Basic GIS Coordinates Second Edition

Basic GIS Coordinates  Second Edition
Author: Jan Van Sickle
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2010-04-21
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781420092325

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Coordinates are the foundation of GIS, cartography, and surveying, to name just a few fields. Computers have an astounding capacity for repetition and they possess a superior ability to handle the mathematics behind coordinate manipulation—but they are very bad at interpreting coordinates and coordinate systems. Basic GIS Coordinates, Second Edition clearly illustrates the basic principles of coordinate systems, covering ellipsoids, datums, and plane coordinates as they are used in GIS and GPS. Keeping in mind that it is ultimately incumbent on humans to ensure the correct use of coordinate systems, this book explains complex topics in a logical progression, presenting them in a way that is neither too complicated nor oversimplified. This new edition of a bestseller expands the material with updates on what has occurred in the field during the past five years, especially in the World Geodetic System and International Terrestrial Reference Frame. It also addresses the upcoming GNSS constellations and coordinate implications. Details how to build a coordinate system Addresses different methods of leveling, as well as measuring and modeling of height and gravity Explores two-coordinate (state-plane, UTM) systems Discusses initial points and other aspects of the rectangular system Covers the geoid and the concepts of elevation There are thousands of horizontal geodetic datums and Cartesian coordinate systems currently sanctioned by governments around the world to describe our planet electronically and on paper. Even if a computer has done nothing wrong, coordinate errors can often occur and lead to potentially disastrous miscalculations. This book is a valuable tool to help readers develop an understanding of how coordinate systems work—and how they sometimes don’t.

The Global Positioning System and GIS Second Edition

The Global Positioning System and GIS  Second Edition
Author: Michael Kennedy
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2002-04-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780415286084

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The Global Positioning System and Geographical Information Systems, working in tandem, provide a powerful tool. Recent developments such as the removal of Selective Availability have not merely made these technologies more accurate but have also opened up a new seam of applications, particularly in location based services. The Global Positioning System and GIS is a clear text and guide to the use and integration of these powerful technologies, with each topic combining an overview with a step-by-step approach. This significantly revised and extended second edition now comes with a set of resources on a CD-ROM, including an instructor's guide, demonstration data and exercises. It is a straightforward introductory text for students and teachers on GIS/GPS courses as well as a practical and introductory field manual for mapping science professionals, giving basic practical guidance, particularly to the integrated use of ESRI's GIS software with Trimble's GPS hardware.

GIS Fundamentals Second Edition

GIS Fundamentals  Second Edition
Author: Stephen Wise
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2013-09-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781439886953

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With GIS technology increasingly available to a wider audience on devices from apps on smartphones to satnavs in cars, many people routinely use spatial data in a way which used to be the preserve of GIS specialists. However spatial data is stored and analyzed on a computer still tends to be described in academic texts and articles which require specialist knowledge or some training in computer science. Developed to introduce computer science literature to geography students, GIS Fundamentals, Second Edition provides an accessible examination of the underlying principles for anyone with no formal training in computer science. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Coverage of the use of spatial data on the Internet Chapters on databases and on searching large databases for spatial queries Improved coverage on route-finding Improved coverage of heuristic approaches to solving real-world spatial problems International standards for spatial data The book begins with a brief but detailed introduction to how computers work and how they are programmed, giving anyone with no previous computer science background a foundation to understand the remainder of the book. As with all parts of the book there are also suggestions for further sources of reading. The book then describes the ways in which vector and raster data can be stored and how algorithms are designed to perform fundamental operations such as detecting where lines intersect. From these simple beginnings the book moves into the more complex structures used for handling surfaces and networks and contains a detailed account of what it takes to determine the shortest route between two places on a network. The final sections of the book review problems, such as the "Travelling Salesman" problem, which are so complex that it is not known whether an optimum solution exists. Using clear, concise language, but without sacrificing technical rigour, the book gives readers an understanding of what it takes to produce systems which allow them to find out where to make their next purchase and how to drive to the right place to collect it.

Basic GIS Coordinates

Basic GIS Coordinates
Author: Jan Van Sickle
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 196
Release: 2017-07-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781498774635

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Coordinates are integral building tools for GIS, cartography, surveying and are vital to the many applications we use today such as smart phones, car navigation systems and driverless cars. Basic GIS Coordinates, Third Edition grants readers with a solid understanding of coordinates and coordinate systems and how they operate as well as valuable insight into what causes them to malfunction. This practical and comprehensive guide lays out the foundation of a coordinate system and the implications behind building it as it elaborates on heights, two coordinate systems, and the rectangular system.The previous editions described horizontal and vertical datums such as the North American Datum 1983 (NAD 83) and the North American Vertical Datum 1988 (NAVD 88). Both will be replaced in 2022 or thereabouts. The National Geodetic Survey (NGS) plans to replace NAD83 with a new semi-dynamic terrestrial reference frame for North America and a new vertical datum will replace NAVD88. The foundation of the new vertical datum will be a temporally tracked gravimetric geoid. The interim period is intended to smooth the transition to the new paradigm and this new edition explores the changes and provides assistance in understanding them.

A Primer of GIS Second Edition

A Primer of GIS  Second Edition
Author: Francis Harvey
Publsiher: Guilford Publications
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2015-10-28
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9781462522187

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This accessible text prepares students to understand and work with geographic information systems (GIS), offering a detailed introduction to essential theories, concepts, and skills. The book is organized in four modular parts that can be used in any sequence in entry-level and more specialized courses. Basic cartographic principles are integrated with up-to-date discussions of GIS technologies and applications. Coverage includes everything from what geographic information is to its many uses and societal implications. Practical examples and exercises invite readers to explore the choices involved in producing reliable maps and other forms of geographic information. Illustrations include 170 figures (with 15 in color). The companion website provides links to Web resources for each chapter, plus downloadable PowerPoint slides of most of the figures. New to This Edition *Chapter on online mapping and Big Data. *New and updated discussions of remote sensing, vector and raster data models, location privacy, uses of geocoding, and other timely topics. *Chapter on the many uses of GIS, such as in market analyses, emergency responding, and tracking of epidemics. *Section overviews and an end-of-book glossary. Pedagogical Features *Modules and individual chapters can be used sequentially or in any order. *End-of-chapter review questions with answers, exercises, and extended exercises for applying theories and concepts. *"In-Depth" sidebars offering a closer look at key concepts and applications. *End-of-chapter links to relevant Web resources.

Geographic Information Analysis

Geographic Information Analysis
Author: David O'Sullivan,David Unwin
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2014-07-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781119023876

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Clear, up-to-date coverage of methods for analyzing geographicalinformation in a GIS context Geographic Information Analysis, Second Edition is fullyupdated to keep pace with the most recent developments of spatialanalysis in a geographic information systems (GIS) environment.Still focusing on the universal aspects of this science, thisrevised edition includes new coverage on geovisualization andmapping as well as recent developments using local statistics. Building on the fundamentals, this book explores such keyconcepts as spatial processes, point patterns, and autocorrelationin area data, as well as in continuous fields. Also addressed aremethods for combining maps and performing computationally intensiveanalysis. New chapters tackle mapping, geovisualization, and localstatistics, including the Moran Scatterplot and GeographicallyWeighted Regression (GWR). An appendix provides a primer on linearalgebra using matrices. Complete with chapter objectives, summaries, "thoughtexercises," explanatory diagrams, and a chapter-by-chapterbibliography, Geographic Information Analysis is a practicalbook for students, as well as a valuable resource for researchersand professionals in the industry.

GIS and Public Health Second Edition

GIS and Public Health  Second Edition
Author: Ellen K. Cromley,Sara L. McLafferty
Publsiher: Guilford Press
Total Pages: 503
Release: 2011-10-28
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9781462500628

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Authoritative and comprehensive, this is the leading text and professional resource on using geographic information systems (GIS) to analyze and address public health problems. Basic GIS concepts and tools are explained, including ways to access and manage spatial databases. The book presents state-of-the-art methods for mapping and analyzing data on population, health events, risk factors, and health services, and for incorporating geographical knowledge into planning and policy. Numerous maps, diagrams, and real-world applications are featured. The companion Web page provides lab exercises with data that can be downloaded for individual or course use. New to This Edition*Incorporates major technological advances, such as Internet-based mapping systems and the rise of data from cell phones and other GPS-enabled devices.*Chapter on health disparities.*Expanded coverage of public participation GIS.*Companion Web page has all-new content.*Goes beyond the United States to encompass an international focus.

Basic Gis Coordinates

Basic Gis Coordinates
Author: Jan Van Sickle
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2010-09-07
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 1138746797

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Coordinates are the foundation of GIS, cartography, and surveying, to name just a few fields. Computers have an astounding capacity for repetition and they possess a superior ability to handle the mathematics behind coordinate manipulation but they are very bad at interpreting coordinates and coordinate systems. Basic GIS Coordinates, Second Edition clearly illustrates the basic principles of coordinate systems, covering ellipsoids, datums, and plane coordinates as they are used in GIS and GPS. Keeping in mind that it is ultimately incumbent on humans to ensure the correct use of coordinate systems, this book explains complex topics in a logical progression, presenting them in a way that is neither too complicated nor oversimplified. This new edition of a bestseller expands the material with updates on what has occurred in the field during the past five years, especially in the World Geodetic System and International Terrestrial Reference Frame. It also addresses the upcoming GNSS constellations and coordinate implications. Details how to build a coordinate system Addresses different methods of leveling, as well as measuring and modeling of height and gravity Explores two-coordinate (state-plane, UTM) systems Discusses initial points and other aspects of the rectangular system Covers the geoid and the concepts of elevation There are thousands of horizontal geodetic datums and Cartesian coordinate systems currently sanctioned by governments around the world to describe our planet electronically and on paper. Even if a computer has done nothing wrong, coordinate errors can often occur and lead to potentially disastrous miscalculations. This book is a valuable tool to help readers develop an understanding of how coordinate systems work and how they sometimes don t. "

Exploring Big Historical Data The Historian s Macroscope Second Edition

Exploring Big Historical Data  The Historian s Macroscope  Second Edition
Author: Shawn Graham,Ian Milligan,Scott B Weingart,Kimberley Martin
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2022-02-24
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9789811243059

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Every day, more and more kinds of historical data become available, opening exciting new avenues of inquiry but also new challenges. This updated and expanded book describes and demonstrates the ways these data can be explored to construct cultural heritage knowledge, for research and in teaching and learning. It helps humanities scholars to grasp Big Data in order to do their work, whether that means understanding the underlying algorithms at work in search engines or designing and using their own tools to process large amounts of information.Demonstrating what digital tools have to offer and also what 'digital' does to how we understand the past, the authors introduce the many different tools and developing approaches in Big Data for historical and humanistic scholarship, show how to use them, what to be wary of, and discuss the kinds of questions and new perspectives this new macroscopic perspective opens up. Originally authored 'live' online with ongoing feedback from the wider digital history community, Exploring Big Historical Data breaks new ground and sets the direction for the conversation into the future.Exploring Big Historical Data should be the go-to resource for undergraduate and graduate students confronted by a vast corpus of data, and researchers encountering these methods for the first time. It will also offer a helping hand to the interested individual seeking to make sense of genealogical data or digitized newspapers, and even the local historical society who are trying to see the value in digitizing their holdings.

Handbook of Applied Hydrology Second Edition

Handbook of Applied Hydrology  Second Edition
Author: Vijay P. Singh
Publsiher: McGraw Hill Professional
Total Pages: 1808
Release: 2016-03-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780071835107

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Fully Updated Hydrology Principles, Methods, and Applications Thoroughly revised for the first time in 50 years, this industry-standard resource features chapter contributions from a “who’s who” of international hydrology experts. Compiled by a colleague of the late Dr. Chow, Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers scientific and engineering fundamentals and presents all-new methods, processes, and technologies. Complete details are provided for the full range of ecosystems and models. Advanced chapters look to the future of hydrology, including climate change impacts, extraterrestrial water, social hydrology, and water security. Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers: · The Fundamentals of Hydrology · Data Collection and Processing · Hydrology Methods · Hydrologic Processes and Modeling · Sediment and Pollutant Transport · Hydrometeorologic and Hydrologic Extremes · Systems Hydrology · Hydrology of Large River and Lake Basins · Applications and Design · The Future of Hydrology

Making Maps Second Edition

Making Maps  Second Edition
Author: John Krygier,Denis Wood
Publsiher: Guilford Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2011-04-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781609181673

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Acclaimed for its innovative use of visual material, this book is engaging, clear, and compelling—exactly how an effective map should be. Nearly every page is organized around maps and other figures (many in full color) that illustrate all aspects of map making, including instructive examples of both good and poor design choices. The book covers everything from locating and processing data to making decisions about layout, symbols, color, and type. Readers are invited to think critically about both the technical features and social significance of maps as they learn to create better maps of their own. New to This Edition*Extensively revised and expanded core chapters on map design.*An annotated map design exemplar is used to show how the concepts in each chapter play out on an actual map.*Updated to reflect current technological developments.*Larger size and redesigned pages make the book even more user friendly.

Practical SQL 2nd Edition

Practical SQL  2nd Edition
Author: Anthony DeBarros
Publsiher: No Starch Press
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2022-01-25
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781718501072

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Analyze data like a pro, even if you’re a beginner. Practical SQL is an approachable and fast-paced guide to SQL (Structured Query Language), the standard programming language for defining, organizing, and exploring data in relational databases. Anthony DeBarros, a journalist and data analyst, focuses on using SQL to find the story within your data. The examples and code use the open-source database PostgreSQL and its companion pgAdmin interface, and the concepts you learn will apply to most database management systems, including MySQL, Oracle, SQLite, and others.* You’ll first cover the fundamentals of databases and the SQL language, then build skills by analyzing data from real-world datasets such as US Census demographics, New York City taxi rides, and earthquakes from US Geological Survey. Each chapter includes exercises and examples that teach even those who have never programmed before all the tools necessary to build powerful databases and access information quickly and efficiently. You’ll learn how to: • Create databases and related tables using your own data • Aggregate, sort, and filter data to find patterns • Use functions for basic math and advanced statistical operations • Identify errors in data and clean them up • Analyze spatial data with a geographic information system (PostGIS) • Create advanced queries and automate tasks This updated second edition has been thoroughly revised to reflect the latest in SQL features, including additional advanced query techniques for wrangling data. This edition also has two new chapters: an expanded set of instructions on for setting up your system plus a chapter on using PostgreSQL with the popular JSON data interchange format. Learning SQL doesn’t have to be dry and complicated. Practical SQL delivers clear examples with an easy-to-follow approach to teach you the tools you need to build and manage your own databases. * Microsoft SQL Server employs a variant of the language called T-SQL, which is not covered by Practical SQL.

Designing Mobile Service Systems Revised Second Edition

Designing Mobile Service Systems   Revised Second Edition
Author: E.A.M. van de Kar,A. Verbraeck
Publsiher: IOS Press
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2008-10-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781607503729

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This publication is the second in the Research in Design series. Design is an effort that enjoys a growing attention in the academic world. At Delft University of Technology design is a recognized part of science. Like other technical universities, Delft is rooted in the engineering field. And in spite of questions like ‘what is design’, ‘what is engineering’ and ‘what is science’, which can be debated in long sessions, and differences that are hard to explain, it is possible to feel the differences. In this book the authors contribute to the development of a design language for the service domain. In general the engineering discipline is expanding into a field that embraces perspectives of more disciplines and actors, next to the engineer who is responsible for the artefact. The first volume in this Research in Design Series stresses the stakeholder oriented approach in the domain of architecture and urban planning (Binnekamp, van Gunsteren, & van Loon, 2006). The domain in this volume is services. This is a field in which the involvement of different stakeholders with different interests in the design process is particularly a critical success factor. A note on the second edition: improvements have been made to the text and illustrations. Apart from that the first and second edition are interchangeable.

Principles of GNSS Inertial and Multisensor Integrated Navigation Systems Second Edition

Principles of GNSS  Inertial  and Multisensor Integrated Navigation Systems  Second Edition
Author: Paul D. Groves
Publsiher: Artech House
Total Pages: 800
Release: 2013-04-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781608070053

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This newly revised and greatly expanded edition of the popular Artech House book Principles of GNSS, Inertial, and Multisensor Integrated Navigation Systems offers you a current and comprehensive understanding of satellite navigation, inertial navigation, terrestrial radio navigation, dead reckoning, and environmental feature matching . It provides both an introduction to navigation systems and an in-depth treatment of INS/GNSS and multisensor integration. The second edition offers a wealth of added and updated material, including a brand new chapter on the principles of radio positioning and a chapter devoted to important applications in the field. Other updates include expanded treatments of map matching, image-based navigation, attitude determination, acoustic positioning, pedestrian navigation, advanced GNSS techniques, and several terrestrial and short-range radio positioning technologies .. The book shows you how satellite, inertial, and other navigation technologies work, and focuses on processing chains and error sources. In addition, you get a clear introduction to coordinate frames, multi-frame kinematics, Earth models, gravity, Kalman filtering, and nonlinear filtering. Providing solutions to common integration problems, the book describes and compares different integration architectures, and explains how to model different error sources. You get a broad and penetrating overview of current technology and are brought up to speed with the latest developments in the field, including context-dependent and cooperative positioning.

Forensic Recovery of Human Remains

Forensic Recovery of Human Remains
Author: Tosha L. Dupras,John J. Schultz,Sandra M. Wheeler,Lana J Williams
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2011-10-27
Genre: Law
ISBN: 9781439850312

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This reference, now in its second edition, is a comprehensive guide that focuses on the practical aspects of excavating and recovering human remains, as well as any associated evidence, from crime scenes. It highlights the protocols and techniques that are used to successfully survey, map, recover, document, collect, and transport evidence. New add