Carbon Nanomaterial Based Adsorbents for Water Purification

Carbon Nanomaterial Based Adsorbents for Water Purification
Author: Suprakas Sinha Ray,Rashi Gusain,Neeraj Kumar
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2020-06-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128219607

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The deterioration of water quality and unavailability of drinkable water are pressing challenges worldwide. The removal of toxic organic and inorganic pollutants from water is vital for a clean environment, as a response to water scarcity. Adsorption-based water technologies are among the most widely used because of their high efficiency and low cost, without relying on a complex infrastructure. In recent years, carbon nanomaterials (CNMs), such as graphene and derivatives, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, nanoporous carbon, fullerenes, graphitic carbon nitride, and nanodiamonds have been extensively exploited as adsorbents due to their extraordinary surface properties, ease of modification, large surface area, controlled structural varieties, high chemical stability, porosity, low density, ease of regeneration, and reusability. This book provides a thorough overview of the state of the art in carbon nanomaterials as they are used for adsorption applications in water purifications, as well as addressing their toxicological challenges. This volume primarily explores the fundamentals of adsorption, its mechanical aspects, synthesis and properties of CNMs, and adsorption performances of CNMs and their nanocomposites with organic and inorganic materials. Structural engineering and activation processes produce materials with enhanced adsorptive properties and separation efficiencies. Furthermore, the formation of CNMs with 2D and 3D macro-and microstructures and high porosities is a potential approach to improve adsorption performances and extend CNM use at the industrial level. The book also addresses important issues regarding these adsorbents that potentially affect future research and industrial applications of carbon-based nanoadsorbents in water security. Presents advances in multifunctional 3D superstructures of carbon nanomaterials and their composites for adsorption applications Outlines the fundamentals on synthesis and characterization techniques of carbon-based nanostructures and their composites Assesses the major toxicological challenges in using nanostructured materials as adsorbents for water purification

Emerging Trends of Nanotechnology in Environment and Sustainability

Emerging Trends of Nanotechnology in Environment and Sustainability
Author: Karthiyayini Sridharan
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 130
Release: 2018-01-04
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783319713274

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This book discusses nanotechnology, its benefits and risks affecting the environment we live in today, and is divided into three parts: Part-I dealing with Sustainability, Part-II describing Toxicological Impacts, and Part-III discussing Nanomaterial-based Adsorbents. The crucial challenge of sustainability in various environmental elements is a global problem. This draws upon various issues of nanotechnology which impact sustainability of food, clean environment, green house gases, raw materials extraction, manufacturing and automobile industry. Growth in the production of nanomaterials to suit any of these applications is commendable. However, this does not negate the growth in their toxic effects. The nanotoxicity research in areas like medicine and agriculture industry is reviewed in detail in this book. Part-II discusses the toxic nature of widely used nanomaterials. Nanomaterials are enormously used in environmental remediation due to some of their distinct properties. These properties are described and discussed. Part-III of the book highlights the highly reactive and adsorbent properties of nanomaterials that enable them to be a competent agent in water and pollutant remediation. This book is mainly intended for researchers and students to acquire fairly comprehensive understanding and appreciation of nanotechnology dominance in sustainability challenges, with the aim to give the anticipatory governance of nanomaterials in our society and environment.

Environmental Applications of Carbon Nanomaterials Based Devices

Environmental Applications of Carbon Nanomaterials Based Devices
Author: Shadpour Mallakpour,Chaudery M. Hussain
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2021-09-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783527830985

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Environmental Applications of Carbon Nanomaterials-Based Devices Explore this insightful treatment of the function and fabrication of high-performance devices for environmental applications Environmental Applications of Carbon Nanomaterials-Based Devices delivers an overview of state-of-the-art technology in functionalized carbon nanomaterials-based devices for environmental applications. The book provides a powerful foundation, based in materials science, on functionalized carbon nanomaterials in general, and environmental science and device fabrication in particular. The book focuses on the chemical and physical methods of functionalization of carbon nanomaterials and the technology of device fabrication, including lab-on-a-chip approaches and applications such as wastewater purification and gas sensing. It provides readers with a thorough understanding of effective environmental remediation techniques performed with carbon nanomaterials-based devices. In addition to topics such as cross-linked graphene oxide membranes assembled with graphene oxide nanosheets, free-standing graphene oxide-chitin nanocrystal composite membranes for dye adsorption and oil/water separation, and in-situ grown covalent organic framework nanosheets on graphene for membrane-based dye/salt separation, readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to charge-gated ion transport through polyelectrolyte intercalated amine reduced graphene oxide membranes An exploration of hydrotalcite/graphene oxide hybrid nanosheets functionalized nanofiltration membrane for desalination A discussion of the incorporation of attapulgite nanorods into graphene oxide nanofiltration membranes for efficient dyes wastewater treatment An examination of attapulgite nanofibers and graphene oxide composite membranes for high-performance molecular separation Perfect for materials scientists, analytical chemists, and environmental chemists, Environmental Applications of Carbon Nanomaterials-Based Devices will also earn a place in the libraries of sensor developers seeking a one-stop resource for high-performance devices and sensors useful for environmental applications.

Carbon Based Material for Environmental Protection and Remediation

Carbon Based Material for Environmental Protection and Remediation
Author: Mattia Bartoli,Marco Frediani,Luca Rosi
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 188
Release: 2020-08-19
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781789845860

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Carbon-Based Material for Environmental Protection and Remediation presents an overview of carbon-based technologies and processes, and examines their usefulness and efficiency for environmental preservation and remediation. Chapters cover topics ranging from pollutants removal to new processes in materials science. Written for interested readers with strong scientific and technological backgrounds, this book will appeal to scientific advisors at private companies, academics, and graduate students.

Nanomaterials for Environmental Protection

Nanomaterials for Environmental Protection
Author: Boris I. Kharisov,Oxana Vasilievna Kharissova,H. V. Rasika Dias
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2014-08-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781118845547

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This book is divided into four main sections thoroughly analyzing the use of nanomaterials for water, air and soil solutions, and emphasizing environmental risks. Providing background on nanomaterials' two-decade study, it discusses the characterization and application of unconventional disinfectants, called antimicrobial nanomaterials, which fall into three categories and, while seemingly harmless, have potential hazards if applied improperly. Special attention is given to the process of remediation, synthetics techniques, and properties of nanomaterials, with examples to which new and trained readers in the field can relate and understand. an interdisciplinary approach, aimed at scientists in physical chemistry, nanotechnology, and environmental sciences includes applications of non-conventional techniques in environmental protection furthers the development of applied nanoscience and nanotechnology suggests new industrial projects and university courses addressing nanotechnology in and for the environment includes applications for water, air and soil protection

Composite Nanoadsorbents

Composite Nanoadsorbents
Author: George Z. Kyzas,Athanasios C. Mitrpoulos
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 385
Release: 2018-11-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128141335

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Composite Nanoadsorbents discusses the most recent advances in the field, including promising techniques for waste water decontamination and the advantages and drawbacks of nanoadsorbents in these applications. The implications of nanoadsorbents to public health and future developments for facilitating environmental sustainability are also discussed. New approaches for nanomaterials are analyzed, focusing on the effect of nanotechnology in adsorption applications. The effectiveness of nanosized materials is evaluated, along with cost factors and new synthesis routes of composite nanomaterials. Combining the areas of nanotechnology, adsorption, and composite surface chemistry, the synthesis, modifications and applications of nanotechnology in the adsorption process are demonstrated. Edited by a prolific expert in the field, this book will be a valuable resource for researchers, postgraduate students and professionals in the fields of nanotechnology, adsorption and materials synthesis. Bridges the gap between theory and application of composite nanoadsorbents Provides an understanding of the benefits of nanoadsorbents and their cost, efficiency and novelty Includes material on inorganic nanoadsorbents and carbon nanotubes

Rapid Refrigeration and Water Protection

Rapid Refrigeration and Water Protection
Author: Rasel Das
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9783030938451

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Smart Materials for Waste Water Applications

Smart Materials for Waste Water Applications
Author: Ajay Kumar Mishra
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2016-01-29
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781119041191

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Smart materials are used to develop more cost-effective and high-performance water treatment systems as well as instant and continuous ways to monitor water quality. Smart materials in water research have been extensively utilized for the treatment, remediation, and pollution prevention. Smart materials can maintain the long term water quality, availability and viability of water resource. Thus, water via smart materials can be reused, recycled, desalinized and also it can detect the biological and chemical contamination whether the source is from municipal, industrial or man-made waste. The 15 state-of-the-art review chapters contained in this book cover the recent advancements in the area of waste water, as well as the prospects about the future research and development of smart materials for the waste water applications in the municipal, industrial and manmade waste areas. Treatment techniques (nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, reverse osmosis, adsorption and nano-reactive membranes) are also covered in-depth. The chapters are divided into three groups: The first section includes the various carbon nanomaterials (such as carbon nanotubes, mixed oxides) with a focus on use of carbon at nanoscale applied for waste water research. The second section focuses on synthetic nanomaterials for pollutants removal. The third section highlights the bio-polymeric nanomaterials where the authors have used the natural polymers matrices in a composite and nanocomposite material for waste treatment. The large number of researchers working in the area will benefit from the fundamental concepts, advanced approaches and application of the various smart materials towards waste water treatment that are described in the book. It will also provide a platform for the researchers and graduate students to carry out advanced research and understand the building blocks.

Batch Adsorption Process of Metals and Anions for Remediation of Contaminated Water

Batch Adsorption Process of Metals and Anions for Remediation of Contaminated Water
Author: Deepak Gusain,Faizal Bux
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2021-03-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000348347

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Adsorption is one of the method that is in use for remediation of contaminated water. The experimental factors affecting the batch mode of adsorption of various metals and inorganic anions are discussed in this book. The elemental contaminants have been categorized into four major categories i.e. major toxic elements; essential elements having toxicity on excessive exposure; miscellaneous elements having undetermined effects; non-toxic elements having trivial or unidentified significance. In addition, anions like nitrate, perchlorate and sulphate as water contaminants are considered. This unique volume fills a niche in the area of water treatment. Key Features: Provides practitioners with the background they need to understand and apply batch adsorption processes to the purification of water Describes the actions of adsorption capacity or percentage removal with respect to factors affecting the adsorption process Excellent source of information for those working in the industry for remediation of metals and anions Discusses the current era of Anthropocene which is highly dependent on the anthropogenic mineral sources for its sustenance

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Wastewater Treatment

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Wastewater Treatment
Author: Bharat A. Bhanvase,Shirish Sonawane,Vijay B. Pawade,Aniruddha B. Pandit
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1216
Release: 2021-05-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128214992

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Handbook of Nanomaterials for Wastewater Treatment: Fundamentals and Scale up Issues provides coverage of the nanomaterials used for wastewater treatment, covering photocatalytic nanocomposite materials, nanomaterials used as adsorbents, water remediation processes, and their current status and challenges. The book explores the major applications of nanomaterials for effective catalysis and adsorption, also providing in-depth information on the properties and application of new advanced nanomaterials for wastewater treatment processes. This is an important reference source for researchers who need to solve basic and advanced problems relating to the use of nanomaterials for the development of wastewater treatment processes and technologies. As nanotechnology has the potential to substantially improve current water and wastewater treatment processes, the synthesis methods and physiochemical properties of nanomaterials and noble metal nanoparticles make their performance and mechanisms efficient for the treatment of various pollutants. Explains the properties of the most commonly used nanomaterials used for wastewater treatment Describes the major nanoscale synthesis and processing techniques for wastewater treatment Assesses the major challenges for using nanomaterials on a mass scale for wastewater treatment

Liquid and Crystal Nanomaterials for Water Pollutants Remediation

Liquid and Crystal Nanomaterials for Water Pollutants Remediation
Author: Uma Shanker,Manviri Rani
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2022-07-07
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781000609912

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Nanoscience technology is playing a vital role in multidisciplinary research due to its unique characteristics at nanoscale as compared to bulk materials. In view of such excellent properties, like high surface area, semiconducting nature, and non-toxicity, nanotechnology has emerged as a promising means to curb pollution. Liquid and crystal nanomaterials aim for products and processes that are ecofriendly, economically sustainable, safe, and energy-efficient. One of the most popular fields widely adopted is photocatalysis of nanomaterials that involves photo-conduction in efficient removal/degradation of noxious pollutants. This book focuses on generation of liquid and crystal nanomaterials for environmental remediation.

Emerging Carbon Based Nanocomposites for Environmental Applications

Emerging Carbon Based Nanocomposites for Environmental Applications
Author: Ajay Kumar Mishra,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Shivani Bhardwaj Mishra
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2020-10-28
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781119554868

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The 12 chapters comprehensively cover the development and advances on emerging carbon-based nanocomposites for wastewater applications and discuss the following topics: The emerging carbon-based nanocomposites for remediation of heavy metals and organic pollutants from wastewater; Functional green carbon nanocomposites for heavy-metal treatment in water; Green nanocomposites and their applications in environmentally-friendly carbon nanomaterials; Carbon-based nanocomposites as heterogeneous catalysts for organic reactions in environment-friendly solvents; Carbonaceous nanomaterials for arsenic and chromium removal from waste water; Biochar-based adsorbents for the removal of organic pollutants from aqueous systems; Describes carbon nanomaterials based green nanocomposites; The removal of trihalomethanes from water using nanofiltration membranes and The transformation of wide bandgap semiconductors for visible-light photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes; Nanocomposite materials as electrode materials in microbial fuel cells for the removal of water pollutants; Plasmonic smart nanosensors for the determination of environmental pollutants.

Sample Preparation with Nanomaterials

Sample Preparation with Nanomaterials
Author: Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Rustem Kecili,Chaudhery Ghazanfar Hussain
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2021-04-06
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783527685608

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Discover this timely, comprehensive, and up-to-date exploration of crucial aspects of the use of nanomaterials in analytical chemistry Sample Preparation with Nanomaterials: Next Generation Techniques for Sample Preparation delivers insightful and complete overview of recent progress in the use of nanomaterials in sample preparation. The book begins with an overview of special features of nanomaterials and their applications in analytical sciences. Important types of nanomaterials, like carbon nanotubes and magnetic particles, are reviewed and biological sample preparation and lab-on-a-chip systems are presented. The distinguished author places special emphasis on approaches that tend to green and reduce the cost of sample treatment processes. He also discusses the legal, economical, and toxicity aspects of nanomaterial samples. This book includes extensive reference material, like a complete list of manufacturers, that makes it invaluable for professionals in analytical chemistry. Sample Preparation with Nanomaterials offers considerations of the economic aspects of nanomaterials, as well as the assessment of their toxicity and risk. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to nanomaterials in the analytical sciences and special properties of nanomaterials for sample preparation An exploration of the mechanism of adsorption and desorption on nanomaterials, including carbon nanomaterials used as adsorbents Discussions of membrane applications of nanomaterials, surface enhanced raman spectroscopy, and the use of nanomaterials for biological sample preparation A treatment of magnetic nanomaterials, lab-on-a-chip nanomaterials, and toxicity and risk assessment of nanomaterials Perfect for analytical chemists, materials scientists, and process engineers, Sample Preparation with Nanomaterials: Next Generation Techniques for Sample Preparation will also earn a place in the libraries of analytical laboratories, universities, and companies who conduct research into nanomaterials and seek a one-stop resource for sample preparation.

Carbon Nanomaterials Based Sensors

Carbon Nanomaterials Based Sensors
Author: Jamballi G. Manjunatha,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 466
Release: 2022-05-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780323984195

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Carbon Nanomaterials-Based Sensors: Emerging Research Trends in Devices and Applications covers the most recent research and design trends for carbon nanomaterials-based sensors for a variety of applications, including clinical and environmental uses, and more. Carbon nanomaterials-based sensors can be used with high sensitivity, stability and accuracy compared to other techniques. Written by experts in their given fields from around the world, this book helps researchers solve the particular challenges they face when developing new types of sensors. It instructs how to make sensitive, selective, robust, fast-response and stable carbon nanomaterial-based sensors, as well as how to utilize them in real life. Covers the environmental monitoring and analytical implications of electro-analytical methods, one of the most dynamically developing branches of carbon nanomaterials Includes a complete discussion of functionalized nanostructure materials reformulated with noble materials and advanced characteristics for improved applications when compared to standard materials Covers sustainability and challenges in the commercialization of carbon nanomaterials-based sensors

Nanotechnology for Environmental Remediation

Nanotechnology for Environmental Remediation
Author: Sabu Thomas,Merin Sara Thomas,Laly A. Pothen
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 468
Release: 2022-08-02
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783527834150

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Nanotechnology for Environmental Remediation Comprehensive resource on using nanomaterials to alleviate environmental pollution Contaminated land, soil and water pose a threat to the environment and health. These sites require immediate action in terms of assessing pollution and new remediation strategies. Nanotechnology for Environmental Remediation helps readers understand the potential of nanotechnology in resolving the growing problem of environmental contamination. The specific aim of this book is to provide comprehensive information relating to the progress in the development of functional nanomaterials and nanocomposites which are used for the environmental remediation of a variety of contaminants. The work deals with the different aspects of nanotechnology in water, air and soil contamination and presents the recent advances with a focus on remediation. Core topics discussed in the work include: Nanotechnology that can be used to engineer and tailor particles for specific environmental remediation applications A big-picture conceptual understanding of environmental remediation methods for researchers, environmentalists and professionals involved in assessing and developing new nano-based strategies A detailed approach towards the different remediation procedures by various nanomaterials such as metal nanoparticles, polymeric nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, and dendrimers The societal impact that nanotechnology has on the environment Chemists and biotechnologists can use Nanotechnology for Environmental Remediation as a comprehensive reference work for thoroughly understanding this new type of technology and why it is so important when considering environmental remediation efforts. Due to the practical application of nanotechnologies, environmental organizations and agencies can also both utilize the work to explore new and more effective ways of doing things, both now and into the future as nanotechnology becomes more common.