Methods for Measuring Greenhouse Gas Balances and Evaluating Mitigation Options in Smallholder Agriculture

Methods for Measuring Greenhouse Gas Balances and Evaluating Mitigation Options in Smallholder Agriculture
Author: Todd S. Rosenstock,Mariana C. Rufino,Klaus Butterbach-Bahl,Lini Wollenberg,Meryl Richards
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 203
Release: 2016-08-23
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319297941

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​​This book provides standards and guidelines for quantifying greenhouse gas emissions and removals in smallholder agricultural systems and comparing options for climate change mitigation based on emission reductions and livelihood trade-offs. Globally, agriculture is directly responsible for about 11% of annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and induces an additional 17% through land use change, mostly in developing countries. Farms in the developing countries of sub-Saharan Africa and Asia are predominately managed by smallholders, with 80% of land holdings smaller than ten hectares. However, little to no information exists on greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation potentials in smallholder agriculture. Greenhouse gas measurements in agriculture are expensive, time consuming, and error prone, challenges only exacerbated by the heterogeneity of smallholder systems and landscapes. Concerns over methodological rigor, measurement costs, and the diversity of approaches, coupled with the demand for robust information suggest it is germane for the scientific community to establish standards of measurements for quantifying GHG emissions from smallholder agriculture. Standard guidelines for use by scientists, development organizations will help generate reliable data on emissions baselines and allow rigorous comparisons of mitigation options. The guidelines described in this book, developed by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS) and partners, are intended to inform anyone conducting field measurements of agricultural greenhouse gas sources and sinks, especially to develop IPCC Tier 2 emission factors or to compare mitigation options in smallholder systems.

Project Management Best Practices

Project Management Best Practices
Author: Harold Kerzner
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 792
Release: 2014-01-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781118835609

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Senior executives and project managers from more than 50 world-class companies offer their best practices for successful project management implementation The first two editions of the bestselling Project Management Best Practices helped project managers navigate the increasingly complex task of working within global corporations employing distant and diverse work teams. This new Third Edition includes the same valuable wealth of proven best practices, while following up on case studies from previous editions and offering new case studies on project management practices at large and small companies. The Third Edition offers insight from project managers and executives at more than fifty global companies in all sectors of the market. These industry-leading professionals offer insight and best practices for: Project risk management Project management for multinational cultures and cultural failures Focusing on value, as well as cost and schedule Integrated and virtual project teams Covering the latest developments in the project management field, Project Management Best Practices, Third Edition offers a must-have window into the issues and solutions facing corporate managers, project and team managers, engineers, project team members, and business consultants in today's global market.

Coal Tar Creosote

Coal Tar Creosote
Author: C. Melber,J. Kielhorn,I. Mangelsdorf,World Health Organization
Publsiher: WHO
Total Pages: 140
Release: 2004
Genre: Medical
ISBN: MINN:31951P00916273H

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On cover: IPCS International Programme on Chemical Safety. Published under the joint sponsorship of the United Nations Environment Programme, the International Labour Organization and the World Health Organization, and produced within the framework of the Inter-organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC)

Communications and Multimedia Security

Communications and Multimedia Security
Author: Jana Dittmann,Stefan Katzenbeisser
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2005-09-06
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9783540287919

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th IFIP TC-6 TC-11 International Conference on Communications and Multimedia Security, CMS 2005, held in Salzburg, Austria in September 2005. The 28 revised full papers and 13 two-page abstracts presented together with 4 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 143 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on applied cryptography, DRM and e-commerce, media encryption, multimedia security, privacy, biometrics and access control, network security, mobile security, and XML security.

Big Data and Marketing

Big Data and Marketing
Author: Segard
Publsiher: Wiley-Blackwell
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017-04-20
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 1786300796

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Knowledge Graphs and Big Data Processing

Knowledge Graphs and Big Data Processing
Author: Valentina Janev
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 209
Release: 2020-01-01
Genre: Application software
ISBN: 9783030531997

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This open access book is part of the LAMBDA Project (Learning, Applying, Multiplying Big Data Analytics), funded by the European Union, GA No. 809965. Data Analytics involves applying algorithmic processes to derive insights. Nowadays it is used in many industries to allow organizations and companies to make better decisions as well as to verify or disprove existing theories or models. The term data analytics is often used interchangeably with intelligence, statistics, reasoning, data mining, knowledge discovery, and others. The goal of this book is to introduce some of the definitions, methods, tools, frameworks, and solutions for big data processing, starting from the process of information extraction and knowledge representation, via knowledge processing and analytics to visualization, sense-making, and practical applications. Each chapter in this book addresses some pertinent aspect of the data processing chain, with a specific focus on understanding Enterprise Knowledge Graphs, Semantic Big Data Architectures, and Smart Data Analytics solutions. This book is addressed to graduate students from technical disciplines, to professional audiences following continuous education short courses, and to researchers from diverse areas following self-study courses. Basic skills in computer science, mathematics, and statistics are required.

Modeling and Control of Greenhouse Crop Growth

Modeling and Control of Greenhouse Crop Growth
Author: Francisco Rodríguez,Manuel Berenguel,José Luis Guzmán,Armando Ramírez-Arias
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2014-11-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319111346

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A discussion of challenges related to the modeling and control of greenhouse crop growth, this book presents state-of-the-art answers to those challenges. The authors model the subsystems involved in successful greenhouse control using different techniques and show how the models obtained can be exploited for simulation or control design; they suggest ideas for the development of physical and/or black-box models for this purpose. Strategies for the control of climate- and irrigation-related variables are brought forward. The uses of PID control and feedforward compensators, both widely used in commercial tools, are summarized. The benefits of advanced control techniques—event-based, robust, and predictive control, for example—are used to improve on the performance of those basic methods. A hierarchical control architecture is developed governed by a high-level multiobjective optimization approach rather than traditional constrained optimization and artificial intelligence techniques. Reference trajectories are found for diurnal and nocturnal temperatures (climate-related setpoints) and electrical conductivity (fertirrigation-related setpoints). The objectives are to maximize profit, fruit quality, and water-use efficiency, these being encouraged by current international rules. Illustrative practical results selected from those obtained in an industrial greenhouse during the last eight years are shown and described. The text of the book is complemented by the use of illustrations, tables and real examples which are helpful in understanding the material. Modeling and Control of Greenhouse Crop Growth will be of interest to industrial engineers, academic researchers and graduates from agricultural, chemical, and process-control backgrounds.

Advances in Artificial Intelligence Software and Systems Engineering

Advances in Artificial Intelligence  Software and Systems Engineering
Author: Tareq Z. Ahram,Waldemar Karwowski,Jay Kalra
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 535
Release: 2021-07-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783030806248

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This book addresses emerging issues concerning the integration of artificial intelligence systems in our daily lives. It focuses on the cognitive, visual, social and analytical aspects of computing and intelligent technologies, and highlights ways to improve the acceptance, effectiveness, and efficiency of said technologies. Topics such as responsibility, integration and training are discussed throughout. The book also reports on the latest advances in systems engineering, with a focus on societal challenges and next-generation systems and applications for meeting them. Further, it covers some cutting-edge issues in energy, including intelligent control systems for power plant, and technology acceptance models. Based on the AHFE 2021 Conferences on Human Factors in Software and Systems Engineering, Artificial Intelligence and Social Computing, and Energy, held virtually on 25–29 July, 2021, from USA, this book provides readers with extensive information on current research and future challenges in these fields, together with practical insights into the development of innovative services for various purposes.

The Yeasts

The Yeasts
Author: Cletus Kurtzman,J.W. Fell,Teun Boekhout
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 2354
Release: 2011-05-09
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0080931278

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The Yeasts: A Taxonomic Study is a three-volume book that covers the taxonomic aspect of yeasts. The main goal of this book is to provide important information about the identification of yeasts. It also discusses the growth tests that can be used to identify different species of yeasts, and it examines how the more important species of yeasts provide information for the selection of species needed for biotechnology. • Volume 1 discusses the identification, classification and importance of yeasts in the field of biotechnology. • Volume 2 focuses on the identification and classification of ascomycetous yeasts. • Volume 3 deals with the identification and classification of basidiomycetous yeasts, along with the genus Prototheca. High-quality photomicrographs and line drawings Detailed phylogenetic trees Up-to-date, clearly presented yeast taxonomy and systematic, easy-to-use reference sequence accession numbers to allow for correct identification

Population Situation Analysis PSA

Population Situation Analysis  PSA
Author: United Nations
Publsiher: United Nations Publications
Total Pages: 162
Release: 2011-05
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 0897149882

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"Provides the basis for an integrated appraisal of population and reproductive health dynamics and their linkages and impacts on poverty, inequality and development. Furthermore, by integrating a micro and macro analytical approach, the PSA makes the interactions between individual behaviour and demographic dynamics explicit."--Foreword.

Digital Human Modeling

Digital Human Modeling
Author: Vincent D. Duffy
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1068
Release: 2007-08-24
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783540733218

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Conference on Digital Human Modeling, DHM 2007, held in Beijing, China in July 2007. The papers thoroughly cover the thematic area of digital human modeling, addressing the following major topics: shape and movement modeling and anthropometry, building and applying virtual humans, medical and rehabilitation applications, as well as industrial and ergonomic applications.

Dance Therapy and Depth Psychology

Dance Therapy and Depth Psychology
Author: Joan Chodorow
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2013-06-17
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781135854126

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Dance/movement as active imagination was originated by Jung in 1916. Developed in the 1960s by dance therapy pioneer Mary Whitehouse, it is today both an approach to dance therapy as well as a form of active imagination in analysis. In her delightful book Joan Chodorow provides an introduction to the origins, theory and practice of dance/movement as active imagination. Beginning with her own story the author shows how dance/ movement is of value to psychotherapy. An historical overview of Jung's basic concepts is given as well as the most recent depth psychological synthesis of affect theory based on the work of Sylvan Tomkins, Louis Stewart, and others. Finally in discussing the use of dance/movement as active imagination in practice, the movement themes that emerge and the non-verbal expressive aspects of the therapaeutic relationship are described.

Heterocycles via Cross Dehydrogenative Coupling

Heterocycles via Cross Dehydrogenative Coupling
Author: Ananya Srivastava,Chandan K. Jana
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 494
Release: 2019-08-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789811391446

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This book discusses the developments in the synthesis and functionalization of different heterocycles based on the formation of carbon-carbon (C-C) and carbon-heteroatom (C-X) bonds using cross-dehydrogenative coupling (CDC). Consisting of 13 chapters, the book systematically describes the advances in the synthesis and functionalization of nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur-containing heterocycles. It also discusses the various mechanistic pathways to help readers gain an in-depth understanding of the CDC reactions of heterocycles. Lastly, in order to promote green chemistry, it addresses a range of metal-free CDC reactions of heterocycles – an area that has attracted significant attention in both academic and industrial research.

Trapping and the Detection Control and Regulation of Tephritid Fruit Flies

Trapping and the Detection  Control  and Regulation of Tephritid Fruit Flies
Author: Todd Shelly,Nancy Epsky,Eric B. Jang,Jesus Reyes-Flores,Roger Vargas
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 638
Release: 2014-10-06
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789401791939

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The book focuses on four broad topics related to trapping of agriculturally important tephritid fruit flies, namely i) lures and traps, ii) invasion biology and detection of infestations, iii) attract and kill systems, and iv) trade regulations and risk assessment. This comprehensive structure progresses from the biological interaction between insect and lures/traps to the area-wide use of trapping systems to the utilization and impact of trapping data on international trade. The chapters include accounts of earlier research but are not simply compendia and instead evaluate past and current work as a tool for critical analysis and proposal of productive avenues for future work. At present there is no book available that deals with fruit fly trapping in such a broad context. Our book fills this gap and serves as a global reference for both those interested in fruit flies specifically as well as anyone dealing with the threat of invasive agricultural insects in general.

Coronavirus Disease COVID 19

Coronavirus Disease   COVID 19
Author: Nima Rezaei
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 964
Release: 2021-05-10
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783030637613

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In December 2019, the world witnessed the occurrence of a new coronavirus to humanity. The disease spread quickly and became known as a pandemic globally, affecting both society and the health care system, both the elderly and young groups of people, and both the men’s and women’s groups. It was a universal challenge that immediately caused a surge in scientific research. Be a part of a world rising in fighting against the pandemic, the Coronavirus Disease - COVID-19 was depicted in the early days of the pandemic, but updated by more than 200 scientists and clinicians to include many facets of this new infectious pandemic, including i, characteristics, ecology, and evolution of coronaviruses; ii, epidemiology, genetics, and pathogenesis (immune responses and oxidative stress) of the disease; iii, diagnosis, prognosis, and clinical manifestations of the disease in pediatrics, geriatrics, pregnant women, and neonates; iv, challenges of co-occurring the disease with tropical infections, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, and cancer and to the settings of dentistry, hematology, ophthalmology, and pharmacy; v, transmission, prevention, and potential treatments, ranging from supportive ventilator support and nutrition therapy to potential virus- and host-based therapies, immune-based therapies, photobiomodulation, antiviral photodynamic therapy, and vaccines; vi, the resulting consequences on social lives, mental health, education, tourism industry and economy; and vii, multimodal approaches to solve the problem by bioinformatic methods, innovation and ingenuity, globalization, social and scientific networking, interdisciplinary approaches, and art integration. We are approaching December 2020 and the still presence of COVID-19, asking us to call it COVID (without 19).