Biobanks

Biobanks
Author: Herbert Gottweis,Alan Petersen
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2008-04-28
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9781134090266

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In recent years, a number of large population-based biobanks – genetic databases that combine genetic information derived from blood samples with personal data about environment, medical history, lifestyle or genealogy – have been set up in order to study the interface between disease, and genetic and environmental factors. Unsurprisingly, these studies have sparked a good deal of controversy and the ethical and social implications have been widely debated. Biobanks: Governance in Comparative Perspective is the first book to explore the political and governance implications of biobanks in Europe, the United States, Asia, and Australia. This book explores: the interrelated conditions needed for a biobank to be created and to exist the rise of the new bio-economy the redefinition of citizenship accompanying national biobank developments This groundbreaking book makes clear that biobanks are a phenomenon that cannot be disconnected from considerations of power, politics, and the reshaping of current practices in governance. It will be a valuable read for scholars and students of genetics, bioethics, risk, public health and the sociology of health and illness.

Biobanks

Biobanks
Author: Antonella De Robbio
Publsiher: Woodhead Pub Limited
Total Pages: 54
Release: 2013
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 1907568344

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Biobanks represent an invaluable research tool and, as a result of their intrinsic and extrinsic nature, may be looked upon as archives or repositories largely made up of libraries, or collections of content where the content is the biological material derived from different individuals or species, representing valuable tangible assets. Biobanks analyses aspects of the commons and common intellectual property relating to the concepts of private property, not only concerning data but biological materials as well, and the advantages and disadvantages of patents in scientific research. Several recent initiatives in biomedical research have attempted to make their data freely available to others, so as to foster innovation. Many of these initiatives have adopted the open source model, which has gained widespread recognition in the computer industry. This title is structured into eight chapters and begins with an introduction, which is followed by chapters that discuss how the term 'biobank' came about in scientific literature; legal matters relating to biobanks; and intellectual and physical property. Later chapters comprehensively analyse the intellectual property of biobanks within the sphere of copyright; biotechnological inventions and research patentability; open data sharing in biobanks; and biobanks as commons or vault. Considers biobanks as both repositories and as collections of tangible assets Argues that the data in biobanks represents a high value intangible asset Explores regulatory gaps exploited by the private sector

Reciprocity in Population Biobanks

Reciprocity in Population Biobanks
Author: Ma’n H. Zawati
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2021-09-22
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780323913485

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Reciprocity in Population Biobanks: Relational Autonomy and the Duty to Inform in the Genomic Era begins by discussing how current judicial interpretation keeps standard of disclosure at the core of genomic research. The book then outlines multiple limitations individualistic autonomy faces in the context of gene and population biobanks, including an analysis of the complexities of benefit considerations in the research setting. Second, the book explores how individualistic autonomy fails to acknowledge the multilateral relationships implicated in genomic research, including those that affect the broader research community, research participants’ families, and the general public. In carrying out this analysis, this book pays special attention to alternative approaches and ways researchers, public health officials, and judicial bodies might interact in years to come. In other words, implementing an understanding of relational autonomy that acknowledges and sustains the multilateral relationships found in genomic research without compromising the rights of participants. In short, this book proposes a reconceived duty to inform for researchers and a new standard of disclosure that is more meaningful and impactful for research participants and researchers. Examines the limitations individualistic autonomy faces in the context of gene and population biobanks Proposes a reconceived duty to inform for researchers and a new standard of disclosure more meaningful to genomic research participants Suggests ways researchers, public health officials, and judicial bodies might interact to drive genomic research while still protecting research participants

GDPR and Biobanking

GDPR and Biobanking
Author: Jane Reichel,Santa Slokenberga,Olga Tzortzatou,Springer Nature
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2021
Genre: Biobanks
ISBN: 9783030493882

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Part I Setting the scene -- Introduction: Individual rights, the public interest and biobank research 4000 (8) -- Genetic data and privacy protection -- Part II GDPR and European responses -- Biobank governance and the impact of the GDPR on the regulation of biobank research -- Controller' and processor's responsibilities in biobank research under GDPR -- Individual rights in biobank research under GDPR -- Safeguards and derogations relating to processing for archiving purposes in the scientific purposes: Article 89 analysis for biobank research -- A Pan-European analysis of Article 89 implementation and national biobank research regulations -- EEA, Switzerland analysis of GDPR requirements and national biobank research regulations -- Part III National insights in biobank regulatory frameworks -- Selected 10-15 countries for reports: Germany -- Greece -- France -- Finland -- Sweden -- United Kingdom -- Part IV Conclusions -- Reflections on individual rights, the public interest and biobank research, ramifications and ways forward. .

Biobanking

Biobanking
Author: William H. Yong
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019
Genre: Biochemistry
ISBN: 1493989340

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Ethical Issues in Governing Biobanks

Ethical Issues in Governing Biobanks
Author: Nikola Biller-Andorno,Alexander M. Capron
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2016-05-13
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781317141488

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Population genomics research drawing on genetic databases has expanded rapidly, with some of this information being combined in 'biobanks'. Managing this information in an appropriate way is a highly complex ethical issue in the health policy arena. This book combines theoretical and empirical research to analyze the areas of conflict and consensus in the regulatory and ethical frameworks that have been developed to govern biobanks. Ethicists from the Department of Ethics, Trade, Human Rights and Health Law (ETH) of the World Health Organization, the Institute of Biomedical Ethics of Geneva University and the Institute of Biomedical Ethics of the University of Zurich, with the support of the Geneva International Academic Network (GIAN), examine the conditions under which genetic databases can be established, kept, and made use of in an ethically acceptable way. In addition to a comprehensive review of the scientific literature and a comparative analysis of existing normative frameworks, they present the results of in-depth interviews with experts around the world concerning the most unresolved and controversial issues. The results of that study, combined with their normative analysis, leads to recommendations for a better international framework.

Biobanks

Biobanks
Author: Herbert Gottweis,Alan Petersen
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2008-04-28
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9781134090273

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In recent years, a number of large population-based biobanks – genetic databases that combine genetic information derived from blood samples with personal data about environment, medical history, lifestyle or genealogy – have been set up in order to study the interface between disease, and genetic and environmental factors. Unsurprisingly, these studies have sparked a good deal of controversy and the ethical and social implications have been widely debated. Biobanks: Governance in Comparative Perspective is the first book to explore the political and governance implications of biobanks in Europe, the United States, Asia, and Australia. This book explores: the interrelated conditions needed for a biobank to be created and to exist the rise of the new bio-economy the redefinition of citizenship accompanying national biobank developments This groundbreaking book makes clear that biobanks are a phenomenon that cannot be disconnected from considerations of power, politics, and the reshaping of current practices in governance. It will be a valuable read for scholars and students of genetics, bioethics, risk, public health and the sociology of health and illness.

Governing Biobanks

Governing Biobanks
Author: Jane Kaye,Susan Gibbons,Catherine Heeney,Andrew Smart
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2012-02-03
Genre: Law
ISBN: 9781847318848

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Biobanks are proliferating rapidly worldwide because they are powerful tools and organisational structures for undertaking medical research. By linking samples to data on the health of individuals, it is anticipated that biobanks will be used to explore the relationship between genes, environment and lifestyle for many diseases, as well as the potential of individually-tailored drug treatments based on genetic predisposition. However, they also raise considerable challenges for existing legal frameworks and research governance structures. This book critically examines the current governance structures in place for biobanks in England and Wales. It shows that the technologies, techniques and practices involved in biobanking do not always conform neatly to existing legal principles and frameworks that apply to other areas of medical research. Using a socio-legal approach, including interview data gathered from the scientific community, this book provides unique insights and makes recommendations about appropriate governance mechanisms for biobanking in the future. It also explores the issues around the secondary use of information, such as consent and how to protect privacy, when biobanks are accessed by a number of different third parties. These issues have relevance both within England and Wales and to a wide international audience, as well as for other areas where large datasets are used.