Autonomy and Artificial Intelligence A Threat or Savior

Autonomy and Artificial Intelligence  A Threat or Savior
Author: W.F. Lawless,Ranjeev Mittu,Donald Sofge,Stephen Russell
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2017-08-24
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783319597195

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This book explores how Artificial Intelligence (AI), by leading to an increase in the autonomy of machines and robots, is offering opportunities for an expanded but uncertain impact on society by humans, machines, and robots. To help readers better understand the relationships between AI, autonomy, humans and machines that will help society reduce human errors in the use of advanced technologies (e.g., airplanes, trains, cars), this edited volume presents a wide selection of the underlying theories, computational models, experimental methods, and field applications. While other literature deals with these topics individually, this book unifies the fields of autonomy and AI, framing them in the broader context of effective integration for human-autonomous machine and robotic systems. The contributions, written by world-class researchers and scientists, elaborate on key research topics at the heart of effective human-machine-robot-systems integration. These topics include, for example, computational support for intelligence analyses; the challenge of verifying today’s and future autonomous systems; comparisons between today’s machines and autism; implications of human information interaction on artificial intelligence and errors; systems that reason; the autonomy of machines, robots, buildings; and hybrid teams, where hybrid reflects arbitrary combinations of humans, machines and robots. The contributors span the field of autonomous systems research, ranging from industry and academia to government. Given the broad diversity of the research in this book, the editors strove to thoroughly examine the challenges and trends of systems that implement and exhibit AI; the social implications of present and future systems made autonomous with AI; systems with AI seeking to develop trusted relationships among humans, machines, and robots; and the effective human systems integration that must result for trust in these new systems and their applications to increase and to be sustained.

Artificial Intelligence for the Internet of Everything

Artificial Intelligence for the Internet of Everything
Author: William Lawless,Ranjeev Mittu,Donald Sofge,Ira S Moskowitz,Stephen Russell
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 303
Release: 2019-02-21
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9780128176375

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Artificial Intelligence for the Internet of Everything considers the foundations, metrics and applications of IoE systems. It covers whether devices and IoE systems should speak only to each other, to humans or to both. Further, the book explores how IoE systems affect targeted audiences (researchers, machines, robots, users) and society, as well as future ecosystems. It examines the meaning, value and effect that IoT has had and may have on ordinary life, in business, on the battlefield, and with the rise of intelligent and autonomous systems. Based on an artificial intelligence (AI) perspective, this book addresses how IoE affects sensing, perception, cognition and behavior. Each chapter addresses practical, measurement, theoretical and research questions about how these “things may affect individuals, teams, society or each other. Of particular focus is what may happen when these “things begin to reason, communicate and act autonomously on their own, whether independently or interdependently with other “things . Considers the foundations, metrics and applications of IoE systems Debates whether IoE systems should speak to humans and each other Explores how IoE systems affect targeted audiences and society Discusses theoretical IoT ecosystem models

Aviation Artificial Intelligence

Aviation Artificial Intelligence
Author: U S Military,Department of Defense (Dod),Colin Sattler
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 76
Release: 2019-11
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 1704515556

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As the Army prepares itself to fight in the Multi-Domain Battle environment, it must assume that enemies will contest every domain and units will operate in more austere conditions, both physically and informationally. Increased sensor capabilities, proliferated and dispersed air defense systems, and contested electromagnetic spectrums challenge the air domain and severely restrict the freedom of action to which the United States has become accustomed. As the Army invests in research initiatives to mitigate the threats posed by peer competitors and develop technologies that return a marked advantage for the joint forces, Artificial Intelligence and increasing autonomy offer significant possibilities. Simultaneously, however, increasing sensor capabilities threaten remotely piloted and autonomous systems and their significant electromagnetic emissions. With aviation assets operating across multiple areas of operations within the theater, it is critical that they possess the appropriate technologies and effects to mitigate threat capabilities and increase their survivability.This compilation also includes a reproduction of the 2019 Worldwide Threat Assessment of the U.S. Intelligence Community.1. Introduction * Literature Review: Why Autonomy and Artificial Intelligence? * Defining the Future Environment * Methodology * 2. Current Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Vulnerabilities * Autonomous Aircraft Untethered * Inherent Risks of Piloted Aircraft * Operational Benefits of Autonomous Aircraft * Human and AI Teaming * 3. Framing the Future Scenario * Multi-Domain Battle's Effect on Current UAVs * Multi-Domain Battle's Effect on Autonomous Aircraft * Multi-Domain Battle's Effect on Human/AI Teaming * 4. Recommendations and ConclusionTo be any more efficient than a normal vehicle, autonomous vehicles must possess a certain degree of Artificial Intelligence (AI). Having vehicles that perform their intended functions with little or no guidance from a human controller is highly desirable for any battlefield commander. A system that can execute a set of pre-determined tasks by itself frees a human from the need to control it, and potentially removes that human from significant risk. The potential benefits of Artificial Intelligence extend beyond autonomous operations, including rapid calculations and decision aiding, and management of large amounts of information. The inclusion of Artificial Intelligence and autonomy into the aviation field is arguably not new but has a profound impact, nonetheless. Aircraft avionics and flight control systems have long included various forms of autopilot or flight control coupling that allows the flight computer to manipulate the control surfaces and thereby control the aircraft. Likewise, onboard flight management systems assist pilots in making calculations to determine appropriate flight times, speeds, and distances. Emerging technologies, however, are introducing capabilities that require significantly smaller amounts of pilot or controller input. Department of Defense (DoD) initiatives in multiple services are testing autonomous aircraft for resupply and sustainment missions. The Lockheed-Martin corporation, working with the U.S. Marine Corps, conducted extended field-testing of a semi-autonomous Kaman K-MAX utility helicopter in Afghanistan, opening the door to many other potential applications for unmanned rotary-wing aircraft.

Handbook of Research of Internet of Things and Cyber Physical Systems

Handbook of Research of Internet of Things and Cyber Physical Systems
Author: Amit Kumar Tyagi,Niladhuri Sreenath
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 680
Release: 2022-06-09
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781000565348

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This new volume discusses how integrating IoT devices and cyber-physical systems can help society by providing multiple efficient and affordable services to users. It covers the various applications of IoT-based cyber-physical systems, such as satellite imaging in relation to climate change, industrial control systems, e-healthcare applications, security uses, automotive and traffic monitoring and control, urban smart city planning, and more. The authors also outline the methods, tools, and algorithms for IoT-based cyber-physical systems and explore the integration of machine learning, blockchain, and Internet of Things-based cloud applications. With the continuous emerging new technologies and trends in IoT technology and CPS, this volume will be a helpful resource for scientists, researchers, industry professionals, faculty and students, and others who wish to keep abreast of new developments and new challenges for sustainable development in Industry 4.0.

Artificial Intelligence in Society

Artificial Intelligence in Society
Author: OECD
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 139
Release: 2019-06-11
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9789264545199

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The artificial intelligence (AI) landscape has evolved significantly from 1950 when Alan Turing first posed the question of whether machines can think. Today, AI is transforming societies and economies. It promises to generate productivity gains, improve well-being and help address global challenges, such as climate change, resource scarcity and health crises.

Systems Engineering and Artificial Intelligence

Systems Engineering and Artificial Intelligence
Author: William F. Lawless
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9783030772833

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Artificial Intelligence for Healthcare Applications and Management

Artificial Intelligence for Healthcare Applications and Management
Author: Boris Galitsky,Saveli Goldberg
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 548
Release: 2022-01-17
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9780128245224

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Artificial Intelligence for Healthcare Applications and Management introduces application domains of various AI algorithms across healthcare management. Instead of discussing AI first and then exploring its applications in healthcare afterward, the authors attack the problems in context directly, in order to accelerate the path of an interested reader toward building industrial-strength healthcare applications. Readers will be introduced to a wide spectrum of AI applications supporting all stages of patient flow in a healthcare facility. The authors explain how AI supports patients throughout a healthcare facility, including diagnosis and treatment recommendations needed to get patients from the point of admission to the point of discharge while maintaining quality, patient safety, and patient/provider satisfaction. AI methods are expected to decrease the burden on physicians, improve the quality of patient care, and decrease overall treatment costs. Current conditions affected by COVID-19 pose new challenges for healthcare management and learning how to apply AI will be important for a broad spectrum of students and mature professionals working in medical informatics. This book focuses on predictive analytics, health text processing, data aggregation, management of patients, and other fields which have all turned out to be bottlenecks for the efficient management of coronavirus patients. Presents an in-depth exploration of how AI algorithms embedded in scheduling, prediction, automated support, personalization, and diagnostics can improve the efficiency of patient treatment Investigates explainable AI, including explainable decision support and machine learning, from limited data to back-up clinical decisions, and data analysis Offers hands-on skills to computer science and medical informatics students to aid them in designing intelligent systems for healthcare Informs a broad, multidisciplinary audience about a multitude of applications of machine learning and linguistics across various healthcare fields Introduces medical discourse analysis for a high-level representation of health texts

A Citizen s Guide to Artificial Intelligence

A Citizen s Guide to Artificial Intelligence
Author: John Zerilli
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2021-02-23
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9780262361316

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A concise but informative overview of AI ethics and policy. Artificial intelligence, or AI for short, has generated a staggering amount of hype in the past several years. Is it the game-changer it's been cracked up to be? If so, how is it changing the game? How is it likely to affect us as customers, tenants, aspiring home-owners, students, educators, patients, clients, prison inmates, members of ethnic and sexual minorities, voters in liberal democracies? This book offers a concise overview of moral, political, legal and economic implications of AI. It covers the basics of AI's latest permutation, machine learning, and considers issues including transparency, bias, liability, privacy, and regulation.

Aviation Artificial Intelligence

Aviation Artificial Intelligence
Author: U S Military,Department of Defense (Dod),Colin Sattler
Publsiher: Independently Published
Total Pages: 78
Release: 2019-05-09
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 1097502953

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As the Army prepares itself to fight in the Multi-Domain Battle environment, it must assume that enemies will contest every domain and units will operate in more austere conditions, both physically and informationally. Increased sensor capabilities, proliferated and dispersed air defense systems, and contested electromagnetic spectrums challenge the air domain and severely restrict the freedom of action to which the United States has become accustomed. As the Army invests in research initiatives to mitigate the threats posed by peer competitors and develop technologies that return a marked advantage for the joint forces, Artificial Intelligence and increasing autonomy offer significant possibilities. Simultaneously, however, increasing sensor capabilities threaten remotely piloted and autonomous systems and their significant electromagnetic emissions. With aviation assets operating across multiple areas of operations within the theater, it is critical that they possess the appropriate technologies and effects to mitigate threat capabilities and increase their survivability.This compilation includes a reproduction of the 2019 Worldwide Threat Assessment of the U.S. Intelligence Community.1. Introduction * 2. Literature Review: Why Autonomy and Artificial Intelligence? * 3. Defining the Future Environment * 4. Methodology * 5. Current Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Vulnerabilities * 6. Autonomous Aircraft Untethered * 7. Inherent Risks of Piloted Aircraft * 8. Operational Benefits of Autonomous Aircraft * 9. Human and AI Teaming * 10. Framing the Future Scenario * 11. Multi-Domain Battle's Effect on Current UAVs * 12. Multi-Domain Battle's Effect on Autonomous Aircraft * 13. Multi-Domain Battle's Effect on Human/AI Teaming * 14. Recommendations and ConclusionTo be any more efficient than a normal vehicle, autonomous vehicles must possess a certain degree of Artificial Intelligence (AI). Having vehicles that perform their intended functions with little or no guidance from a human controller is highly desirable for any battlefield commander. A system that can execute a set of pre-determined tasks by itself frees a human from the need to control it, and potentially removes that human from significant risk. The potential benefits of Artificial Intelligence extend beyond autonomous operations, including rapid calculations and decision aiding, and management of large amounts of information. The inclusion of Artificial Intelligence and autonomy into the aviation field is arguably not new but has a profound impact, nonetheless. Aircraft avionics and flight control systems have long included various forms of autopilot or flight control coupling that allows the flight computer to manipulate the control surfaces and thereby control the aircraft. Likewise, onboard flight management systems assist pilots in making calculations to determine appropriate flight times, speeds, and distances. Emerging technologies, however, are introducing capabilities that require significantly smaller amounts of pilot or controller input. Department of Defense (DoD) initiatives in multiple services are testing autonomous aircraft for resupply and sustainment missions. The Lockheed-Martin corporation, working with the U.S. Marine Corps, conducted extended field-testing of a semi-autonomous Kaman K-MAX utility helicopter in Afghanistan, opening the door to many other potential applications for unmanned rotary-wing aircraft.

Responsible Artificial Intelligence

Responsible Artificial Intelligence
Author: Virginia Dignum
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 127
Release: 2019-11-04
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783030303716

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In this book, the author examines the ethical implications of Artificial Intelligence systems as they integrate and replace traditional social structures in new sociocognitive-technological environments. She discusses issues related to the integrity of researchers, technologists, and manufacturers as they design, construct, use, and manage artificially intelligent systems; formalisms for reasoning about moral decisions as part of the behavior of artificial autonomous systems such as agents and robots; and design methodologies for social agents based on societal, moral, and legal values. Throughout the book the author discusses related work, conscious of both classical, philosophical treatments of ethical issues and the implications in modern, algorithmic systems, and she combines regular references and footnotes with suggestions for further reading. This short overview is suitable for undergraduate students, in both technical and non-technical courses, and for interested and concerned researchers, practitioners, and citizens.

Cyborg Futures

Cyborg Futures
Author: Teresa Heffernan
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 187
Release: 2019-11-26
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9783030218362

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This volume brings together academics from evolutionary biology, literary theory, robotics, digital culture, anthropology, sociology, and environmental studies to consider the impact of robotics and AI on society. By bringing these perspectives together in one book, readers gain a sense of the complex scientific, social, and ideological contexts within which AI and robotics research is unfolding, as well as the illusory suppositions and distorted claims being mobilized by the industry in the name of bettering humanity’s future. Discussions about AI and robotics have been shaped by computer science and engineering, steered by corporate and military interests, forged by transhumanist philosophy and libertarian politics, animated by fiction, and hyped by the media. From fiction passing as science to the illusion of AI autonomy to the business of ethics to the automation of war, this collection recognizes the inevitable entanglement of humanity and technology, while exposing the problematic assumptions and myths driving the field in order to better assess its risks and potential.

Ethics of Digital Well Being

Ethics of Digital Well Being
Author: Christopher Burr,Luciano Floridi
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 265
Release: 2020-08-19
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9783030505851

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This book brings together international experts from a wide variety of disciplines, in order to understand the impact that digital technologies have had on our well-being as well as our understanding of what it means to live a life that is good for us. The multidisciplinary perspective that this collection offers demonstrates the breadth and importance of these discussions, and represents a pivotal and state-of-the-art contribution to the ongoing discussion concerning digital well-being. Furthermore, this is the first book that captures the complex set of issues that are implicated by the ongoing development of digital technologies, impacting our well-being either directly or indirectly. By helping to clarify some of the most pertinent issues, this collection clarifies the risks and opportunities associated with deploying digital technologies in various social domains. Chapter 2 is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Trust in Human Robot Interaction

Trust in Human Robot Interaction
Author: Chang S. Nam,Joseph B. Lyons
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 614
Release: 2020-11-17
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780128194737

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Trust in Human-Robot Interaction addresses the gamut of factors that influence trust of robotic systems. The book presents the theory, fundamentals, techniques and diverse applications of the behavioral, cognitive and neural mechanisms of trust in human-robot interaction, covering topics like individual differences, transparency, communication, physical design, privacy and ethics. Presents a repository of the open questions and challenges in trust in HRI Includes contributions from many disciplines participating in HRI research, including psychology, neuroscience, sociology, engineering and computer science Examines human information processing as a foundation for understanding HRI Details the methods and techniques used to test and quantify trust in HRI

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence
Author: Jacob Parakilas,Hannah Bryce,Kenneth Cukier,Heather Roff,Missy Cummings
Publsiher: Chatham House (Formerly Riia)
Total Pages: 60
Release: 2018
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 1784132128

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"The rise of AI must be better managed in the near term in order to mitigate longer term risks and to ensure that AI does not reinforce existing inequalities"--Publisher.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence
Author: Dr. Prabhat Kumar
Publsiher: BPB Publications
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2019-09-19
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9789388511070

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Learn how Artificial Intelligence (AI) strikes deeper roots with new products and services DESCRIPTION Our World of personal life and work is set to change dramatically over the next decade as Artificial Intelligence (AI) strikes deeper roots with new products and services; robots take charge of manufacturing and warehouses; and drones reach the remote corners to deliver orders to customers. AI services and robots will particularly facilitate the life of the older people and the visually-impaired. AI has raised the bar of competition in the international market place and countries are busy implementing policies that will keep them ahead in the race of the next-generational change. AI will raise the productivity of the economy and provide a lot more convenience, though there is bound to be a short-term pain in the transformational process. This book explains the concepts of AI with lots of real-life examples. While the big tech companies like Alphabet, Amazon, Apple, Facebook, IBM, Microsoft (3AFIM) of the US and Alibaba, Baidu, JD.com, Tencent (ABJY) of chine are busy re-fashioning their businesses by integrating AI into all products and services they deliver, startups on the other hand are disrupting the traditional business models in finance, e-commerce, healthcare, HR management, fashion, law and even agriculture. AI-driven smart cities would provide a richer quality of living to their residents. This book also provide an insight into various social and ethical issues, such as monopoly of the big tech, ownership of data, personal privacy, job losses and autonomy of technology particularly in military warfare, which poses an existential threat to mankind. Future of AI is also discusses taking a 360-degree approach. AI offers a huge economic opportunity, but a thoughtful approach for democratization of technology is required to provide benefits to all sections of the society. Nations and communities need to come together to evolve models that will be sustainable in the long run. KEY FEATURES The book gives a lucid introduction to the idea of AI. The book is insightful for an academic understanding of AI in the concept of Legal Personality meant for every person, including professionals in the field of Technology, Finance, Healthcare, HR Management, Agriculture.. The book gives a idea about many new AI products and services being released in the market. The book presents various social, ethical, and political challenges including significant risk to humanity. WHAT WILL YOU LEARN Able to solve real-life AI case studies. Understand the future of AI solutions and adapt quickly to them. WHO THIS BOOK IS FOR It is a simple, explanatory, and descriptive guide for developers, technology consultants, and those interested in AI and wants to understand the fundamentals of AI and implement it practically by devising smart solutions. Table of Contents 1. AI, How it is transforming Life and Business 2. Understanding AI and Associated Technologies 3. AI in the ‘bull’ run 4. Data, the Engine of AI 5. Big tech bets big on AI 6. AI Startups that transformed Businesses 7. AI Startups in Finance 8. AI Startups in Healthcare 9. AI Startups in Human Resource 10. AI Startups in Fashion, Law, Agriculture and Other Areas 11. Ethical, Social and Political issues in AI 12. Future of AI 13. Conclusion