An Introduction to Stochastic Orders

An Introduction to Stochastic Orders
Author: Felix Belzunce,Carolina Martinez Riquelme,Julio Mulero
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 174
Release: 2015-09-29
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9780128038260

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An Introduction to Stochastic Orders discusses this powerful tool that can be used in comparing probabilistic models in different areas such as reliability, survival analysis, risks, finance, and economics. The book provides a general background on this topic for students and researchers who want to use it as a tool for their research. In addition, users will find detailed proofs of the main results and applications to several probabilistic models of interest in several fields, and discussions of fundamental properties of several stochastic orders, in the univariate and multivariate cases, along with applications to probabilistic models. Introduces stochastic orders and its notation Discusses different orders of univariate stochastic orders Explains multivariate stochastic orders and their convex, likelihood ratio, and dispersive orders

An Introduction to Stochastic Modeling

An Introduction to Stochastic Modeling
Author: Howard M. Taylor,Samuel Karlin
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 410
Release: 2014-05-10
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9781483269276

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An Introduction to Stochastic Modeling provides information pertinent to the standard concepts and methods of stochastic modeling. This book presents the rich diversity of applications of stochastic processes in the sciences. Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of diverse types of stochastic models, which predicts a set of possible outcomes weighed by their likelihoods or probabilities. This text then provides exercises in the applications of simple stochastic analysis to appropriate problems. Other chapters consider the study of general functions of independent, identically distributed, nonnegative random variables representing the successive intervals between renewals. This book discusses as well the numerous examples of Markov branching processes that arise naturally in various scientific disciplines. The final chapter deals with queueing models, which aid the design process by predicting system performance. This book is a valuable resource for students of engineering and management science. Engineers will also find this book useful.

Introduction to Stochastic Processes with R

Introduction to Stochastic Processes with R
Author: Robert P. Dobrow
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2016-03-07
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9781118740651

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An introduction to stochastic processes through the use of R Introduction to Stochastic Processes with R is an accessible and well-balanced presentation of the theory of stochastic processes, with an emphasis on real-world applications of probability theory in the natural and social sciences. The use of simulation, by means of the popular statistical freeware R, makes theoretical results come alive with practical, hands-on demonstrations. Written by a highly-qualified expert in the field, the author presents numerous examples from a wide array of disciplines, which are used to illustrate concepts and highlight computational and theoretical results. Developing readers’ problem-solving skills and mathematical maturity, Introduction to Stochastic Processes with R features: Over 200 examples and 600 end-of-chapter exercises A tutorial for getting started with R, and appendices that contain review material in probability and matrix algebra Discussions of many timely and interesting supplemental topics including Markov chain Monte Carlo, random walk on graphs, card shuffling, Black-Scholes options pricing, applications in biology and genetics, cryptography, martingales, and stochastic calculus Introductions to mathematics as needed in order to suit readers at many mathematical levels A companion website that includes relevant data files as well as all R code and scripts used throughout the book Introduction to Stochastic Processes with R is an ideal textbook for an introductory course in stochastic processes. The book is aimed at undergraduate and beginning graduate-level students in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics disciplines. The book is also an excellent reference for applied mathematicians and statisticians who are interested in a review of the topic.

Introduction to Stochastic Processes

Introduction to Stochastic Processes
Author: Erhan Cinlar
Publsiher: Courier Corporation
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2013-02-20
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9780486276328

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Clear presentation employs methods that recognize computer-related aspects of theory. Topics include expectations and independence, Bernoulli processes and sums of independent random variables, Markov chains, renewal theory, more. 1975 edition.

Introduction to Stochastic Dynamic Programming

Introduction to Stochastic Dynamic Programming
Author: Sheldon M. Ross
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 178
Release: 2014-07-10
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9781483269092

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Introduction to Stochastic Dynamic Programming presents the basic theory and examines the scope of applications of stochastic dynamic programming. The book begins with a chapter on various finite-stage models, illustrating the wide range of applications of stochastic dynamic programming. Subsequent chapters study infinite-stage models: discounting future returns, minimizing nonnegative costs, maximizing nonnegative returns, and maximizing the long-run average return. Each of these chapters first considers whether an optimal policy need exist—providing counterexamples where appropriate—and then presents methods for obtaining such policies when they do. In addition, general areas of application are presented. The final two chapters are concerned with more specialized models. These include stochastic scheduling models and a type of process known as a multiproject bandit. The mathematical prerequisites for this text are relatively few. No prior knowledge of dynamic programming is assumed and only a moderate familiarity with probability— including the use of conditional expectation—is necessary.

Introduction to Stochastic Finance

Introduction to Stochastic Finance
Author: Jia-An Yan
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 403
Release: 2018-10-10
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9789811316579

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This book gives a systematic introduction to the basic theory of financial mathematics, with an emphasis on applications of martingale methods in pricing and hedging of contingent claims, interest rate term structure models, and expected utility maximization problems. The general theory of static risk measures, basic concepts and results on markets of semimartingale model, and a numeraire-free and original probability based framework for financial markets are also included. The basic theory of probability and Ito's theory of stochastic analysis, as preliminary knowledge, are presented.

An Introduction to Stochastic Processes and Their Applications

An Introduction to Stochastic Processes and Their Applications
Author: Petar Todorovic
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 289
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9781461397427

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This text on stochastic processes and their applications is based on a set of lectures given during the past several years at the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB). It is an introductory graduate course designed for classroom purposes. Its objective is to provide graduate students of statistics with an overview of some basic methods and techniques in the theory of stochastic processes. The only prerequisites are some rudiments of measure and integration theory and an intermediate course in probability theory. There are more than 50 examples and applications and 243 problems and complements which appear at the end of each chapter. The book consists of 10 chapters. Basic concepts and definitions are pro vided in Chapter 1. This chapter also contains a number of motivating ex amples and applications illustrating the practical use of the concepts. The last five sections are devoted to topics such as separability, continuity, and measurability of random processes, which are discussed in some detail. The concept of a simple point process on R+ is introduced in Chapter 2. Using the coupling inequality and Le Cam's lemma, it is shown that if its counting function is stochastically continuous and has independent increments, the point process is Poisson. When the counting function is Markovian, the sequence of arrival times is also a Markov process. Some related topics such as independent thinning and marked point processes are also discussed. In the final section, an application of these results to flood modeling is presented.

Combining Soft Computing and Statistical Methods in Data Analysis

Combining Soft Computing and Statistical Methods in Data Analysis
Author: Christian Borgelt,Gil González Rodríguez,Wolfgang Trutschnig,María Asunción Lubiano,María Angeles Gil,Przemyslaw Grzegorzewski,Olgierd Hryniewicz
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 644
Release: 2010-10-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783642147463

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Over the last forty years there has been a growing interest to extend probability theory and statistics and to allow for more flexible modelling of imprecision, uncertainty, vagueness and ignorance. The fact that in many real-life situations data uncertainty is not only present in the form of randomness (stochastic uncertainty) but also in the form of imprecision/fuzziness is but one point underlining the need for a widening of statistical tools. Most such extensions originate in a "softening" of classical methods, allowing, in particular, to work with imprecise or vague data, considering imprecise or generalized probabilities and fuzzy events, etc. About ten years ago the idea of establishing a recurrent forum for discussing new trends in the before-mentioned context was born and resulted in the first International Conference on Soft Methods in Probability and Statistics (SMPS) that was held in Warsaw in 2002. In the following years the conference took place in Oviedo (2004), in Bristol (2006) and in Toulouse (2008). In the current edition the conference returns to Oviedo. This edited volume is a collection of papers presented at the SMPS 2010 conference held in Mieres and Oviedo. It gives a comprehensive overview of current research into the fusion of soft methods with probability and statistics.

Stochastic Processes

Stochastic Processes
Author: Peter Watts Jones,Peter Smith
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 255
Release: 2017-10-30
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9781498778121

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Based on a well-established and popular course taught by the authors over many years, Stochastic Processes: An Introduction, Third Edition, discusses the modelling and analysis of random experiments, where processes evolve over time. The text begins with a review of relevant fundamental probability. It then covers gambling problems, random walks, and Markov chains. The authors go on to discuss random processes continuous in time, including Poisson, birth and death processes, and general population models, and present an extended discussion on the analysis of associated stationary processes in queues. The book also explores reliability and other random processes, such as branching, martingales, and simple epidemics. A new chapter describing Brownian motion, where the outcomes are continuously observed over continuous time, is included. Further applications, worked examples and problems, and biographical details have been added to this edition. Much of the text has been reworked. The appendix contains key results in probability for reference. This concise, updated book makes the material accessible, highlighting simple applications and examples. A solutions manual with fully worked answers of all end-of-chapter problems, and Mathematica® and R programs illustrating many processes discussed in the book, can be downloaded from crcpress.com.

Stochastic Processes with Applications

Stochastic Processes with Applications
Author: Antonio Di Crescenzo,Claudio Macci,Barbara Martinucci
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2019-11-28
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9783039217281

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Stochastic processes have wide relevance in mathematics both for theoretical aspects and for their numerous real-world applications in various domains. They represent a very active research field which is attracting the growing interest of scientists from a range of disciplines. This Special Issue aims to present a collection of current contributions concerning various topics related to stochastic processes and their applications. In particular, the focus here is on applications of stochastic processes as models of dynamic phenomena in research areas certain to be of interest, such as economics, statistical physics, queuing theory, biology, theoretical neurobiology, and reliability theory. Various contributions dealing with theoretical issues on stochastic processes are also included.

Introduction to Stochastic Processes

Introduction to Stochastic Processes
Author: Erhan Cinlar
Publsiher: Courier Corporation
Total Pages: 402
Release: 2013-02-01
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9780486497976

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This clear presentation of themost fundamental models ofrandom phenomena employsmethods that recognize computerrelatedaspects of theory. Topicsinclude probability spaces andrandom variables, expectationsand independence, Bernoulliprocesses and sums of independentrandom variables, Poisson processes, Markov chainsand processes, and renewal theory. Assuming only a backgroundin calculus, this outstanding text includes an introductionto basic stochastic processes.Reprint of the Prentice-Hall Publishers, Englewood Cliffs,New Jersey, 1975 edition.

An Introduction to Probability and Stochastic Processes

An Introduction to Probability and Stochastic Processes
Author: James L. Melsa,Andrew P. Sage
Publsiher: Courier Corporation
Total Pages: 403
Release: 2013
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9780486490991

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Detailed coverage of probability theory, random variables and their functions, stochastic processes, linear system response to stochastic processes, Gaussian and Markov processes, and stochastic differential equations. 1973 edition.

Stochastic Ordering and Dependence in Applied Probability

Stochastic Ordering and Dependence in Applied Probability
Author: R. Szekli
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 194
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9781461225287

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This book is an introductionary course in stochastic ordering and dependence in the field of applied probability for readers with some background in mathematics. It is based on lectures and senlinars I have been giving for students at Mathematical Institute of Wroclaw University, and on a graduate course a.t Industrial Engineering Department of Texas A&M University, College Station, and addressed to a reader willing to use for example Lebesgue measure, conditional expectations with respect to sigma fields, martingales, or compensators as a common language in this field. In Chapter 1 a selection of one dimensional orderings is presented together with applications in the theory of queues, some parts of this selection are based on the recent literature (not older than five years). In Chapter 2 the material is centered around the strong stochastic ordering in many dimen sional spaces and functional spaces. Necessary facts about conditioning, Markov processes an"d point processes are introduced together with some classical results such as the product formula and Poissonian departure theorem for Jackson networks, or monotonicity results for some re newal processes, then results on stochastic ordering of networks, re~~ment policies and single server queues connected with Markov renewal processes are given. Chapter 3 is devoted to dependence and relations between dependence and ordering, exem plified by results on queueing networks and point processes among others.

An Introduction to Stochastic Modeling

An Introduction to Stochastic Modeling
Author: Howard M. Taylor,Samuel Karlin
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 631
Release: 1998-02-20
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 0126848874

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Serving as the foundation for a one-semester course in stochastic processes for students familiar with elementary probability theory and calculus, Introduction to Stochastic Modeling, Third Edition, bridges the gap between basic probability and an intermediate level course in stochastic processes. The objectives of the text are to introduce students to the standard concepts and methods of stochastic modeling, to illustrate the rich diversity of applications of stochastic processes in the applied sciences, and to provide exercises in the application of simple stochastic analysis to realistic problems. Realistic applications from a variety of disciplines integrated throughout the text Plentiful, updated and more rigorous problems, including computer "challenges" Revised end-of-chapter exercises sets-in all, 250 exercises with answers New chapter on Brownian motion and related processes Additional sections on Matingales and Poisson process

An Introduction to Stochastic Differential Equations

An Introduction to Stochastic Differential Equations
Author: Lawrence C. Evans
Publsiher: American Mathematical Soc.
Total Pages: 151
Release: 2012-12-11
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9781470410544

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These notes provide a concise introduction to stochastic differential equations and their application to the study of financial markets and as a basis for modeling diverse physical phenomena. They are accessible to non-specialists and make a valuable addition to the collection of texts on the topic. --Srinivasa Varadhan, New York University This is a handy and very useful text for studying stochastic differential equations. There is enough mathematical detail so that the reader can benefit from this introduction with only a basic background in mathematical analysis and probability. --George Papanicolaou, Stanford University This book covers the most important elementary facts regarding stochastic differential equations; it also describes some of the applications to partial differential equations, optimal stopping, and options pricing. The book's style is intuitive rather than formal, and emphasis is made on clarity. This book will be very helpful to starting graduate students and strong undergraduates as well as to others who want to gain knowledge of stochastic differential equations. I recommend this book enthusiastically. --Alexander Lipton, Mathematical Finance Executive, Bank of America Merrill Lynch This short book provides a quick, but very readable introduction to stochastic differential equations, that is, to differential equations subject to additive ``white noise'' and related random disturbances. The exposition is concise and strongly focused upon the interplay between probabilistic intuition and mathematical rigor. Topics include a quick survey of measure theoretic probability theory, followed by an introduction to Brownian motion and the Ito stochastic calculus, and finally the theory of stochastic differential equations. The text also includes applications to partial differential equations, optimal stopping problems and options pricing. This book can be used as a text for senior undergraduates or beginning graduate students in mathematics, applied mathematics, physics, financial mathematics, etc., who want to learn the basics of stochastic differential equations. The reader is assumed to be fairly familiar with measure theoretic mathematical analysis, but is not assumed to have any particular knowledge of probability theory (which is rapidly developed in Chapter 2 of the book).