Co Rotating Twin Screw Extruder

Co Rotating Twin Screw Extruder
Author: Klemens Kohlgrüber
Publsiher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2012-11-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783446433410

Download Co Rotating Twin Screw Extruder Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Co-rotating screws and/or extruders are used in many branches of industry for producing, preparing and/or processing highly viscous materials. They find a wide variety of applications especially in the plastics, rubber and food industries. Co-rotating twin-screw machines usually have modular configurations and are thus quite flexible for adapting to changing tasks and material properties. Well-founded knowledge of machines, processes and material behavior are required in order to design twin-screw extruder for economically successful operations. This book provides basic engineering knowledge regarding twin-screw machines; it lists the most important machine-technical requirements and provides examples based on actual practice. Better understanding of the processes is emphasized as this is a prerequisite for optimizing twin-screw designs and operating them efficiently. Besides basic functions, such as compounding, the book focuses on: - the historical development of twin-screws - the geometry of the screw elements (fundamentals, basic patents, patents overview) - material properties and material behavior in the machine - fundamentals of feed behavior, pressure build-up and power input - examples of applications for various processing tasks - compounding: tasks, applications, processing zones - potential and limits of modeling - scaling-up various processes - machine design incl. drives and materials

Reactive Extrusion

Reactive Extrusion
Author: Günter Beyer,Christian Hopmann
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2018-01-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783527340989

Download Reactive Extrusion Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This first comprehensive overview of reactive extrusion technology for over a decade combines the views of contributors from both academia and industry who share their experiences and highlight possible applications and markets. They also provide updated information on the underlying chemical and physical concepts, summarizing recent developments in terms of the material and machinery used. As a result, readers will find here a compilation of potential applications for reactive extrusion to access new and cost-effective polymeric materials, while using existing compounding machines.

Extrusion

Extrusion
Author: Harold F. Giles Jr,John R. Wagner, Jr.,Eldridge M. Mount
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 636
Release: 2013-09-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781437734829

Download Extrusion Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The second edition of Extrusion is designed to aid operators, engineers, and managers in extrusion processing in quickly answering practical day-to-day questions. The first part of the book provides the fundamental principles, for operators and engineers, of polymeric materials extrusion processing in single and twin screw extruders. The next section covers advanced topics including troubleshooting, auxiliary equipment, and coextrusion for operators, engineers, and managers. The final part provides applications case studies in key areas for engineers such as compounding, blown film, extrusion blow molding, coating, foam, and reprocessing. This practical guide to extrusion brings together both equipment and materials processing aspects. It covers basic and advanced topics, for reference and training, in thermoplastics processing in the extruder. Detailed reference data are provided on such important operating conditions as temperatures, start-up procedures, shear rates, pressure drops, and safety. A practical guide to the selection, design and optimization of extrusion processes and equipment Designed to improve production efficiency and product quality Focuses on practical fault analysis and troubleshooting techniques

Compounding in Co Rotating Twin Screw Extruders

Compounding in Co Rotating Twin Screw Extruders
Author: Yeh Wang
Publsiher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2000
Genre: Manufacturing processes
ISBN: 1859571964

Download Compounding in Co Rotating Twin Screw Extruders Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This report describes the geometric structure of modular extruders, development of the various units of an extruder and their functions, the flow mechanisms and models of their behaviour and experimental studies of extruder performance and applications. An additional indexed section containing several hundred abstracts from the Rapra Polymer Library database gives useful references for further reading.

Screw Extrusion

Screw Extrusion
Author: James Lindsay White
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 444
Release: 2003
Genre: Plastics
ISBN: 3446196242

Download Screw Extrusion Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Screw extruders are the most important of all polymer processing machines There is a need for a comprehensive book on this subject. This book emphazises the understanding of the underlaying principles of screw extrusion, the design and behavior of screw based machines. It helps the enineer t optimize his equipment and enhance production rates. Contents: · Introduction · Fundamentals · Screw Extrusion Technology · Technology of Single Screw Extrusion with Reciprocating Screws · Single Screw Extruder Analysis and Design · Twin and Multiscrew Extrusion

Polymer Devolatilization

Polymer Devolatilization
Author: Ramon Albalak
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 736
Release: 2017-09-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781351423595

Download Polymer Devolatilization Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This work introduces the fundamental background necessary to understand polymer devolatilization. It elucidates the actual mechanisms by which the devolatilization of polymer melts progresses, and discusses virtually every type of devolatilization equipment available. The work also addresses devolatilization in various geometries and types of equipment, describing the use of falling strand, slit, single-screw, co-rotating and counter-rotating twin-screw devolatilization.

Extrusion

Extrusion
Author: Harold F. Giles Jr,Eldridge M. Mount III,John R. Wagner, Jr.
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2004-12-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780815517115

Download Extrusion Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Why is it important to get to equilibrium and how long does it take? Are there problems running polypropylene profiles on a single screw extruder? Does the job involve compounding color concentrates on a corotating twin screw extruder? This unique reference work is designed to aid operators, engineers, and managers in quickly answering such practical day-to-day questions in extrusion processing. This comprehensive volume is divided into 7 Parts. It contains detailed reference data on such important operating conditions as temperatures, start-up procedures, shear rates, pressure drops, and safety. This reference is a practical guide to extrusion bringing together both the equipment and materials processing aspects. It provides basic and advanced topics about the thermoplastics processing in the extruder, for reference and training. Parts 1 û 3, emphasize the fundamentals, for operators and engineers, of polymeric materials extrusion processing in single and twin screw extruders. Parts 4 û 7 treat advanced topics including troubleshooting, auxiliary equipment, and coextrusion for operators, engineers, and managers. Extensive applications in Part 7 cover such contemporary areas as compounding, blown film, extrusion blow molding, coating, foam, and reprocessing. Each chapter includes review topics.

Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology Second Edition

Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology  Second Edition
Author: Isaac Ghebre-Sellassie,Charles E. Martin,Feng Zhang,James DiNunzio
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 413
Release: 2018-03-05
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781351129008

Download Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology Second Edition Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The first edition of Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology, published in 2003, was deemed the seminal book on pharmaceutical extrusion. Now it is expanded and improved, just like the usage of extrusion has expanded, improved and evolved into an accepted manufacturing technology to continuously mix active pharmaceutical ingredients with excipients for a myriad of traditional and novel dosage forms. Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology, Second Edition reflects how this has spawned numerous research activities, in addition to hardware and process advancements. It offers new authors, expanded chapters and contains all the extrusion related technical information necessary for the development, manufacturing, and marketing of pharmaceutical dosage forms.

The Technology of Extrusion Cooking

The Technology of Extrusion Cooking
Author: N.D. Frame
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 253
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781461521358

Download The Technology of Extrusion Cooking Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Extrusion cooking is a specialist area of food technology because of the complexity of the interactive effects which are inherent in the system. General predictive modelling is very difficult because ingredients are diverse and can vary considerably. Modelling tends to be product specifi- new product development tends to be by experimental designs and good fortune. The emphasis of this book is on the latest and potential applications of twin screw extrusion in food production, specifically co-rotating inter meshing screw extruders. Of course, in order to develop products and maximise the extruder potential in terms of energy, product quality and output, an overall understanding of the material flow mechanism, barrel fill length and rheology is essential. The book aims to give explanations and general guidance with examples of screw design, configuration and operat ing parameters for a variety of product categories. It is also intended to help production operators diagnose the symptoms of particular problems such as temperature control, quality variation, raw material inconsistency, etc. For the product development technologist there is more than one way to make a similar product. For example, equipment manufacturers recom mend difficult methods for producing flaked corn. In addition, their machines may differ from each other in terms of screw design, power/ volume ratio, screw tip/barrel clearance, etc. , making scale-up more prob lematic.

Elastomer Technology Handbook

Elastomer Technology Handbook
Author: Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff,Paul N. Cheremisinoff
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1120
Release: 2020-07-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780429605031

Download Elastomer Technology Handbook Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Elastomer Technology Handbook is a major new reference on the science and technology of engineered elastomers. This contributed volume features some of the latest work by international experts in polymer science and rubber technology. Topics covered include theoretical and practical information on characterizing rubbers, designing engineering elastomers for consumer and engineering applications, properties testing, chemical and physical property characterization, polymerization chemistry, rubber processing and fabrication methods, and rheological characterization. The book also highlights both conventional and emerging market applications for synthetic rubber products and emphasizes the latest technology advancements. Elastomer Technology Handbook is a "must have" book for polymer researchers and engineers. It will also benefit anyone involved in the handling, manufacturing, processing, and designing of synthetic rubbers.

Hot Melt Extrusion

Hot Melt Extrusion
Author: Dennis Douroumis
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2012-04-24
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781118307878

Download Hot Melt Extrusion Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Hot-melt extrusion (HME) - melting a substance and forcing it through an orifice under controlled conditions to form a new material - is an emerging processing technology in the pharmaceutical industry for the preparation of various dosage forms and drug delivery systems, for example granules and sustained release tablets. Hot-Melt Extrusion: Pharmaceutical Applications covers the main instrumentation, operation principles and theoretical background of HME. It then focuses on HME drug delivery systems, dosage forms and clinical studies (including pharmacokinetics and bioavailability) of HME products. Finally, the book includes some recent and novel HME applications, scale -up considerations and regulatory issues. Topics covered include: principles and die design of single screw extrusion twin screw extrusion techniques and practices in the laboratory and on production scale HME developments for the pharmaceutical industry solubility parameters for prediction of drug/polymer miscibility in HME formulations the influence of plasticizers in HME applications of polymethacrylate polymers in HME HME of ethylcellulose, hypromellose, and polyethylene oxide bioadhesion properties of polymeric films produced by HME taste masking using HME clinical studies, bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of HME products injection moulding and HME processing for pharmaceutical materials laminar dispersive & distributive mixing with dissolution and applications to HME technological considerations related to scale-up of HME processes devices and implant systems by HME an FDA perspective on HME product and process understanding improved process understanding and control of an HME process with near-infrared spectroscopy Hot-Melt Extrusion: Pharmaceutical Applications is an essential multidisciplinary guide to the emerging pharmaceutical uses of this processing technology for researchers in academia and industry working in drug formulation and delivery, pharmaceutical engineering and processing, and polymers and materials science. This is the first book from our brand new series Advances in Pharmaceutical Technology. Find out more about the series here.

Twin Screw Extrusion

Twin Screw Extrusion
Author: James Lindsay White,Eung Kyu Kim
Publsiher: Hanser Gardner Publications
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2010
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1569904715

Download Twin Screw Extrusion Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Twin screw extrusion has become an important part of polymer processing technology. Twin screw extruders are widely used for reactive, procesing, including both polymerization and grafting reactions, for compounding, blending, devolatilization, as well as for thermoplastic final shaping operations, particularly profile extrusion. The purpose of this book is to carefully describe each of these three types of machines and the historical development of their technologies. The book also provides insight into the efforts to model/simulate the flow characteristics of these machines and into the experimental studies of their machine characteristics. This book is unique in clearly distinguishing between the different types of twin screw extruders on the market and in reviewing their capabilities. It is the authors' primary intention to provide a balanced but in-depth overview of twin screw extrusion technology to chemists, engineers and technologists alike

Twin Screw Extruders

Twin Screw Extruders
Author: F. Martelli
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 138
Release: 2012-02-16
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1468414666

Download Twin Screw Extruders Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Most books on plastics machinery include a preamble on the origin of such equipment, and some even discuss the origin of plastic itself, dating back to the early 1900s and such men as Leo Baekeland - the real founder of synthetic plastics. There seems therefore, little pur pose in reiterating what has been said before and going over the same ground so adequately covered in a number of books as well as the trade press. We are indebted to the author of this excellent treatise on twin-screw extruders for getting right down to the business at hand. The author makes mention of two pioneers - Roberto Colombo and Carlo Pasquetti - who were the first to develop twin-screw ex truders. It was my good fortune to follow the work of these pioneers, and, interestingly enough, the principles were so good that their work continues to be relevant even to the advanced and more sophisticated models so well defmed in this book.

Understanding Extrusion

Understanding Extrusion
Author: Chris Rauwendaal
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 251
Release: 2018-12-10
Genre: Plastics
ISBN: 156990698X

Download Understanding Extrusion Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

"The book provides a practical understanding of basic information on extrusion in a way useful to readers without an engineering degree as well as to those new to the field. It is primarily written for extruder operators, supervisors, technical service personnel, and process engineers. Designed for on-the-job use, it guides the reader step by step through material issues, machinery, processing, and troubleshooting. This revised and extended third edition now also covers interpretation of extrusion process data, analysis of shrink void formation, dimensional variation by melt temperature fluctuations, efficient extrusion, grooved barrel extruder technology, and more. Contents: Extrusion Machinery Instrumentation and Control Complete Extrusion Lines Plastics and Their Properties Important in Extrusion How an Extruder Works How to Run an Extruder How to Troubleshoot Extrusion Problems New Developments in Extrusion and Methods to Increase Efficiency"--

Co rotating Twin screw Extruders

Co rotating Twin screw Extruders
Author: Klemens Kohlgrüber
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2008
Genre: Plastics
ISBN: 3446413723

Download Co rotating Twin screw Extruders Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Co-rotating screws and/or extruders are used in many branches of industry for producing, preparing and/or processing highly viscous materials. They find a wide variety of applications especially in the plastics, rubber and food industries. Co-rotating twin-screw machines usually have modular configurations and are thus quite flexible for adapting to changing tasks and material properties. Well-founded knowledge of machines, processes and material behavior are required in order to design twin-screw extruder for economically successful operations. This book provides basic engineering knowledge regarding twin-screw machines; it lists the most important machine-technical requirements and provides examples based on actual practice. Better understanding of the processes is emphasized as this is a prerequisite for optimizing twin-screw designs and operating them efficiently. Besides basic functions, such as compounding, the book focuses on: the historical development of twin-screws the geometry of the screw elements (fundamentals, basic patents, patents overview) material properties and material behavior in the machine fundamentals of feed behavior, pressure build-up and power input examples of applications for various processing tasks compounding: tasks, applications, processing zones potential and limits of modeling scaling-up various processes machine design incl. drives and materials