Cognitive Approach to Natural Language Processing

Cognitive Approach to Natural Language Processing
Author: Bernadette Sharp,Florence Sedes,Wieslaw Lubaszewski
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2017-05-31
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9780081023433

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As natural language processing spans many different disciplines, it is sometimes difficult to understand the contributions and the challenges that each of them presents. This book explores the special relationship between natural language processing and cognitive science, and the contribution of computer science to these two fields. It is based on the recent research papers submitted at the international workshops of Natural Language and Cognitive Science (NLPCS) which was launched in 2004 in an effort to bring together natural language researchers, computer scientists, and cognitive and linguistic scientists to collaborate together and advance research in natural language processing. The chapters cover areas related to language understanding, language generation, word association, word sense disambiguation, word predictability, text production and authorship attribution. This book will be relevant to students and researchers interested in the interdisciplinary nature of language processing. Discusses the problems and issues that researchers face, providing an opportunity for developers of NLP systems to learn from cognitive scientists, cognitive linguistics and neurolinguistics Provides a valuable opportunity to link the study of natural language processing to the understanding of the cognitive processes of the brain

Natural Language Processing and Cognitive Science

Natural Language Processing and Cognitive Science
Author: Bernadette Sharp,Rodolfo Delmonte
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2015-03-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781501501289

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Peer reviewed articles from the Natural Language Processing and Cognitive Science (NLPCS) 2014 meeting in October 2014 workshop. The meeting fosters interactions among researchers and practitioners in NLP by taking a Cognitive Science perspective. Articles cover topics such as artificial intelligence, computational linguistics, psycholinguistics, cognitive psychology and language learning.

Natural Language Understanding and Cognitive Robotics

Natural Language Understanding and Cognitive Robotics
Author: Masao Yokota
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2019-12-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000733051

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In the not so distant future, we can expect a world where humans and robots coexist and interact with each other. For this to occur, we need to understand human traits, such as seeing, hearing, thinking, speaking, etc., and institute these traits in robots. The most essential feature necessary for robots to achieve is that of integrative multimedia understanding (IMU) which occurs naturally in humans. It allows us to assimilate pieces of information expressed through different modes such as speech, pictures, gestures, etc. The book describes how robots acquire traits like natural language understanding (NLU) as the central part of IMU. Mental image directed semantic theory (MIDST) is its core, and is based on the hypothesis that NLU is essentially the processing of mental image associated with natural language expressions, namely, mental-image based understanding (MBU). MIDST is intended to model omnisensory mental image in human and to afford a knowledge representation system in order for integrative management of knowledge subjective to cognitive mechanisms of intelligent entities such as humans and robots based on a mental image model visualized as ‘Loci in Attribute Spaces’ and its description language Lmd (mental image description language) to be employed for predicate logic with a systematic scheme for symbol-grounding. This language works as an interlingua among various kinds of information media, and has been applied to several versions of the intelligent system interlingual understanding model aiming at general system (IMAGES). Its latest version, i.e. conversation management system (CMS) simulates MBU and comprehends the user’s intention through dialogue to find and solve problems, and finally, provides a response in text or animation. The book is aimed at researchers and students interested in artificial intelligence, robotics, and cognitive science. Based on philosophical considerations, the methodology will also have an appeal in linguistics, psychology, ontology, geography, and cartography. Key Features: Describes the methodology to provide robots with human-like capability of natural language understanding (NLU) as the central part of IMU Uses methodology that also relates to linguistics, psychology, ontology, geography, and cartography Examines current trends in machine translation

Cognitive Computing and Big Data Analytics

Cognitive Computing and Big Data Analytics
Author: Judith S. Hurwitz,Marcia Kaufman,Adrian Bowles
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2015-04-08
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781118896785

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A comprehensive guide to learning technologies that unlock thevalue in big data Cognitive Computing provides detailed guidance towardbuilding a new class of systems that learn from experience andderive insights to unlock the value of big data. This book helpstechnologists understand cognitive computing's underlyingtechnologies, from knowledge representation techniques and naturallanguage processing algorithms to dynamic learning approaches basedon accumulated evidence, rather than reprogramming. Detailed caseexamples from the financial, healthcare, and manufacturing walkreaders step-by-step through the design and testing of cognitivesystems, and expert perspectives from organizations such asCleveland Clinic, Memorial Sloan-Kettering, as well as commercialvendors that are creating solutions. These organizations provideinsight into the real-world implementation of cognitive computingsystems. The IBM Watson cognitive computing platform is describedin a detailed chapter because of its significance in helping todefine this emerging market. In addition, the book includesimplementations of emerging projects from Qualcomm, Hitachi, Googleand Amazon. Today's cognitive computing solutions build on establishedconcepts from artificial intelligence, natural language processing,ontologies, and leverage advances in big data management andanalytics. They foreshadow an intelligent infrastructure thatenables a new generation of customer and context-aware smartapplications in all industries. Cognitive Computing is a comprehensive guide to thesubject, providing both the theoretical and practical guidancetechnologists need. Discover how cognitive computing evolved from promise toreality Learn the elements that make up a cognitive computingsystem Understand the groundbreaking hardware and softwaretechnologies behind cognitive computing Learn to evaluate your own application portfolio to find thebest candidates for pilot projects Leverage cognitive computing capabilities to transform theorganization Cognitive systems are rightly being hailed as the new era ofcomputing. Learn how these technologies enable emerging firms tocompete with entrenched giants, and forward-thinking establishedfirms to disrupt their industries. Professionals who currently workwith big data and analytics will see how cognitive computing buildson their foundation, and creates new opportunities. CognitiveComputing provides complete guidance to this new level ofhuman-machine interaction.

Computational and Cognitive Approaches to Narratology

Computational and Cognitive Approaches to Narratology
Author: Ogata, Takashi,Akimoto, Taisuke
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 467
Release: 2016-07-15
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN: 9781522504337

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Studying narratives is often the best way to gain a good understanding of how various aspects of human information are organized and integrated—the narrator employs specific informational methods to build the whole structure of a narrative through combining temporally constructed events in light of an array of relationships to the narratee and these methods reveal the interaction of the rational and the sensitive aspects of human information. Computational and Cognitive Approaches to Narratology discusses issues of narrative-related information and communication technologies, cognitive mechanism and analyses, and theoretical perspectives on narratives and the story generation process. Focusing on emerging research as well as applications in a variety of fields including marketing, philosophy, psychology, art, and literature, this timely publication is an essential reference source for researchers, professionals, and graduate students in various information technology, cognitive studies, design, and creative fields.

Integration of Natural Language and Vision Processing

Integration of Natural Language and Vision Processing
Author: Paul Mc Kevitt
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9789400916395

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Although there has been much progress in developing theories, models and systems in the areas of Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Vision Processing (VP), there has heretofore been little progress on integrating these two subareas of Artificial Intelligence (AI). This book contains a set of edited papers addressing theoretical issues and the grounding of representations in NLP and VP from philosophical and psychological points of view. The papers focus on site descriptions such as the reasoning work on space at Leeds, UK, the systems work of the ILS (Illinois, U.S.A.) and philosophical work on grounding at Torino, Italy, on Schank's earlier work on pragmatics and meaning incorporated into hypermedia teaching systems, Wilks' visions on metaphor, on experimental data for how people fuse language and vision and theories and computational models, mainly connectionist, for tackling Searle's Chinese Room Problem and Harnad's Symbol Grounding Problem. The Irish Room is introduced as a mechanism through which integration solves the Chinese Room. The U.S.A., China and the EU are well reflected, showing the fact that integration is a truly international issue. There is no doubt that all of this will be necessary for the SuperInformationHighways of the future.

Post Narratology Through Computational and Cognitive Approaches

Post Narratology Through Computational and Cognitive Approaches
Author: Ogata, Takashi,Akimoto, Taisuke
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 521
Release: 2019-02-01
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN: 9781522579809

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Studying narratives is an ideal method to gain a good understanding of how various aspects of human information are organized and integrated. The concept and methods of a narrative, which have been explored in narratology and literary theories, are likely to be connected with contemporary information studies in the future, including those in computational fields such as AI, and in cognitive science. This will result in the emergence of a significant conceptual and methodological foundation for various technologies of novel contents, media, human interface, etc. Post-Narratology Through Computational and Cognitive Approaches explores the new possibilities and directions of narrative-related technologies and theories and their implications on the innovative design, development, and creation of future media and contents (such as automatic narrative or story generation systems) through interdisciplinary approaches to narratology that are dependent on computational and cognitive studies. While highlighting topics including artificial intelligence, narrative analysis, and rhetoric generation, this book is ideally designed for designers, creators, developers, researchers, and advanced-level students.

Analyzing Discourse and Text Complexity for Learning and Collaborating

Analyzing Discourse and Text Complexity for Learning and Collaborating
Author: Mihai Dascălu
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 279
Release: 2013-11-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319034195

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With the advent and increasing popularity of Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) and e-learning technologies, the need of automatic assessment and of teacher/tutor support for the two tightly intertwined activities of comprehension of reading materials and of collaboration among peers has grown significantly. In this context, a polyphonic model of discourse derived from Bakhtin’s work as a paradigm is used for analyzing both general texts and CSCL conversations in a unique framework focused on different facets of textual cohesion. As specificity of our analysis, the individual learning perspective is focused on the identification of reading strategies and on providing a multi-dimensional textual complexity model, whereas the collaborative learning dimension is centered on the evaluation of participants’ involvement, as well as on collaboration assessment. Our approach based on advanced Natural Language Processing techniques provides a qualitative estimation of the learning process and enhances understanding as a “mediator of learning” by providing automated feedback to both learners and teachers or tutors. The main benefits are its flexibility, extensibility and nevertheless specificity for covering multiple stages, starting from reading classroom materials, to discussing on specific topics in a collaborative manner and finishing the feedback loop by verbalizing metacognitive thoughts.

Statistical Language and Speech Processing

Statistical Language and Speech Processing
Author: Luis Espinosa-Anke,Carlos Martín-Vide,Irena Spasić
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 183
Release: 2020-09-25
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783030594305

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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Statistical Language and Speech Processing, SLSP 2020, held in Cardiff, UK, in October 2020. The 13 full papers presented together with one invited paper in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 25 submissions. They papers cover the wide spectrum of statistical methods that are currently in use in computational language or speech processing.

Natural Language Processing NLP 2000

Natural Language Processing   NLP 2000
Author: Dimitris N. Christodoulakis
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 444
Release: 2003-06-26
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783540451549

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This volume contains the papers prepared for the 2nd International Conference on Natural Language Processing, held 2-4 June in Patras, Greece. The conference program features invited talks and submitted papers, c- ering a wide range of NLP areas: text segmentation, morphological analysis, lexical knowledge acquisition and representation, grammar formalism and s- tacticparsing,discourse analysis,languagegeneration,man-machineinteraction, machine translation, word sense disambiguation, and information extraction. The program committee received 71 abstracts, of which unfortunately no more than 50% could be accepted. Every paper was reviewed by at least two reviewers. The fairness of the reviewing process is demonstrated by the broad spread of institutions and countries represented in the accepted papers. So many have contributed to the success of the conference. The primary credit, ofcourse, goes to theauthors andto the invitedspeakers. By theirpapers and their inspired talks they established the quality of the conference. Secondly, thanks should go to the referees and to the program committee members who did a thorough and conscientious job. It was not easy to select the papers to be presented. Last, but not least, my special thanks to the organizing committee for making this conference happen.

Cognitive Theory

Cognitive Theory
Author: F. Restle
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2018-12-07
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781134924493

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First published in 1982. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Emotions Technology and Design

Emotions  Technology  and Design
Author: Sharon Tettegah,Safiya Noble
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2015-12-28
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780081007013

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Emotional design explicitly addresses the emotional relationship between the objects and the subjects of design—in this book, the objects are technologies, and the subjects are technology users. The first section delves into the philosophy and theory of emotional design to provide a foundation for the rest of the book, which goes on to discuss emotional design principles, the design and use of emoticons, and then intelligent agents in a variety of settings. A conclusion chapter covers future research and directions. Emotions, Technology, and Design provides a thorough look at how technology design affects emotions and how to use that understanding to in practical applications. Discusses the role of culture, trust, and identity in empathetic technology Presents a framework for using sound to elicit positive emotional responses Details the emotional use of color in design Explores the use of emoticons, earcons, and tactons Addresses the emotional design specific to agent-based environments

Computational Cognitive Modeling and Linguistic Theory

Computational Cognitive Modeling and Linguistic Theory
Author: Adrian Brasoveanu,Jakub Dotlačil
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2020-01-01
Genre: Electronic books
ISBN: 9783030318468

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This open access book introduces a general framework that allows natural language researchers to enhance existing competence theories with fully specified performance and processing components. Gradually developing increasingly complex and cognitively realistic competence-performance models, it provides running code for these models and shows how to fit them to real-time experimental data. This computational cognitive modeling approach opens up exciting new directions for research in formal semantics, and linguistics more generally, and offers new ways of (re)connecting semantics and the broader field of cognitive science. The approach of this book is novel in more ways than one. Assuming the mental architecture and procedural modalities of Anderson's ACT-R framework, it presents fine-grained computational models of human language processing tasks which make detailed quantitative predictions that can be checked against the results of self-paced reading and other psycho-linguistic experiments. All models are presented as computer programs that readers can run on their own computer and on inputs of their choice, thereby learning to design, program and run their own models. But even for readers who won't do all that, the book will show how such detailed, quantitatively predicting modeling of linguistic processes is possible. A methodological breakthrough and a must for anyone concerned about the future of linguistics! (Hans Kamp) This book constitutes a major step forward in linguistics and psycholinguistics. It constitutes a unique synthesis of several different research traditions: computational models of psycholinguistic processes, and formal models of semantics and discourse processing. The work also introduces a sophisticated python-based software environment for modeling linguistic processes. This book has the potential to revolutionize not only formal models of linguistics, but also models of language processing more generally. (Shravan Vasishth) .

Cognitive Approaches to Tense Aspect and Epistemic Modality

Cognitive Approaches to Tense  Aspect  and Epistemic Modality
Author: Adeline Patard,Frank Brisard
Publsiher: John Benjamins Publishing
Total Pages: 319
Release: 2011-07-28
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN: 9789027285218

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This volume addresses problems of semantics regarding the analysis of tense and aspect (TA) markers in a variety of languages, including Arabic, Croatian, English, French, German, Russian, Thai, and Turkish. Its main interest goes out to epistemic uses of such markers, whereby epistemic modality is understood as indicating “a degree of compatibility between the modal world and the factual world” (Declerck). All contributions, moreover, tackle these problems from a more or less cognitive point of view, with some of them insisting on the need to provide a unifying explanation for all usage types, temporal and non-temporal, and all of them accepting the premise that the semantics of TA categories essentially refers to subjective, rather than objective, concerns. The volume also represents one of the first attempts to gather accounts of TA marking (in various languages) that are explicitly set within the framework of Cognitive Grammar. Ultimately, this volume aims to contribute to establishing an awareness that modal meaning elements are directly relevant to the analysis of the grammar of time.

Cognitive Neuroscience of Natural Language Use

Cognitive Neuroscience of Natural Language Use
Author: Roel M. Willems
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2015-02-12
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781107042018

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Contributors to this book argue that we should study the brain basis of language as used in our daily lives.