Basic GIS Coordinates

Basic GIS Coordinates
Author: Jan Van Sickle
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2004-05-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0203491483

Download Basic GIS Coordinates Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Computers tend to be very good at repetition and very bad at interpretation. People, on the other hand, are poor at repetition, because we can get bored or distracted. We are, however, excellent at interpretation, if we have the proper information. Basic GIS Coordinates is about providing some of the critical information needed to understand coordinate systems and effectively interpret GIS technology. GIS is emerging in all facets of business and government at an incredible rate; GIS and mapping professionals must have a clear understanding of coordinate systems. Basic GIS Coordinates explains how coordinates tie the real world to its electronic image in the computer. It is about understanding how these systems work, and how they sometimes don't work. It examines how points that are expected to be in one location are in reality somewhere completely different, even when the computer has done everything exactly as it was told. Basic GIS Coordinates explains the progression of ideas that are the foundation of coordinate systems without overwhelming you with supporting mathematics. It is a user-friendly study for those who need to apply GIS technology and resulting coordinates. From the basics of coordinate systems to specific practical examples, this book covers GIS coordinates without pages of complicated math; yet it is not oversimplified. This volume analyzes state plane coordinates, UTM coordinates, and the rectangular system in a concise format. To help you apply the information, each chapter concludes with review questions and answers.

Basic GIS Coordinates Second Edition

Basic GIS Coordinates  Second Edition
Author: Jan Van Sickle
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2010-04-21
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781420092325

Download Basic GIS Coordinates Second Edition Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Coordinates are the foundation of GIS, cartography, and surveying, to name just a few fields. Computers have an astounding capacity for repetition and they possess a superior ability to handle the mathematics behind coordinate manipulation—but they are very bad at interpreting coordinates and coordinate systems. Basic GIS Coordinates, Second Edition clearly illustrates the basic principles of coordinate systems, covering ellipsoids, datums, and plane coordinates as they are used in GIS and GPS. Keeping in mind that it is ultimately incumbent on humans to ensure the correct use of coordinate systems, this book explains complex topics in a logical progression, presenting them in a way that is neither too complicated nor oversimplified. This new edition of a bestseller expands the material with updates on what has occurred in the field during the past five years, especially in the World Geodetic System and International Terrestrial Reference Frame. It also addresses the upcoming GNSS constellations and coordinate implications. Details how to build a coordinate system Addresses different methods of leveling, as well as measuring and modeling of height and gravity Explores two-coordinate (state-plane, UTM) systems Discusses initial points and other aspects of the rectangular system Covers the geoid and the concepts of elevation There are thousands of horizontal geodetic datums and Cartesian coordinate systems currently sanctioned by governments around the world to describe our planet electronically and on paper. Even if a computer has done nothing wrong, coordinate errors can often occur and lead to potentially disastrous miscalculations. This book is a valuable tool to help readers develop an understanding of how coordinate systems work—and how they sometimes don’t.

Basic GIS Coordinates

Basic GIS Coordinates
Author: Jan Van Sickle
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 196
Release: 2017-07-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781351650717

Download Basic GIS Coordinates Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Coordinates are integral building tools for GIS, cartography, surveying and are vital to the many applications we use today such as smart phones, car navigation systems and driverless cars. Basic GIS Coordinates, Third Edition grants readers with a solid understanding of coordinates and coordinate systems and how they operate as well as valuable insight into what causes them to malfunction. This practical and comprehensive guide lays out the foundation of a coordinate system and the implications behind building it as it elaborates on heights, two coordinate systems, and the rectangular system.The previous editions described horizontal and vertical datums such as the North American Datum 1983 (NAD 83) and the North American Vertical Datum 1988 (NAVD 88). Both will be replaced in 2022 or thereabouts. The National Geodetic Survey (NGS) plans to replace NAD83 with a new semi-dynamic terrestrial reference frame for North America and a new vertical datum will replace NAVD88. The foundation of the new vertical datum will be a temporally tracked gravimetric geoid. The interim period is intended to smooth the transition to the new paradigm and this new edition explores the changes and provides assistance in understanding them.

Introduction to GIS Programming and Fundamentals with Python and ArcGIS

Introduction to GIS Programming and Fundamentals with Python and ArcGIS
Author: Chaowei Yang
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2017-04-25
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781466510104

Download Introduction to GIS Programming and Fundamentals with Python and ArcGIS Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Combining GIS concepts and fundamental spatial thinking methodology with real programming examples, this book introduces popular Python-based tools and their application to solving real-world problems. It elucidates the programming constructs of Python with its high-level toolkits and demonstrates its integration with ArcGIS Theory. Filled with hands-on computer exercises in a logical learning workflow this book promotes increased interactivity between instructors and students while also benefiting professionals in the field with vital knowledge to sharpen their programming skills. Readers receive expert guidance on modules, package management, and handling shapefile formats needed to build their own mini-GIS. Comprehensive and engaging commentary, robust contents, accompanying datasets, and classroom-tested exercises are all housed here to permit users to become competitive in the GIS/IT job market and industry.

GIS Basics

GIS Basics
Author: Stephen Wise
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2018-10-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781482267709

Download GIS Basics Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are computer systems for storing, displaying and analyzing spatial data. The past twenty years have seen a rapid growth in their use in government, commerce and academia, and they can be used for managing a network of utilities, from handling census data through to planning the location of a new supermarket. But how do they work? Stephen Wise has been a regular contributor to GeoEurope and his 'Back to Basics' articles have provided a clear and simple introduction to the inner workings of GIS for a non-specialist audience. He now presents the original articles with new material and provides a new coverage of both major types of GIS: vector and raster systems. Undergraduates and professionals who wish to improve their knowledge of GIS should get a better understanding of how GIS operate in the way that they do, such as how spatial data is stored on a computer, how the different methods affect the capabilities of the GIS, how basic operations performed and how the choice of algorithm affects the speed of the system.

Geocomputation with R

Geocomputation with R
Author: Robin Lovelace,Jakub Nowosad,Jannes Muenchow
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 335
Release: 2019-03-22
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9781351396905

Download Geocomputation with R Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Geocomputation with R is for people who want to analyze, visualize and model geographic data with open source software. It is based on R, a statistical programming language that has powerful data processing, visualization, and geospatial capabilities. The book equips you with the knowledge and skills to tackle a wide range of issues manifested in geographic data, including those with scientific, societal, and environmental implications. This book will interest people from many backgrounds, especially Geographic Information Systems (GIS) users interested in applying their domain-specific knowledge in a powerful open source language for data science, and R users interested in extending their skills to handle spatial data. The book is divided into three parts: (I) Foundations, aimed at getting you up-to-speed with geographic data in R, (II) extensions, which covers advanced techniques, and (III) applications to real-world problems. The chapters cover progressively more advanced topics, with early chapters providing strong foundations on which the later chapters build. Part I describes the nature of spatial datasets in R and methods for manipulating them. It also covers geographic data import/export and transforming coordinate reference systems. Part II represents methods that build on these foundations. It covers advanced map making (including web mapping), "bridges" to GIS, sharing reproducible code, and how to do cross-validation in the presence of spatial autocorrelation. Part III applies the knowledge gained to tackle real-world problems, including representing and modeling transport systems, finding optimal locations for stores or services, and ecological modeling. Exercises at the end of each chapter give you the skills needed to tackle a range of geospatial problems. Solutions for each chapter and supplementary materials providing extended examples are available at https://geocompr.github.io/geocompkg/articles/. Dr. Robin Lovelace is a University Academic Fellow at the University of Leeds, where he has taught R for geographic research over many years, with a focus on transport systems. Dr. Jakub Nowosad is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Geoinformation at the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, where his focus is on the analysis of large datasets to understand environmental processes. Dr. Jannes Muenchow is a Postdoctoral Researcher in the GIScience Department at the University of Jena, where he develops and teaches a range of geographic methods, with a focus on ecological modeling, statistical geocomputing, and predictive mapping. All three are active developers and work on a number of R packages, including stplanr, sabre, and RQGIS.

GIS and Archaeological Site Location Modeling

GIS and Archaeological Site Location Modeling
Author: Mark W. Mehrer,Konnie L. Wescott
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2005-12-21
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9780203563359

Download GIS and Archaeological Site Location Modeling Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Although archaeologists are using GIS technology at an accelerating rate, publication of their work has not kept pace. A state-of-the-art exploration the subject, GIS and Archaeological Site Location Modeling pulls together discussions of theory and methodology, scale, data, quantitative methods, and cultural resource management and uses loc

GPS for Land Surveyors Third Edition

GPS for Land Surveyors  Third Edition
Author: Jan Van Sickle
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2001-03-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1575040751

Download GPS for Land Surveyors Third Edition Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The GPS Signal - Biases and Solutions - The Framework - Receivers and Methods - Coordinates - Planning a Survey - Observing - Postprocessing - RTK and DGPS.

Basics of Remote Sensing and GIS

Basics of Remote Sensing and GIS
Author: S. Kumar
Publsiher: Firewall Media
Total Pages: 140
Release: 2005
Genre: Climatic changes
ISBN: 8170087961

Download Basics of Remote Sensing and GIS Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Encyclopedia of GIS

Encyclopedia of GIS
Author: Shashi Shekhar,Hui Xiong
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1370
Release: 2007-12-12
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9780387308586

Download Encyclopedia of GIS Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The Encyclopedia of GIS provides a comprehensive and authoritative guide, contributed by experts and peer-reviewed for accuracy, and alphabetically arranged for convenient access. The entries explain key software and processes used by geographers and computational scientists. Major overviews are provided for nearly 200 topics: Geoinformatics, Spatial Cognition, and Location-Based Services and more. Shorter entries define specific terms and concepts. The reference will be published as a print volume with abundant black and white art, and simultaneously as an XML online reference with hyperlinked citations, cross-references, four-color art, links to web-based maps, and other interactive features.

Quantitative Methods and Socio Economic Applications in GIS

Quantitative Methods and Socio Economic Applications in GIS
Author: Fahui Wang
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 333
Release: 2014-12-19
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9781466584730

Download Quantitative Methods and Socio Economic Applications in GIS Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The second edition of a bestseller, Quantitative Methods and Socio-Economic Applications in GIS (previously titled Quantitative Methods and Applications in GIS) details applications of quantitative methods in social science, planning, and public policy with a focus on spatial perspectives. The book integrates GIS and quantitative (computational) methods and demonstrates them in various policy-relevant socio-economic applications with step-by-step instructions and datasets. The book demonstrates the diversity of issues where GIS can be used to enhance the studies related to socio-economic issues and public policy. See What’s New in the Second Edition: All project instructions are in ArcGIS 10.2 using geodatabase datasets New chapters on regionalization methods and Monte Carlo simulation Popular tasks automated as a convenient toolkit: Huff Model, 2SFCA accessibility measure, regionalization, Garin-Lowry model, and Monte Carlo based spatial simulation Advanced tasks now implemented in user-friendly programs or ArcGIS: centrality indices, wasteful commuting measure, p-median problem, and traffic simulation Each chapter has one subject theme and introduces the method (or a group of related methods) most relevant to the theme. While each method is illustrated in a special case of application, it can also be used to analyze different issues. For example, spatial regression is used to examine the relationship between job access and homicide patterns; systems of linear equations are analyzed to predict urban land use patterns; linear programming is introduced to solve the problem of wasteful commuting and allocate healthcare facilities; and Monte Carlo technique is illustrated in simulating urban traffic. The book illustrates the range of computational methods and covers common tasks and major issues encountered in a spatial environment. It provides a platform for learning technical skills and quantitative methods in the context of addressing real-world problems, giving you instant access to the tools to resolve major socio-economic issues.

Environment Problems And Policies encyclopaedia Of Environment

Environment   Problems And Policies    encyclopaedia Of Environment
Author: K.R. Gupta
Publsiher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2005
Genre: Environnement
ISBN: 8126904399

Download Environment Problems And Policies encyclopaedia Of Environment Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Encyclopaedia Of Environment Has A Wide Coverage And Comprehensively Studies The Global Environmental Change And Environmental Degradation Mainly Caused By Human Interference Air Pollution And Ozone Depletion, Greenhouse Effects, Climatic Change, Land Degradation, Deforestation, Desertification, Loss Of Biodiversity, Surface And Groundwater Contamination, Hazardous Wastes And Agricultural Pollution, And Several Other Problems Related To Environment That Are Of Primary Concern.It Is Highly Likely That Environmental Degradation Would Reduce The Capacity Of Human Societies To Maintain Their Lifestyles At Existing Levels Since The Driving Forces Of Global Economy May No Longer Be Able To Use In Sustained Manner The Limited Resources Of The Earth. Although The Consequences Of Environmental Degradation Are Sometimes Not Recognized But In Many Cases They Are Intentionally Ignored Because Of The Illusory Higher Economic Gains.Realising The Urgent Need For Arresting The Trend; For Developing Awareness In The Readers About The Preservation Of Biodiversity And Its Significance For Life, Sustainability And Equity; And For Warning Against The Consequences Of Environmental Exploitation As Well, The Present Encyclopaedia Of Environment Has Been Compiled. It Not Only Studies The Problems Related To Environment But Also Suggests Suitable Remedial Measures.Attempts Have Been Made To Include In These Well-Documented Volumes All The Latest Major Policies Adopted By The United Nations Organisation And Its Affiliated Agencies As Well As By The Developed And Developing Countries Across The World.The First Four Volumes Of The Encyclopaedia Include Papers On Environment, Glossary Of Global Warming And A Detailed Bibliography To Enable The Readers To Persue The Study Further. The Following Five Volumes Include International, Regional And National Conventions; Protocols; Treaties And Agreement Relating To Environment And The Indian Laws For Clean Environment, And Pollution Control.The Book Would Be Highly Useful For Students And Researchers Engaged In The Study Of Environment. It Would Also Be Useful To Government Executives And Ngos Concerned With Environment And Pollution Problems. Since The Laymen Are Deeply Interested In Clean Environment, The Book Would Be Of Great Interest To Them.

Environmental Pollution

Environmental Pollution
Author: S.M. Shafi
Publsiher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2005
Genre: Air
ISBN: 812690366X

Download Environmental Pollution Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The Book Environmental Pollution, Is The Outcome Of Intensive Efforts Made By The Author For More Than Seven Years In Collection Of Materials, Their Recasting To Suit Own Scheme Of Requirement And Also Incorporating New Research Findings From Reputed Researchers On Environmental Pollution In The Book. The Book Has Been Styled To Cover The Requirements Of University Syllabus For The Graduate (Honours) And Postgraduate Students Of Various Universities.The Book Covers Major Aspects Of Environment: Air Pollution, Water Pollution, Soil And Land Pollution, And Pollution By Physical Agents (Causing Radioactive Pollution, Thermal Pollution, Sound Pollution). Under The Umbrella Of These Four Major Aspects A Lot Of Valuable Information Has Been Given On Many Topics Including Particulate Pollutants, Problems Of Aerosol Accumulation, Role Of Aerosol In Photochemical Pollution, Phenomenon Of Acid Rain And Its Effects, Problem Of Ozone Depletion, Uses And Destructive Role Of Chlorofluorocarbons (Cfcs), Causes Of Global Warming, And Role Of Some Air-Borne Organisms As Biopollutants. These Items Represent Main Segments Of Atmospheric Pollution.Likewise, Matters On Industrial Pollution, Particularly Sewage And Some Other Biodegradable Wastes, Role Of Infectious Agents In Water To Spread Diseases, Production Of Excess Of Plant Nutrients In Water, Organic Chemicals Of Exotic Sources (Including Insecticides, Herbicides, Surfactant Chemicals In Detergents), Inorganic Chemicals In Water, Agricultural Solid Wastes, Sediments, Coastal Pollution/Oil Pollution, Etc., Represent Main Instances Of Water Pollution.Four Chapters On (I) Pollution Due To Deforestations (Ii) Mining Operation (Iii) Radioactive Isotopes As Pollutants, And (Iv) Genetic Disorders In Organisms By Pollutants Are Of Rare Importance, Liable To Give Some Starting Knowledge To Common Readers Of This Book And Provide Awareness Of How Unsafe They Are In This Universe. The Informations On Effect Of Pollutants, On Human Health, Animal Health, Plants, Materials And Properties Are Of General Public Interest And Introduction Of Legal Steps For Controlling Pollution Carry Additional Significance.

Spatial Concerns in Development

Spatial Concerns in Development
Author: K. Locana Gunaratna
Publsiher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist
Total Pages: 199
Release: 2006
Genre: Economic development
ISBN: 8126905786

Download Spatial Concerns in Development Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The Book Spatial Concerns In Development: A Sri Lankan Perspective, Based On Analyses Of Experiences Gained With Various Aspects Of The Development Effort In The Country, Focuses On Spatial Concerns In National Development.The Book Provides A Brief Sketch Of The Spatial Context Within Which Indigenous Development Efforts Began In The Early 20Th Century. It Closely Examines The Sri Lankan Development Strategy And Policies Implemented Over A Seventy-Year Period, Beginning With The Introduction Of The Donoughmore Constitution In 1931. It Not Only Traces The Evolution Of The City Of Colombo Over Its Five Centuries Of Existence But Also Attempts To Look Into The City S Future. The Chapter Dealing With The Country S Massive Phased Effort To Develop The Resources Of The Mahaveli Ganga Basin And Related Region Is Analytic And Highly Informative. The Reader-Friendly Approach To The Subject, Well Illustrated With Figures And Tables, Makes The Book All The More Accessible.The Book Is A Valuable Addition To The Literature On Spatial Development In The Third World. It Would Be Highly Useful For Planning Professionals, Social Scientists As Well As For Architects.

Coordinate Systems and Map Projections

Coordinate Systems and Map Projections
Author: D.H. Maling
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 505
Release: 2013-10-22
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781483287072

Download Coordinate Systems and Map Projections Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

A revised and expanded new edition of the definitive English work on map projections. The revisions take into account the huge advances in geometrical geodesy which have occurred since the early years of satellite geodesy. The detailed configuration of the geoid resulting from the GEOS and SEASAT altimetry measurements are now taken into consideration. Additionally, the chapter on computation of map projections is updated bearing in mind the availability of pocket calculators and microcomputers. Analytical derivation of some map projections including examples of pseudocylindrical and polyconic projections is also covered. Work undertaken in the USA and USSR on the creation of suitable map projections obtained through numerical analysis has been included. The book concludes with a chapter on the abuse and misrepresentation of map projections. An invaluable reference source for professional cartographers and all those interested in the fundamental problems of mapping the Earth.