Readings in Cognitive Science

Readings in Cognitive Science
Author: Allan Collins,Edward E. Smith
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2013-10-02
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781483214467

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Readings in Cognitive Science: A Perspective from Psychology and Artificial Intelligence brings together important studies that fall in the intersection between artificial intelligence and cognitive psychology. This book is composed of six chapters, and begins with the complex anatomy and physiology of the human brain. The next chapters deal with the components of cognitive science, such as the semantic memory, similarity and analogy, and learning. These chapters also consider the application of mental models, which represent the domain-specific knowledge needed to understand a dynamic system or natural physical phenomena. The remaining chapters discuss the concept of reasoning, problem solving, planning, vision, and imagery. This book is of value to psychologists, psychiatrists, neurologists, and researchers who are interested in cognition.

Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science

Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science
Author: Lorcan Coyle,Jill Freyne
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 293
Release: 2010-11-16
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783642170799

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This volume comprises the proceedings of the 20th Annual Irish Conference on Arti?cialIntelligenceandCognitiveScience (AICS 2009).AICS2009washosted by the Schoolof Computer Science and Informatics in University College Dublin on August 19–21, 2009. The AICS Conference is Ireland's primary meeting for those involved in the ?elds of arti?cial intelligence and cognitive science. The conference has taken place annually since 1988 and provides a forum for the exchange of ideas and the presentation of research conducted both in Ireland and worldwide. After a rigorous review process, 21 papers were selected for oral presen- tion, and a further seven for poster presentations. Six shorter submissions were accepted for presentation at a technology demo session. The program covered a largerange of topics, with submissions covering classi?cation techniques, biol- ically inspired computation, natural language processing, and applications of AI techniques for the social web and ?nancial markets. Although traditionally the majority of AICS submissions have come from the island of Ireland, AICS 2009 attracted a couple of submissions from farther a?eld—Mexico and Bulgaria. AICS 2009 continued the tradition of inviting high-pro?le speakers from the ?elds. We were delighted to have two high-pro?le speakers give keynote talks: David R. Millen, from the IBM Watson Research Center, in Cambridge, USA, gaveapaperentitled“UseofEnterpriseSocialSoftwaretoSupportOrganization and People Sensemaking”; and John Riedl, Department of Computer Science, University of Minnesota, gave a talk on “Collective Intelligence in the Social Web.” We are most grateful to both speakers for taking time out of their busy schedules to come to Ireland and attend AICS.

Dictionary of Cognitive Science

Dictionary of Cognitive Science
Author: Olivier Houdé,Daniel Kayser,Olivier Koenig,Joëlle Proust,François Rastier
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2004-03
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781135456351

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A translation of the renowned French reference book, Vocabulaire de sciences cognitives , the Dictionary of Cognitive Science presents comprehensive definitions in more than 120 subjects. Topics range from 'Abduction' to 'Writing', and each entry is covered from as many perspectives as possible within the domains of psychology, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, philosophy, and linguistics. The editor and his advisory board, each a specialist in one of these areas, have brought together 60 internationally recognized scholars to give the reader a comprehensive understanding of the most current and dynamic thinking in the cognitive sciences.

Cognitive Science and Artificial Intelligence

Cognitive Science and Artificial Intelligence
Author: Sasikumar Gurumoorthy,Bangole Narendra Kumar Rao,Xiao-Zhi Gao
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 112
Release: 2017-12-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811066986

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This book presents interdisciplinary research on cognition, mind and behavior from an information processing perspective. It includes chapters on Artificial Intelligence, Decision Support Systems, Machine Learning, Data Mining and Support Vector Machines, chiefly with regard to the data obtained and analyzed in Medical Informatics, Bioinformatics and related disciplines. The book reflects the state-of-the-art in Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science, and covers theory, algorithms, numerical simulation, error and uncertainty analysis, as well novel applications of new processing techniques in Biomedical Informatics, Computer Science and its applied areas. As such, it offers a valuable resource for students and researchers from the fields of Computer Science and Engineering in Medicine and Biology.

Foundational Issues in Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science

Foundational Issues in Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science
Author: Mark H. Bickhard,Loren Terveen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 384
Release: 1996
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780444825209

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The book focuses on a conceptual flaw in contemporary artificial intelligence and cognitive science. Many people have discovered diverse manifestations and facets of this flaw, but the central conceptual impasse is at best only partially perceived. Its consequences, nevertheless, visit themselves as distortions and failures of multiple research projects - and make impossible the ultimate aspirations of the fields. The impasse concerns a presupposition concerning the nature of representation - that all representation has the nature of encodings: encodingism. Encodings certainly exist, but encodingism is at root logically incoherent; any programmatic research predicted on it is doomed too distortion and ultimate failure. The impasse and its consequences - and steps away from that impasse - are explored in a large number of projects and approaches. These include SOAR, CYC, PDP, situated cognition, subsumption architecture robotics, and the frame problems - a general survey of the current research in AI and Cognitive Science emerges. Interactivism, an alternative model of representation, is proposed and examined.

Cognitive Design for Artificial Minds

Cognitive Design for Artificial Minds
Author: Antonio Lieto
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2021-03-31
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781315460512

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Cognitive Design for Artificial Minds explains the crucial role that human cognition research plays in the design and realization of artificial intelligence systems, illustrating the steps necessary for the design of artificial models of cognition. It bridges the gap between the theoretical, experimental, and technological issues addressed in the context of AI of cognitive inspiration and computational cognitive science. Beginning with an overview of the historical, methodological, and technical issues in the field of cognitively inspired artificial intelligence, Lieto illustrates how the cognitive design approach has an important role to play in the development of intelligent AI technologies and plausible computational models of cognition. Introducing a unique perspective that draws upon Cybernetics and early AI principles, Lieto emphasizes the need for an equivalence between cognitive processes and implemented AI procedures, in order to realize biologically and cognitively inspired artificial minds. He also introduces the Minimal Cognitive Grid, a pragmatic method to rank the different degrees of biological and cognitive accuracy of artificial systems in order to project and predict their explanatory power with respect to the natural systems taken as a source of inspiration. Providing a comprehensive overview of cognitive design principles in constructing artificial minds, this text will be essential reading for students and researchers of artificial intelligence and cognitive science.

Minds Brains and Computers

Minds  Brains  and Computers
Author: Ralph Morelli,W. Miller Brown,Dina Anselmi
Publsiher: Intellect Books
Total Pages: 246
Release: 1992
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 0893917931

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The basic questions addressed in this book are: what is the computational nature of cognition, and what role does it play in language and other mental processes?; What are the main characteristics of contemporary computational paradigms for describing cognition and how do they differ from each other?; What are the prospects for building cognition and how do they differ from each other?; and what are the prospects for building an artificial intelligence?

Bridging the Gap Between AI Cognitive Science and Narratology With Narrative Generation

Bridging the Gap Between AI  Cognitive Science  and Narratology With Narrative Generation
Author: Ogata, Takashi,Ono, Jumpei
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 409
Release: 2020-09-25
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781799848653

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The use of cognitive science in creating stories, languages, visuals, and characters is known as narrative generation, and it has become a trending area of study. Applying artificial intelligence (AI) techniques to story development has caught the attention of professionals and researchers; however, few studies have inherited techniques used in previous literary methods and related research in social sciences. Implementing previous narratology theories to current narrative generation systems is a research area that remains unexplored. Bridging the Gap Between AI, Cognitive Science, and Narratology With Narrative Generation is a collection of innovative research on the analysis of current practices in narrative generation systems by combining previous theories in narratology and literature with current methods of AI. The book bridges the gap between AI, cognitive science, and narratology with narrative generation in a broad sense, including other content generation, such as a novels, poems, movies, computer games, and advertisements. The book emphasizes that an important method for bridging the gap is based on designing and implementing computer programs using knowledge and methods of narratology and literary theories. In order to present an organic, systematic, and integrated combination of both the fields to develop a new research area, namely post-narratology, this book has an important place in the creation of a new research area and has an impact on both narrative generation studies, including AI and cognitive science, and narrative studies, including narratology and literary theories. It is ideally designed for academicians, researchers, and students, as well as enterprise practitioners, engineers, and creators of diverse content generation fields such as advertising production, computer game creation, comic and manga writing, and movie production.