Analytical Chemistry for Assessing Medication Adherence

Analytical Chemistry for Assessing Medication Adherence
Author: Sangeeta Tanna,Graham Lawson
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 156
Release: 2016-04-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128054598

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The lack of adherence to medication is a growing public health problem worldwide and is costing many patients their good health and healthcare systems billions of dollars. A new volume in the Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry series, Analytical Chemistry for Assessing Medication Adherence introduces the concept of medication adherence/compliance and reports international perspectives on medication adherence while highlighting its importance. It then describes the opportunities for analytical chemistry to assess medication adherence and thereby provide an evidence base for clinicians to improve patient health outcomes. The authors highlight the strengths and weaknesses of each of the analytical techniques cited in addition to categorizing the findings in terms of the biological samples used to assess adherence and identifying methods to extract biological samples prior to analysis. The final chapter provides the authors’ perspective in this area, emphasising the importance of medication optimization for individual patients. The Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry series is published in partnership with RTI International and edited by Brian F. Thomas. Please be sure to check out our other featured volumes: Thomas, Brian F. and ElSohly, Mahmoud. The Analytical Chemistry of Cannabis: Quality Assessment, Assurance, and Regulation of Medicinal Marijuana and Cannabinoid Preparations, 9780128046463, December 2015. Hackney, Anthony C. Exercise, Sport, and Bioanalytical Chemistry: Principles and Practice, 9780128092064, March 2016. Rao, Vikram, Knight, Rob, and Stoner, Brian. Sustainable Shale Oil and Gas: Analytical Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Geochemistry Methods, 9780128103890, forthcoming September 2016. Farsalinos, Konstantinos, et al. Analytical Assessment of e-Cigarettes: From Contents to Chemical and Particle Exposure Profiles, 9780128112410, forthcoming November 2016. Surveys the strengths, weaknesses, and appropriateness of existing instruments and techniques and points the way toward a program of therapeutic optimization Brings together data scattered amongst professional journals and other sources in a single convenient volume Presents the problem of adherence and the authors’ evaluation of possible solutions based on the analysis of patient bio-samples

Detection of Drugs and Their Metabolites in Oral Fluid

Detection of Drugs and Their Metabolites in Oral Fluid
Author: Robert M. White,Christine M. Moore
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 140
Release: 2018-02-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128145968

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Detection of Drugs and Their Metabolites in Oral Fluid presents the analytical chemistry methods used for the detection and quantification of drugs and their metabolites in human oral fluid. The authors summarize the state of the science, including its strengths, weaknesses, unmet methodological needs, and cutting-edge trends. This volume covers the salient aspects of oral fluid drug testing, including specimen collection and handling, initial testing, point of collection testing (POCT), specimen validity testing (SVT), and confirmatory and proficiency testing. Analytes discussed include amphetamines, cannabinoids, cocaine, opiates, phencyclidine, cannabimimetics, and miscellaneous drugs. This practical guide helps users turn knowledge into practice, moving logically from an outline of the problem, to the evaluation of the appropriateness of oral fluid as a test medium, and finally to a consideration of detection methods and their validation and employment. Compares different collection and testing systems to assist readers involved in clinical or forensic practice in selecting oral fluid as the matrix of choice Provides a sound basis for the detection of drugs and their metabolites in oral fluid and the interpretation of both positive and negative Places the need, or lack thereof, for specimen validity testing and confirmation testing in context with the purposes of oral fluid testing Describes drugs and drug classes that can be tested, along with useful information on a patient/donor’s drug status

Doping Performance Enhancing Drugs and Hormones in Sport

Doping  Performance Enhancing Drugs  and Hormones in Sport
Author: Anthony C Hackney
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2017-11-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128134436

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Doping, Performance-Enhancing Drugs, and Hormones in Sport: Mechanisms of Action and Methods of Detection examines the biochemistry and bioanalytical aspects of performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) and other questionable procedures used by athletes to enhance performance. The book informs the specialist of emerging knowledge and techniques and allows the non-specialist to grasp the underlying science and current practice of the discipline. With clear and compelling language appropriate for a broad spectrum of readers, this book provides background on prevalence, types of agents, their actual or supposed benefits, and their negative effects on health. The technical aspects of detection are discussed, followed by a discussion of why detection is a problematic and still-evolving science. To facilitate comprehension, each chapter is organized in a uniform way with six sections: (1) standard medical uses, (2) why the drugs are used by athletes, (3) biological mechanism of action, (4) what research says about efficacy in improving performance, (5) major health side effects from use and abuse in sport, and 6) concluding key points. Presents the scientific concepts of how performance enhancers work, how they are used, and how they are detected and masked from detection Features language that is neither simplistic to scientists nor too sophisticated for a large, diverse global audience Provides a short “close-up” in each chapter to illustrate key topics that engage, entertain, and create a novel synthesis of thought

Smokeless Tobacco Products

Smokeless Tobacco Products
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2020-01-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128181591

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Smokeless Tobacco Products: Characteristics, Usage, Health Effects, and Regulatory Implications, a title in the Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry series, presents an overview of research on the second most dangerous tobacco product. This book presents findings on public health risks emanating from the complex interaction between smokeless tobacco products and their users. It covers the key components of assessment and provides insight into scientific and public health considerations. The book does not take a simplistic condemnatory position, but rather conceptualizes tobacco use in terms of graduated public health danger and harm reduction. The book begins by introducing smokeless tobacco, its history of use, marketing, and implications for public health. It then continues with coverage of epidemiology, pathology and clinical implications, addiction, and treatment, and includes laboratory studies of human use. The following section explains the chemistry, biochemical mechanisms of carcinogenesis, and role of plant cultivation and manufacturing in toxicity. Finally, the book concludes by addressing regulatory considerations, the scientific basis of regulations, and the role of these products in harm reduction for smokers. This is the first resource of its kind to cover these topics together and in language appropriate to both specialists in the research community and informed persons responsible for legislative, funding, and public health matters in the community at large. Brings attention to smokeless tobacco product use and its association with addiction and disease Considers smokeless tobacco use historically and currently, as well as its place in a future harm-reduction conceptualization of tobacco Written by a distinguished, internationally recognized group of tobacco researchers from academia, independent research organizations, and the federal government with expertise in the many and various disciplines covered

Herbicides

Herbicides
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 366
Release: 2021-06-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128236758

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Herbicides: Chemistry, Efficacy, Toxicology, and Environmental Impacts addresses contemporary debates on herbicide toxicology. The reader is offered a comprehensive overview of this complex topic, presented by internationally recognized experts. Information presented will inform discussions on the use of herbicides in modern agricultural and other systems, and their potential non-target effects on human populations and various ecosystems. The book covers these matters in concise language appropriate to engage both specialists in the research community and informed persons responsible for legislative, funding, and public health matters in the community at large. The use of herbicides is an essential pillar of modern agricultural production systems. Weeds, if uncontrolled, would reduce crop yield and result in massive economic damage. Recently, the heavy reliance on single herbicides has been linked to the development of weed resistance. To combat resistant weeds, farmers are advised to use a mix of several herbicides and to increase herbicide application rates. As a result, the toxicity of herbicides on human health and the environment has become a controversial topic. Offers a comprehensive overview of herbicide science in modern agricultural systems Addresses the complex problems that can arise from herbicide use and misuse, including weed resistance, pollution, and human health issues Uses recent examples to demonstrate the topical nature of this issue

Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion

Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion
Author: David C. Dayton,Thomas D. Foust
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2019-11-05
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128156063

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Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion is a thorough resource for researchers, students and professors who investigate the use of biomass for fuels, chemicals and products. Advanced analytical chemistry methods and techniques can now provide detailed compositional and chemical measurements of biomass, biomass conversion process streams, intermediates and products. This volume from the Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry series brings together the current knowledge on each of these methods, including spectroscopic methods (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Near-infrared Spectroscopy, Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance), pyrolysis (Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry), Liquid Chromatography/High Performance Liquid Chromatography, Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry, and so on. Authors David C. Dayton and Thomas D. Foust show how these can be used for measuring biomass composition and for determining the composition of intermediates with regard to subsequent processing for biofuels, bio-chemicals and bio-based products. Covers the broad range of techniques and applications that have been developed and perfected in the last decade Highlights specific analyses required for understanding biomass conversion to select intermediates Provides references to seminal books, review articles and technical articles that go into greater depth, serving as a basis for further study

Particulates Matter

Particulates Matter
Author: Vikram Rao,William Vizuete
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2020-11-28
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128169056

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A title in the Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry series, Particulates Matter: Impact, Measurement, and Remediation of Airborne Pollutants provides the latest technical findings in the study of particulate matter (PM). It links these findings to awareness-raising and actionable schemes for legislated remediation and engineered solutions. Written in an engaging and informative manner, the book begins with a multi-disciplinary overview of the major sources and unique classes of PM, detection techniques, and their impact, including molecular changes resulting in health effects. It then goes one step further by proposing and examining the means to curtail and contain PM generation and ameliorate their impacts. Particulates Matter: Impact, Measurement, and Remediation of Airborne Pollutants offers a high-quality reference guide to PM that will greatly benefit technology leaders in environmental compliance groups, epidemiologists and other public health professionals focused on pollution and health, and researchers and scholars working in pollution, climate change, and urbanization. It may also be useful to advanced undergraduate and early graduate students in environmental sciences. Includes a summary of the current knowledge on nanoparticles as pollutants and their negative health effects Provides a framework for the evolution and maturation of air pollution characterization and mitigation Describes an integrated set of engineered solutions that account for the concatenated relationships between technology, policy, and society necessary for long-term success

Inhaled Pharmaceutical Product Development Perspectives

Inhaled Pharmaceutical Product Development Perspectives
Author: Anthony J. Hickey
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 110
Release: 2017-11-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128123362

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Inhaled Pharmaceutical Product Development Perspectives: Challenges and Opportunities describes methods and procedures for consideration when developing inhaled pharmaceuticals, while commenting on product development strategies and their suitability to support regulatory submission. It bridges the gap between the aspirations of scientists invested in new technology development and the requirements that must be met for any new product. The book brings together emerging analytical and inhalation technologies, providing perspectives that illuminate formulation and device design, development, regulatory compliance, and practice. Focusing on underlying scientific and technical principles known to be acceptable from the current regulatory perspective, this monograph will remain useful as a high-level guide to inhaled product development for the foreseeable future. Discusses development strategies and best practices in the context of regulatory requirements Written by a broadly qualified expert drawing on the knowledge and critical opinions of key individuals in the field Includes a foreword by Charles G. Thiel

Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals induced Metabolic Disorders and Treatment Strategies

Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals induced Metabolic Disorders and Treatment Strategies
Author: Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash,Kanwal Rehman,Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2020-08-04
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030459239

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This volume offers a detailed and comprehensive analysis of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs), covering their occurrence, exposure to humans and the mechanisms that lead to the parthogenesis of EDCs-induced metabolic disorders. The book is divided into three parts. Part I describes the physiology of the human endocrine system, with special emphasis on various types of metabolic disorders along with risk factors that are responsible for the development of these disorders. Part II addresses all aspects of EDCs, including their role in the induction of various risk factors that are responsible for the development of metabolic disorders. Part III covers up-to-date environmental regulatory considerations and treatment strategies that have been adopted to cure and prevent EDCs-induced metabolic disorders. This section will primarily appeal to clinicians investigating the causes and treatment of metabolic disorders. The text will also be of interest to students and researchers in the fields of Environmental Pharmacology and Toxicology, Environmental Pollution, Pharmaceutical Biochemistry, Biotechnology, and Drug Metabolism/Pharmacokinetics.

Issues in Analysis Measurement Monitoring Imaging and Remote Sensing Technology 2013 Edition

Issues in Analysis  Measurement  Monitoring  Imaging  and Remote Sensing Technology  2013 Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ScholarlyEditions
Total Pages: 1214
Release: 2013-06-20
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781490105857

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Issues in Analysis, Measurement, Monitoring, Imaging, and Remote Sensing Technology: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Analysis and Measurement. The editors have built Issues in Analysis, Measurement, Monitoring, Imaging, and Remote Sensing Technology: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Analysis and Measurement in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Analysis, Measurement, Monitoring, Imaging, and Remote Sensing Technology: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Clinical Challenges in Therapeutic Drug Monitoring

Clinical Challenges in Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
Author: William Clarke,Amitava Dasgupta
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2016-07-21
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128020524

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Clinical Challenges in Therapeutic Drug Monitoring: Special Populations, Physiological Conditions and Pharmacogenomics focuses on critical issues in therapeutic drug monitoring including special requirements of therapeutic drug monitoring important to special populations (infants and children, pregnant women, elderly patients, and obese patients). The book also covers issues of free drug monitoring and common interferences in using immunoassays for therapeutic drug monitoring. This book is essential reading for any clinician, fellow, or trainee who wants to gain greater insight into the process of therapeutic drug monitoring for individual dosage adjustment and avoiding drug toxicity for certain drugs within a narrow therapeutic window. The book is written specifically for busy clinicians, fellows, and trainees who order therapeutic drug monitoring and need to get more familiar with testing methodologies, issues of interferences, and interpretation of results in certain patient populations. Offers busy clinicians, pathologists, and trainees a concise resource on the key aspects and critical issues in therapeutic drug monitoring Focuses on patient populations such as infants and children, pregnant women, elderly patients, and obese patients, who have special requirements in therapeutic drug monitoring Explores special topics in therapeutic drug monitoring including free drug monitoring and common immunoassay interference Explains how individual dosage adjustments can prevent drug toxicity for certain drugs within a narrow therapeutic window

Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry

Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry
Author: William Clarke,Mark Marzinke
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1064
Release: 2020-06-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128158333

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Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry, Fourth Edition, provides a clear and concise overview of important topics in the field. This new edition is useful for students, residents and fellows in clinical chemistry and pathology, presenting an introduction and overview of the field to assist readers as they in review and prepare for board certification examinations. For new medical technologists, the book provides context for understanding the clinical utility of tests that they perform or use in other areas in the clinical laboratory. For experienced laboratorians, this revision continues to provide an opportunity for exposure to more recent trends and developments in clinical chemistry. Includes enhanced illustration and new and revised color figures Provides improved self-assessment questions and end-of-chapter assessment questions

Applied Biological Engineering

Applied Biological Engineering
Author: Ganesh R. Naik
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 676
Release: 2012-03-23
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9789535104124

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Biological engineering is a field of engineering in which the emphasis is on life and life-sustaining systems. Biological engineering is an emerging discipline that encompasses engineering theory and practice connected to and derived from the science of biology. The most important trend in biological engineering is the dynamic range of scales at which biotechnology is now able to integrate with biological processes. An explosion in micro/nanoscale technology is allowing the manufacture of nanoparticles for drug delivery into cells, miniaturized implantable microsensors for medical diagnostics, and micro-engineered robots for on-board tissue repairs. This book aims to provide an updated overview of the recent developments in biological engineering from diverse aspects and various applications in clinical and experimental research.

A Comprehensive Guide to Toxicology in Preclinical Drug Development

A Comprehensive Guide to Toxicology in Preclinical Drug Development
Author: Ali S. Faqi
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 885
Release: 2012-11-16
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780123878151

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A Comprehensive Guide to Toxicology in Preclinical Drug Development is a resource for toxicologists in industry and regulatory settings, as well as directors working in contract resource organizations, who need a thorough understanding of the drug development process. Incorporating real-life case studies and examples, the book is a practical guide that outlines day-to-day activities and experiences in preclinical toxicology. This multi-contributed reference provides a detailed picture of the complex and highly interrelated activities of preclinical toxicology in both small molecules and biologics. The book discusses discovery toxicology and the international guidelines for safety evaluation, and presents traditional and nontraditional toxicology models. Chapters cover development of vaccines, oncology drugs, botanic drugs, monoclonal antibodies, and more, as well as study development and personnel, the role of imaging in preclinical evaluation, and supporting materials for IND applications. By incorporating the latest research in this area and featuring practical scenarios, this reference is a complete and actionable guide to all aspects of preclinical drug testing. Chapters written by world-renowned contributors who are experts in their fields Includes the latest research in preclinical drug testing and international guidelines Covers preclinical toxicology in small molecules and biologics in one single source

EPA Publications Bibliography

EPA Publications Bibliography
Author: United States. Environmental Protection Agency
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1985
Genre: Environmental protection
ISBN: UOM:39015018239965

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