Connected and Automated Vehicles

Connected and Automated Vehicles
Author: Raj Ponnaluri,Priyanka Alluri
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2021-07-15
Genre: Transportation
ISBN: 9780128205679

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Disruption in Transportation, as some experts say, is here; so is this book at this critical inflection point in the history of transportation planning, engineering, and operations. With a focus on improving safety and maximizing available systems to accommodate all modes of travel, this work brings together an array of topics and themes on transportation technologies under the banner of Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAV). The emerging technology implementing entities, industry leaders, original equipment manufacturers, standard development organizations, researchers, and others are singularly focused on a global multilogue to promote Safety, Mobility, Environment, and Economic Development (SMEEd). These discussions are technologically interdisciplinary and procedurally cross-functional, hence the need for CAV: Developing Policies, Designing Programs, and Deploying Projects. This book is aimed at the policy-maker who wants to know the high-level detail; the planner who chooses to pursue the most efficient path to implementation; the professional engineer who needs to design a sustainable system; the practitioner who considers deployable frameworks; the project manager who oversees the system deployment; the private sector consultant who develops and delivers a CAV program; and the researcher who evaluates the project benefits and documents lessons learned. This book makes a business case for implementing CAV technologies to achieve SMEEd goals; presents the possibilities and challenges to deploying emerging technologies; identifies the institutional roles and responsibilities; and develops a policy framework for mainstreaming CAV. A comprehensive perspective on emerging technologies and CAV policies, planning, and practice A practical guide to support the development of a policy framework, business case, and justify funding A real-world experience-driven discussion with case studies, lessons learned, and road map creation A goal-oriented and practitioner-focused detail to draft, design, and deploy emerging technologies and CAV to achieve safety and mobility outcomes

Connected and Autonomous Vehicles in Smart Cities

Connected and Autonomous Vehicles in Smart Cities
Author: Hussein T. Mouftah,Melike Erol-Kantarci,Sameh Sorour
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2020-12-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000258974

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This book presents a comprehensive coverage of the five fundamental yet intertwined pillars paving the road towards the future of connected autonomous electric vehicles and smart cities. The connectivity pillar covers all the latest advancements and various technologies on vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications/networking and vehicular cloud computing, with special emphasis on their role towards vehicle autonomy and smart cities applications. On the other hand, the autonomy track focuses on the different efforts to improve vehicle spatiotemporal perception of its surroundings using multiple sensors and different perception technologies. Since most of CAVs are expected to run on electric power, studies on their electrification technologies, satisfaction of their charging demands, interactions with the grid, and the reliance of these components on their connectivity and autonomy, is the third pillar that this book covers. On the smart services side, the book highlights the game-changing roles CAV will play in future mobility services and intelligent transportation systems. The book also details the ground-breaking directions exploiting CAVs in broad spectrum of smart cities applications. Example of such revolutionary applications are autonomous mobility on-demand services with integration to public transit, smart homes, and buildings. The fifth and final pillar involves the illustration of security mechanisms, innovative business models, market opportunities, and societal/economic impacts resulting from the soon-to-be-deployed CAVs. This book contains an archival collection of top quality, cutting-edge and multidisciplinary research on connected autonomous electric vehicles and smart cities. The book is an authoritative reference for smart city decision makers, automotive manufacturers, utility operators, smart-mobility service providers, telecom operators, communications engineers, power engineers, vehicle charging providers, university professors, researchers, and students who would like to learn more about the advances in CAEVs connectivity, autonomy, electrification, security, and integration into smart cities and intelligent transportation systems.

Autonomous Vehicles and Future Mobility

Autonomous Vehicles and Future Mobility
Author: Pierluigi Coppola,Domokos Esztergár-Kiss
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 177
Release: 2019-06-14
Genre: Transportation
ISBN: 9780128176979

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Autonomous Vehicles and Future Mobility presents novel methods for examining the long-term effects on individuals, society, and on the environment for a wide range of forthcoming transport scenarios, such as self-driving vehicles, workplace mobility plans, demand responsive transport analysis, mobility as a service, multi-source transport data provision, and door-to-door mobility. With the development and realization of new mobility options comes change in long-term travel behavior and transport policy. This book addresses these impacts, considering such key areas as the attitude of users towards new services, the consequences of introducing new mobility forms, the impacts of changing work related trips, and more. By examining and contextualizing innovative transport solutions in this rapidly evolving field, the book provides insights into the current implementation of these potentially sustainable solutions. It will serve as a resource of general guidelines and best practices for researchers, professionals and policymakers. Covers hot topics, including travel behavior change, autonomous vehicle impacts, intelligent solutions, mobility planning, mobility as a service, sustainable solutions, and more Examines up-to-date models and applications using novel technologies Contains contributions from leading scholars around the globe Includes case studies with the latest research results

Autonomous and Connected Heavy Vehicle Technology

Autonomous and Connected Heavy Vehicle Technology
Author: Rajalakshmi Krishnamurthi,Adarsh Kumar,Sukhpal Singh Gill
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2022-02-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323907156

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Autonomous and Connected Heavy Vehicle Technology presents the fundamentals, definitions, technologies, standards and future developments of autonomous and connected heavy vehicles. This book provides insights into various issues pertaining to heavy vehicle technology and helps users develop solutions towards autonomous, connected, cognitive solutions through the convergence of Big Data, IoT, cloud computing and cognition analysis. Various physical, cyber-physical and computational key points related to connected vehicles are covered, along with concepts such as edge computing, dynamic resource optimization, engineering process, methodology and future directions. The book also contains a wide range of case studies that help to identify research problems and an analysis of the issues and synthesis solutions. This essential resource for graduate-level students from different engineering disciplines such as automotive and mechanical engineering, computer science, data science and business analytics combines both basic concepts and advanced level content from technical experts. Covers state-of-the-art developments and research in vehicle sensor technology, vehicle communication technology, convergence with emerging technologies, and vehicle software and hardware integration Addresses challenges such as optimization, real-time control systems for distance and steering mechanism, and cognitive and predictive analysis Provides complete product development, commercial deployment, technological and performing costs and scaling needs

Energy Efficient Driving of Road Vehicles

Energy Efficient Driving of Road Vehicles
Author: Antonio Sciarretta,Ardalan Vahidi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2019-08-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783030241278

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This book elaborates the science and engineering basis for energy-efficient driving in conventional and autonomous cars. After covering the physics of energy-efficient motion in conventional, hybrid, and electric powertrains, the book chiefly focuses on the energy-saving potential of connected and automated vehicles. It reveals how being connected to other vehicles and the infrastructure enables the anticipation of upcoming driving-relevant factors, e.g. hills, curves, slow traffic, state of traffic signals, and movements of nearby vehicles. In turn, automation allows vehicles to adjust their motion more precisely in anticipation of upcoming events, and to save energy. Lastly, the energy-efficient motion of connected and automated vehicles could have a harmonizing effect on mixed traffic, leading to additional energy savings for neighboring vehicles. Building on classical methods of powertrain modeling, optimization, and optimal control, the book further develops the theory of energy-efficient driving. In addition, it presents numerous theoretical and applied case studies that highlight the real-world implications of the theory developed. The book is chiefly intended for undergraduate and graduate engineering students and industry practitioners with a background in mechanical, electrical, or automotive engineering, computer science or robotics.

Handbook of Human Factors for Automated Connected and Intelligent Vehicles

Handbook of Human Factors for Automated  Connected  and Intelligent Vehicles
Author: Donald L. Fisher,William J. Horrey,John D. Lee,Michael A. Regan
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 564
Release: 2020
Genre: Automobile driving
ISBN: 1138035025

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"Automobile crashes are the seventh leading cause of death worldwide, resulting in over 1.25 million deaths yearly. Automated, connected, and intelligent vehicles are predicted to decrease crashes up to 80%. However, the transition will take decades. This new handbook provides both ordinary and vulnerable road users the information about the human driver that they need in a single, integrated compendium in order to ensure that automated, connected and intelligent vehicles reach their full potential of reduced crashes, congestion, and carbon emissions"--

Designing Interaction and Interfaces for Automated Vehicles

Designing Interaction and Interfaces for Automated Vehicles
Author: Neville Stanton,Kirsten M. A. Revell,Patrick Langdon
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 521
Release: 2021-03-10
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781000347937

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Driving automation and autonomy are already upon us and the problems that were predicted twenty years ago are beginning to appear. These problems include shortfalls in expected benefits, equipment unreliability, driver skill fade, and error-inducing equipment designs. Designing Interaction and Interfaces for Automated Vehicles: User-Centred Ecological Design and Testing investigates the difficult problem of how to interface drivers with automated vehicles by offering an inclusive, human-centred design process that focusses on human variability and capability in interaction with interfaces. This book introduces a novel method that combines both systems thinking and inclusive user-centred design. It models driver interaction, provides design specifications, concept designs, and the results of studies in simulators on the test track, and in road going vehicles. This book is for designers of systems interfaces, interactions, UX, Human Factors and Ergonomics researchers and practitioners involved with systems engineering and automotive academics._ "In this book, Prof Stanton and colleagues show how Human Factors methods can be applied to the tricky problem of interfacing human drivers with vehicle automation. They have developed an approach to designing the human-automation interaction for the handovers between the driver and the vehicle. This approach has been tested in driving simulators and, most interestingly, in real vehicles on British motorways. The approach, called User-Centred Ecological Interface Design, has been validated against driver behaviour and used to support their ongoing work on vehicle automation. I highly recommend this book for anyone interested, or involved, in designing human-automation interaction in vehicles and beyond." Professor Michael A. Regan, University of NSW Sydney, AUSTRALIA

From AI to Autonomous and Connected Vehicles

From AI to Autonomous and Connected Vehicles
Author: Abdelaziz Bensrhair,Thierry Bapin
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2021-08-25
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781119855484

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The main topic of this book is the recent development of on-board advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS), which we can already tell will eventually contribute to the autonomous and connected vehicles of tomorrow. With the development of automated mobility, it becomes necessary to design a series of modules which, from the data produced by on-board or remote information sources, will enable the construction of a completely automated driving system. These modules are perception, decision and action. State-of-the-art AI techniques and their potential applications in the field of autonomous vehicles are described. Perception systems, focusing on visual sensors, the decision module and the prototyping, testing and evaluation of ADAS systems are all presented for effective implementation on autonomous and connected vehicles. This book also addresses cooperative systems, such as pedestrian detection, as well as the legal issues in the use of autonomous vehicles in open environments.

Connected Vehicles

Connected Vehicles
Author: Radovan Miucic
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 271
Release: 2018-10-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319947853

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This book introduces concepts and technologies of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). It describes state of the art safety communication protocol called Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC), currently being considered for adoption by the USDOT and automotive industry in the US. However, the principles of this book are applicable even if the underlying physical layer protocol of V2X changes in the future, e.g. V2X changes from DSRC to cellular-based connectivity. Fundamental ITS concepts include topics like global positioning system; Vehicle to Vehicle (V2V), Vehicle to Pedestrian (V2P), and Vehicle to Infrastructure (V2I) communications; human-machine interface; and security and privacy. Fundamental concepts are sometimes followed by the real-life test experimental results (such as in V2P Chapter) and description of the performance metrics used to evaluate the results. This book also describes equations and math used in the development of the individual parts of the system. This book surveys current and previous publications for trending research in the ITS domain. It also covers state of the art standards that are in place for the DSRC in the US, starting from the application layer defined in SAE J2735 all the way to physical layer defined in IEEE 802.11. The authors provide a detailed discussion on what is needed to extend the current standards to accommodate future needs of the vehicle communications, such as needs for future autonomous vehicles. Programs and code examples accompany appropriate chapters, for example, after describing remote vehicle target classification function a pseudo code and description is provided. In addition, the book discusses current topics of the technology such as spectrum sharing, simulation, security, and privacy. The intended audience for this book includes engineering graduate students, automotive professionals/engineers, researchers and technology enthusiasts.

Autonomous Vehicle Technology

Autonomous Vehicle Technology
Author: James M. Anderson,Kalra Nidhi,Karlyn D. Stanley,Paul Sorensen,Constantine Samaras,Oluwatobi A. Oluwatola
Publsiher: Rand Corporation
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2014-01-10
Genre: Transportation
ISBN: 9780833084378

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The automotive industry appears close to substantial change engendered by “self-driving” technologies. This technology offers the possibility of significant benefits to social welfare—saving lives; reducing crashes, congestion, fuel consumption, and pollution; increasing mobility for the disabled; and ultimately improving land use. This report is intended as a guide for state and federal policymakers on the many issues that this technology raises.

Cellular V2X for Connected Automated Driving

Cellular V2X for Connected Automated Driving
Author: Mikael Fallgren,Markus Dillinger,Toktam Mahmoodi,Tommy Svensson
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2021-04-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781119692645

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CELLULAR V2X FOR CONNECTED AUTOMATED DRIVING A unique examination of cellular communication technologies for connected automated driving, combining expert insights from telecom and automotive industries as well as technical and scientific knowledge from industry and academia Cellular vehicle-to-everything (C-V2X) technologies enable vehicles to communicate both with the network, with each other, and with other road users using reliable, responsive, secure, and high-capacity communication links. Cellular V2X for Connected Automated Driving provides an up-to-date view of the role of C-V2X technologies in connected automated driving (CAD) and connected road user (CRU) services, such as advanced driving support, improved road safety, infotainment, over-the-air software updates, remote driving, and traffic efficiency services enabling the future large-scale transition to self-driving vehicles. This timely book discusses where C-V2X technology is situated within the increasingly interconnected ecosystems of the mobile communications and automotive industries. An expert contributor team from both industry and academia explore potential applications, business models, standardization, spectrum and channel modelling, network enhancements, security and privacy, and more. Broadly divided into two parts—introductory and advanced material—the text first introduces C-V2X technology and introduces a variety of use cases and opportunities, requiring no prerequisite technical knowledge. The second part of the book assumes a basic understanding of the field of telecommunications, presenting technical descriptions of the radio, system aspects, and network design for the previously discussed applications. This up-to-date resource: Provides technical details from the finding of the European Commission H2020 5G PPP 5GCAR project, a collaborative research initiative between the telecommunications and automotive industries and academic researchers Elaborates on use cases, business models, and a technology roadmap for those seeking to shape a start-up in the area of automated and autonomous driving Provides up to date descriptions of standard specifications, standardization and industry organizations and important regulatory aspects for connected vehicles Provides technical insights and solutions for the air interface, network architecture, positioning and security to support vehicles at different automation levels Includes detailed tables, plots, and equations to clarify concepts, accompanied by online tutorial slides for use in teaching and seminars Thanks to its mix of introductory content and technical information, Cellular V2X for Connected Automated Driving is a must-have for industry and academic researchers, telecom and automotive industry practitioners, leaders, policymakers, and regulators, and university-level instructors and students.

Autonomous Driving

Autonomous Driving
Author: Markus Maurer,J. Christian Gerdes,Barbara Lenz,Hermann Winner
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 706
Release: 2016-05-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783662488478

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This book takes a look at fully automated, autonomous vehicles and discusses many open questions: How can autonomous vehicles be integrated into the current transportation system with diverse users and human drivers? Where do automated vehicles fall under current legal frameworks? What risks are associated with automation and how will society respond to these risks? How will the marketplace react to automated vehicles and what changes may be necessary for companies? Experts from Germany and the United States define key societal, engineering, and mobility issues related to the automation of vehicles. They discuss the decisions programmers of automated vehicles must make to enable vehicles to perceive their environment, interact with other road users, and choose actions that may have ethical consequences. The authors further identify expectations and concerns that will form the basis for individual and societal acceptance of autonomous driving. While the safety benefits of such vehicles are tremendous, the authors demonstrate that these benefits will only be achieved if vehicles have an appropriate safety concept at the heart of their design. Realizing the potential of automated vehicles to reorganize traffic and transform mobility of people and goods requires similar care in the design of vehicles and networks. By covering all of these topics, the book aims to provide a current, comprehensive, and scientifically sound treatment of the emerging field of “autonomous driving".

The Law and Autonomous Vehicles

The Law and Autonomous Vehicles
Author: Matthew Channon,Lucy McCormick,Kyriaki Noussia
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 126
Release: 2019-01-03
Genre: Law
ISBN: 9781351975308

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When will we see autonomous vehicles on our roads? The answer is that to some degree, they are already here. Numerous organisations are testing fully autonomous prototypes on public roads in the UK, and even commercially available vehicles already have several ‘quasi-autonomous’ features. KPMG has forecasted that the connected and autonomous vehicles market could be worth as much as £51 billion to the British economy by 2030 and could create some 30,000 new jobs over the same period. Accordingly, the UK and a number of other jurisdictions are already implementing legal reforms with a view to smoothing the path for this technology. Notably, Parliament has passed the Automated and Electric Vehicles Act 2018 dealing with the insurance of such vehicles, and changes are currently being made to the Road Vehicle (Construction and Use) Regulations 1986 and to the Highway Code to accommodate highly automated technologies. The government has also issued non-statutory guidance in relation to testing on public roads, and in relation to vehicle cybersecurity. Against this rapidly changing landscape, this book analyses the key legal issues facing autonomous vehicles, including testing on public roads, insurance, product liability, and cyber security and data protection. It also examines the approach being taken in other jurisdictions, including Austria, Germany, Greece, Italy, the USA, and South Africa.

Preparing for the Future of Work in Canada

Preparing for the Future of Work in Canada
Author: Oecd
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 140
Release: 2020-07-23
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9264946799

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COVID-19 has led to a labour market shock in Canada and is likely to generate a profound reflection on production and consumption habits. COVID-19 is also likely to accelerate automation as firms look to new technologies to pandemic proof their operations. While automation offers the opportunity to boost productivity, it can also create losers as vulnerable workers who lose jobs may not have the skills needed in a changing labour market. This OECD report examines the potential impacts of automation on people and places across Canada with a special focus on the Province of Ontario. It also sheds light on policies and programmes that can help regions and cities to prepare for the future of work.

Internet of Things and Data Analytics Handbook

Internet of Things and Data Analytics Handbook
Author: Hwaiyu Geng
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 800
Release: 2017-01-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781119173649

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This book examines the Internet of Things (IoT) and Data Analytics from a technical, application, and business point of view. Internet of Things and Data Analytics Handbook describes essential technical knowledge, building blocks, processes, design principles, implementation, and marketing for IoT projects. It provides readers with knowledge in planning, designing, and implementing IoT projects. The book is written by experts on the subject matter, including international experts from nine countries in the consumer and enterprise fields of IoT. The text starts with an overview and anatomy of IoT, ecosystem of IoT, communication protocols, networking, and available hardware, both present and future applications and transformations, and business models. The text also addresses big data analytics, machine learning, cloud computing, and consideration of sustainability that are essential to be both socially responsible and successful. Design and implementation processes are illustrated with best practices and case studies in action. In addition, the book: Examines cloud computing, data analytics, and sustainability and how they relate to IoT overs the scope of consumer, government, and enterprise applications Includes best practices, business model, and real-world case studies Hwaiyu Geng, P.E., is a consultant with Amica Research (www.AmicaResearch.org, Palo Alto, California), promoting green planning, design, and construction projects. He has had over 40 years of manufacturing and management experience, working with Westinghouse, Applied Materials, Hewlett Packard, and Intel on multi-million high-tech projects. He has written and presented numerous technical papers at international conferences. Mr. Geng, a patent holder, is also the editor/author of Data Center Handbook (Wiley, 2015).