Advanced and Emerging Polybenzoxazine Science and Technology

Advanced and Emerging Polybenzoxazine Science and Technology
Author: Hatsuo Ishida,Pablo Froimowicz
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1126
Release: 2017-01-18
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128041857

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Advanced and Emerging Polybenzoxazine Science and Technology introduces advanced topics of benzoxazine resins and polybenzoxazines as presented through the collaboration of leading experts in the benzoxazine community, representing the authoritative introduction to the subjects. Broad topics covered include the recent development and improved understanding of the subjects, including low temperature cure, aerogels and carbon aerogels, smart chemistry in fire retarding materials and coatings, metal containing benzoxazines, rational design of advanced properties, and materials from natural renew. In the past twenty years, the number of papers on polybenzoxazine has continuously increased at an exponential rate. During the past three years, the number of papers published is more than the previous 17 years combined. The material is now part of only a few successfully commercialized polymers in the past 35 years. Therefore, interest in this material in both academia and industry is very strong. Includes the latest advancements in benzoxazine chemistry Describes advanced materials, such as aerogels, carbons, smart coatings, nanofibers, and shape memory materials Includes additional characterization data and techniques, such as FT-IR, Raman, NMR, DSC, and TGA analyses

Handbook of Flame Retardants

Handbook of Flame Retardants
Author: George Wypych
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2021-01-25
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781927885703

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Handbook of Flame Retardants contains an extensive evaluation of the existing literature, products and patents related to flame retardance. As a perfect complement to The Databook of Flame Retardants, this book explains the roles, selection, mechanisms of action, use in different polymers and products, and health and environmental issues of over 350 different products. Chapters highlight the fundamentals of material burning and the associated stages of heat, flame and smoke, properties and mechanisms, and preventive, delaying and extinguishing attributes of 27 chemical groups of flame retardants. Examples of synergistic and antagonistic actions of various additives are discussed next, along with testing methods. The book concludes with chapters providing guidance on optimal selection of flame retardants for various polymers and information on the toxicity of flame retardants and their effects on the environment. Evaluates the existing literature, products and patents related to flame retardance Covers the fundamentals of material burning and associated stages of heat, flame and smoke Outlines and evaluates the properties of 27 chemical groups of flame retardants Provides examples of synergistic and antagonistic actions of various additives Looks at methods of testing flame retardants and quantifies their effect on products

Emergent Research on Polymeric and Composite Materials

Emergent Research on Polymeric and Composite Materials
Author: Somashekar, R.,Urs G., Thejas
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 341
Release: 2017-09-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781522530244

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Innovative textile materials are used for numerous applications. Understanding the properties of such materials is imperative to ensure proper utilization. Emergent Research on Polymeric and Composite Materials is an essential reference work featuring the latest scholarly research on the synthesis, characterizations, and physico-chemical properties of textile materials. Including coverage on a range of topics such as nanomaterials, ceramics, and clays, this book is ideally designed for researchers, academicians, industries, and students seeking current research on emerging developments and applications of polymeric and composite materials.

Research Anthology on Synthesis Characterization and Applications of Nanomaterials

Research Anthology on Synthesis  Characterization  and Applications of Nanomaterials
Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 1917
Release: 2021-03-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781799887362

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The use of nanotechnologies continues to grow, as nanomaterials have proven their versatility and use in many different fields and industries within the scientific profession. Using nanotechnology, materials can be made lighter, more durable, more reactive, and more efficient leading nanoscale materials to enhance many everyday products and processes. With many different sizes, shapes, and internal structures, the applications are endless. These uses range from pharmaceutics to materials such as cement or cloth, electronics, environmental sustainability, and more. Therefore, there has been a recent surge of research focused on the synthesis and characterizations of these nanomaterials to better understand how they can be used, their applications, and the many different types. The Research Anthology on Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications of Nanomaterials seeks to address not only how nanomaterials are created, used, or characterized, but also to apply this knowledge to the multidimensional industries, fields, and applications of nanomaterials and nanoscience. This includes topics such as both natural and manmade nanomaterials; the size, shape, reactivity, and other essential characteristics of nanomaterials; challenges and potential effects of using nanomaterials; and the advantages of nanomaterials with multidisciplinary uses. This book is ideally designed for researchers, engineers, practitioners, industrialists, educators, strategists, policymakers, scientists, and students working in fields that include materials engineering, engineering science, nanotechnology, biotechnology, microbiology, drug design and delivery, medicine, and more.

Fiber Reinforced Composites

Fiber Reinforced Composites
Author: Joseph Kuruvilla,Kristiina Oksman,George Gejo,Runcy Wilson,Saritha Appukuttan
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 906
Release: 2021-03-20
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128210918

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Polymer-based fibre-reinforced composites FRC’s have now come out as a major class of structural materials being used or regarded as substituent’s for metals in several critical components in space, automotive and other industries (marine, and sports goods) owing to their low density, strength-weight ratio, and fatigue strength. FRC’s have several commercial as well as industrial applications ranging from aircraft, space, automotive, sporting goods, marine, and infrastructure. The above-mentioned applications of FRC’s clearly reveal that FRC’s have the potential to be used in a broad range of different engineering fields with the added advantages of low density, and resistance to corrosion compared to conventional metallic and ceramic composites. However, for scientists/researchers/R&D’s to fabricate FRC’s with such potential there should be careful and precise design followed by suitable process development based on properties like mechanical, physical, and thermal that are unique to each application. Hence the last few decades have witnessed considerable research on fibre reinforced composites. Fibre Reinforced Composites: Constituents, Compatibility, Perspectives and Applications presents a widespread all-inclusive review on fibre-reinforced composites ranging from the different types of processing techniques to chemical modification of the fibre surface to enhance the interfacial adhesion between the matrix and fibre and the structure-property relationship. It illustrates how high value composites can be produced by efficient and sustainable processing methods by selecting different constituents [fibres and resins]. Researchers in academia working in composites and accompanying areas [materials characterisation] and industrial manufacturers who need information on composite constituents and how they relate to each other for a certain application will find the book extremely useful when they need to make decisions about materials selection for their products. Focuses on the different types of FRC’s that are currently available (e.g. from polymeric matrices to metallic and ceramic matrices, from carbon fibre to different types of natural fibres and from short to long fibre reinforced), their processing techniques, characterization of different properties, and how to improve the interfacial adhesion between an incompatible fibre and matrix and their applications Looks at crisis areas such as how to incorporate incompatible fibres and matrices together (e.g. Non-polar polypropylene matrix is not compatible with that of polar natural fibres and hence suitable surface modifications are required to make them compatible with each other) along with low cost processing methods, low density and high strength Uncovers clarifications to both elementary and practical problems related to the fabrication of FRCs Schematic representations depicting the interaction between different fibre types and matrices will be provided in some chapters

Smart Polymer Catalysts and Tunable Catalysis

Smart Polymer Catalysts and Tunable Catalysis
Author: Songjun Li,Peter A. Lieberzeit,Sergey A. Piletsky,Anthony P.F. Turner
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2019-09-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128118726

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Smart Polymer Catalysts and Tunable Catalysis describes the latest advances in smart polymer catalysts and tunable catalysis. This book will serve as an ideal reference for scientists, students and researchers working in the fields of catalysis, chemical engineering, chemistry, materials science, biotechnology and nanotechnology. Users will find this to be a distinct, systematic and comprehensive body of knowledge on the field with its compilation of essential knowledge and discussions of extensive potential in both social and commercial impacts. Provides a single-source summary of the emerging frontiers in scientific research in smart polymer catalysts and tunable catalysis Includes very well-organized chapters that are illustrated with over 130 illustrations and figures Written by scientists from prestigious universities and industries across the world Edited by veteran researchers in the field of smart polymers and catalysis

Paint and Coatings Industry

Paint and Coatings Industry
Author: Faris Yılmaz
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2019-01-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781789851618

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Some of the futuristic applications are nanotubes for electrically conductive coatings and to increase the rate of reaction of thermoset resins; organosilane dendrimer coatings; buckyball coatings for machine parts; and metals for conductive coatings in inks. The technology is limited to substantially specialized applications due to the high cost per unit volume needed to reduce the size of the particles and the need to add surface modifiers to prevent the particles from agglomerating. Recent research efforts focus primarily on the functionalization of the particle surface of the nanoparticles to make them more compatible with the coating resin systems, so that easy dispersion, low viscosity, and covalent bonding are provided between the particles and the resins.

Thermal Analysis of Polymeric Materials

Thermal Analysis of Polymeric Materials
Author: Krzysztof Pielichowski,Kinga Pielichowska
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2022-06-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783527828708

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An all-in-one reference work covering the essential principles and techniques on thermal behavior and response of polymeric materials This book delivers a detailed understanding of the thermal behavior of polymeric materials evaluated by thermal analysis methods. It covers the most widely applied principles which are used in method development to substantiate what happens upon heating of polymers. It also reviews the key application areas of polymers in materials science. Edited by two experts in the field, the book covers a wide range of specific topics within the aforementioned categories of discussion, such as: Crucial thermal phenomena - glass transition, crystallization behavior and curing kinetics Polymeric materials that have gained considerable interest over the last decade The latest advancements in techniques related to the field, such as modulated temperature DSC and fast scanning calorimetry The recent advances in hyphenated techniques and their applications Polymer chemists, chemical engineers, materials scientists, and process engineers can use this comprehensive reference work to gain clarity on the topics discussed within and learn how to harness them in practical applications across a wide range of disciplines.