Data Processing Handbook for Complex Biological Data Sources

Data Processing Handbook for Complex Biological Data Sources
Author: Gauri Misra
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 188
Release: 2019-03-23
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128172803

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Data Processing Handbook for Complex Biological Data provides relevant and to the point content for those who need to understand the different types of biological data and the techniques to process and interpret them. The book includes feedback the editor received from students studying at both undergraduate and graduate levels, and from her peers. In order to succeed in data processing for biological data sources, it is necessary to master the type of data and general methods and tools for modern data processing. For instance, many labs follow the path of interdisciplinary studies and get their data validated by several methods. Researchers at those labs may not perform all the techniques themselves, but either in collaboration or through outsourcing, they make use of a range of them, because, in the absence of cross validation using different techniques, the chances for acceptance of an article for publication in high profile journals is weakened. Explains how to interpret enormous amounts of data generated using several experimental approaches in simple terms, thus relating biology and physics at the atomic level Presents sample data files and explains the usage of equations and web servers cited in research articles to extract useful information from their own biological data Discusses, in detail, raw data files, data processing strategies, and the web based sources relevant for data processing

Handbook on Nanobiomaterials for Therapeutics and Diagnostic Applications

Handbook on Nanobiomaterials for Therapeutics and Diagnostic Applications
Author: Krishnan Anand,Muthupandian Saravanan,Balakumar Chandrasekaran,Suvardhan Kanchi,Sarojini Jeeva Panchu,Quan-Sheng Chen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 610
Release: 2021-03-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128219140

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Handbook of Nano-biomaterials for Therapeutics and Diagnostic Applications covers in-depth topics on nano-biomaterials and nano drug delivery systems (biosensors and bioimaging) involving polymer nanocomposites, metal nanocomposites, and other carbon family fibers and proteins. The book covers the current application of tiny machines or nanodevices and their use as early detection systems for life threatening diseases, giving detailed literature on the development of nanodevices, their use as diagnostic tools, and their present trend in the industry and market. In addition, their synthesis, potential applications and future of smart nanodevices in diagnosis of diseases and their use as smart clinical devices is covered. Users will find sections on recent advances in interdisciplinary research on the processing, morphology, structure and properties of nanostructured materials and their applications in drug delivery for various diseases such as cancer, tuberculosis, Alzheimer disease, ophthalmic diseases, and more. Offers a comprehensive coverage of the therapeutics and smart nanodevices as diagnostic tools and their potential clinical applications in biosensing and bioimaging Includes a glimpse into the nano-biomaterials that are essential components in nanomedicines Describes nanodevices in the early diagnosis of the diseases Explains the nano-drug delivery system for the treatment of various diseases, including cancer, tuberculosis, Alzheimer disease, and ophthalmic diseases Encompasses all information, starting from the design of nano-biomaterials to their applications in theranostics

Wastewater Treatment Reactors

Wastewater Treatment Reactors
Author: Maulin P. Shah,Susana Rodriguez-Couto
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 644
Release: 2021-05-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128242445

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Wastewater Treatment Reactors: Microbial Community Structure analyzes microbial community structure in relation to changes in physico-chemical parameters, the gene content (metagenome) or gene expression (metatranscriptome) of microbial communities in relation to changes in physico-chemical parameters, physiological aspects of microbial communities, enrichment cultures or pure cultures of key species in relation to changes in physico-chemical parameters, and modeling of potential consequences of changes in microbial community structure or function for higher trophic levels in a given habitat. As several studies have been carried out to understand bulking phenomena and the importance of environmental factors on sludge settling characteristics, which are thought to be strongly influenced by flocculation, sludge bulking, foaming and rising, this book is an ideal resource on the topics covered. Presents the state-of-the-art techniques and applications of omics tools in wastewater treatment reactors (WWTRs) Describes both theoretical and practical knowledge surrounding the fundamental roles of microorganisms in WWTRs Points out the reuse of treated wastewater through emerging technologies Covers the economics of wastewater treatment and the development of suitable alternatives in terms of performance and cost effectiveness Discusses cutting-edge molecular biological tools Gives in-depth knowledge to study microbial community structure and function in wastewater treatment reactors

High Resolution Mass Spectroscopy for Phytochemical Analysis

High Resolution Mass Spectroscopy for Phytochemical Analysis
Author: Sreeraj Gopi,Augustine Amalraj,Shintu Jude
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2021-09-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781000353419

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This new volume provides a bird’s-eye view of the properties, utilization, and importance of high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) for phytochemical analysis. The book discusses the new and state-of-the-art technologies related to HRMS in phytochemical analysis for the food industry in a comprehensive manner. Phytochemical characterization of plants is important in the food and nutraceutical industries and is also necessary in the procedures followed for drug development, toxicology determination, forensic studies, origin verification, quality assurance, etc. Easy determination of active compounds and isolation as well as purification of the same from natural matrices are required, and the possibilities and advantages of HRMS pave the way for improved analysis patterns in phytochemistry. This book is unique in that its sole consideration is on the importance of HRMS in the field of phytochemical analysis. Along with an overview of basic instrumental information, the volume provides a detailed account of data processing and dereplication strategies. Technologies such as bioanalytical techniques and bioassays are considered also to provide support for the functions of the instruments used. In addition, a case study is presented to depict the complete phytochemical characterization of a matrix by HRMS. The book covers processing and computational techniques, dereplication, hyphenation, high-resolution bioassays, bioanalytical screening/purification techniques, applications of gas chromatography–high-resolution mass spectrometry, and more. Key features: Covers the fundamental instrumentation and techniques Discusses HRMS-based phytochemical research details Focuses strictly on the phytochemical considerations High-Resolution Mass Spectroscopy for Phytochemical Analysis: State-of-the-Art Applications and Techniques will be a valuable reference guide and resource for researchers, faculty and students in related fields, as well as those in the phytochemical industries.

Nanobiotechnology A Multidisciplinary Field of Science

Nanobiotechnology  A Multidisciplinary Field of Science
Author: Basma A. Omran
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2020-08-25
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030460716

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The generation of well-defined nanoparticles of excellent size and shape involves physical and chemical methodologies that are complicated, expensive, and produce hazardous toxic waste that is harmful to the environment and to human health. In order to combat the disadvantages of these methods, scientists have created “the biological method,” a new synthetic methodology that serves as a proper alternative to physical and chemical methodologies because of its easy utility, low cost, rapid synthesis, controlled size characteristics, controlled toxicity, and eco-friendliness. Nanobiotechnology is the science in which living matter can be manipulated and exploited to produce materials within the nano-scale. It is a multidisciplinary field of science framed by biology, chemistry, engineering, materials, and life sciences. Different biological entities can be exploited to yield biologically synthesized nanomaterials including bacteria, actinomycetes, yeast, fungi, viruses, algae, plant extracts, and agro-industrial waste extracts. This book represents a comprehensive review concerning the state of the art in nanobiotechnology, emphasizing the use of diverse biological entities in the science, and its versatile applications. It describes currently existing methodology with the latest published references, and provides safety information. It serves as the ideal guide for scientists interested in exploring nanobiotechnology.

Molecular Advancements in Tropical Diseases Drug Discovery

Molecular Advancements in Tropical Diseases Drug Discovery
Author: Gauri Misra,Vijay Kumar Srivastava
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2020-05-12
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128213971

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Molecular Advancements in Tropical Diseases Drug Discovery presents in-depth knowledge relating to the detection of infection, epidemiology, drugs against various tropical diseases, new target sites for drug discovery and multidrug resistance issues using bioinformatics tools and approaches. The book's chapters are written by experts in their respective fields so that each disease is covered in a rational manner and with a solid foundation on existing facts and prospective research ideas. Updates knowledge about tropical diseases with recent advancements in the field Presents an overview of new research covering detection, infection, epidemiology and risk factors of the most common tropical diseases using bioinformatics tools Encompasses a detailed description of developments in drug discovery, new drugs and their molecular mechanisms of action

Proteomics and Systems Biology

Proteomics and Systems Biology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2021-07-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780323853200

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Proteomics and Systems Biology, Volume 127 in the Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology series, outlines current proteomic methodologies and discuss the challenges in future applications of systems biology in a number of biomedical/bioscience subjects. In last few decades, advances in genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, glycomics, venomics, etc., have produced vast large-scale datasets that need to be analyzed with a single main objective of understanding biological systems as a whole. Such understanding will allow us to predict and characterize the dynamic properties of biological systems. Integrates experimental and computational methods for understanding biological systems as a whole Contains timely chapters written by well-renowned authorities in their field Includes well supported content that is accompanied by a number of high-quality illustrations, figures and tables, hence it targets a wide audience of specialists, researchers and students

Mass Spectrometry in Food Analysis

Mass Spectrometry in Food Analysis
Author: Leo M. L. Nollet,Robert Winkler
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2022-03-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000539257

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The quality and safety of food are crucial for human nutrition. However, evaluating the chemical composition of food is challenging for the analyst and requires powerful methods. Chromatography and mass spectrometry (MS) is the gold standard for analyzing complex food samples, including raw materials and intermediate and finished products. Mass Spectrometry in Food Analysis covers the MS-based analysis of different aspects of food quality, which include nutritional value, profile of macronutrients (proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates), micronutrients (vitamins), and nutraceutical active compounds. Additionally, sensory quality, flavor, food pigments, safety, and detection of pesticides, contact materials, veterinary drugs and pharmaceuticals, organic pollutants, and pathogens are covered. Key Features: Contains the basics of mass spectrometry and experimental strategies Explores determination of macro- and micronutrients Analyzes sensory and nutraceutical food quality Discusses detection of contaminants and proof of authenticity Presents emerging methods for food analysis This book contains an introductory section that explains the basics of MS and the difference between targeted and untargeted strategies for beginners. Further, it points out new analytical challenges, such as monitoring contaminants of emerging concern, and presents innovative techniques (e.g., ambient ionization MS and data mining). Also available in the Food Analysis & Properties Series: Nanoemulsions in Food Technology: Development, Characterization, and Applications, edited by Javed Ahmad and Leo M.L. Nollet (ISBN: 978-0-367-61492-8) Sequencing Technologies in Microbial Food Safety and Quality, edited by Devarajan Thangadurai, Leo M.L. Nollet, Saher Islam, and Jeyabalan Sangeetha (ISBN: 978-0-367-35118-2) Chiral Organic Pollutants: Monitoring and Characterization in Food and the Environment, edited by Edmond Sanganyado, Basil K. Munjanja, and Leo M.L. Nollet (ISBN: 978-0-367-42923-2) For a complete list of books in this series, please visit our website at: www.crcpress.com/Food-Analysis--Properties/book-series/CRCFOODANPRO

Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology

Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology
Author: Ronaldo Ferreira do Nascimento,Vicente de Oliveira Sousa Neto,Pierre Basílio Almeida Fechine,Paulo de Tarso Cavalcante Freire
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 471
Release: 2021-02-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789813360563

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This book provides a complete overview of a wide range of nanomaterials from their synthesis and characterization to current and potential applications with special focus on the use of such nano-based products as functional agents in biomedical, environmental and industrial applications. It addresses the intrinsic relationship between aspects involving the synthesis of nanocompounds, their bio-physico-chemical properties and their interactions occurring in biomedical, environmental and industrial matrix. This book is of interest to engineers, academics and research scholars working in these fields.

Handbook of Research on Biomimicry in Information Retrieval and Knowledge Management

Handbook of Research on Biomimicry in Information Retrieval and Knowledge Management
Author: Hamou, Reda Mohamed
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 429
Release: 2017-12-15
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781522530053

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In the digital age, modern society is exposed to high volumes of multimedia information. In efforts to optimize this information, there are new and emerging methods of information retrieval and knowledge management leading to higher efficiency and a deeper understanding of this data. The Handbook of Research on Biomimicry in Information Retrieval and Knowledge Management is a critical scholarly resource that examines bio-inspired classes that solve computer problems. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as big data analytics, bioinformatics, and black hole optimization, this book is geared towards academicians, practitioners, and researchers seeking current research on the use of biomimicry in information and knowledge management.

Principles of Genetics and Molecular Epidemiology

Principles of Genetics and Molecular Epidemiology
Author: Juan Carlos Gomez-Verjan,Nadia Alejandra Rivero-Segura
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
Genre: Genetics
ISBN: 9783030896010

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This book covers some of the most novel genetic and genomic concepts in epidemiology, such as geospatial statistics and systems biology from a clinical point of view by explaining molecular applications with accessible human studies. Featuring a comprehensive table of contents, it includes chapters from genomics and epidemiology surveillance to transcriptomics and alternative splicing principles. Across 17 well-organized chapters, this book meets attempt to explain easily to clinicians and students with basic principles of the genetics, genomics, molecular biology and its applications to epidemiology and public health. The text is distinct from other literature on the market because it covers useful genomic tools applied in epidemiology for clinicians who may not be experts in this branch of health science. Principles of Genetics and Molecular Epidemiology demystifies the idea that biomedicine is far from being applied in both epidemiology and clinical practice.

Handbook of Research on Healthcare Administration and Management

Handbook of Research on Healthcare Administration and Management
Author: Wickramasinghe, Nilmini
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 825
Release: 2016-08-23
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781522509219

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Effective healthcare delivery is a vital concern for citizens and communities across the globe. The numerous facets of this industry require constant re-evaluation and optimization of management techniques. The Handbook of Research on Healthcare Administration and Management is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly material on emerging strategies and methods for delivering optimal healthcare opportunities and solutions. Highlighting issues relating to decision making, process optimization, and technological applications, this book is ideally designed for policy makers, administrators, students, professionals, and researchers interested in achieving superior healthcare solutions.

Data Analysis and Visualization in Genomics and Proteomics

Data Analysis and Visualization in Genomics and Proteomics
Author: Francisco Azuaje,Joaquin Dopazo
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2005-06-24
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780470094402

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Data Analysis and Visualization in Genomics and Proteomics is the first book addressing integrative data analysis and visualization in this field. It addresses important techniques for the interpretation of data originating from multiple sources, encoded in different formats or protocols, and processed by multiple systems. One of the first systematic overviews of the problem of biological data integration using computational approaches This book provides scientists and students with the basis for the development and application of integrative computational methods to analyse biological data on a systemic scale Places emphasis on the processing of multiple data and knowledge resources, and the combination of different models and systems

Computer Modeling and Simulations of Complex Biological Systems 2nd Edition

Computer Modeling and Simulations of Complex Biological Systems  2nd Edition
Author: S. Sitharama Iyengar
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 208
Release: 1997-11-20
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0849379628

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This unique text explores the use of innovative modeling techniques in effecting a better understanding of complex diseases such as AIDS and cancer. From a way of representing the computational properties of protein-folding problems to computer simulation of bimodal neurons and networks, Computer Modeling and Simulations of Complex Biological Systems examines several modeling methodologies and integrates them across a variety of disciplines. This interdisciplinary approach suggests new ways to solve complex problems pertaining to biological systems. Written in clear and simple terms appropriate for both the novice and the experienced researcher, the book presents a step-by-step approach to the subject and includes numerous examples that explain the concepts presented in the text.

Handbook of Pharmacogenomics and Stratified Medicine

Handbook of Pharmacogenomics and Stratified Medicine
Author: Sandosh Padmanabhan
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1118
Release: 2014-04-28
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780123868831

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Handbook of Pharmacogenomics and Stratified Medicine is a comprehensive resource to understand this rapidly advancing field aiming to deliver the right drug at the right dose to the right patient at the right time. It is designed to provide a detailed, but accessible review of the entire field from basic principles to applications in various diseases. The chapters are written by international experts to allow readers from a wide variety of backgrounds, clinical and non-clinical (basic geneticists, pharmacologists, clinicians, trialists, industry personnel, ethicists) to understand the principles underpinning the progress in this area, the successes, failures and the challenges ahead. To be accessible to the widest range of readers, the clinical application section introduces the disease process, existing therapies, followed by pharmacogenomics and stratified medicine details. Medicine is the cornerstone of modern therapeutics prescribed on the basis that its benefit should outweigh its risk. It is well known that people respond differently to medications and in many cases the risk-benefit ratio for a particular drug may be a gray area. The last decade has seen a revolution in genomics both in terms of technological innovation and discovering genetic markers associated with disease. In parallel there has been steady progress in trying to make medicines safer and tailored to the individual. This has occurred across the whole spectrum of medicine, some more than others. In addition there is burgeoning interest from the pharmaceutical industry to leverage pharmacogenomics for more effective and efficient clinical drug development. Provides clinical and non-clinical researchers with practical information normally beyond their usual areas of research or expertise Includes an basic principles section explaining concepts of basic genetics, genetic epidemiology, bioinformatics, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics Covers newer technologies– next generation sequencing, proteomics, metabolomics Provides information on animal models, lymphoblastoid cell lines, stem cells Provides detailed chapters on a wide range of disease conditions, implementation and regulatory issues Includes chapters on the global implications of pharmacogenomics