Biomedical Engineering Applications for People with Disabilities and the Elderly in the COVID 19 Pandemic and Beyond

Biomedical Engineering Applications for People with Disabilities and the Elderly in the COVID 19 Pandemic and Beyond
Author: Valentina Emilia Balas,Oana Geman
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2022-06-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323851909

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Biomedical Engineering Applications for People with Disabilities and the Elderly in the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond presents biomedical engineering applications used to manage people’s disabilities and care for the elderly to improve their quality of life and extend life expectancy. This edited book covers all aspects of assistive technologies, including the Internet of Things (IoT), telemedicine, e-Health, m-Health, smart sensors, robotics, devices for rehabilitation, and "serious" games. This book will prove useful for bioengineers, computer science undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers, practitioners, biomedical engineering students, healthcare workers, and medical doctors. This volume introduces recent advances in biomaterials, sensors, cellular engineering, biomedical devices, nanotechnology, and biomechanics applied in caring for the elderly and people with disabilities. The unique focus of this book is on the needs of this user base during emergency and disaster situations. The content includes risk reduction, emergency planning, response, disaster recovery, and needs assessment. This book offers readers multiple perspectives on a wide range of topics from a variety of disciplines. This book answers two key questions: What challenges will the elderly and people with disabilities face during a pandemic? How can new (or emerging) advances in biomedical engineering help with these challenges? Includes coverage of smart protective care tools, disinfectants, sterilization equipment and equipment for rapid and accurate COVID-19 diagnosis Focuses on the limitations and challenges faced by the elderly and people with disabilities in pandemic situations, such as limitations on leaving their homes and having caregivers and family visit their homes. How can technology help? Discusses tools, platforms and techniques for managing patients with COVID-19

National Strategy for the COVID 19 Response and Pandemic Preparedness

National Strategy for the COVID 19 Response and Pandemic Preparedness
Author: Joseph R. Biden, Jr.
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2021-05-18
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9781510767614

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The ultimate guide for anyone wondering how President Joe Biden will respond to the COVID-19 pandemic—all his plans, goals, and executive orders in response to the coronavirus crisis. Shortly after being inaugurated as the 46th President of the United States, Joe Biden and his administration released this 200 page guide detailing his plans to respond to the coronavirus pandemic. The National Strategy for the COVID-19 Response and Pandemic Preparedness breaks down seven crucial goals of President Joe Biden's administration with regards to the coronavirus pandemic: 1. Restore trust with the American people. 2. Mount a safe, effective, and comprehensive vaccination campaign. 3. Mitigate spread through expanding masking, testing, data, treatments, health care workforce, and clear public health standards. 4. Immediately expand emergency relief and exercise the Defense Production Act. 5. Safely reopen schools, businesses, and travel while protecting workers. 6. Protect those most at risk and advance equity, including across racial, ethnic and rural/urban lines. 7. Restore U.S. leadership globally and build better preparedness for future threats. Each of these goals are explained and detailed in the book, with evidence about the current circumstances and how we got here, as well as plans and concrete steps to achieve each goal. Also included is the full text of the many Executive Orders that will be issued by President Biden to achieve each of these goals. The National Strategy for the COVID-19 Response and Pandemic Preparedness is required reading for anyone interested in or concerned about the COVID-19 pandemic and its effects on American society.

Lessons from COVID 19

Lessons from COVID 19
Author: Arturas Kaklauskas,Ajith Abraham,Kingsley Okoye,Shankru Guggari
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 466
Release: 2022-06-18
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9780323999441

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Lessons from COVID-19: Impact on Healthcare Systems and Technology uncovers the impact that COVID-19 has made on healthcare and technology industries. State-of-the-art case studies, empirical research, and new trends in technology-mediated solution are discussed to help inform and guide readers in understanding the effects that the COVID-19 outbreak has had across healthcare and technology industries. The book discusses challenges to identify vaccines, changes in legislation on clinical trials and re-purposing of licensed drugs, effects on primary healthcare, best practices adopted by different countries to control the pandemic, and different effects on patients within diverse age groups and comorbidities. In addition, the book covers technology-mediated solutions and infrastructures applied, digital transformations, modeling techniques, statistical projections, and the benefits and use of cloud computing and artificial intelligence. This is a valuable resource for healthcare professionals, medical doctors, researchers and graduate students from both biomedical and technological fields who are interested in learning more about the use of new technologies to fight a pandemic. Discusses the effects of COVID-19 on healthcare and technology Presents case studies and state-of-the-art research and technologies to help readers effectively understand the effects of COVID-19 Empowers researchers to work on effective hypothesis to test the disruptions and changes that have occurred as a result of COVID-19 Bridges practical and theoretical gaps in terms of lessons learned during COVID-19 in the healthcare and technology sectors

Vulnerable

Vulnerable
Author: Colleen M. Flood,Vanessa MacDonnell,Jane Philpott,Sophie Thériault,Sridhar Venkatapuram
Publsiher: University of Ottawa Press
Total Pages: 648
Release: 2020-07-14
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9780776636436

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The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, which causes the disease known as COVID-19, has infected people in 212 countries so far and on every continent except Antarctica. Vast changes to our home lives, social interactions, government functioning and relations between countries have swept the world in a few months and are difficult to hold in one’s mind at one time. That is why a collaborative effort such as this edited, multidisciplinary collection is needed. This book confronts the vulnerabilities and interconnectedness made visible by the pandemic and its consequences, along with the legal, ethical and policy responses. These include vulnerabilities for people who have been harmed or will be harmed by the virus directly and those harmed by measures taken to slow its relentless march; vulnerabilities exposed in our institutions, governance and legal structures; and vulnerabilities in other countries and at the global level where persistent injustices harm us all. Hopefully, COVID-19 will forces us to deeply reflect on how we govern and our policy priorities; to focus preparedness, precaution, and recovery to include all, not just some. Published in English with some chapters in French.

Engineering for Sustainable Development

Engineering for Sustainable Development
Author: International Centre for Engineering Education,UNESCO
Publsiher: UNESCO Publishing
Total Pages: 185
Release: 2021-03-02
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9789231004377

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Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults

Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on the Health and Medical Dimensions of Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2020-05-14
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9780309671033

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Social isolation and loneliness are serious yet underappreciated public health risks that affect a significant portion of the older adult population. Approximately one-quarter of community-dwelling Americans aged 65 and older are considered to be socially isolated, and a significant proportion of adults in the United States report feeling lonely. People who are 50 years of age or older are more likely to experience many of the risk factors that can cause or exacerbate social isolation or loneliness, such as living alone, the loss of family or friends, chronic illness, and sensory impairments. Over a life course, social isolation and loneliness may be episodic or chronic, depending upon an individual's circumstances and perceptions. A substantial body of evidence demonstrates that social isolation presents a major risk for premature mortality, comparable to other risk factors such as high blood pressure, smoking, or obesity. As older adults are particularly high-volume and high-frequency users of the health care system, there is an opportunity for health care professionals to identify, prevent, and mitigate the adverse health impacts of social isolation and loneliness in older adults. Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults summarizes the evidence base and explores how social isolation and loneliness affect health and quality of life in adults aged 50 and older, particularly among low income, underserved, and vulnerable populations. This report makes recommendations specifically for clinical settings of health care to identify those who suffer the resultant negative health impacts of social isolation and loneliness and target interventions to improve their social conditions. Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults considers clinical tools and methodologies, better education and training for the health care workforce, and dissemination and implementation that will be important for translating research into practice, especially as the evidence base for effective interventions continues to flourish.

Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare

Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare
Author: Adam Bohr,Kaveh Memarzadeh
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 378
Release: 2020-06-21
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9780128184394

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Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Healthcare is more than a comprehensive introduction to artificial intelligence as a tool in the generation and analysis of healthcare data. The book is split into two sections where the first section describes the current healthcare challenges and the rise of AI in this arena. The ten following chapters are written by specialists in each area, covering the whole healthcare ecosystem. First, the AI applications in drug design and drug development are presented followed by its applications in the field of cancer diagnostics, treatment and medical imaging. Subsequently, the application of AI in medical devices and surgery are covered as well as remote patient monitoring. Finally, the book dives into the topics of security, privacy, information sharing, health insurances and legal aspects of AI in healthcare. Highlights different data techniques in healthcare data analysis, including machine learning and data mining Illustrates different applications and challenges across the design, implementation and management of intelligent systems and healthcare data networks Includes applications and case studies across all areas of AI in healthcare data

Integrating Social Care into the Delivery of Health Care

Integrating Social Care into the Delivery of Health Care
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Integrating Social Needs Care into the Delivery of Health Care to Improve the Nation's Health
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 194
Release: 2020-01-30
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780309493437

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Integrating Social Care into the Delivery of Health Care: Moving Upstream to Improve the Nation's Health was released in September 2019, before the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a global pandemic in March 2020. Improving social conditions remains critical to improving health outcomes, and integrating social care into health care delivery is more relevant than ever in the context of the pandemic and increased strains placed on the U.S. health care system. The report and its related products ultimately aim to help improve health and health equity, during COVID-19 and beyond. The consistent and compelling evidence on how social determinants shape health has led to a growing recognition throughout the health care sector that improving health and health equity is likely to depend â€" at least in part â€" on mitigating adverse social determinants. This recognition has been bolstered by a shift in the health care sector towards value-based payment, which incentivizes improved health outcomes for persons and populations rather than service delivery alone. The combined result of these changes has been a growing emphasis on health care systems addressing patients' social risk factors and social needs with the aim of improving health outcomes. This may involve health care systems linking individual patients with government and community social services, but important questions need to be answered about when and how health care systems should integrate social care into their practices and what kinds of infrastructure are required to facilitate such activities. Integrating Social Care into the Delivery of Health Care: Moving Upstream to Improve the Nation's Health examines the potential for integrating services addressing social needs and the social determinants of health into the delivery of health care to achieve better health outcomes. This report assesses approaches to social care integration currently being taken by health care providers and systems, and new or emerging approaches and opportunities; current roles in such integration by different disciplines and organizations, and new or emerging roles and types of providers; and current and emerging efforts to design health care systems to improve the nation's health and reduce health inequities.

Engineering

Engineering
Author: Unesco
Publsiher: UNESCO
Total Pages: 396
Release: 2010
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789231041563

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This report reviews engineering's importance to human, economic, social and cultural development and in addressing the UN Millennium Development Goals. Engineering tends to be viewed as a national issue, but engineering knowledge, companies, conferences and journals, all demonstrate that it is as international as science. The report reviews the role of engineering in development, and covers issues including poverty reduction, sustainable development, climate change mitigation and adaptation. It presents the various fields of engineering around the world and is intended to identify issues and challenges facing engineering, promote better understanding of engineering and its role, and highlight ways of making engineering more attractive to young people, especially women.--Publisher's description.

Bioengineering and Biomedical Signal and Image Processing

Bioengineering and Biomedical Signal and Image Processing
Author: Ignacio Rojas,Daniel Castillo-Secilla,Luis Javier Herrera,Héctor Pomares
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 517
Release: 2021-10-08
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783030881634

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Conference on Bioengineering and Biomedical Signal and Image Processing, BIOMESIP 2021, held in Meloneras, Gran Canaria, Spain, in July 2021. The 41 full and 5 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 121 submissions. The papers are grouped in topical issues on biomedical applications in molecular, structural, and functional imaging; biomedical computing; biomedical signal measurement, acquisition and processing; computerized medical imaging and graphics; disease control and diagnosis; neuroimaging; pattern recognition and machine learning for biosignal data; personalized medicine; and COVID-19.

Digital Transformation and Emerging Technologies for Fighting COVID 19 Pandemic Innovative Approaches

Digital Transformation and Emerging Technologies for Fighting COVID 19 Pandemic  Innovative Approaches
Author: Aboul Ella Hassanien,Ashraf Darwish
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 310
Release: 2021-03-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783030633073

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This book is one of the first books that deal with the COVID-19 pandemic. COVID-19 pandemic has affected countries all over the world and has made a significant impact on daily life and healthcare facilities and treatment systems. The book covers the main recent emerging technologies that are related to the COVID-19 crisis. The technologies that are included in this book play a significant role in tackling COVID-19 in the future. The scope of this book is to cover all advanced emerging technologies and artificial intelligence techniques to fight against COVID-19 pandemic.

Framework for Equitable Allocation of COVID 19 Vaccine

Framework for Equitable Allocation of COVID 19 Vaccine
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Equitable Allocation of Vaccine for the Novel Coronavirus
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2020-11-30
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780309682244

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In response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the societal disruption it has brought, national governments and the international community have invested billions of dollars and immense amounts of human resources to develop a safe and effective vaccine in an unprecedented time frame. Vaccination against this novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), offers the possibility of significantly reducing severe morbidity and mortality and transmission when deployed alongside other public health strategies and improved therapies. Health equity is intertwined with the impact of COVID-19 and there are certain populations that are at increased risk of severe illness or death from COVID-19. In the United States and worldwide, the pandemic is having a disproportionate impact on people who are already disadvantaged by virtue of their race and ethnicity, age, health status, residence, occupation, socioeconomic condition, or other contributing factors. Framework for Equitable Allocation of COVID-19 Vaccine offers an overarching framework for vaccine allocation to assist policy makers in the domestic and global health communities. Built on widely accepted foundational principles and recognizing the distinctive characteristics of COVID-19, this report's recommendations address the commitments needed to implement equitable allocation policies for COVID-19 vaccine.

A Multidisciplinary Approach to Capability in Age and Ageing

A Multidisciplinary Approach to Capability in Age and Ageing
Author: Hanna Falk Erhag,Ulrika Lagerlöf Nilsson,Therese Rydberg Sterner,Ingmar Skoog
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2022-01-10
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9783030780630

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This open access book provides insight on how to interpret capability in ageing – one’s individual ability to perform actions in order to reach goals one has reason to value – from a multidisciplinary approach. With for the first time in history there being more people in the world aged 60 years and over than there are children below the age of 5, the book describes this demographic trends as well as the large global challenges and important societal implications this will have such as a worldwide increase in the number of persons affected with dementia, and in the ratio of retired persons to those still in the labor market. Through contributions from many different research areas, it discussed how capability depends on interactions between the individual (e.g. health, genetics, personality, intellectual capacity), environment (e.g. family, friends, home, work place), and society (e.g. political decisions, ageism, historical period). The final chapter summarizes the differences and similarities in these contributions. As such this book provides an interesting read for students, teachers and researchers at different levels and from different fields interested in capability and multidisciplinary research.

COVID 19 in the Global South

COVID 19 in the Global South
Author: Carmody, Pádraig,McCann, Gerard
Publsiher: Policy Press
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2020-10-21
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9781529215892

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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC-ND licence. Bringing together a range of experts across various sectors, this important volume explores some of the key issues that have arisen in the Global South with the COVID-19 pandemic. Situating the worldwide health crisis within broader processes of globalisation, the book investigates implications for development and gender, as well as the effects on migration, climate change and economic inequality. Contributors consider how widespread and long-lasting responses to the pandemic should be, while paying particular attention to the accentuated risks faced by vulnerable populations. Providing answers that will be essential to development practitioners and policy makers, the book offers vital insights into how the impact of COVID-19 can be mitigated in some of the most challenging socio-economic contexts worldwide.

Business Ethics

Business Ethics
Author: Stephen M. Byars,Kurt Stanberry
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2018-09-24
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 1947172565

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