Challenges and Innovations in Ocean In Situ Sensors

Challenges and Innovations in Ocean In Situ Sensors
Author: Eric Delory,Jay Pearlman
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2018-09-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128098875

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Challenges and Innovations in Ocean In-Situ Sensors: Measuring Inner Ocean Processes and Health in the Digital Age highlights collaborations of industry and academia in identifying the key challenges and solutions related to ocean observations. A new generation of sensors is presented that addresses the need for higher reliability (e.g. against biofouling), better integration on platforms in terms of size and communication, and data flow across domains (in-situ, space, etc.). Several developments are showcased using a broad diversity of measuring techniques and technologies. Chapters address different sensors and approaches for measurements, including applications, quality monitoring and initiatives that will guide the need for monitoring. Integrates information across key marine and maritime sectors and supports regional policy requirements on monitoring programs Offers tactics for enabling early detection and more effective monitoring of the marine environment and implementation of appropriate management actions Presents new technologies driving the next generation of sensors, allowing readers to understand new capabilities for monitoring and opportunities for another generation of sensors Includes a global vision for ocean monitoring that fosters a new perspective on the direction of ocean measurements

Oceanobs 19 An Ocean of Opportunity Volume III

Oceanobs 19  An Ocean of Opportunity  Volume III
Author: Tong Lee,Sabrina Speich,Laura Lorenzoni,Sanae Chiba,Frank E. Muller-Karger,Minhan Dai,Amos T. Kabo-Bah,John Siddorn,Justin Manley,Maria Snoussi,Fei Chai
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 867
Release: 2020-12-31
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9782889631209

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Oceanobs 19 An Ocean of Opportunity Volume I

Oceanobs 19  An Ocean of Opportunity  Volume I
Author: Tong Lee,Sabrina Speich,Laura Lorenzoni,Sanae Chiba,Frank E. Muller-Karger,Minhan Dai,Amos T. Kabo-Bah,John Siddorn,Justin Manley,Maria Snoussi ,Fei Chai
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 783
Release: 2020-12-31
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9782889631186

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Geomatics and Geospatial Technologies

Geomatics and Geospatial Technologies
Author: Associazioni scientifiche per le informazioni territoriali e ambientali. Conferenza nazionale
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
Genre: Electronic books
ISBN: 9783030944261

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This volume constitutes selected papers presented at the 24th Italian Conference on Geomatics and Geospatial Technologies, ASITA 2021, held as five sessions takind place between 1 and 23 July, 2021. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic the conference was held online. The 28 papers were thoroughly reviewed and selected from 139 submissions. They are organized in topical sections on remote sensing applications; geomatics and natural hazards; geomatics for cultural heritage and natural resources; sensors performance and data processing; geomatics and land management.

Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth s Climate

Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth s Climate
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 150
Release: 2018-01-20
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780309466806

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The ocean is an integral component of the Earth's climate system. It covers about 70% of the Earth's surface and acts as its primary reservoir of heat and carbon, absorbing over 90% of the surplus heat and about 30% of the carbon dioxide associated with human activities, and receiving close to 100% of fresh water lost from land ice. With the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, notably carbon dioxide from fossil fuel combustion, the Earth's climate is now changing more rapidly than at any time since the advent of human societies. Society will increasingly face complex decisions about how to mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change such as droughts, sea-level rise, ocean acidification, species loss, changes to growing seasons, and stronger and possibly more frequent storms. Observations play a foundational role in documenting the state and variability of components of the climate system and facilitating climate prediction and scenario development. Regular and consistent collection of ocean observations over decades to centuries would monitor the Earth's main reservoirs of heat, carbon dioxide, and water and provides a critical record of long-term change and variability over multiple time scales. Sustained high-quality observations are also needed to test and improve climate models, which provide insights into the future climate system. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate considers processes for identifying priority ocean observations that will improve understanding of the Earth's climate processes, and the challenges associated with sustaining these observations over long timeframes.

Remote Sensing of the Terrestrial Water Cycle

Remote Sensing of the Terrestrial Water Cycle
Author: Venkataraman Lakshmi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2014-10-31
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781118872260

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Remote Sensing of the Terrestrial Water Cycle isan outcome of the AGU Chapman Conference held in February2012. This is a comprehensive volume that examines the use ofavailable remote sensing satellite data as well as data fromfuture missions that can be used to expand our knowledge inquantifying the spatial and temporal variations in the terrestrialwater cycle. Volume highlights include: - An in-depth discussion of the global watercycle - Approaches to various problems in climate, weather,hydrology, and agriculture - Applications of satellite remote sensing in measuringprecipitation, surface water, snow, soilmoisture, groundwater, modeling, and dataassimilation - A description of the use of satellite data for accuratelyestimating and monitoring the components of the hydrologicalcycle - Discussion of the measurement of multiple geophysical variablesand properties over different landscapes on a temporal and aregional scale Remote Sensing of the Terrestrial Water Cycle is a valuableresource for students and research professionals in thehydrology, ecology, atmospheric sciences, geography, andgeological sciences communities.

Solving Complex Ocean Challenges Through Interdisciplinary Research Advances from Early Career Marine Scientists

Solving Complex Ocean Challenges Through Interdisciplinary Research  Advances from Early Career Marine Scientists
Author: Stephanie Brodie,Christopher Cvitanovic,Maria Grazia Pennino,Jon Lopez,André Frainer,Kelly Ortega-Cisneros,Natasa Maria Vaidianu,Samiya Ahmed Selim,Sabine Mathesius
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022-06-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9782889763016

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The Topic Editors Stephanie Brodie, Christopher Cvitanovic, Maria Grazia Pennino, Jon Lopez and André Frainer declare that they are members of the IMBeR (Integrated Marine Biosphere Research) network and IMECaN (Interdisciplinary Marine Early Career Network) and are collaborating with the IMBeR research community.

Innovations in WASH Impact Measures

Innovations in WASH Impact Measures
Author: Evan Thomas,Luis Alberto Andrés,Christian Borja-Vega,Germán Sturzenegger
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 120
Release: 2018-02-02
Genre: Nature
ISBN: 9781464811982

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The new 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development includes water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) at its core. A dedicated Sustainable Development Goal (SDG 6) declares a commitment to "ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all." Monitoring progress toward this goal will be challenging: direct measures of water and sanitation service quality and use are either expensive or elusive. However, reliance on household surveys poses limitations and likely overstated progress during the Millennium Development Goal period. In Innovations in WASH Impact Measures: Water and Sanitation Measurement Technologies and Practices to Inform the Sustainable Development Goals, we review the landscape of proven and emerging technologies, methods, and approaches that can support and improve on the WASH indicators proposed for SDG target 6.1, "by 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all," and target 6.2, "by 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations." Although some of these technologies and methods are readily available, other promising approaches require further field evaluation and cost reductions. Emergent technologies, methods, and data-sharing platforms are increasingly aligned with program impact monitoring. Improved monitoring of water and sanitation interventions may allow more cost-effective and measurable results. In many cases, technologies and methods allow more complete and impartial data in time to allow program improvements. Of the myriad monitoring and evaluation methods, each has its own advantages and limitations. Surveys, ethnographies, and direct observation give context to more continuous and objective electronic sensor data. Overall, combined methodologies can provide a more comprehensive and instructive depiction of WASH usage and help the international development community measure our progress toward reaching the SDG WASH goals.