book provides clear methods for processing 3D data for accurate and reliable results. Problems cover free net adjustment, adjustment with constraints, blunder detection, RANSAC, robust estimation, error propagation, 3D co-registration, image pose determination, and more. Covers both the theory and practice of using adjustment techniques in a wide variety of modern applications in geomatics Presents topics on the Kalman filter, Robust estimation, Levenberg Marquardt technique, and many other vital applications in the context of geomatics and photogrammetry Provides 75 solved problems in detail, especially related to 3-Dimensional applications of geomatics Offers MATLAB codes to strengthen understanding and give readers up-to-date knowledge on information science

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics
Author: Bashar Alsadik
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 423
Release: 2019-04-16
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128175897

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Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics: With MATLAB Examples, Volume Four introduces a complete package of theoretical and practical subjects in adjustment computations relating to Geomatics and geophysical applications, particularly photogrammetry, surveying, remote sensing, GIS, cartography, and geodesy. Supported by illustrating figures and solved examples with MATLAB codes, the book provides clear methods for processing 3D data for accurate and reliable results. Problems cover free net adjustment, adjustment with constraints, blunder detection, RANSAC, robust estimation, error propagation, 3D co-registration, image pose determination, and more. Covers both the theory and practice of using adjustment techniques in a wide variety of modern applications in Geomatics Presents topics on the Kalman filter, Robust estimation, Levenberg Marquardt technique, and many other vital applications in the context of Geomatics and photogrammetry Provides 75 solved problems in detail, especially related to 3-dimensional applications of Geomatics Offers MATLAB codes to strengthen understanding and give readers up-to-date knowledge on information science

Elementary Surveying

Elementary Surveying
Author: Charles D. Ghilani,Paul R. Wolf
Publsiher: Pearson College Division
Total Pages: 958
Release: 2012
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0132554348

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Updated throughout, this highly readable best-seller presents basic concepts and practical material in each of the areas fundamental to modern surveying (geomatics) practice. Its depth and breadth are ideal for self-study. KEY TOPICS: Includes new discussions on the impact of the new L2C and L5 signals in GPS and on the effects of solar activity in GNSS surveys. Other new topics include an additional method of computing slope intercepts; an introduction to mobile mapping systems; 90% revised problems; and new Video Solutions. MARKET: A useful reference for civil engineers

Education and Training in Geo Engineering Sciences

Education and Training in Geo Engineering Sciences
Author: Iacint Manoliu,Nicoleta Radulescu
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 526
Release: 2008-05-20
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781482266436

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In recent years the International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ISSMGE), the International Association for Engineering Geology and Environment (IAEG), and the International Society for Rock Mechanics (ISRM) have concluded a Cooperation Agreement, leading to the foundation of the Federation of International Geo-engineering

Guide to GPS Positioning

Guide to GPS Positioning
Author: David E. Wells,Norman Beck,Canadian GPS Associates
Publsiher: Larry d Hothem
Total Pages: 600
Release: 1987
Genre: Artificial satellites in navigation
ISBN: UOM:39015029283507

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"The Guide to GPS Positioning is a self-contained introduction to the Global Positioning System, designed to be used in any of the following three ways: as a self-study guide, as lecture notes for formal post-secondary education courses, or as hand-out material to support short-course and seminar presentations on GPS." -- Introduction.

Future U S Workforce for Geospatial Intelligence

Future U S  Workforce for Geospatial Intelligence
Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Higher Education and Workforce,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on the Future U.S. Workforce for Geospatial Intelligence
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2013-04-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780309268646

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We live in a changing world with multiple and evolving threats to national security, including terrorism, asymmetrical warfare (conflicts between agents with different military powers or tactics), and social unrest. Visually depicting and assessing these threats using imagery and other geographically-referenced information is the mission of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA). As the nature of the threat evolves, so do the tools, knowledge, and skills needed to respond. The challenge for NGA is to maintain a workforce that can deal with evolving threats to national security, ongoing scientific and technological advances, and changing skills and expectations of workers. Future U.S. Workforce for Geospatial Intelligence assesses the supply of expertise in 10 geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) fields, including 5 traditional areas (geodesy and geophysics, photogrammetry, remote sensing, cartographic science, and geographic information systems and geospatial analysis) and 5 emerging areas that could improve geospatial intelligence (GEOINT fusion, crowdsourcing, human geography, visual analytics, and forecasting). The report also identifies gaps in expertise relative to NGA's needs and suggests ways to ensure an adequate supply of geospatial intelligence expertise over the next 20 years.

Basics of Geomatics

Basics of Geomatics
Author: Mario A. Gomarasca
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 656
Release: 2009-09-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1402090145

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Geomatics is a neologism, the use of which is becoming increasingly widespread, even if it is not still universally accepted. It includes several disciplines and te- niques for the study of the Earth’s surface and its environments, and computer science plays a decisive role. A more meaningful and appropriate expression is G- spatial Information or GeoInformation. Geo-spatial Information embeds topography in its more modern forms (measurements with electronic instrumentation, sophisticated techniques of data analysis and network compensation, global satellite positioning techniques, laser scanning, etc.), analytical and digital photogrammetry, satellite and airborne remote sensing, numerical cartography, geographical information systems, decision support systems, WebGIS, etc. These specialized elds are intimately interrelated in terms of both the basic science and the results pursued: rigid separation does not allow us to discover several common aspects and the fundamental importance assumed in a search for solutions in the complex survey context. The objective pursued by Mario A. Gomarasca, one that is only apparently modest, is to publish an integrated text on the surveying theme, containing simple and comprehensible concepts relevant to experts in Geo-spatial Information and/or speci cally in one of the disciplines that compose it. At the same time, the book is rigorous and synthetic, describing with precision the main instruments and methods connected to the multiple techniques available today.

Computational Physics

Computational Physics
Author: Michael Bestehorn
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 330
Release: 2018-04-09
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783110515213

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Drawing on examples from various areas of physics, this textbook introduces the reader to computer-based physics using Fortran® and Matlab®. It elucidates a broad palette of topics, including fundamental phenomena in classical and quantum mechanics, hydrodynamics and dynamical systems, as well as effects in field theories and macroscopic pattern formation described by (nonlinear) partial differential equations. A chapter on Monte Carlo methods is devoted to problems typically occurring in statistical physics. Contents Introduction Nonlinear maps Dynamical systems Ordinary differential equations I Ordinary differential equations II Partial differential equations I, basics Partial differential equations II, applications Monte Carlo methods (MC) Matrices and systems of linear equations Program library Solutions of the problems README and a short guide to FE-tools

Digital Terrain Modeling

Digital Terrain Modeling
Author: Zhilin Li,Christopher Zhu,Chris Gold
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 323
Release: 2004-11-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0203486749

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Written by experts, Digital Terrain Modeling: Principles and Methodology provides comprehensive coverage of recent developments in the field. The topics include terrain analysis, sampling strategy, acquisition methodology, surface modeling principles, triangulation algorithms, interpolation techniques, on-line and off-line quality control in data acquisition, DTM accuracy assessment and mathematical models for DTM accuracy prediction, multi-scale representation, data management, contouring, visual analysis (or visualization), the derivation of various types of terrain parameters, and future development and applications.

Handbook of Mathematical Geosciences

Handbook of Mathematical Geosciences
Author: B.S. Daya Sagar,Qiuming Cheng,Frits Agterberg
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 914
Release: 2018-06-25
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783319789996

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This Open Access handbook published at the IAMG's 50th anniversary, presents a compilation of invited path-breaking research contributions by award-winning geoscientists who have been instrumental in shaping the IAMG. It contains 45 chapters that are categorized broadly into five parts (i) theory, (ii) general applications, (iii) exploration and resource estimation, (iv) reviews, and (v) reminiscences covering related topics like mathematical geosciences, mathematical morphology, geostatistics, fractals and multifractals, spatial statistics, multipoint geostatistics, compositional data analysis, informatics, geocomputation, numerical methods, and chaos theory in the geosciences.

Progress and New Trends in 3D Geoinformation Sciences

Progress and New Trends in 3D Geoinformation Sciences
Author: Jacynthe Pouliot,Sylvie Daniel,Frédéric Hubert,Alborz Zamyadi
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2012-10-22
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783642297939

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The integration of the 3rd dimension in the production of spatial representation is largely recognized as a valuable approach to comprehend our reality, that is 3D. During the last decade developments in 3D Geoinformation (GI) system have made substantial progress. We are about to have a more complete spatial model and understanding of our planet in different scales. Hence, various communities and cities offer 3D landscape and 3D city models as valuable source and instrument for sustainable management of rural and urban resources. Also municipal utilities, real estate companies benefit from recent developments related to 3D applications. In order to present recent developments and to discuss future trends, academics and practitioners met at the 7th International Workshop on 3D Geoinformation. This book comprises a selection of evaluated, high quality papers that were presented at this workshop in May 2012. The topics focus explicitly on the last achievements (methods, algorithms, models, systems) with respect to 3D GeoInformation requirements. The book is aimed at decision makers and experts as well at students interested in the 3D component of geographical information science including GI engineers, computer scientists, photogrammetrists, land surveyors, urban planners, and mapping specialists.

Urban High Resolution Remote Sensing

Urban High Resolution Remote Sensing
Author: Guoqing Zhou
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2020-12-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000287691

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With urbanization as a global phenomenon, there is a need for data and information about these terrains. Urban remote sensing techniques provide critical physical input and intelligence for preparing base maps, formulating planning proposals, and monitoring implementations. Likewise these methodologies help with understanding the biophysical properties, patterns, and process of urban landscapes, as well as mapping and monitoring urban land cover and spatial extent. Advanced sensor technologies and image processing methodologies such as deep learning, data mining, etc., facilitate the wide applications of remote sensing technology in urban areas. This book presents advanced image processing methods and algorithms focused on three very important roots of urban remote sensing: 3D urban modelling using different remotely sensed data, urban orthophotomap generation, and urban feature extraction, which are also today’s real challenges in high resolution remote sensing. Data generated by remote sensing, with its repetitive and synoptic viewing and multispectral capabilities, constitutes a powerful tool for mapping and monitoring emerging changes in the city's urban core, as well as in peripheral areas. Features: Provides advances in emerging methods and algorithms in image processing and technology Uses algorithms and methodologies for handling high-resolution imagery from a ground sampling distance (GSD) less than 1.0 meter Focuses on 3D urban modelling, orthorectification methodologies, and urban feature extraction algorithms from high-resolution remotely sensed imagery Demonstrates how to apply up-to-date techniques to the problems identified and how to analyze research results Presents methods and algorithms for monitoring, analyzing, and modeling urban growth, urban planning, and socio-economic developments In this book, readers are provided with valuable research studies and applications-oriented chapters in areas such as urban trees, soil moisture mapping, city transportation, urban remote sensing big data, etc.

Detecting Modelling and Responding to Effusive Eruptions

Detecting  Modelling and Responding to Effusive Eruptions
Author: A.J.L. Harris,T. De Groeve,F. Garel,S.A. Carn
Publsiher: Geological Society of London
Total Pages: 683
Release: 2016-06-28
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781862397361

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For effusive volcanoes in resource-poor regions, there is a pressing need for a crisis response-chain bridging the global scientific community to allow provision of standard products for timely humanitarian response. As a first step in attaining this need, this Special Publication provides a complete directory of current operational capabilities for monitoring effusive eruptions. This volume also reviews the state-of-the-art in terms of satellite-based volcano hot-spot tracking and lava-flow simulation. These capabilities are demonstrated using case studies taken from well-known effusive events that have occurred worldwide over the last two decades at volcanoes such as Piton de la Fournaise, Etna, Stromboli and Kilauea. We also provide case-type response models implemented at the same volcanoes, as well as the results of a community-wide drill used to test a fully-integrated response focused on an operational hazard-GIS. Finally, the objectives and recommendations of the ‘Risk Evaluation, Detection and Simulation during Effusive Eruption Disasters’ working group are laid out in a statement of community needs by its members.

Basic Geological Mapping

Basic Geological Mapping
Author: John W. Barnes,Richard J. Lisle
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2013-04-03
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781118685426

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Designed to be carried in the field, this pocket-sized how-to book is a practical guide to basic techniques in mapping geological structures. In addition to including the latest computerised developments, the author provides succinct information on drawing cross-sections and preparing and presenting 'fair copy' maps and geological diagrams. Contains a brief chapter on the essentials of report writing and discusses how to keep adequate field notebooks. A checklist of equipment needed in the field can be found in the appendices. Quote from 3rd edition "provides a wealth of good advice on how to measure, record and write reports of geological field observations" The Naturalist

Geospatial Technology for Earth Observation

Geospatial Technology for Earth Observation
Author: Deren Li,Jie Shan,Jianya Gong
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 556
Release: 2009-09-18
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781441900500

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Earth Observation interacts with space, remote sensing, communication, and information technologies, and plays an increasingly significant role in Earth related scientific studies, resource management, homeland security, topographic mapping, and development of a healthy, sustainable environment and community. Geospatial Technology for Earth Observation provides an in-depth and broad collection of recent progress in Earth observation. Contributed by leading experts in this field, the book covers satellite, airborne and ground remote sensing systems and system integration, sensor orientation, remote sensing physics, image classification and analysis, information extraction, geospatial service, and various application topics, including cadastral mapping, land use change evaluation, water environment monitoring, flood mapping, and decision making support. Geospatial Technology for Earth Observation serves as a valuable training source for researchers, developers, and practitioners in geospatial science and technology industry. It is also suitable as a reference book for upper level college students and graduate students in geospatial technology, geosciences, resource management, and informatics.