Cyanobacteria

Cyanobacteria
Author: A.K. Mishra,D.N. Tiwari,A.N. Rai
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 541
Release: 2018-11-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128146682

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Cyanobacteria constitute the most widely distributed group of photosynthetic prokaryotes found in almost all realms of the earth and play an important role in Earth’s nitrogen and carbon cycle. The gradual transformation from reducing atmosphere to oxidizing atmosphere was a turning point in the evolutionary history of the earth and made conditions for present life forms possible. Cyanobacteria: From Basic Science to Applications is the first reference volume that comprehensively discusses all aspects of cyanobacteria, including the diverse mechanisms of cyanobacteria for the advancement of cyanobacterial abilities, towards higher biofuel productivity, enhanced tolerance to environmental stress and bioactive compounds and potential for biofertilizers. Describes cyanobacterial diversity, stress biology, and biotechnological aspects of cyanobacteria Explores the global importance of cyanobacteria Provides a broad compilation of research that deals with cyanobacterial stress responses in both controlled laboratory conditions as well as in their natural environment

Toxic Cyanobacteria in Water

Toxic Cyanobacteria in Water
Author: Ingrid Chorus,Martin Welker
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 840
Release: 2021-03-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000262049

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Cyanobacterial toxins are among the hazardous substances most widely found in water. They occur naturally, but concentrations hazardous to human health are usually due to human activity. Therefore, to protect human health, managing lakes, reservoirs and rivers to prevent cyanobacterial blooms is critical. This second edition of Toxic Cyanobacteria in Water presents the current state of knowledge on the occurrence of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins as well as their impacts on health through water-related exposure pathways, chiefly drinking-water and recreational activity. It provides scientific and technical background information to support hazard identification, assessment and prioritisation of the risks posed by cyanotoxins, and it outlines approaches for their management at each step of the water-use system. It sets out key practical considerations for developing management strategies, implementing efficient measures and designing monitoring programmes. This enables stakeholders to evaluate whether there is a health risk from toxic cyanobacteria and to mitigate it with appropriate measures. This book is intended for those working on toxic cyanobacteria with a specific focus on public health protection. It intends to empower professionals from different disciplines to communicate and cooperate for sustainable management of toxic cyanobacteria, including public health workers, ecologists, academics, and catchment and waterbody managers. Ingrid Chorus headed the department for Drinking-Water and Swimming-Pool Hygiene at the German Environment Agency. Martin Welker is a limnologist and microbiologist, currently with bioMérieux in Lyon, France.

Marine Cyanobacteria

Marine Cyanobacteria
Author: Loïc Charpy,A. W. D. Larkum
Publsiher: Musee Oceanographique
Total Pages: 624
Release: 1999
Genre: Cyanobacteria
ISBN: UOM:39015042952146

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Handbook of Cyanobacteria

Handbook of Cyanobacteria
Author: T. A. Sarma
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 812
Release: 2012-12-18
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781578088003

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This handbook acquaints readers with the exciting developments in various areas of cyanobacterial research in the backdrop of the publication of complete genome sequence of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803 in 1996. It begins with a summary of the current knowledge on the taxonomy, phylogeny and evolution of cyanobacteria followed by the sequenced genomes, differentiation of akinetes and heterocyst. The book considers mechanisms of cellular movements (gliding, swimming and twitching motions) exhibited by various cyanobacteria in order to adjust to their environmental niches and the operation of the circadian rhythms. It covers cyanobacterial symbiosis, cyanophages and cyanobacterial toxins, followed by a discussion on stress responses (salinity, temperature, desiccation and oxidation). A comprehensive account on the developments in all these spheres has been presented in a lucid style with the required background information, molecular techniques employed and models proposed. This handbook constitutes the first such book written by a single author at a level and depth for graduate and research students in botany and microbiology.

Cyanobacterial Lifestyle and its Applications in Biotechnology

Cyanobacterial Lifestyle and its Applications in Biotechnology
Author: Prashant Kumar Singh,Maria F. Fillat,Ajay Kumar
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2021-09-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780323910491

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Environmental change is affecting the world's agricultural productivity. This is coupled with an increase in population: according to the United Nations Department for Economic and Social Affairs, the global population is estimated to reach 9.7 billion by 2050. Therefore, the current situation requires that we develop climate-smart technologies to improve crop productivity to sustain the ever-rising global population. Current-day farmers are introducing a considerable amount of agrochemicals to enhance crop productivity. Indiscriminate agrochemical application has altered not only the soil's physic-chemical and biological properties but also affected human health through food chain contamination. Cyanobacteria, under these changing environmental conditions, may help to resolve the problem significantly without changing the natural soil properties. In spite of their well-known stress tolerance potential, most of the cyanobacterial stress management and signaling pathways are yet to be fully characterized. Therefore, there is an urgent need to explore cyanobacterial metabolism under stress as well as their regulatory pathways to exploit them for sustainable agriculture. In recent decades, the application of cyanobacteria has attracted scientists because of uniqueness, better adaptability, and synthetic products. Diverse cyanobacterial communities with the ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen, together with their photosynthetic properties, have demonstrated their application under field conditions. Several cyanobacterial species have thus been exploited to enhance soil fertility, mitigate biotic and abiotic stress, and contamination management. Cyanobacterial Lifestyle and its Applications in Biotechnology has been designed to discuss different aspects of cyanobacterial physiology with the aim of helping to provide a better understanding of advanced cyanobacterial molecular biology and their metabolism to uncover the potential of cyanobacteria in the tailoring of stress smart crops for sustainable agriculture. Chapters include valuable information about the role of cyanobacteria in the evolution of life, cyanobacterial photosynthesis, stress-tolerant cyanobacterium, biological nitrogen fixation, circadian rhythms, genetics and molecular biology of abiotic stress responses. Summarizes various aspects of cyanobacterial research. Includes comprehensive coverage of molecular approaches for the identification of cyanobacteria and their evolution. Identifies an expanding horizon of cyanobacterial lifestyle: stress management in cyanobacteria. Examines cyanobacteria synthetic biology, genetic engineering, photosynthesis and metabolic engineering.

Acclimation of the Photosynthetic Apparatus in Cyanobacteria to Environmental and Genetic Stress

Acclimation of the Photosynthetic Apparatus in Cyanobacteria to Environmental and Genetic Stress
Author: Annamaria B. Manodori
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 264
Release: 1986
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: UCAL:C2788104

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Cyanobacteria

Cyanobacteria
Author: Naveen K. Sharma,Ashawani K. Rai,Lucas J. Stal
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2013-11-22
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781118769553

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Written by leading experts in the field, Cyanobacteria: AnEconomic Perspective is a comprehensive edited volume coveringall areas of an important field and its application to energy,medicine and agriculture. Issues related to environment, food and energy have presentedserious challenge to the stability of nation-states. Increasingglobal population, dwindling agriculture and industrial production,and inequitable distribution of resources and technologies havefurther aggravated the problem. The burden placed by increasingpopulation on environment and especially on agriculturalproductivity is phenomenal. To provide food and fuel to such amassive population, it becomes imperative to find new ways andmeans to increase the production giving due consideration tobiosphere’s ability to regenerate resources and provideecological services. Cyanobacteria are environment friendly resource for commercialproduction of active biochemicals, drugs and future energy(biodiesel, bioethanol and hydrogen). Topics on isolation, identification and classification ofcyanobacteria are discussed, as well as further sections on:summarizing a range of useful products synthesized bycyanobacteria, ecological services provided by cyanobacteriaincluding their harmful effect in water bodies and associated floraand fauna. Chapter on tools, techniques, and patents also focus onthe economic importance of the group. This book also provides aninsight for future perspectives in each particular field and anextensive bibliography. This book will be a highly useful resource for students,researchers and professionals in academics in the life sciencesincluding microbiology and biotechnology.

Stress Biology of Cyanobacteria

Stress Biology of Cyanobacteria
Author: Ashish Kumar Srivastava,Amar Nath Rai,Brett A Neilan
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 394
Release: 2013-03-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781466504783

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A significant component of many different ecosystems, cyanobacteria occupy almost every niche of the earth, including fresh and salt waters, rice fields, hot springs, arid deserts, and polar regions. Cyanobacteria, along with algae, produce nearly half the global oxygen, making assessment of their ecophysiologies important for understanding climate impacts and potential remediation. Stress Biology of Cyanobacteria: Molecular Mechanisms to Cellular Responses is a compilation of holistic responses of cyanobacteria, ranging from ecological and physiological to the modern aspects of their molecular biology, genomics, and biochemistry. Covering almost every aspect of cyanobacterial stress biology, this book is divided into two parts: Bioenergetics and Molecular Mechanisms of Stress Tolerance and Cellular Responses and Ecophysiology. The first few chapters focus on the molecular bioenergetics of photosynthesis and respiration in cyanobacteria, and provide a clear perspective on different stress tolerance mechanisms. Part I also covers the effect of specific stresses—including heavy metal, high and low temperature, salt, osmotic, and UV-B stress—on a wide range of vital physiological, biochemical, and molecular processes of cyanobacteria. Part II describes mechanisms of symbiosis, stress-induced bioproducts, and the role of environmental factors on nitrogen fixation, which along with photosynthesis is a major contributor to the current geochemical status of the planet. The text also covers mutation and cyanobacterial adaptation, and the most widely studied cyanotoxin, microcystin, which has effects on both human and animal health. With contributions from experts around the world, representing the global importance of cyanobacteria, this book provides a broad compilation of research that deals with cyanobacterial stress responses in both controlled laboratory conditions as well as in their natural environment.

The Molecular Biology of Cyanobacteria

The Molecular Biology of Cyanobacteria
Author: D.A. Bryant
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 892
Release: 2006-05-31
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789401102278

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More than twenty years ago, as a fledgling graduate some peculiar aspects of the genetics of these student who was just starting to learn about these organisms but to pay respects to the two volumes of organisms that would become my primary research Carr of Whitton that played important roles in my focus, the publication of Noel Carr and Brian own thinking about cyanobacteria (and no doubt in Whitton's The Biology of the Blue-Green Algae in the development of many others as well). Contri 1973 was an event of great significance. Until the buting authors were asked to describe not only what appearance of this treatise, there was no single volume we know at present, but also to point out things we available that presented a broad overview of the don't know yet. I have attempted to assemble a book biology and biochemistry ofthese organisms. Nearly that would stimulate graduate students and other ten years later, I was privileged to be a contributing researchers in the same way that I was affected by the author to Carr and Whitton's sequel volume The books mentioned above. Biology of the Cyanobacteria. Although the It appears that cyanobacterial molecular biologists intervening period had been marked by heated debates have indeed paid attention to the admonition of their over the taxonomy and taxonomic position of the erstwhile colleague, W Ford Doolittle, to 'study organisms, it was also a time when the comparative those things that cyanobacteria do well.

Cyanobacterial blue green Algal Toxins

Cyanobacterial  blue green Algal  Toxins
Author: Richard Scott Yoo
Publsiher: American Water Works Association
Total Pages: 229
Release: 1995-01-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780898678246

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Cyanobacteria Biotechnology

Cyanobacteria Biotechnology
Author: Paul Hudson
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2021-04-20
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783527824915

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Unites a biological and a biotechnological perspective on cyanobacteria, and includes the industrial aspects and applications of cyanobacteria Cyanobacteria Biotechnology offers a guide to the interesting and useful features of cyanobacteria metabolism that keeps true to a biotechnology vision. In one volume the book brings together both biology and biotechnology to illuminate the core acpects and principles of cyanobacteria metabolism. Designed to offer a practical approach to the metabolic engineering of cyanobacteria, the book contains relevant examples of how this metabolic "module" is currently being engineered and how it could be engineered in the future. The author includes information on the requirements and real-world experiences of the industrial applications of cyanobacteria. This important book: Brings together biology and biotechnology in order to gain insight into the industrial relevant topic of cyanobacteria Introduces the key aspects of the metabolism of cyanobacteria Presents a grounded, practical approach to the metabolic engineering of cyanobacteria Offers an analysis of the requirements and experiences for industrial cyanobacteria Provides a framework for readers to design their own processes Written for biotechnologists, microbiologists, biologists, biochemists, Cyanobacteria Biotechnology provides a systematic and clear volume that brings together the biological and biotechnological perspective on cyanobacteria.

Ecology of Cyanobacteria II

Ecology of Cyanobacteria II
Author: Brian A. Whitton
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 760
Release: 2012-07-05
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789400738553

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Cyanobacteria have existed for 3.5 billion years, yet they are still the most important photosynthetic organisms on the planet for cycling carbon and nitrogen. The ecosystems where they have key roles range from the warmer oceans to many Antarctic sites. They also include dense nuisance growths in nutrient-rich lakes and nitrogen-fixers which aid the fertility of rice-fields and many soils, especially the biological soil crusts of arid regions. Molecular biology has in recent years provided major advances in our understanding of cyanobacterial ecology. Perhaps for more than any other group of organisms, it is possible to see how the ecology, physiology, biochemistry, ultrastructure and molecular biology interact. This all helps to deal with practical problems such as the control of nuisance blooms and the use of cyanobacterial inocula to manage semi-desert soils. Large-scale culture of several organisms, especially "Spirulina" (Arthrospira), for health food and specialist products is increasingly being expanded for a much wider range of uses. In view of their probable contribution to past oil deposits, much attention is currently focused on their potential as a source of biofuel. Please visit http://extras.springer.com/ to view Extra Materials belonging to this volume. This book complements the highly successful Ecology of Cyanobacteria and integrates the discoveries of the past twelve years with the older literature.

Cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Blooms State of the Science and Research Needs

Cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Blooms  State of the Science and Research Needs
Author: H. Kenneth Hudnell
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 950
Release: 2008-03-13
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780387758657

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With the ever-increasing incidence of harmful cyanobacterial algal blooms, this monograph has added urgency and will be essential reading for all sorts of researchers, from neuroscientists to cancer research specialists. The volume contains the proceedings of the 2005 International Symposium on Cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Blooms, and has been edited by H. Kenneth Hudnell, of the US Environmental Protection Agency. It contains much of the most recent research into the subject.

Advances in Cyanobacterial Biology

Advances in Cyanobacterial Biology
Author: Prashant Kumar Singh,Ajay Kumar,Alok Kumar Shrivistava,Vipin Kumar Singh
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2020-02-28
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128193112

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Advances in Cyanobacterial Biology presents the novel, practical, and theoretical aspects of cyanobacteria, providing a better understanding of basic and advanced biotechnological application in the field of sustainable agriculture. Chapters have been designed to deal with the different aspects of cyanobacteria including their role in the evolution of life, cyanobacterial diversity and classification, isolation, and characterization of cyanobacteria through biochemical and molecular approaches, phylogeny and biogeography of cyanobacteria, symbiosis, Cyanobacterial photosynthesis, morphological and physiological adaptation to abiotic stresses, stress-tolerant cyanobacterium, biological nitrogen fixation. Other topics include circadian rhythms, genetics and molecular biology of abiotic stress responses, application of cyanobacteria and cyanobacterial mats in wastewater treatments, use as a source of novel stress-responsive genes for development of stress tolerance and as a source of biofuels, industrial application, as biofertilizer, cyanobacterial blooms, use in Nano-technology and nanomedicines as well as potential applications. This book will be important for academics and researchers working in cyanobacteria, cyanobacterial environmental biology, cyanobacterial agriculture and cyanobacterial molecular biologists. Summarizes the various aspects of cyanobacterial research, from primary nitrogen fixation, to advanced nano-technology applications Addresses both practical and theoretical aspects of the cyanobacterial application Includes coverage of biochemical and molecular approaches for the identification, use and management of cyanobacteria

Handbook of Cyanobacterial Monitoring and Cyanotoxin Analysis

Handbook of Cyanobacterial Monitoring and Cyanotoxin Analysis
Author: Jussi Meriluoto,Lisa Spoof,Geoffrey A. Codd
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2017-01-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781119068686

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A valuable handbook containing reviews, practical methods and standard operating procedures. A valuable and practical working handbook containing introductory and specialist content that tackles a major and growing field of environmental, microbiological and ecotoxicological monitoring and analysis Includes introductory reviews, practical analytical chapters and a comprehensive listing of almost thirty Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) For use in the laboratory, in academic and government institutions and industrial settings