The Myth of Artificial Intelligence

The Myth of Artificial Intelligence
Author: Erik J. Larson
Publsiher: Belknap Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2021-04-06
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9780674983519

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Futurists are certain that humanlike AI is on the horizon, but in fact engineers have no idea how to program human reasoning. AI reasons from statistical correlations across data sets, while common sense is based heavily on conjecture. Erik Larson argues that hyping existing methods will only hold us back from developing truly humanlike AI.

The Promise of Artificial Intelligence

The Promise of Artificial Intelligence
Author: Brian Cantwell Smith
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2019-10-08
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9780262355216

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An argument that—despite dramatic advances in the field—artificial intelligence is nowhere near developing systems that are genuinely intelligent. In this provocative book, Brian Cantwell Smith argues that artificial intelligence is nowhere near developing systems that are genuinely intelligent. Second wave AI, machine learning, even visions of third-wave AI: none will lead to human-level intelligence and judgment, which have been honed over millennia. Recent advances in AI may be of epochal significance, but human intelligence is of a different order than even the most powerful calculative ability enabled by new computational capacities. Smith calls this AI ability “reckoning,” and argues that it does not lead to full human judgment—dispassionate, deliberative thought grounded in ethical commitment and responsible action. Taking judgment as the ultimate goal of intelligence, Smith examines the history of AI from its first-wave origins (“good old-fashioned AI,” or GOFAI) to such celebrated second-wave approaches as machine learning, paying particular attention to recent advances that have led to excitement, anxiety, and debate. He considers each AI technology's underlying assumptions, the conceptions of intelligence targeted at each stage, and the successes achieved so far. Smith unpacks the notion of intelligence itself—what sort humans have, and what sort AI aims at. Smith worries that, impressed by AI's reckoning prowess, we will shift our expectations of human intelligence. What we should do, he argues, is learn to use AI for the reckoning tasks at which it excels while we strengthen our commitment to judgment, ethics, and the world.

A Citizen s Guide to Artificial Intelligence

A Citizen s Guide to Artificial Intelligence
Author: John Zerilli
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2021-02-23
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9780262044813

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A concise but informative overview of AI ethics and policy. Artificial intelligence, or AI for short, has generated a staggering amount of hype in the past several years. Is it the game-changer it's been cracked up to be? If so, how is it changing the game? How is it likely to affect us as customers, tenants, aspiring home-owners, students, educators, patients, clients, prison inmates, members of ethnic and sexual minorities, voters in liberal democracies? This book offers a concise overview of moral, political, legal and economic implications of AI. It covers the basics of AI's latest permutation, machine learning, and considers issues including transparency, bias, liability, privacy, and regulation.

Understanding Artificial Intelligence

Understanding Artificial Intelligence
Author: Nicolas Sabouret
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2020-12-09
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781000284157

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Artificial Intelligence (AI) fascinates, challenges and disturbs us. There are many voices in society that predict drastic changes that may come as a consequence of AI – a possible apocalypse or Eden on earth. However, only a few people truly understand what AI is, what it can do and what its limitations are. Understanding Artificial Intelligence explains, through a straightforward narrative and amusing illustrations, how AI works. It is written for a non-specialist reader, adult or adolescent, who is interested in AI but is missing the key to understanding how it works. The author demystifies the creation of the so-called "intelligent" machine and explains the different methods that are used in AI. It presents new possibilities offered by algorithms and the difficulties that researchers, engineers and users face when building and using such algorithms. Each chapter allows the reader to discover a new aspect of AI and to become fully aware of the possibilities offered by this rich field.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence
Author: John Haugeland
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 302
Release: 1989-01-06
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 0262580950

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"Machines who think—how utterly preposterous," huff beleaguered humanists, defending their dwindling turf. "Artificial Intelligence—it's here and about to surpass our own," crow techno-visionaries, proclaiming dominion. It's so simple and obvious, each side maintains, only a fanatic could disagree. Deciding where the truth lies between these two extremes is the main purpose of John Haugeland's marvelously lucid and witty book on what artificial intelligence is all about. Although presented entirely in non-technical terms, it neither oversimplifies the science nor evades the fundamental philosophical issues. Far from ducking the really hard questions, it takes them on, one by one. Artificial intelligence, Haugeland notes, is based on a very good idea, which might well be right, and just as well might not. That idea, the idea that human thinking and machine computing are "radically the same," provides the central theme for his illuminating and provocative book about this exciting new field. After a brief but revealing digression in intellectual history, Haugeland systematically tackles such basic questions as: What is a computer really? How can a physical object "mean" anything? What are the options for computational organization? and What structures have been proposed and tried as actual scientific models for intelligence? In a concluding chapter he takes up several outstanding problems and puzzles—including intelligence in action, imagery, feelings and personality—and their enigmatic prospects for solution.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence
Author: David L. Poole,Alan K. Mackworth
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 820
Release: 2017-09-25
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781107195394

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Artificial Intelligence presents a practical guide to AI, including agents, machine learning and problem-solving simple and complex domains.

Introduction to Artificial Intelligence

Introduction to Artificial Intelligence
Author: Philip C. Jackson
Publsiher: Courier Dover Publications
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2019-08-14
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9780486832869

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Can computers think? Can they use reason to develop their own concepts, solve complex problems, understand our languages? This updated edition of a comprehensive survey includes extensive new text on "Artificial Intelligence in the 21st Century," introducing deep neural networks, conceptual graphs, languages of thought, mental models, metacognition, economic prospects, and research toward human-level AI. Ideal for both lay readers and students of computer science, the original text features abundant illustrations, diagrams, and photographs as well as challenging exercises. Lucid, easy-to-read discussions examine problem-solving methods and representations, game playing, automated understanding of natural languages, heuristic search theory, robot systems, heuristic scene analysis, predicate-calculus theorem proving, automatic programming, and many other topics.

Artificial Intelligence and the Law

Artificial Intelligence and the Law
Author: Jan De Bruyne
Publsiher: Intersentia
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2021-01-18
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 183970103X

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Artificial intelligence (AI) is becoming increasingly more prevalent in our daily social and professional lives. Although AI systems and robots bring many benefits, they present several challenges as well. The autonomous and opaque nature of AI systems implies that their commercialisation will affect the legal and regulatory framework.0In this comprehensive book, scholars critically examine how AI systems may impact Belgian law. It contains contributions on consumer protection, contract law, liability, data protection, procedural law, insurance, health, intellectual property, arbitration, lethal autonomous weapons, tax law, employment law, ethics,?While specific topics of Belgian private and public law are thoroughly addressed, the book also provides a general overview of a number of regulatory and ethical AI evolutions and tendencies in the European Union. Therefore, it is a must-read for legal scholars, practitioners and government officials as well as for anyone with an interest in law and AI.

Artificial Intelligence in the Age of Neural Networks and Brain Computing

Artificial Intelligence in the Age of Neural Networks and Brain Computing
Author: Robert Kozma,Cesare Alippi,Yoonsuck Choe,Francesco Carlo Morabito
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2018-10-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128162507

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Artificial Intelligence in the Age of Neural Networks and Brain Computing demonstrates that existing disruptive implications and applications of AI is a development of the unique attributes of neural networks, mainly machine learning, distributed architectures, massive parallel processing, black-box inference, intrinsic nonlinearity and smart autonomous search engines. The book covers the major basic ideas of brain-like computing behind AI, provides a framework to deep learning, and launches novel and intriguing paradigms as future alternatives. The success of AI-based commercial products proposed by top industry leaders, such as Google, IBM, Microsoft, Intel and Amazon can be interpreted using this book. Developed from the 30th anniversary of the International Neural Network Society (INNS) and the 2017 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN) Authored by top experts, global field pioneers and researchers working on cutting-edge applications in signal processing, speech recognition, games, adaptive control and decision-making Edited by high-level academics and researchers in intelligent systems and neural networks

The Economics of Artificial Intelligence

The Economics of Artificial Intelligence
Author: Ajay Agrawal,Joshua Gans,Avi Goldfarb
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 648
Release: 2019-06-07
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9780226613475

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Advances in artificial intelligence (AI) highlight the potential of this technology to affect productivity, growth, inequality, market power, innovation, and employment. This volume seeks to set the agenda for economic research on the impact of AI. It covers four broad themes: AI as a general purpose technology; the relationships between AI, growth, jobs, and inequality; regulatory responses to changes brought on by AI; and the effects of AI on the way economic research is conducted. It explores the economic influence of machine learning, the branch of computational statistics that has driven much of the recent excitement around AI, as well as the economic impact of robotics and automation and the potential economic consequences of a still-hypothetical artificial general intelligence. The volume provides frameworks for understanding the economic impact of AI and identifies a number of open research questions. Contributors: Daron Acemoglu, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Philippe Aghion, Collège de France Ajay Agrawal, University of Toronto Susan Athey, Stanford University James Bessen, Boston University School of Law Erik Brynjolfsson, MIT Sloan School of Management Colin F. Camerer, California Institute of Technology Judith Chevalier, Yale School of Management Iain M. Cockburn, Boston University Tyler Cowen, George Mason University Jason Furman, Harvard Kennedy School Patrick Francois, University of British Columbia Alberto Galasso, University of Toronto Joshua Gans, University of Toronto Avi Goldfarb, University of Toronto Austan Goolsbee, University of Chicago Booth School of Business Rebecca Henderson, Harvard Business School Ginger Zhe Jin, University of Maryland Benjamin F. Jones, Northwestern University Charles I. Jones, Stanford University Daniel Kahneman, Princeton University Anton Korinek, Johns Hopkins University Mara Lederman, University of Toronto Hong Luo, Harvard Business School John McHale, National University of Ireland Paul R. Milgrom, Stanford University Matthew Mitchell, University of Toronto Alexander Oettl, Georgia Institute of Technology Andrea Prat, Columbia Business School Manav Raj, New York University Pascual Restrepo, Boston University Daniel Rock, MIT Sloan School of Management Jeffrey D. Sachs, Columbia University Robert Seamans, New York University Scott Stern, MIT Sloan School of Management Betsey Stevenson, University of Michigan Joseph E. Stiglitz. Columbia University Chad Syverson, University of Chicago Booth School of Business Matt Taddy, University of Chicago Booth School of Business Steven Tadelis, University of California, Berkeley Manuel Trajtenberg, Tel Aviv University Daniel Trefler, University of Toronto Catherine Tucker, MIT Sloan School of Management Hal Varian, University of California, Berkeley

Artificial Intelligence Basics

Artificial Intelligence Basics
Author: Tom Taulli
Publsiher: Apress
Total Pages: 187
Release: 2019-08-01
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781484250280

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Artificial intelligence touches nearly every part of your day. While you may initially assume that technology such as smart speakers and digital assistants are the extent of it, AI has in fact rapidly become a general-purpose technology, reverberating across industries including transportation, healthcare, financial services, and many more. In our modern era, an understanding of AI and its possibilities for your organization is essential for growth and success. Artificial Intelligence Basics has arrived to equip you with a fundamental, timely grasp of AI and its impact. Author Tom Taulli provides an engaging, non-technical introduction to important concepts such as machine learning, deep learning, natural language processing (NLP), robotics, and more. In addition to guiding you through real-world case studies and practical implementation steps, Taulli uses his expertise to expand on the bigger questions that surround AI. These include societal trends, ethics, and future impact AI will have on world governments, company structures, and daily life. Google, Amazon, Facebook, and similar tech giants are far from the only organizations on which artificial intelligence has had—and will continue to have—an incredibly significant result. AI is the present and the future of your business as well as your home life. Strengthening your prowess on the subject will prove invaluable to your preparation for the future of tech, and Artificial Intelligence Basics is the indispensable guide that you’ve been seeking. What You Will Learn Study the core principles for AI approaches such as machine learning, deep learning, and NLP (Natural Language Processing) Discover the best practices to successfully implement AI by examining case studies including Uber, Facebook, Waymo, UiPath, and Stitch Fix Understand how AI capabilities for robots can improve business Deploy chatbots and Robotic Processing Automation (RPA) to save costs and improve customer service Avoid costly gotchas Recognize ethical concerns and other risk factors of using artificial intelligence Examine the secular trends and how they may impact your business Who This Book Is For Readers without a technical background, such as managers, looking to understand AI to evaluate solutions.

Responsible Artificial Intelligence

Responsible Artificial Intelligence
Author: Virginia Dignum
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 127
Release: 2019-11-04
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783030303716

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In this book, the author examines the ethical implications of Artificial Intelligence systems as they integrate and replace traditional social structures in new sociocognitive-technological environments. She discusses issues related to the integrity of researchers, technologists, and manufacturers as they design, construct, use, and manage artificially intelligent systems; formalisms for reasoning about moral decisions as part of the behavior of artificial autonomous systems such as agents and robots; and design methodologies for social agents based on societal, moral, and legal values. Throughout the book the author discusses related work, conscious of both classical, philosophical treatments of ethical issues and the implications in modern, algorithmic systems, and she combines regular references and footnotes with suggestions for further reading. This short overview is suitable for undergraduate students, in both technical and non-technical courses, and for interested and concerned researchers, practitioners, and citizens.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence
Author: Chris Baker
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2020-10-21
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 191406321X

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Everything you need to understand and implement Artificial Intelligence! Learn the potential consequences of Artificial Intelligence and how it will shape the world around us in the coming decades! Become familiar with how Artificial Intelligence aims to aid human cognitive limitations and how it is possible that in the future, the AI that humans create becomes inconceivable to humans themselves. And once you have an understanding of what AI is, you can move forward in your journey to create better informed industry-level business AI applications. The book bundle includes: Learning to teach machines to learn! Are you intrigued by the fact that artificial intelligence poses an existential threat to human beings and has been around for at least 60 years? If yes, then here is the best introductory review of Artificial Intelligence and its effects on human behavior and the market. The book is thoroughly examined, neatly composed, significantly intriguing, and insightful. Help yourself understand the concepts of AI and get insights regarding: ● A brief history of artificial intelligence ● The state of art of machine learning ● Artificial neural networks applied to machine learning ● How to build an AI-ready culture ● Effects of AI on our daily lives Adding persistent spirit to your business! Do you often come up with some innovative techniques to lead the industry? If yes, then this book is made for you! It will familiarize you with the advances in industry-level AI and will open your understanding of what to expect in sales shortly. Here is a preview of what you will learn: ● How AI can transform your business ● The correct mindset for social media marketing ● The epoch of chatbots ● How AI can help with recruitment ● Which platforms will best fit business in 2020 ● How AI helps in predicting consumer behavior patterns And More.....

Artificial Intelligence in Practice

Artificial Intelligence in Practice
Author: Bernard Marr
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2019-04-15
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781119548980

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Cyber-solutions to real-world business problems Artificial Intelligence in Practice is a fascinating look into how companies use AI and machine learning to solve problems. Presenting 50 case studies of actual situations, this book demonstrates practical applications to issues faced by businesses around the globe. The rapidly evolving field of artificial intelligence has expanded beyond research labs and computer science departments and made its way into the mainstream business environment. Artificial intelligence and machine learning are cited as the most important modern business trends to drive success. It is used in areas ranging from banking and finance to social media and marketing. This technology continues to provide innovative solutions to businesses of all sizes, sectors and industries. This engaging and topical book explores a wide range of cases illustrating how businesses use AI to boost performance, drive efficiency, analyse market preferences and many others. Best-selling author and renowned AI expert Bernard Marr reveals how machine learning technology is transforming the way companies conduct business. This detailed examination provides an overview of each company, describes the specific problem and explains how AI facilitates resolution. Each case study provides a comprehensive overview, including some technical details as well as key learning summaries: Understand how specific business problems are addressed by innovative machine learning methods Explore how current artificial intelligence applications improve performance and increase efficiency in various situations Expand your knowledge of recent AI advancements in technology Gain insight on the future of AI and its increasing role in business and industry Artificial Intelligence in Practice: How 50 Successful Companies Used Artificial Intelligence to Solve Problems is an insightful and informative exploration of the transformative power of technology in 21st century commerce.

The Atlas of AI

The Atlas of AI
Author: Kate Crawford
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2021-04-06
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9780300209570

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The hidden costs of artificial intelligence, from natural resources and labor to privacy and freedom What happens when artificial intelligence saturates political life and depletes the planet? How is AI shaping our understanding of ourselves and our societies? In this book Kate Crawford reveals how this planetary network is fueling a shift toward undemocratic governance and increased inequality. Drawing on more than a decade of research, award-winning science, and technology, Crawford reveals how AI is a technology of extraction: from the energy and minerals needed to build and sustain its infrastructure, to the exploited workers behind "automated" services, to the data AI collects from us. Rather than taking a narrow focus on code and algorithms, Crawford offers us a political and a material perspective on what it takes to make artificial intelligence and where it goes wrong. While technical systems present a veneer of objectivity, they are always systems of power. This is an urgent account of what is at stake as technology companies use artificial intelligence to reshape the world.