Artificial Intelligence and Social Work

Artificial Intelligence and Social Work
Author: Milind Tambe,Eric Rice
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2018-11-29
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781108425995

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An introductory guide with real-life examples on using AI to help homeless youth, diabetes patients, and other social welfare interventions.

The Big Nine

The Big Nine
Author: Amy Webb
Publsiher: PublicAffairs
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2019-03-05
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781541773745

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A call-to-arms about the broken nature of artificial intelligence, and the powerful corporations that are turning the human-machine relationship on its head. We like to think that we are in control of the future of "artificial" intelligence. The reality, though, is that we--the everyday people whose data powers AI--aren't actually in control of anything. When, for example, we speak with Alexa, we contribute that data to a system we can't see and have no input into--one largely free from regulation or oversight. The big nine corporations--Amazon, Google, Facebook, Tencent, Baidu, Alibaba, Microsoft, IBM and Apple--are the new gods of AI and are short-changing our futures to reap immediate financial gain. In this book, Amy Webb reveals the pervasive, invisible ways in which the foundations of AI--the people working on the system, their motivations, the technology itself--is broken. Within our lifetimes, AI will, by design, begin to behave unpredictably, thinking and acting in ways which defy human logic. The big nine corporations may be inadvertently building and enabling vast arrays of intelligent systems that don't share our motivations, desires, or hopes for the future of humanity. Much more than a passionate, human-centered call-to-arms, this book delivers a strategy for changing course, and provides a path for liberating us from algorithmic decision-makers and powerful corporations.

The Future of Social Work

The Future of Social Work
Author: Brij Mohan
Publsiher: SAGE Publishing India
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2018-04-16
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9789352806270

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Social media and the digital revolution have fundamentally changed the meaning of “social” and “work.” Social work, like all other professions, will undergo dramatic changes as apps and algorithms overtake human operations. The failure of social sciences in general and social work in particular warrants thoughtful innovations that ensure sustainable services. The author believes altruism is professionally unattainable until social work is completely re-founded. The Future of Social Work discusses seven new algorithms of social practice that challenge the existing model of social work education and offers a new perspective for radical transformation of the entire system. The book warns against academic complacence and shows how this radical transformation is necessary in order to prevent inevitable alienation, avarice, and anger in a techno-scientific world.

Social Machines

Social Machines
Author: James Hendler,Alice M. Mulvehill
Publsiher: Apress
Total Pages: 174
Release: 2016-09-20
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781484211564

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Will your next doctor be a human being—or a machine? Will you have a choice? If you do, what should you know before making it?This book introduces the reader to the pitfalls and promises of artificial intelligence (AI) in its modern incarnation and the growing trend of systems to "reach off the Web" into the real world. The convergence of AI, social networking, and modern computing is creating an historic inflection point in the partnership between human beings and machines with potentially profound impacts on the future not only of computing but of our world and species.AI experts and researchers James Hendler—co-originator of the Semantic Web (Web 3.0)—and Alice Mulvehill—developer of AI-based operational systems for DARPA, the Air Force, and NASA—explore the social implications of AI systems in the context of a close examination of the technologies that make them possible. The authors critically evaluate the utopian claims and dystopian counterclaims of AI prognosticators. Social Machines: The Coming Collision of Artificial Intelligence, Social Networking, and Humanity is your richly illustrated field guide to the future of your machine-mediated relationships with other human beings and with increasingly intelligent machines. What Readers Will Learn What the concept of a social machine is and how the activities of non-programmers are contributing to machine intelligence How modern artificial intelligence technologies, such as Watson, are evolving and how they process knowledge from both carefully produced information (such as Wikipedia and journal articles) and from big data collections The fundamentals of neuromorphic computing, knowledge graph search, and linked data, as well as the basic technology concepts that underlie networking applications such as Facebook and Twitter How the change in attitudes towards cooperative work on the Web, especially in the younger demographic, is critical to the future of Web applications Who This Book Is ForGeneral readers and technically engaged developers, entrepreneurs, and technologists interested in the threats and promises of the accelerating convergence of artificial intelligence with social networks and mobile web technologies.

Post Human Futures

Post Human Futures
Author: Mark Carrigan,Douglas V. Porpora
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2021-04-13
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9781351189934

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This volume engages with post-humanist and transhumanist approaches to present an original exploration of the question of how humankind will fare in the face of artificial intelligence. With emerging technologies now widely assumed to be calling into question assumptions about human beings and their place within the world, and computational innovations of machine learning leading some to claim we are coming ever closer to the long-sought artificial general intelligence, it defends humanity with the argument that technological ‘advances’ introduced artificially into some humans do not annul their fundamental human qualities. Against the challenge presented by the possibility that advanced artificial intelligence will be fully capable of original thinking, creative self-development and moral judgement and therefore have claims to legal rights, the authors advance a form of ‘essentialism’ that justifies providing a ‘decent minimum life’ for all persons. As such, while the future of the human is in question, the authors show how dispensing with either the category itself or the underlying reality is a less plausible solution than is often assumed.

Responsible Artificial Intelligence

Responsible Artificial Intelligence
Author: Virginia Dignum
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 127
Release: 2019-11-04
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783030303716

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In this book, the author examines the ethical implications of Artificial Intelligence systems as they integrate and replace traditional social structures in new sociocognitive-technological environments. She discusses issues related to the integrity of researchers, technologists, and manufacturers as they design, construct, use, and manage artificially intelligent systems; formalisms for reasoning about moral decisions as part of the behavior of artificial autonomous systems such as agents and robots; and design methodologies for social agents based on societal, moral, and legal values. Throughout the book the author discusses related work, conscious of both classical, philosophical treatments of ethical issues and the implications in modern, algorithmic systems, and she combines regular references and footnotes with suggestions for further reading. This short overview is suitable for undergraduate students, in both technical and non-technical courses, and for interested and concerned researchers, practitioners, and citizens.

The Artificial Intelligence Contagion

The Artificial Intelligence Contagion
Author: David Barnhizer,Daniel Barnhizer
Publsiher: SCB Distributors
Total Pages: 341
Release: 2019-05-01
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9780999874783

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Artificial Intelligence/Robotics: Have we opened a Pandora's Box? As AI/robotics eliminates jobs across the spectrum, governmental revenues will plummet while the debt increases dramatically. This crisis of limited resources on all levels—underfunded or non-existent pensions, health problems, lack of savings, and job destruction without comparable job creation—will drive many into homelessness and produce a dramatic rise in violence as we fight over shrinking resources. “Ambitious, deeply researched, and far reaching in its scope and conclusions, Contagion is actually several books in one. Its summary of what AI is and will likely become is a standalone revelation. It also offers a critique of socio-economic ripple effects that verge on dystopian, and essays and “case studies” of specific sectors or regions, notably a chapter on China’s fusion of AI and social control.” JEFF LONG, New York Times Best-selling Author “A sobering look at the far-reaching impact that artificial intelligence may have on the economy, the workforce, democracy and all of humanity. The Artificial Intelligence Contagion is a bellwether for anyone seeking to comprehend the global disruption coming our way.” —DAVID COOPER, President and Technologist , Massive Designs “We see in the rush to develop AI the arrogance of the human species. Often buried by the exuberance over what AI might do is the massive dislocation it can cause. David and Daniel Barnhizer masterfully lead us through the societal challenges AI poses and offer possible solutions that will enable us to survive the AI contagion.” —KENNETH A. GRADY, Member, Advisory Boards, Elevate Services, Inc., MDR Lab, and LARI Ltd. This may be "the scariest book ever".

Artificial Intelligence and Conservation

Artificial Intelligence and Conservation
Author: Fei Fang,Milind Tambe,Bistra Dilkina,Andrew J. Plumptre
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 254
Release: 2019-02-28
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781316512920

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Explains how artificial intelligence methods can be used to aid conservation of wildlife, forests, coral reefs, rivers, and other natural resources.

Transcultural Artificial Intelligence and Robotics in Health and Social Care

Transcultural Artificial Intelligence and Robotics in Health and Social Care
Author: Irena Papadopoulos,Christina Koulouglioti,Chris Papadopoulos,Antonio Sgorbissa
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 310
Release: 2022-04-29
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9780323907026

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Transcultural Artificial Intelligence and Robotics in Health and Social Care provides healthcare professionals with a deeper understanding of the incredible opportunities brought by the emerging field of AI robotics. In addition, it provides robotic researchers with the point-of-view of healthcare professionals to understand what the healthcare sector – as well as the market – really needs from robotics technology. By doing so, the book fills an important gap between both fields in order to leverage new developments and collaborative work in favor of global patients. The book is aimed at the non-technical reader, especially health and social care professionals, and explains in a simple way the technological principles applied in the development of socially assistive humanoid AI robots (SAHR), the values which guide such developments, the ethics related to them, and research approaches in the field, with a focus on achieving a culturally competent SAHR. Presents user-friendly and stage-by-stage information to help readers appreciate how AI robots work and how they can be integrated in their work environments Explains why AI and socially assistive robotics need to be culturally competent Helps reduce readers’ fears and change negative prejudices they may have about robots as a relevant tool for healthcare Written by experts in AI robotics and the creators of transcultural health/social robotics Informed by the largest trial conducted with real patients

Communication and Interviewing Skills for Practice in Social Work Counselling and the Health Professions

Communication and Interviewing Skills for Practice in Social Work  Counselling and the Health Professions
Author: Patricia Higham
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2019-07-30
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9780429800153

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This book supports and develops the communication and interviewing skills of professional practitioners and student practitioners in social work, counselling, and the health professions. Combining work on personal and social constructs, the search for meaning, and ecological theory, this book both provides an integrated discussion of practice and presents a balanced approach when discussing psychological, biological, and social influences on individual well-being. Furthermore, it emphasises the influence of social contexts on behaviour and well-being, as well as valuing and encouraging the application of practitioners’ prior experience and learning (APEL) to new knowledge and understanding. Containing a range of practice examples to stimulate learning, this book promotes a collaboration between the professions, and welcomes the contributions of people who use services, patients, and clients. Communication and Interviewing Skills for Practice in Social Work, Counselling and the Health Professions will be of interest to all undergraduate and postgraduate social work students, as well as new and experienced professional health care practitioners.

A Citizen s Guide to Artificial Intelligence

A Citizen s Guide to Artificial Intelligence
Author: John Zerilli
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2021-02-23
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9780262044813

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A concise but informative overview of AI ethics and policy. Artificial intelligence, or AI for short, has generated a staggering amount of hype in the past several years. Is it the game-changer it's been cracked up to be? If so, how is it changing the game? How is it likely to affect us as customers, tenants, aspiring home-owners, students, educators, patients, clients, prison inmates, members of ethnic and sexual minorities, voters in liberal democracies? This book offers a concise overview of moral, political, legal and economic implications of AI. It covers the basics of AI's latest permutation, machine learning, and considers issues including transparency, bias, liability, privacy, and regulation.

The Atlas of AI

The Atlas of AI
Author: Kate Crawford
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2021-04-06
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9780300209570

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The hidden costs of artificial intelligence, from natural resources and labor to privacy and freedom What happens when artificial intelligence saturates political life and depletes the planet? How is AI shaping our understanding of ourselves and our societies? In this book Kate Crawford reveals how this planetary network is fueling a shift toward undemocratic governance and increased inequality. Drawing on more than a decade of research, award-winning science, and technology, Crawford reveals how AI is a technology of extraction: from the energy and minerals needed to build and sustain its infrastructure, to the exploited workers behind "automated" services, to the data AI collects from us. Rather than taking a narrow focus on code and algorithms, Crawford offers us a political and a material perspective on what it takes to make artificial intelligence and where it goes wrong. While technical systems present a veneer of objectivity, they are always systems of power. This is an urgent account of what is at stake as technology companies use artificial intelligence to reshape the world.

Artificial Intelligence in Behavioral and Mental Health Care

Artificial Intelligence in Behavioral and Mental Health Care
Author: David D. Luxton
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2015-09-10
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780128007921

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Artificial Intelligence in Behavioral and Mental Health Care summarizes recent advances in artificial intelligence as it applies to mental health clinical practice. Each chapter provides a technical description of the advance, review of application in clinical practice, and empirical data on clinical efficacy. In addition, each chapter includes a discussion of practical issues in clinical settings, ethical considerations, and limitations of use. The book encompasses AI based advances in decision-making, in assessment and treatment, in providing education to clients, robot assisted task completion, and the use of AI for research and data gathering. This book will be of use to mental health practitioners interested in learning about, or incorporating AI advances into their practice and for researchers interested in a comprehensive review of these advances in one source. Summarizes AI advances for use in mental health practice Includes advances in AI based decision-making and consultation Describes AI applications for assessment and treatment Details AI advances in robots for clinical settings Provides empirical data on clinical efficacy Explores practical issues of use in clinical settings

The Future of Work

The Future of Work
Author: Darrell M. West
Publsiher: Brookings Institution Press
Total Pages: 219
Release: 2018-05-15
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9780815732945

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Looking for ways to handle the transition to a digital economy Robots, artificial intelligence, and driverless cars are no longer things of the distant future. They are with us today and will become increasingly common in coming years, along with virtual reality and digital personal assistants. As these tools advance deeper into everyday use, they raise the question—how will they transform society, the economy, and politics? If companies need fewer workers due to automation and robotics, what happens to those who once held those jobs and don't have the skills for new jobs? And since many social benefits are delivered through jobs, how are people outside the workforce for a lengthy period of time going to earn a living and get health care and social benefits? Looking past today's headlines, political scientist and cultural observer Darrell M. West argues that society needs to rethink the concept of jobs, reconfigure the social contract, move toward a system of lifetime learning, and develop a new kind of politics that can deal with economic dislocations. With the U.S. governance system in shambles because of political polarization and hyper-partisanship, dealing creatively with the transition to a fully digital economy will vex political leaders and complicate the adoption of remedies that could ease the transition pain. It is imperative that we make major adjustments in how we think about work and the social contract in order to prevent society from spiraling out of control. This book presents a number of proposals to help people deal with the transition from an industrial to a digital economy. We must broaden the concept of employment to include volunteering and parenting and pay greater attention to the opportunities for leisure time. New forms of identity will be possible when the "job" no longer defines people's sense of personal meaning, and they engage in a broader range of activities. Workers will need help throughout their lifetimes to acquire new skills and develop new job capabilities. Political reforms will be necessary to reduce polarization and restore civility so there can be open and healthy debate about where responsibility lies for economic well-being. This book is an important contribution to a discussion about tomorrow—one that needs to take place today.

Understanding the Role of Artificial Intelligence and Its Future Social Impact

Understanding the Role of Artificial Intelligence and Its Future Social Impact
Author: Sheikh, Salim
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2020-07-17
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781799846086

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The influence of AI is beginning to filter into every aspect of life, spanning across education, healthcare, business, and more. However, as its prevalence grows, challenges must be addressed including AI replication and even exacerbation of human bias and discrimination and the development of policies and laws that appropriately regulate AI. Stakeholders from all sectors of society need to collaborate on co-designing innovative, agile frameworks for governing AI that allow for its continued adoption while minimizing risk and reducing disruption. Understanding the Role of Artificial Intelligence and Its Future Social Impact is a pivotal reference source that provides vital research on the application of AI within contemporary society and comprehends the future effects of this technology within modern civilization. While highlighting topics such as cognitive computing, ethical issues, and robotics, this publication explores the possible consequences of AI adoption as well as its disruption within industries and emerging markets. This book is ideally designed for researchers, developers, strategists, managers, practitioners, executives, analysts, scientists, policymakers, academicians, and students seeking current research on the future of AI and its influence on the global culture and society.