Computational Non coding RNA Biology

Computational Non coding RNA Biology
Author: Yun Zheng
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2018-09-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128143667

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Computational Non-coding RNA Biology is a resource for the computation of non-coding RNAs. The book covers computational methods for the identification and quantification of non-coding RNAs, including miRNAs, tasiRNAs, phasiRNAs, lariat originated circRNAs and back-spliced circRNAs, the identification of miRNA/siRNA targets, and the identification of mutations and editing sites in miRNAs. The book introduces basic ideas of computational methods, along with their detailed computational steps, a critical component in the development of high throughput sequencing technologies for identifying different classes of non-coding RNAs and predicting the possible functions of these molecules. Finding, quantifying, and visualizing non-coding RNAs from high throughput sequencing datasets at high volume is complex. Therefore, it is usually possible for biologists to complete all of the necessary steps for analysis. Presents a comprehensive resource of computational methods for the identification and quantification of non-coding RNAs Introduces 23 practical computational pipelines for various topics of non-coding RNAs Provides a guide to assist biologists and other researchers dealing with complex datasets Introduces basic computational methods and provides guidelines for their replication by researchers Offers a solution to researchers approaching large and complex sequencing datasets

Computational Biology of Non Coding RNA

Computational Biology of Non Coding RNA
Author: Xin Lai,Shailendra Kumar Gupta,Julio Vera
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 451
Release: 2019
Genre: Bioinformatics
ISBN: 1493989820

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This volume details a collection of state-of-art methods including identification of novel ncRNAs and their targets, functional annotation and disease association in different biological contexts. Chapters guide readers through an overview of disease-specific ncRNAs, computational methods and workflows for ncRNA discovery, annotation based on high-throughput sequencing data, bioinformatics tools and databases for ncRNA analyses, network-based methods, and kinetic modelling of ncRNA-mediated gene regulation. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Computational Biology of Non-Coding RNA: Methods and Protocols aims to provide a state-of-the-art collection of computational methods and approaches that will be of value to researchers interested in ncRNA field.

Computational Biology of Non Coding RNA

Computational Biology of Non Coding RNA
Author: Xin Lai,Shailendra K. Gupta,Julio Vera
Publsiher: Humana Press
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2019-02-04
Genre: Science
ISBN: 1493989812

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This volume details a collection of state-of-art methods including identification of novel ncRNAs and their targets, functional annotation and disease association in different biological contexts. Chapters guide readers through an overview of disease-specific ncRNAs, computational methods and workflows for ncRNA discovery, annotation based on high-throughput sequencing data, bioinformatics tools and databases for ncRNA analyses, network-based methods, and kinetic modelling of ncRNA-mediated gene regulation. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Computational Biology of Non-Coding RNA: Methods and Protocols aims to provide a state-of-the-art collection of computational methods and approaches that will be of value to researchers interested in ncRNA field.

Long Noncoding RNAs in Plants

Long Noncoding RNAs in Plants
Author: Santosh Kumar Upadhyay
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2020-11-13
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128214633

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The growth of human population has increased the demand for improved yield and quality of crops and horticultural plants. However, plant productivity continues to be threatened by stresses such as heat, cold, drought, heavy metals, UV radiations, bacterial and fungal pathogens, and insect pests. Long noncoding RNAs are associated with various developmental pathways, regulatory systems, abiotic and biotic stress responses and signaling, and can provide an alternative strategy for stress management in plants. Long Noncoding RNAs in Plants: Roles in development and stress provides the most recent advances in LncRNAs, including identification, characterization, and their potential applications and uses. Introductory chapters include the basic features and brief history of development of lncRNAs studies in plants. The book then provides the knowledge about the lncRNAs in various important agricultural and horticultural crops such as cereals, legumes, fruits, vegetables, and fiber crop cotton, and their roles and applications in abiotic and biotic stress management. Includes the latest advances and research in long noncoding RNAs in plants Provides alternative strategies for abiotic and biotic stress management in horticultural plants and agricultural crops Focuses on the application and uses of long noncoding RNAs

Computational Methods for Genome wide Non coding RNA Discovery and Analysis

Computational Methods for Genome wide Non coding RNA Discovery and Analysis
Author: Shaojie Zhang
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 108
Release: 2007
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:180189876

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The discovery of novel non-coding RNAs has been among the most exciting recent developments in Biology, yet, many more remain undiscovered. It has been hypothesized that there is in fact an abundance of functional non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) with various catalytic and regulatory functions. Computational methods tailored specifically for ncRNA discovery are being actively developed. As the inherent signal for ncRNA is weaker than that for protein coding genes, comparative methods offer the most promising approach. In this dissertation, we address several open issues and problems on computational methods for genome wide non-coding RNA discovery and analysis: (1) We first consider the following problem: Given an RNA sequence with a known secondary structure, efficiently detect all structural homologs in a genomic database by computing the sequence and structure similarity to the query. Our approach, based on structural filters that eliminate a large portion of the database, while retaining the true homologs, allows us to search a typical bacterial genome in minutes on a standard PC. This results is two orders of magnitude better than currently available software for the problem. (2) We formalize the concept of a filter and provide figures of merit that allow comparison between filters. We design efficient sequence based filters that dominate the current state-of-the-art HMM filters. We provide a new formulation of the covariance model that allows speeding up RNA alignment. We demonstrate the power of our approach on both synthetic data and real bacterial genomes. We then apply our algorithm to the detection of novel riboswitch elements from the whole bacterial and archaeal genomes and environmental sequence data. Our results point to a number of novel riboswitch candidates, and include genomes that were not previously known to contain riboswitches. (3) We propose a novel framework to predict the common secondary structure for unaligned RNA sequences. By matching putative stacks in RNA sequences, we make use of both primary sequence information and thermodynamic stability for prediction at the same time. We show that our method can predict the correct common RNA secondary structures even when we are only given a limited number of unaligned RNA sequences, and it outperforms current algorithms in sensitivity and accuracy. Together these contributions made efforts toward genome wide ncRNA discovery for exploring the modern RNA world.

Molecular Biology of Long Non coding RNAs

Molecular Biology of Long Non coding RNAs
Author: Ahmad M. Khalil,Jeff Coller
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 227
Release: 2013-09-20
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781461486213

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​Long non-coding RNAs (lnc)RNAs have emerged as a new paradigm in epigenetic regulation of the genome. Thousands of lncRNAs have been identified and observed in a wide range of organisms. Unlike mRNA, lncRNA have no protein-coding capacity. ​So, while their function is not entirely clear, they may serve as key organizers of protein complexes that allow for higher order regulatory events. Discovering these functions has been the result of intense research done of the last few years, and lncRNA research has had several critical developments during that time. This book will consolidate these ideas and models to better examine the most important issues in lncRNA biology. This will include critical studies that have led to the discovery and annotation of lncRNAs in numerous species, and the molecular mechanisms for a few lncRNA that have begun to emerge.

Long Non Coding RNAs

Long Non Coding RNAs
Author: Yi Feng,Lin Zhang
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2016
Genre: Biomedicine
ISBN: 1493933787

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This volume assembles a broad spectrum of methods used in long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) research, ranging from computational annotation of lncRNA genes to molecular and cellular analyses of the function of individual lncRNA. Long Non-Coding RNAs: Methods and Protocols also discusses methods used to study circular RNAs and RNA splicing, as well as influential findings on lncRNA in human diseases. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Thorough and cutting-edge, Long Non-Coding RNAs: Methods and Protocols is a must-have for molecular biologists, cell and developmental biologists, specialists who conduct disease-oriented research, and bioinformatics experts who seek a better understanding on lncRNA expression and function by computational analysis of the massive sequencing data that are rapidly accumulating in recent years.

Cancer and Noncoding RNAs

Cancer and Noncoding RNAs
Author: Jayprokas Chakrabarti,Sanga Mitra
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2017-10-13
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128134375

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Cancer and Noncoding RNAs offers an in-depth exploration of noncoding RNAs and their role in epigenetic regulation of complex human disease, most notably cancer. In addition to examining microRNAs, this volume provides a unique evaluation of more recently profiled noncoding RNAs now implicated in carcinogenesis, including lncRNAs, piRNAs, circRNAs, and tRNAs, identifying differences in function between these noncoding RNAs and how they interact with the rest of the epigenome. A broad range of chapters from experts in the field detail epigenetic regulation of various cancer types, along with recent next generation sequencing technologies, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and bioinformatics approaches. This book will help researchers in genomic medicine and cancer biology better understand the role of noncoding RNAs in epigenetics, aiding in the development of useful biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis and new RNA-based disease therapies. Provides a comprehensive analysis of noncoding RNAs implicated in epigenetic regulation of gene expression and chromatin dynamics Educates researchers and graduate students by highlighting, in addition to miRNAs, a range of noncoding RNAs newly associated with carcinogenesis Applies current knowledge of noncoding RNAs and epigenomics towards developing cancer and RNA-based disease therapies Features contributions by leading experts in the field