Applied Genomics and Public Health

Applied Genomics and Public Health
Author: George P. Patrinos
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2019-11-13
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128136966

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Applied Genomics and Public Health examines the interdisciplinary and growing area of how evidence-based genomic knowledge can be applied to public health, population health, healthcare and health policies. The book gathers experts from a variety of disciplines, including life sciences, social sciences, and health care to develop a comprehensive overview of the field. In addition, the book delves into subjects such as pharmacogenomics, genethics, big data, data translation and analysis, economic evaluation, genomic awareness and education, sociology, pricing and reimbursement, policy measures and economic evaluation in genomic medicine. This book is essential reading for researchers and students exploring applications of genomics to population and public health. In addition, it is ideal for those in the biomedical sciences, medical sociologists, healthcare professionals, nurses, regulatory bodies and health economists interested in learning more about this growing field. Explores the growing application of genomics to population and public health Features internationally renowned contributors from a variety of related fields Contains chapters on important topics such as genomic data sharing, genethics and public health genomics, genomics and sociology, and regulatory aspects of genomic medicine and pharmacogenomics

Genome Plasticity in Health and Disease

Genome Plasticity in Health and Disease
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2020-04-08
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128178201

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Genome Plasticity in Health and Disease provides a fully up-to-date overview on genome plasticity and its role in human physiology and disease. Following an introduction to the field, a diverse range of chapters cover genomic and epigenomic analysis and the use of model organisms and genomic databases in studies. Specific molecular and biochemical mechanisms of genome plasticity are examined, including somatic variants, De Novo variants, founder variations, isolated populations dynamics, copy-number variations, mobile elements, DNA methylation, histone modifications, transcription factors, non-coding RNAs, telomere dynamics and RNA editing. Later chapters explore disease relevance for cancer, as well as cardiovascular, neuropsychiatric, inflammatory, and endocrine disease, and associated pathways for drug discovery. Examines the role of genome plasticity across a range of disease types, from cardiovascular disease, to cancer and neuropsychiatric disorders Adopts an interdisciplinary approach, with expert contributions across the spectrum of basic science and disease relevance to drug discovery

Medical and Health Genomics

Medical and Health Genomics
Author: Dhavendra Kumar,Stylianos Antonarakis
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2016-06-04
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780127999227

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Medical and Health Genomics provides concise and evidence-based technical and practical information on the applied and translational aspects of genome sciences and the technologies related to non-clinical medicine and public health. Coverage is based on evolving paradigms of genomic medicine—in particular, the relation to public and population health genomics now being rapidly incorporated in health management and administration, with further implications for clinical population and disease management. Provides extensive coverage of the emergent field of health genomics and its huge relevance to healthcare management Presents user-friendly language accompanied by explanatory diagrams, figures, and many references for further study Covers the applied, but non-clinical, sciences across disease discovery, genetic analysis, genetic screening, and prevention and management Details the impact of clinical genomics across a diverse array of public and community health issues, and within a variety of global healthcare systems

The Book of Genes Genomes

The Book of Genes   Genomes
Author: Huntington Willard,Susanne Haga
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2017-01-08
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0387709150

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The Book of Genes & Genomes presents a concise overview of the advances in genetics and genomics and provide the unfamiliar reader with a succinct description of many of the applications and implications of this field. Given the substantial investment in genetics and genomics over the past several decades and the many recent discoveries and developments, this book will help the reader begin to understand the importance of genetics and genomics to us all. This exciting new title includes information on how genetics and genomics has advanced our understanding of health and medicine, evolution, and biology, as well as how they are pushing the boundaries of ethics and social values.

Genomics of Rare Diseases

Genomics of Rare Diseases
Author: Claudia Gonzaga-Jauregui,James R. Lupski
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2021-06-12
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128204368

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Genomics of Rare Diseases: Understanding Disease Genetics Using Genomic Approaches, a new volume in the Translational and Applied Genomics series, offers readers a broad understanding of current knowledge on rare diseases through a genomics lens. This clear understanding of the latest molecular and genomic technologies used to elucidate the molecular causes of more than 5,000 genetic disorders brings readers closer to unraveling many more that remain undefined and undiscovered. The challenges associated with performing rare disease research are also discussed, as well as the opportunities that the study of these disorders provides for improving our understanding of disease architecture and pathophysiology. Leading chapter authors in the field discuss approaches such as karyotyping and genomic sequencing for the better diagnosis and treatment of conditions including recessive diseases, dominant and X-linked disorders, de novo mutations, sporadic disorders and mosaicism. Compiles applied case studies and methodologies, enabling researchers, clinicians and healthcare providers to effectively classify DNA variants associated with disease and patient phenotypes Discusses the main challenges in studying the genetics of rare diseases through genomic approaches and possible or ongoing solutions Explores opportunities for novel therapeutics Features chapter contributions from leading researchers and clinicians

Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation

Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation
Author: Conxi Lázaro,Jordan Lerner-Ellis,Amanda Spurdle
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 436
Release: 2021-02-27
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128205204

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Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation: Theory and Practice, a new volume in the Translational and Applied Genomics series, covers foundational aspects, modes of analysis, technology, disease and disorder specific case studies, and clinical integration. This book provides a deep theoretical background, as well as applied case studies and methodology, enabling researchers, clinicians and healthcare providers to effectively classify DNA variants associated with disease and patient phenotypes. Practical chapters discuss genomic variant interpretation, terminology and nomenclature, international consensus guidelines, population allele frequency, functional evidence transcripts for RNA, proteins, and enzymes, somatic mutations, somatic profiling, and much more. Compiles best practices, methods and sound evidence for DNA variant classification in one applied volume Features chapter contributions from international leaders in the field Includes practical examples of variant classification for common and rare disorders, and across clinical phenotypes

Genomic Medicine in Emerging Economies

Genomic Medicine in Emerging Economies
Author: George Patrinos,Catalina Lopez-Correa
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2018-06-29
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128115510

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Genomic Medicine in Resource-limited Countries: Genomics for Every Nation provides in-depth analysis and key examples of the implementation of medical genomics in low-income nations across the globe, demonstrating how this advancing medical science has not only transformed health systems, but also led to improved patient care in Indonesian, Nepalese, Chilean, Malaysian, Tanzanian, Argentinian, Chinese, Sri Lankan and Columbian populations, among others. In addition to defining tools, diagnostics and treatment pathways at the population-wide level for medical geneticists, genomic researchers and public health workers, this book offers a case-study based approach that helps users understand how genomic medicine is used in disease-management. Examines essential concepts and protocols, and economic, social and legal considerations related to the implementation of genomic medicine in resource-limited nations Features concrete success stories of the implementation of medical genomics in Indonesian, Nepalese, Chilean, Malaysian, Tanzanian, Argentinian, Chinese, Sri Lankan and Columbian populations, amongst others Provides tools, diagnostics and treatment pathways for medical geneticists, genomic researchers and public health workers to apply in their own work Establishes clear precedents on how genomic technologies can be accessed by nations with limited means and financial support for healthcare

Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century

Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century
Author: Muin J. Khoury,Wylie Burke,Elizabeth Jean Thomson
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 639
Release: 2000
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780195128307

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The first broad survey of the role of genetics in public health, with emphasis on the new molecular genetics.

Human Genome Informatics

Human Genome Informatics
Author: Christophe Lambert,Darrol Baker,George P. Patrinos
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2018-08-02
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128134313

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Human Genome Informatics: Translating Genes into Health examines the most commonly used electronic tools for translating genomic information into clinically meaningful formats. By analyzing and comparing interpretation methods of whole genome data, the book discusses the possibilities of their application in genomic and translational medicine. Topics such as electronic decision-making tools, translation algorithms, interpretation and translation of whole genome data for rare diseases are thoroughly explored. In addition, discussions of current human genome databases and the possibilities of big data in genomic medicine are presented. With an updated approach on recent techniques and current human genomic databases, the book is a valuable source for students and researchers in genome and medical informatics. It is also ideal for workers in the bioinformatics industry who are interested in recent developments in the field. Provides an overview of the most commonly used electronic tools to translate genomic information Brings an update on the existing human genomic databases that directly impact genome interpretation Summarizes and comparatively analyzes interpretation methods of whole genome data and their application in genomic medicine

Genomics in Biosecurity

Genomics in Biosecurity
Author: Manousos E. Kambouris
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2021-11-26
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780323852371

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Genomics in Biosecurity: Principles and Applications of Genomic Technologies in Expanded Biosecurity Concepts, in the Translational and Applied Genomics series, explains in definite and practical terms the applicability of genomic technologies in every aspect of biosecurity, from emergent diagnostics to bioterrorism, agroterrorism, next generation biowarfare, biosurveillance and risk assessment. This book offers an integrated discussion of genomics and GCBR (global catastrophic biological risks) events, considering both basic aspects of biosecurity genomics and application of genomic technologies to drive new solutions. Readers will find evidence-based strategies to apply genomics in disease and pathogen monitoring and diagnosis, and more. Social aspects of GCBR events and genomic biosecurity, such as issues of terrorism, policy ethics, and practice, are also considered in-depth. Examines the use of genomics in pathogen monitoring and diagnosis, biosurveillance, and countermeasures for spontaneous and perpetrated events Discusses social, ethical, and policy aspects of GCBR events and the use of genomic technologies in biosecurity Empowers new solutions in biorestoration, biocrime, counterbioterrorism, disaster management, and humanitarian crisis response Features chapter contributions from a range of international specialists

Economic Evaluation in Genomic Medicine

Economic Evaluation in Genomic Medicine
Author: Vasilios Fragoulakis,Christina Mitropoulou,Marc Williams,George P. Patrinos
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 174
Release: 2015-03-20
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128016114

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Economic Evaluation in Genomic Medicine introduces health economics and economic evaluation to genomic clinicians and researchers, while also introducing the topic to health economists. Each chapter includes an executive summary, questions, and case studies, along with supplementary online materials, including process guides, maps, flow charts, diagrams, and economic evaluation spreadsheets to enhance the learning process. The text can easily be used as course material for related graduate and undergraduate courses, providing a succinct overview of the existing, state-of-the-art application of economic evaluation to genomic healthcare and precision medicine. Interrelates economic evaluation and genomic medicine Instructs healthcare professionals and bioscientists about economic evaluation in genomic medicine Teaches health economists about application of economic evaluation in genomic medicine Introduces health economics and economic evaluation to clinicians and researchers involved in genomics Includes process guides, maps, flow charts and diagrams

Psychiatric Genomics

Psychiatric Genomics
Author: Evangelia Eirini Tsermpini,Martin Alda,George P. Patrinos
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 418
Release: 2022-03-18
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128214008

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Psychiatric Genomics presents and synthesizes available knowledge in the field of psychiatric genomics, offering methodologies to advance new research and aid clinical translation. After providing an introduction to genomics and psychiatry, international experts discuss the genomic basis of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, addictions, eating disorders, and sleep disorders, among other disorders. In addition, recommendations for next steps in clinical implementation and drug discovery are discussed in-depth, with chapters dedicated to pharmacogenomics and antipsychotics, antidepressants and mood stabilizers, adverse drug reactions, implementation of pharmacogenomics in psychiatric clinics, and ethical issues. Finally, methods sections provide a solid grounding in research approaches and computational analytics, from using animal models in psychiatric genomics and accessing biobanks, to employing computational analysis, genome-wide association studies (GWAS), brain pathophysiology, and endophenotypes in psychiatric research. Thoroughly examines the genetic mechanisms underlying a broad range of psychiatric disorders Offers genomic methodologies and analytical approaches supporting new research and clinical translation, including personalized diagnosis and treatment models Features chapter contributions from international leaders in the field

Cracking the Genome

Cracking the Genome
Author: Kevin Davies
Publsiher: JHU Press
Total Pages: 327
Release: 2002-10
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0801871409

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This newly updated edition sheds light on the secrets of the sequence, highlighting the myriad ways in which genomics will impact human health for generations to come.

Essentials of Genomic and Personalized Medicine

Essentials of Genomic and Personalized Medicine
Author: Geoffrey S. Ginsburg,Huntington F Willard
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 850
Release: 2009-10-02
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0080958117

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Derived from the comprehensive two-volume set, Genomic and Personalized Medicine also edited by Drs. Willard and Ginsburg, this work serves the needs of the evolving population of scientists, researchers, practitioners and students that are embracing one of the most promising avenues for advances in diagnosis, prevention and treatment of human disease. From principles, methodology and translational approaches to genome discoveries and clinical applications, Essentials of Genomic and Personalized Medicine will be a valuable resource for various professionals and students across medical disciplines, including human genetics and genomics, oncology, neuroscience, gene therapy, molecular medicine, pharmacology, and biomedical sciences. Updates with regard to diagnostic testing, pharmacogenetics, predicting disease susceptibility, and other important research components as well as chapters dedicated to cardiovascular disease, oncology, inflammatory disease, metabolic disease, neuropsychiatric disease, and infectious disease, present this book as an essential tool for a variety of professionals and students who are endeavouring into the developing the diverse and practical field of genomic and personalized medicine. * Full color throughout * Includes contributions on genetic counselling, ethical, legal/regulatory, and social issues related to the practice of genomic medicine from leaders in the field * Introductory chapter highlights differences between personalized and traditional medicine, promising areas of current research, and challenges to incorporate the latest research discoveries and practice * Ancillary material includes case studies and lab questions which highlight the collaborative approach to the science

Genomic and Precision Medicine

Genomic and Precision Medicine
Author: Geoffrey S. Ginsburg,Huntington F Willard,John Strickler,Matthew Stuart McKinney
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 378
Release: 2022-04-09
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128006535

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Genomic and Precision Medicine: Oncology, Third Edition focuses on the applications of genome discovery as research points to personalized cancer therapies. Each chapter is organized to cover the application of genomics and personalized medicine tools and technologies to a) Risk Assessment and Susceptibility, b) Diagnosis and Prognosis, c) Pharmacogenomics and Precision Therapeutics, and d) Emerging and Future Opportunities in the field. Provides a comprehensive volume written and edited by oncology genomic specialists for oncology health providers Includes succinct commentary and key learning points that will assist providers with their local needs for implementation of genomic and personalized medicine into practice Presents an up-to-date overview on major opportunities for genomic and personalized medicine in practice Covers case studies that highlight the practical use of genomics in the management of patients