Advances in Marine Antifouling Coatings and Technologies

Advances in Marine Antifouling Coatings and Technologies
Author: Claire Hellio,Diego Yebra
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 784
Release: 2009-05-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845696313

Download Advances in Marine Antifouling Coatings and Technologies Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Marine biofouling can be defined as the undesirable accumulation of microorganisms, algae and animals on structures submerged in seawater. From the dawn of navigation, marine biofouling has been a major problem for shipping in such areas as reduced speed, higher fuel consumption and increased corrosion. It also affects industries using off-shore structures such as oil and gas production and aquaculture. Growing concerns about the environmental impact of antifouling coatings has led to major new research to develop more environmentally-friendly alternatives. Advances in marine antifouling coatings and technologies summaries this wealth of research and its practical implications. This book is divided into four sub-sections which discuss: marine fouling organisms and their impact, testing and development of antifouling coatings, developments in chemically-active marine antifouling technologies, and new surface approaches to the control of marine biofouling. It provides an authoritative overview of the recent advances in understanding the biology of fouling organisms, the latest developments on antifouling screening techniques both in the field and in the laboratory, research on safer active compounds and the progress on nontoxic coatings with tailor-made surface properties. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Advances in marine antifouling coatings and technologies is a standard reference for manufacturers of marine antifouling solutions, the shipping industry, oil and gas producers, aquaculture and other industries using offshore structures, and academics researching this important area. Assesses marine antifouling organisms and their impact, including a historical review and directions for future research Discusses developments in antifouling coatings examining chemically-active and new surface approaches Reviews the environmentally friendly alternative of safer active compounds and the progress of non-toxic compounds

Biology and Management of Invasive Quagga and Zebra Mussels in the Western United States

Biology and Management of Invasive Quagga and Zebra Mussels in the Western United States
Author: Wai Hing Wong,Shawn L. Gerstenberger
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 566
Release: 2015-05-07
Genre: Nature
ISBN: 9781466595620

Download Biology and Management of Invasive Quagga and Zebra Mussels in the Western United States Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Biology and Management of Invasive Quagga and Zebra Mussels in the Western United States is a synthesis of the biology and management of invasive mussels from scientists and managers working on invasive quagga and zebra mussels in the western United States. Invasive dreissenid mussels have spread throughout southwestern United States at unprecedented speeds, and present a unique threat to native ecosystems. This book documents the efforts, both successful and unsuccessful, of individuals and agencies after dreissenid mussels invaded the West. Although the book is designed specifically for scientists and managers fighting invasive mussels in western waterbodies, it offers an opportunity for scientists and lake managers worldwide to compare successful strategies relevant to their unique situation. It includes guidance documents and protocols related to early detection, prevention, regulation, monitoring, and control of these invasive pests in the West. It compares quagga and zebra mussels in the western United States with those mussels colonizing the Great Lakes and European waters.

Smart Composite Coatings and Membranes

Smart Composite Coatings and Membranes
Author: Maria Fatima Montemor
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 490
Release: 2015-11-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781782422952

Download Smart Composite Coatings and Membranes Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Smart Composite Coatings and Membranes: Transport, Structural, Environmental and Energy Applications provides the latest information on the increase in demand for new smart materials for a wide array of different technological applications. The book comprehensively reviews the latest developments in smart composite materials used as membranes, barriers, and coatings, with a special focus on corrosion protection, transportation, structure, and the wide range of applications. Part one examines the properties, processing, and manufacture of smart composite materials, along with techniques for modeling the behavior of these materials, while other sections review the use of smart composite coatings in aerospace, marine, and metal structural applications, examine the protective properties and applications of smart composite coatings, and introduce specific low environmental impact and energy efficient applications, such as energy generation and storage, water management, and stone conservation. Explores the use of smart composite materials for coatings, barriers and membranes Comprehensively reviews the latest developments in smart composite materials, with a special focus on corrosion protection, transportation, structure, and the wide range of applications Examines the properties, processing, manufacture and behavior modeling of smart composite materials Focuses on applications that have an impact on more effective energy savings and efficiency, green-house emissions, and environmental protection

Advances in Contact Angle Wettability and Adhesion

Advances in Contact Angle  Wettability and Adhesion
Author: K. L. Mittal
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 426
Release: 2018-02-23
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781119459989

Download Advances in Contact Angle Wettability and Adhesion Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This is the third Volume in the series “Advances in Contact Angle, Wettability and Adhesion” initiated to consolidate information and provide commentary on certain recent research aspects dealing with this important topic. Its predecessor Volumes 1 and 2 were published in 2013 and 2015, respectively. This new book comprising 15 research and review articles is divided into four parts: Part 1: Contact Angle Measurement and Analysis; Part 2: Wettability Behavior; Part 3: Hydrophobic/Superhydrophobic Surfaces; Part 4: Wettability, Surface Free Energy and Adhesion. The topics covered include: O Procedure to measure and analyse contact angles/drop shape behaviors. O Contact angle measurement considering spreading, evaporation and reactive substrate. O Measurement of contact angle of a liquid on a substrate of the same liquid. O Evolution of the axisymmetric droplet shape parameters. O Interfacial modulus of a solid surface. O Functionalization of textiles using UV-based techniques for surface modification—patterned wetting behavior. O Wettability behavior of oleophilic and oleophobic nanorough surfaces. O Wettability behavior of nanofluids. O Dielectrowetting for digital microfluidics. O Hydrophobicity and superhydrophobicity in fouling prevention. O Superhydrophobic/superhydrophilic hybrid surface. O Laser material processing for enhancing stem cell growth. O Wettability correlation for bioadhesion to different materials. O Determination of the surface free energy of solid surfaces: statistical consideration. O Determination of apparent surface free energy using hysteresis approach.

Sea Plants

Sea Plants
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 580
Release: 2014-05-21
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780124081079

Download Sea Plants Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Advances in Botanical Research publishes in-depth and up-to-date reviews on a wide range of topics in plant sciences. The series features several reviews by recognized experts on all aspects of plant genetics, biochemistry, cell biology, molecular biology, physiology and ecology. This thematic volume, number 71, features reviews on sea plants. Its chapters cover topics such as the role of algae in sustainability; the status of kelp exploitation and marine agronomy; potential applications for enzymatic recovery of metabolites from seaweeds; and many more. Publishes in-depth and up-to-date reviews on a wide range of topics in plant sciences Features a wide range of reviews by recognized experts on all aspects of plant genetics, biochemistry, cell biology, molecular biology, physiology, and ecology Volume features reviews on sea plants

Biomimetics

Biomimetics
Author: Bharat Bhushan
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 977
Release: 2018-11-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319716763

Download Biomimetics Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This book presents an overview of the general field of biomimetics and biologically inspired, hierarchically structured surfaces. It deals with various examples of biomimetics, which include surfaces with roughness-induced super-phobicity/philicity, self-cleaning, antifouling, low drag, low/high/reversible adhesion, drag reduction in fluid flow, reversible adhesion, surfaces with high hardness and mechanical toughness, vivid colors produced structurally without color pigments, self-healing, water harvesting and purification, and insect locomotion and stinging. The focus in the book is on the Lotus Effect, Salvinia Effect, Rose Petal Effect, Superoleophobic/philic Surfaces, Shark Skin and Skimmer Bird Effect, Rice Leaf and Butterfly Wing Effect, Gecko Adhesion, Insects Locomotion and Stinging, Self-healing Materials, Nacre, Structural Coloration, and Nanofabrication. This is the first book of this kind on bioinspired surfaces, and the third edition represents a significant expansion from the previous two editions.

Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology

Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology
Author: Bharat Bhushan
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1500
Release: 2017-11-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783662543573

Download Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This comprehensive handbook has become the definitive reference work in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology, and this 4th edition incorporates a number of recent new developments. It integrates nanofabrication, nanomaterials, nanodevices, nanomechanics, nanotribology, materials science, and reliability engineering knowledge in just one volume. Furthermore, it discusses various nanostructures; micro/nanofabrication; micro/nanodevices and biomicro/nanodevices, as well as scanning probe microscopy; nanotribology and nanomechanics; molecularly thick films; industrial applications and nanodevice reliability; societal, environmental, health and safety issues; and nanotechnology education. In this new edition, written by an international team of over 140 distinguished experts and put together by an experienced editor with a comprehensive understanding of the field, almost all the chapters are either new or substantially revised and expanded, with new topics of interest added. It is an essential resource for anyone working in the rapidly evolving field of key technology, including mechanical and electrical engineers, materials scientists, physicists, and chemists.

Sulfur Containing Marine Bioactives

Sulfur Containing Marine Bioactives
Author: Anna Palumbo
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 140
Release: 2021-03-24
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783036504902

Download Sulfur Containing Marine Bioactives Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Sulfur is an essential element for all living organisms and is required by algae, plants, fungi, animals, and humans for growth and development. It is present in a variety of biomolecules involved in many biological functions, including the maintenance of cell redox homeostasis, defense, and detoxifying processes. The alteration of sulfur compound metabolism may lead to human diseases as well as to plant and animal pathologies. The marine environment, which is characterized by a high biodiversity of species and a great chemical diversity, represents a great potential source of bioactive sulfur molecules. A broad range of biologically active sulfur compounds with unique structures and pharmacological properties have been reported to occur in marine organisms, from amino acids to different sulfated derivatives. Great attention is also focused on sulfur metabolites in the marine microbial world in relation to the global sulfur cycle. The aim of this Special Issue is to present existing knowledge and recent studies on sulfur-containing marine bioactive compounds in different biological systems. Attention is also focused on metabolites active at the ecological level.

Active Coatings for Smart Textiles

Active Coatings for Smart Textiles
Author: Jinlian Hu
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 482
Release: 2016-04-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081002650

Download Active Coatings for Smart Textiles Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Active Coatings for Smart Textiles presents the latest information on active materials and their application to textiles in the form of coatings and finishes for the purpose of improving performance and creating active functional effects. This important book provides detailed coverage of smart coating types, processes, and applications. After an introduction to the topic, Part One introduces various types of smart and active coatings, including memory polymer coatings, durable and self-cleaning coatings, and breathable coatings. Technologies and related processes for the application of coatings to textiles is the focus of Part Two, with chapters devoted to microencapsulation technology, plasma surface treatments, and nanotechnology-based treatments. The book ends with a section on applications of smart textiles with responsive coatings, which are increasingly finding commercial niches in sportswear, protective clothing, medical textiles, and architecture. Introduces various types of smart and active coatings for textiles Covers technologies and application processes for the coating and finishing of textiles Reviews commercial applications of such coatings, including in sportswear, protective clothing, medical textiles and architecture

Anionic Polymerization

Anionic Polymerization
Author: Nikos Hadjichristidis,Akira Hirao
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1082
Release: 2015-09-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9784431541868

Download Anionic Polymerization Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This book presents these important facts: a) The mechanism of anionic polymerization, a more than 50-year challenge in polymer chemistry, has now become better understood; b) Precise synthesis of many polymers with novel architectures (triblock, multi-block, graft, exact graft, comb, cyclic, many armed stars with multi-components, dendrimer-like hyper-branched, and their structural mixed (co)polymers, etc.) have been advanced significantly; c) Based on such polymers, new morphological and self-organizing nano-objects and supra molecular assemblies have been created and widely studied and are considered nanodevices in the fields of nano science and technology; d) New high-tech and industrial applications for polymeric materials synthesized by anionic polymerization have been proposed. These remarkable developments have taken place in the last 15 years. Anionic polymerization continues to be the only truly living polymerization system (100 % termination free under appropriate conditions) and consequently the only one with unique capabilities in the synthesis of well-defined (i.e., precisely controlled molecular weight, nearly mono-disperse molecular weight distribution, structural and compositional homogeneity) complex macromolecular architectures. This book, with contributions from the world’s leading specialists, will be useful for all researchers, including students, working in universities, in research organizations, and in industry.

BASF Handbook Basics of Coating Technology

BASF Handbook Basics of Coating Technology
Author: Hans-Joachim Streitberger,Artur Goldschmidt
Publsiher: European Coatings
Total Pages: 828
Release: 2018-02-28
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9783866303362

Download BASF Handbook Basics of Coating Technology Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The industry’s most comprehensive handbook - now available in its 3rd edition: the BASF Handbook covers the entire spectrum from coatings formulation and relevant production processes through to practical application aspects. It takes a journey through the industry’s various sectors, placing special emphasis on automotive coating and industrial coating in general. The new edition has been completely updated, featuring several new sections on nanoproducts, low-emissions, biobased materials, wind turbine coating, and smart coatings.

Industrial Polymer Applications

Industrial Polymer Applications
Author: William R Ashcroft
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 221
Release: 2019-03-07
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781788018111

Download Industrial Polymer Applications Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Industrial Polymer Applications provides a comprehensive overview of the diverse properties and applications of thermoset and thermoplastic polymer technologies used routinely in the modification, protection, repair, restoration and bonding of the main classes of industrial engineering materials such as concrete, masonry, wood, metal, rubber, plastic, glass and advanced ceramics. The Author, with extensive industrial experience in the design and development of polymeric adhesives, composites, concrete repair and industrial coatings materials, provides a balanced perspective of the essential chemistries and technologies for each of the relevant polymeric solutions. This book includes explanations as to why polymers are needed and the specific problems and key industrial application challenges that can be overcome for each class of engineering material. The use of supplementary information boxes, suggestions for further reading, and supportive appendices including worked examples delivers an easy to understand guide of relevant industrial applications of polymers. Written in an accessible way, the book provides a supplementary text for undergraduates, postgraduates and industrialists who have studied or are involved in chemistry, polymer chemistry, industrial chemistry, materials science, chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, civil engineering or corrosion engineering, science and technology.

Biocidal Polymers

Biocidal Polymers
Author: Narendra Pal Singh Chauhan
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 359
Release: 2019-10-21
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783110638639

Download Biocidal Polymers Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Biocidal polymers are designed to inhibit or kill microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi and protozoans. This book summarizes recent findings in the synthesis, modification and characterization of various antimicrobial polymers ranging from plastics and elastomers to biomimetic and biodegradable polymers. Modifications with different antimicrobial agents as well as antimicrobial testing methods are described in a comprehensive manner.

Biological Diversity

Biological Diversity
Author: Paul E. Hatcher,Nick Battey
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2011-03-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780470979860

Download Biological Diversity Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Biological Diversity takes a fresh, innovative approach to the teaching of biodiversity. Rather than detailing and cataloguing the major taxa and their evolutionary relationships, the authors have selected 18 groups of organisms and used these as a framework in which to discuss the species and their interactions with man and each other. There is a strong narrative theme throughout – the exploited and the exploiters - and, in many cases, there is emphasis on the historical context. A wide range of organisms are covered, from the unicellular to birds and mammals and with an equal consideration of plants and animals. Species have been chosen for their ability to best illustrate particular biological principles, and for their strong interaction with other species. After an introduction the book is divided into two parts: ‘Exploited’ and ‘Exploiters’. Each of the chapters, although linked to each other, forms a stand-alone essay. They are scientifically rigorous, up-to-date and do not shy away from addressing some controversial issues. Chapters have’ text boxes’ highlighting important issues and concepts, lists of further reading and references. In addition to tables and figures the book has a selection of original illustrations drawn by leading artist Steven Appleby. This fresh approach will appeal to all those interested in the biological sciences, and aims to be accessible to people with a diversity of backgrounds. It will prove particularly useful to biology students, enabling them to get to grips with important biological principles and concepts that underpin the diversity of life, and the interrelationship of humans with other groups of organisms.

Environment and Sustainable Development

Environment and Sustainable Development
Author: M.H. Fulekar,Bhawana Pathak,R K Kale
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2013-10-04
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9788132211662

Download Environment and Sustainable Development Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Global society in the 21st century is facing challenges of improving the quality of air, water, soil and the environment and maintaining the ecological balance. Environmental pollution, thus, has become a major global concern. The modern growth of industrialization, urbanization, modern agricultural development and energy generation has resulted in the indiscriminate exploitation of natural resources for fulfilling human desires and needs, which has contributed in disturbing the ecological balance on which the quality of our environment depends. Human beings, in the truest sense, are the product of their environment. The man-environment relationship indicates that pollution and deterioration of the environment have a social origin. The modern technological advancements in chemical processes/operations have generated new products, resulting in new pollutants in such abundant levels that they are above the self-cleaning capacity of the environment. One of the major issues in recent times is the threat tohuman lives due to the progressive deterioration of the environment from various sources. The impact of the pollutants on the environment will be significant when the accumulated pollutants load will exceed the carrying capacity of the receiving environment. Sustainable development envisages the use of natural resources, such as forests, land, water and fisheries, in a sustainable manner without causing changes in our natural world. The Rio de Janeiro-Earth Summit, held in Brazil in 1992, focused on sustainable development to encourage respect and concern for the use of natural resources in a sustainable manner for the protection of the environment. This book will be beneficial as a source of educational material to post-graduate research scholars, teachers and industrial personnel for maintaining the balance in the use of natural sources for sustainable development.