Biological Experiments in Space

Biological Experiments in Space
Author: Galina Nechitailo,Alexey Kondyurin
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2021-07-10
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128205013

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Biological Experiments in Space: 30 Years Investigating Life in Space Orbit covers investigations of plant, algae, animals, fish, microorganisms and tissue cultures on space flights, beginning with the first orbital space station on Salyut 1. The book includes results on the influence of the entire complex of physical factors associated with spaceflight on biological systems, including analysis of the impact of microgravity on organisms, as well as the effects of electric and magnetic fields. This book offers important insights for researchers of space biology and astrobiology, as well as space agency and industry specialists developing future space stations and missions. Lack of gravity, temperature and chemical gradients, magnetic and electrical fields, spectral composition and intensity of light, and high-energy cosmic radiation influence many important metabolic and physiological processes in animals, plants, and microorganisms, as well as transfer phenomena in and around them. Success of future space exploration depends on understanding the effects of these factors on biological organisms and developing appropriate countermeasures, aimed at improving growth, development, and reproduction in microgravity. Includes results on the influence of the entire complex of physical factors associated with spaceflight on a range of biological systems Analyzes the impacts of microgravity, as well as electric and magnetic fields, on organisms Covers pioneering investigations of plants, algae, animals, fish, microorganisms and tissue culture in space flights

BIOSPEX Biological Space Experiments a Compendium of Life Sciences Experiments Carried on US Spacecraft

BIOSPEX  Biological Space Experiments  a Compendium of Life Sciences Experiments Carried on US Spacecraft
Author: Michele Anderson
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 307
Release: 1979
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: NASA:31769000537889

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Biology in Space and Life on Earth

Biology in Space and Life on Earth
Author: Enno Brinckmann
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2008-01-08
Genre: Science
ISBN: 3527616993

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This concise yet comprehensive treatment of the effects of spaceflight on biological systems includes issues at the forefront of life sciences research, such as gravitational biology, immune system response, bone cell formation and the effects of radiation on biosystems. Edited by a leading specialist at the European Space Agency (ESA) with contributions by internationally renowned experts, the chapters are based on the latest space laboratory experiments, including those on SPACELAB, ISS, parabolic flights and unmanned research satellites. An indispensable source for biologists, medical researchers and astronautics experts alike. The results of Space flight experiments, ground controls and flight simulations pave the way for a better understanding of gravity reactions in various organisms down to molecular mechanisms. This publication marks also the beginning of a new Space flight era with the construction and exploitation of the International Space Station (ISS) which provides a platform for an in-depth continuation of experiments under weightlessness in Low Earth Orbit and beyond.

Biotechnology in Space

Biotechnology in Space
Author: Günter Ruyters,Christian Betzel,Daniela Grimm
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 109
Release: 2017-12-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319640549

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This book summarizes the early successes, drawbacks and accomplishments in cell biology and cell biotechnology achieved by the latest projects performed on the International Space Station ISS. It also depicts outcomes of experiments in tissue engineering, cancer research and drug design and reveals the chances that research in Space offers for medical application on Earth. This SpringerBriefs volume provides an overview on the latest international activities in Space and gives an outlook on the potential of biotechnological research in Space in future. This volume is written for students and researchers in Biomedicine, Biotechnology and Pharmacology and may specifically be of interest to scientists with focus on protein sciences, crystallization, tissue engineering, drug design and cancer research.

Recapturing a Future for Space Exploration

Recapturing a Future for Space Exploration
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Space Studies Board,Committee for the Decadal Survey on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2012-01-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780309163842

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More than four decades have passed since a human first set foot on the Moon. Great strides have been made in our understanding of what is required to support an enduring human presence in space, as evidenced by progressively more advanced orbiting human outposts, culminating in the current International Space Station (ISS). However, of the more than 500 humans who have so far ventured into space, most have gone only as far as near-Earth orbit, and none have traveled beyond the orbit of the Moon. Achieving humans' further progress into the solar system had proved far more difficult than imagined in the heady days of the Apollo missions, but the potential rewards remain substantial. During its more than 50-year history, NASA's success in human space exploration has depended on the agency's ability to effectively address a wide range of biomedical, engineering, physical science, and related obstacles--an achievement made possible by NASA's strong and productive commitments to life and physical sciences research for human space exploration, and by its use of human space exploration infrastructures for scientific discovery. The Committee for the Decadal Survey of Biological and Physical Sciences acknowledges the many achievements of NASA, which are all the more remarkable given budgetary challenges and changing directions within the agency. In the past decade, however, a consequence of those challenges has been a life and physical sciences research program that was dramatically reduced in both scale and scope, with the result that the agency is poorly positioned to take full advantage of the scientific opportunities offered by the now fully equipped and staffed ISS laboratory, or to effectively pursue the scientific research needed to support the development of advanced human exploration capabilities. Although its review has left it deeply concerned about the current state of NASA's life and physical sciences research, the Committee for the Decadal Survey on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space is nevertheless convinced that a focused science and engineering program can achieve successes that will bring the space community, the U.S. public, and policymakers to an understanding that we are ready for the next significant phase of human space exploration. The goal of this report is to lay out steps and develop a forward-looking portfolio of research that will provide the basis for recapturing the excitement and value of human spaceflight--thereby enabling the U.S. space program to deliver on new exploration initiatives that serve the nation, excite the public, and place the United States again at the forefront of space exploration for the global good.

Biological and Medical Research in Space

Biological and Medical Research in Space
Author: European Space Agency
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 569
Release: 1996-03-13
Genre: Science
ISBN: UOM:39015040681648

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This book provides a critical review of the whole Space Life Sciences research field, offering a very timely overview of the field as the first exploratory research phase comes to an end to be replaced by the in-depth experimental programmes which will become more accessible towards the end of the century in the era of International Space Station Alpha. Chapters 1 to 7 are scientific reviews which have been prepared by recognized experts in Cell Biology, Human Physiology, Radiation Biology and Exobiology. Chapter 8 provides a statistical summary of life sciences research in space.

NASA Strategic Plan

NASA Strategic Plan
Author: United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 27
Release: 1994
Genre: Outer space
ISBN: NASA:31769000625288

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Biological Effects and Physics of Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation

Biological Effects and Physics of Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation
Author: Charles E. Swenberg,Gerda Horneck,E.G. Stassinopoulous
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781461529187

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Space missions subject human beings or any other target of a spacecraft to a radiation environment of an intensity and composition not available on earth. Whereas for missions in low earth orbit (LEO), such as those using the Space Shuttle or Space Station scenario, radiation exposure guidelines have been developed and have been adopted by spacefaring agencies, for exploratory class missions that will take the space travellers outside the protective confines of the geomagnetic field sufficient guidelines for radiation protection are still outstanding. For a piloted Mars mission, the whole concept of radiation protection needs to be reconsidered. Since there is an increasing interest ci many nations and space agencies in establishing a lunar base and lor exploring Mars by manned missions, it is both, timely and important to develop appropriate risk estimates and radiation protection guidelines which will have an influence on the design and structure of space vehicles and habitation areas of the extraterrestrial settlements. This book is the result of a multidisciplinary effort to assess the state of art in our knowledge on the radiation situation during deep space missions and on the impact of this complex radiation environment on the space traveller. ]t comprises the lectures by the faculty members as well as short contributions by the students given at the NATO Advanced Study Institute "Biological Effects and Physics of Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation" held in Armacao de Pera, Portugal, 12-23 October, 1991.

Grand Challenges in Fungal Biotechnology

Grand Challenges in Fungal Biotechnology
Author: Helena Nevalainen
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 535
Release: 2020-01-08
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030295417

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This volume provides a comprehensive overview of the major applications and potential of fungal biotechnology. The respective chapters report on the latest advances and opportunities in each topic area, proposing new and sustainable solutions to some of the major challenges faced by modern society. Aimed at researchers and biotechnologists in academia and industry, it represents essential reading for anyone interested in fungal biotechnology, as well as those working within the broader area of microbial biotechnology. Written in an accessible language, the book also offers a valuable reference resource for decision-makers in government and at non-governmental organizations who are involved in the development of cleaner technologies and the global bioeconomy. The 21st century is characterized by a number of critical challenges in terms of human health, developing a sustainable bioeconomy, facilitating agricultural production, and establishing practices that support a cleaner environment. While there are chemical solutions to some of these challenges, developing bio-based approaches is becoming increasingly important. Filamentous fungi, ‘the forgotten kingdom,’ are a group of unique organisms whose full potential has yet to be revealed. Some key properties, such as their exceptional capacity to secrete proteins into the external environment, have already been successfully harnessed for the production of industrial enzymes and cellulosic biofuels. Many further aspects discussed here –such as feeding the hungry with fungal protein, and the potential applications of the various small molecules produced by fungi –warrant further exploration. In turn, the book covers the use of fungal cell factories to produce foreign molecules, e.g. for therapeutics. Strategies including molecular approaches to strain improvement, and recent advances in high-throughput technologies, which are key to finding better products and producers, are also addressed. Lastly, the book discusses the advent of synthetic biology, which is destined to greatly expand the scope of fungal biotechnology. The chapter “Fungal Biotechnology in Space: Why and How?” is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License at link.springer.com.

Russian Biospex

Russian Biospex
Author: Michele D. Anderson,Robert A. Dittman,William H. Bush
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 229
Release: 1981
Genre: Life sciences
ISBN: OCLC:10411369

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Safety Design for Space Systems

Safety Design for Space Systems
Author: Gary E. Musgrave Ph.D,Axel Larsen,Tommaso Sgobba
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 992
Release: 2009-03-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0080559220

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Progress in space safety lies in the acceptance of safety design and engineering as an integral part of the design and implementation process for new space systems. Safety must be seen as the principle design driver of utmost importance from the outset of the design process, which is only achieved through a culture change that moves all stakeholders toward front-end loaded safety concepts. This approach entails a common understanding and mastering of basic principles of safety design for space systems at all levels of the program organisation. Fully supported by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS), written by the leading figures in the industry, with frontline experience from projects ranging from the Apollo missions, Skylab, the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station, this book provides a comprehensive reference for aerospace engineers in industry. It addresses each of the key elements that impact on space systems safety, including: the space environment (natural and induced); human physiology in space; human rating factors; emergency capabilities; launch propellants and oxidizer systems; life support systems; battery and fuel cell safety; nuclear power generators (NPG) safety; habitat activities; fire protection; safety-critical software development; collision avoidance systems design; operations and on-orbit maintenance. * The only comprehensive space systems safety reference, its must-have status within space agencies and suppliers, technical and aerospace libraries is practically guaranteed * Written by the leading figures in the industry from NASA, ESA, JAXA, (et cetera), with frontline experience from projects ranging from the Apollo missions, Skylab, the Space Shuttle, small and large satellite systems, and the International Space Station. * Superb quality information for engineers, programme managers, suppliers and aerospace technologists; fully supported by the IAASS (International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety)

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1968
Genre: Nuclear energy
ISBN: UOM:39015026176985

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Apollo Soyuz experiments in Space

Apollo Soyuz  experiments in Space
Author: Lou Williams Page,Thornton Page
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1977
Genre: Space sciences
ISBN: UCR:31210024889345

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Life and Space

Life and Space
Author: V. Borisov,O. Gorlov
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 279
Release: 1964
Genre: Space biology
ISBN: UVA:X000979577

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Soviet biological experiments carried out with great thoroughness, embraced different sides of the problem of guaranteeing safety of a man's flight in space. In essence they provided a 'visa' for the first flight. This book relates, in popular form, the problems and achievements of space biology and medicine. Its authors are Soviet physician-physiologists. Therefore, it is natural that in the book much scientific information is given, from the physiological point of view, concerning questions of preparing future cosmonauts for flights.

Molecular Biology of the Cell

Molecular Biology of the Cell
Author: Bruce Alberts
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2004
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 0815332181

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