Ageing of Composites

Ageing of Composites
Author: Rod Martin
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2008-08-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845694937

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Ageing of composites is a highly topical subject given the increasing use of composites in structural applications in many industries. Ageing of composites addresses many of the uncertainties about the long-term performance of composites and how they age under conditions encountered in service. The first part of the book reviews processes and modelling of composite ageing including physical and chemical ageing of polymeric composites, ageing of glass-ceramic matrix composites, chemical ageing mechanisms, stress corrosion cracking, thermo-oxidative ageing, spectroscopy of ageing composites, modelling physical and accelerated ageing and ageing of silicon carbide composites. Part two examines ageing of composites in transport applications including aircraft, vehicles and ships. Part three reviews ageing of composites in non-transport applications such as implants in medical devices, oil and gas refining, construction, chemical processing and underwater applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Ageing of composites is a valuable reference guide for composite manufacturers and developers. It also serves as a source of information for material scientists, designers and engineers in industries that use composites, including transport, chemical processing and medical engineering. Addresses many of the uncertainties about the long-term performance of composites and how they age under conditions encountered in service Reviews processes and modelling of composite ageing including chemical ageing mechanisms and stress corrosion cracking Discusses ageing of composites in both transport and non-transport applications ranging from aircraft to implants in medical devices

Aging Effects on Natural Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites

Aging Effects on Natural Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites
Author: Chandrasekhar Muthukumar,SenthilKumar Krishnasamy,Senthil Muthu Kumar Thiagamani,Suchart Siengchin
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 355
Release: 2022-03-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 981168359X

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This book covers the topic of degradation phenomenon of natural fiber-based composites (NFC) under various aging conditions and proposes suitable solutions to improve the response of natural fiber-reinforced composite to aging conditions such as moisture, seawater, hygrothermal, and natural and accelerated weathering. The information provided by the book plays a vital role in the durability and shelf life of the composites as well as broadening the scope of outdoor application for natural fiber-based composites. The book will be appropriate for researchers and scientist who are interested in the application of natural fiber composites in various fields.

Durability and Life Prediction in Biocomposites Fibre Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites

Durability and Life Prediction in Biocomposites  Fibre Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites
Author: Mohammad Jawaid,Mohamed Thariq,Naheed Saba
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 466
Release: 2018-09-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081022986

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Durability and Life Prediction in Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites focuses on the advanced characterization techniques used for the analysis of composite materials developed from natural fiber/biomass, synthetic fibers and a combination of these materials used as fillers and reinforcements to enhance materials performance and utilization in automotive, aerospace, construction and building components. The book presents key aspects of fracture and failure in natural/synthetic, fiber reinforced, polymer based composite materials, ranging from crack propagation, to crack growth, and from notch-size effect, to damage-tolerant design. Written by leading experts in the field, and covering composite materials developed from different natural fibers and their hybridization with synthetic fibers, the book's chapters provide cutting-edge, up-to-date research on the characterization, analysis and modelling of composite materials. Contains contributions from leading experts in the field Discusses recent progress on failure analysis, SHM, durability, life prediction and the modelling of damage in natural fiber-based composite materials Covers experimental, analytical and numerical analysis Provides detailed and comprehensive information on mechanical properties, testing methods and modelling techniques

Marine Composites

Marine Composites
Author: Richard Pemberton,John Summerscales,Jasper Graham-Jones
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2018-08-20
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081019139

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Marine Composites: Design and Performance presents up-to-date information and recent research findings on the application and use of advanced fibre-reinforced composites in the marine environment. Following the success of their previously published title: Marine Applications of Advanced Fibre-reinforced Composites which was published in 2015; this exemplary new book provides comprehensive information on materials selection, characterization, and performance. There are also dedicated sections on sandwich structures, manufacture, advanced concepts, naval architecture and design considerations, and various applications. The book will be an essential reference resource for designers, materials engineers, manufactures, marine scientists, mechanical engineers, civil engineers, coastal engineers, boat manufacturers, offshore platform and marine renewable design engineers. Presents a unique, high-level reference on composite materials and their application and use in marine structures Provides comprehensive coverage on all aspects of marine composites, including the latest advances in damage modelling and assessment of performance Contains contributions from leading experts in the field, from both industry and academia Covers a broad range of naval, offshore and marine structures

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites
Author: Paul Robinson,Emile Greenhalgh,Silvestre Pinho
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2012-01-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857095329

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Polymer matrix composites are increasingly replacing traditional materials, such as metals, for applications in the aerospace, automotive and marine industries. Because of the relatively recent development of these composites there is extensive on-going research to improve the understanding and modelling of their behaviour – particularly their failure processes. As a consequence there is a strong demand among design engineers for the latest information on this behaviour in order to fully exploit the potential of these materials for a wide range of weight-sensitive applications. Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites explores the main types of composite failure and examines their implications in specific applications. Part one discusses various failure mechanisms, including a consideration of manufacturing defects and addressing a variety of loading forms such as impact and the implications for structural integrity. This part also reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure in composites. Part two investigates the effects of polymer-matrix composite failure in a range of industries including aerospace, automotive and other transport, defence, marine and off-shore applications. Recycling issues and environmental factors affecting the use of composite materials are also considered. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites is a valuable reference for designers, scientists and research and development managers working in the increasing range of industries in which composite materials are extensively used. The book will also be a useful guide for academics studying in the composites field. Discusses various failure mechanisms, including manufacturing defects Reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure Investigates failure in aerospace, automotive, defence, marine and off-shore applications

Mineral Filled Polymer Composites

Mineral Filled Polymer Composites
Author: Hanafi Ismail,S.M. Sapuan,R.A. Ilyas
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2022-01-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000465228

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Mineral-filled polymer composites are widely used in industries across the globe, and applications are continuously increasing in sectors such as shipping, manufacturing and renewable energy. One of two volumes comprising the Mineral-Filled Polymer Composites Handbook, this volume provides an overview of the latest research and future directions of advanced mineral fiber-reinforced polymer composites, focused specifically on materials properties. It covers fundamentals, recent progress and new materials involved in mineral-filled polymer composites and includes a wide-ranging list of chapters authored by an international team of experts. This book: Examines the properties of a wide range of materials, from macro- to nano-sized Highlights resources for bio-based minerals production and compares bio-based minerals with commercial mineral fillers Covers novel synthesis methods Discusses effects of aging on properties Describes using halloysite and montmorillonite to improve composite properties and the potential of using mineral fillers to enhance the properties of biopolymer and synthetic polymers This book serves as an excellent reference guide for researchers, advanced students, academics and industry professionals interested in the synthesis of mineral-filled polymer and biopolymer composites, as well as those pursuing research in the broad fields of composite materials, polymers, organic/inorganic hybrid materials and nano-assembly.

Mineral Filled Polymer Composites Handbook Two Volume Set

Mineral Filled Polymer Composites Handbook  Two Volume Set
Author: Hanafi Ismail,S. M. Sapuan,R.A. Ilyas
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 542
Release: 2022-07-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000465266

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Mineral-filled polymer composites exhibit several advantages that make this material class attractive for a variety of applications, including their low cost, light weight, excellent rigidity, and high mechanical strength. Mineral-Filled Polymer Composites Handbook serves as a comprehensive overview of the latest research, trends, applications, and future directions of advanced mineral fiber-reinforced polymer composites. Comprised of 2 volumes: Mineral-Filled Polymer Composites: Perspective, Properties, and New Materials Mineral-Filled Polymer Composites: Selection, Processing, and Applications Presents details on processing, applications, and ageing of macro- to nanosized mineral reinforced polymer composites Examines fabrication techniques, novel synthesis methods, and mechanical behavior, thermal, flammability, and functional properties of a wide array of mineral filled polymer composite materials Covers a broad range of different research fields, including organic and inorganic filler used in the development of composites for various types of engineering applications Offers the latest developments in nano/micromineral-based polymer composites This book serves as an excellent reference guide for researchers, advanced students, academics, and industry professionals interested in the synthesis of mineral-filled polymer and biopolymer composites, as well as those pursuing research in the broad fields of composite materials, polymers, organic/inorganic hybrid materials, and nano-assembly.

Fatigue Life Prediction of Composites and Composite Structures

Fatigue Life Prediction of Composites and Composite Structures
Author: A P Vassilopoulos
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2010-07-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845699796

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The use of composites is growing in structural applications in many industries including aerospace, marine, wind turbine and civil engineering. There are uncertainties about the long term performance of these composites and how they will perform under cyclic fatigue loading. Fatigue life prediction of composites and composite structures provides a comprehensive review of fatigue damage and fatigue life prediction methodologies for composites and how they can be used in practice. After an introductory chapter, Part one reviews developments in ways of modelling composite fatigue life. The second part of the book reviews developments in predicting composite fatigue life under different conditions including constant and variable amplitude loading as well as multiaxial and cyclic loading. Part three then describes applications such as fatigue life prediction of bonded joints and wind turbine rotor blades as well as health monitoring of composite structures. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Fatigue life prediction of composites and composite structures is a standard reference for industry and researchers working with composites and those concerned with the long-term performance and fatigue life of composite components and structures. Examines past, present and future trends associated with fatigue life prediction of composite materials and structures Assesses novel computational methods for fatigue life modelling and prediction of composite materials under constant amplitude loading Specific chapters investigate fatigue life prediction of wind turbine rotor blades and bonded joints in composite structures

Science and Engineering of Short Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites

Science and Engineering of Short Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites
Author: S-Y Fu,B Lauke,Y.-W. Mai
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 364
Release: 2009-07-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845696498

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When fibres in a composite are discontinuous and are shorter than a few millimetres, the composite is called a ‘short fibre reinforced composite (SFRP)’. SFRPs have found extensive applications in automobiles, business machines, durable consumer items, sporting goods and electrical industries owing to their low cost, easy processing and superior mechanical properties over the parent polymers. The book summarises recent developments in this area, focusing on the fundamental mechanisms that govern the mechanical properties including strength, modulus, fracture toughness and thermal properties of SFRP materials. This book covers the following topics: extrusion compounding and injection moulding, major factors affecting mechanical performance, stress transfer, strength, elastic modulus flexural modulus, thermal conductivity and expansion, non-linear stress-strain behaviour and fracture mechanics of short fibre reinforced polymers. With its distinguished team of authors, Science and engineering of short fibre reinforced polymer composites is a standard reference for anyone involved in the development, manufacture and use of SFRPs. It will also provide an in-depth understanding of the behaviour of these versatile materials. Reviews the mechanical properties and functions of short fibre reinforced polymer composites (SFRP) Examines recent developments in the fundamental mechanisms of SFRP's Assesses major factors affecting mechanical performance such as stress transfer and strength

Adhesive Joints

Adhesive Joints
Author: Wulff Possart,Markus Brede
Publsiher: Wiley-VCH
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2018-12-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783527341856

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A comprehensive overview of adhesive bonding, providing both basic knowledge of polymer adhesives as well as insights into their mechanical and ageing properties. The book is unique in its up-to-date, self-contained summary of recent developments and in its integration of the theory, synthesis and mechanical properties of adhesive joints as well as their applications. Well-structured throughout, the first chapter introduces the initial state of adhesive joints and their formation, while subsequent chapters discuss the ageing and failure as well as the weathering of adhesive joints. In addition the issue of long-term behavior and lifetime predictions are considered. The text is rounded off by a look at future technological advances. The result is an essential reference for a wide range of disciplines

Recent Developments in Durability Analysis of Composite Systems

Recent Developments in Durability Analysis of Composite Systems
Author: H. Dardon,H. Fukuda,K.L. Reifsnider,G. Verchery
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2000-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9058091031

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The papers from these proceedings address experimental and analytical methods for the characterization and analysis of modern composite and adhesive systems. They have been produced to provide understanding that can be used to design safe, reliable engineering components.

Accelerated Ageing of Composites

Accelerated Ageing of Composites
Author: Royale S. Underhill
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 32
Release: 2016
Genre: Composite materials
ISBN: OCLC:984839586

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"Composites have the potential to be lightweight, durable, corrosion- and cavitation-free materials. The technology has been incorporated successfully into aircraft and commercial sea vessels. The Cooperative Research Ships (CRS), Composite Propeller Working Group (COMPROP) is investigating the feasibility of using composites for marine propellers. One aspect of the work is to develop an understanding of how composites age when immersed in seawater for extended periods of time. Ageing can be examined with immersion in real-time, but this is not practical for material screening and selection purposes. One can accelerate ageing by elevating the temperature of the samples, using the principle of time-temperature superposition."--Abstract, p. i.

Biocomposites for High Performance Applications

Biocomposites for High Performance Applications
Author: Dipa Ray
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2017-05-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081007945

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Biocomposites for High-Performance Applications: Current Barriers and Future Needs Towards Industrial Development focuses on future research directions that will make biocomposites a successful player in the field of high-strength structural applications. With contributions from eminent academic researchers and industrial experts who have first-hand experience on the advantages/disadvantages of biocomposites in their daily lives, the book examines the industrial development of biocomposite products, identifying the current barriers and their future industrial needs Topics covered include: recent research activities from academia in the biocomposite research field, valuable thoughts and insights from biocomposite manufacturing industries, the strength and weaknesses of biocomposite products, and the practical issues that need to be addressed to reach the next level. Highlights the practical issues involved in biocomposites research Contains contributions from eminent academic researchers and industrial experts Discusses recent research activities from academia in the biocomposite research field, along with valuable thoughts and insights from biocomposite manufacturing industries

Sustainable Natural Fiber Composites

Sustainable Natural Fiber Composites
Author: Anish Khan,A. Manikandan,M. Ramesh,Imran Khan,Abdullah Mohammed Ahmed Asiri
Publsiher: Materials Research Forum LLC
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2022-04-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781644901847

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The book covers such diverse topics as cellulose fibers in cement paste and concrete, biodegradable materials for dental applications, coconut and pineapple fiber composites, biodegradable plastic composites, durability against fatigue and moisture, physical and mechanical characterization of fiber composites, improving the hydrophobic nature of fiber composites, and hybrid natural fiber composites. Keywords: Fiber Reinforced Composites, Biodegradable Composites, Polymethyl Methacrylate, Cellulose Fibers, Coconut Fibers, Biocomposites, Resol-Vegetable Fibers, Pineapple Natural Fiber Composite, Dental Applications, Cement Paste, Concrete, Thermoplasticity, Fatigue, Moisture, Thermal Conductivity.

Aging of Polymers Polymer Blends and Polymer Composites

Aging of Polymers  Polymer Blends and Polymer Composites
Author: Gennadiĭ Efremovich Zaikov
Publsiher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Total Pages: 515
Release: 2002
Genre: Science
ISBN: UOM:39015056436473

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Preface; Some Manifestations of the Antioxidant Synergy During Polypropylene Oxidation; Inhibiting Properties of Substituted Arylamines with 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-Hydroxybenzene Fragments; Free Radical Mechanisms of the Unhydroglucose Cycle Radiation Degradation in Polysaccharides; Physical Features of Thermal Ageing Kinetics of Polyurethane and Polyisocyanurate Foams and Forecasting of their Durability; The Ageing of Rigid Polyurethane Foams and Their Waste Destruction at Influence of Landfill Leachiest; Influence of Mineral Filling Agent on the Thermostability of Poly(vinylchloride); Effect of Production Procedure of Butadiene Acrylonitrile Rubber (BNR) on Accelerated Aging of Industrial Rubber Compounds; Using Hindered-Amine Light Stabilisers for Protecting of Rubbers Under Various Types of Aging; Utilisation of Rubber Waste by Pyrolysis with Subsequent Burning of Solid Retorting Residue; Stages of Processes of Extension Deformation of Cross-Linked Polymer Obtained by Hardening Resorcine Glycidyl Ester by Metaphenylenediamine of Temperatures Above Glass Temperature; Temperature Dependence of Rate Constants of Linear Chain Termination for the Three-dimensional Polymerisation of Dimethacrylates; Kinetic Parameters Estimation of Reaction of Peroxides with Amines; Estimation of Kinetic Parameters of Peroxides Decomposition; Synthesis of Functional Group Containing Organocyloxanes and Copolymeres on Their Base; Effect of Temperature on Conductivity of Polymer Conducting Composites; Ageing of Polyester Resin under Moisture Action; Supramolecular Heterophase Kinetic Model of Photo-Transformations in Cellulose Triacetate Sensitised by Naphtalene; Estimation, Forecasting, Regulation of Operational Stability of Materials in XXI Century; Perspectives of a Quantitative Estimation of Kinetics and Mechanism of Processes); The Role of Sulphur Containing Groups in Inhibition of Oxidative Degradation of Polyolefins by Hindered Amines; Estimation of Hindered Amines Molecular Structure Influence on Their Efficiency; Express Method for Thermoplastic Products Longevity Estimation; Thermal Behaviour and Stabilisation of Arylaliphatic Polyamide; Liquid Crystalline Copolymers as Modifiers for Some Thermoplastics; Diffusion at Acetic Acid in Hydrolysable Glassy Polymers. Case of Poly(vinylacetate), Poly(vinylalcohol) and Polyester; Inhibited Oxidation of Polypropylene Melt. The Effect of Multiple Crystallisation at the Polymers; Effect of Conditions on the Mechanism of Fracture of Polymers under Intense Stress Fields at Evaluated Temperature; Kinetic Peculiarities of Synthesis of Adamantane-Containing Polyamides and Polyimides; Chemical Modification of Aromatic Polyimides by Adamantane-Containing Diamines and Properties of Resulted Polymers; Research of a Membranes Material by Reversed Gas Chromatography; Influence of Intensive Mechanical Treatment on Decomposition of Barium Peroxide; The Peculiarities of a Bitumens Modification by Solidifying Thiokol Compositions; Ecological Aspects of Manufacture and Application of Highly Pure Liquid Substances; Use of Fluoropolymerts Unique Properties at Design of New Highly Effective Ecologically Friendly Technologies for Fine Purification of Halogen Hydrides and Their Aqueous Solutions; Index.