Degradation Mitigation and Forecasting Approaches in Thin Film Photovoltaics

Degradation  Mitigation  and Forecasting Approaches in Thin Film Photovoltaics
Author: Dipankar Deb,Kshitij Bhargava
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 190
Release: 2021-10-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128236420

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Degradation, Mitigation and Forecasting Approaches in Thin Film Photovoltaics covers detailed descriptions of cell to module level fundamentals of photovoltaics including thin-film materials, performance, maintenance procedures and performance forecasting approaches. Designed to help readers better understand the complexities of photovoltaics, covering the most important aspects of PV cell design, fabrication and performance limiting issues coupled with case studies dedicated towards the forecasting approaches for performance degradations occurring in PV panels. Through theoretical and experimental techniques and methods for performance prediction of the PV cells and modules, this reference concludes with an analysis of the emerging PV technologies for the future. Particularly helpful to researchers because the chapters are aligned in a way that enables readers to start from the fundamentals of PVs and end up with a sound understanding of the current and upcoming PV challenges and ways to deal with them. Describes thin-film photovoltaics from material to cell level, along with performance limiting issues Addresses issues pertaining to photovoltaic panel maintenance and cleaning procedures Includes forecasting approaches of potential induced degradation occurring in PVs through theoretical and experimental methods

Innovation in Electrical Power Engineering Communication and Computing Technology

Innovation in Electrical Power Engineering  Communication  and Computing Technology
Author: Renu Sharma,Manohar Mishra,Janmenjoy Nayak,Bighnaraj Naik,Danilo Pelusi
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 730
Release: 2020-02-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811523052

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This book features selected high-quality papers from the International Conference on Innovation in Electrical Power Engineering, Communication, and Computing Technology (IEPCCT 2019), held at Siksha 'O' Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, India, on 13–14 December 2019. Presenting innovations in power, communication, and computing, it covers topics such as mini, micro, smart and future power grids; power system economics; energy storage systems; intelligent control; power converters; improving power quality; signal processing; sensors and actuators; image/video processing; high-performance data mining algorithms; advances in deep learning; and optimization methods.

Engineering Research Methodology

Engineering Research Methodology
Author: Dipankar Deb,Rajeeb Dey,Valentina E. Balas
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 105
Release: 2018-12-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789811329470

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The book covers all the important aspects of research methodology, and addresses the specific requirements of engineering students, such as methods and tools, in detail. It also discusses effective research in engineering today, which requires the ability to undertake literature reviews utilizing different online databases, to attribute credit for any prior work mentioned, to respect intellectual property rights while simultaneously maintaining ethics in research, and much more. Further, the book also considers soft skills like research management and planning, dealing with criticism in research and presentation skills, which are all equally important and need to include in research methodology education. Lastly, it provides the technical knowhow needed to file patents in academia, an important area that is often ignored in research methodology books. The book is a particularly valuable resource for PhD students in India and South East Asia, as research methodology is a part of their coursework.

Future of solar photovoltaic

Future of solar photovoltaic
Author: International Renewable Energy Agency IRENA
Publsiher: International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Total Pages: 73
Release: 2019-11-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789292601980

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This study presents options to fully unlock the world’s vast solar PV potential over the period until 2050. It builds on IRENA’s global roadmap to scale up renewables and meet climate goals.

Reliability and Ecological Aspects of Photovoltaic Modules

Reliability and Ecological Aspects of Photovoltaic Modules
Author: Abdulkerim Gok
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 170
Release: 2020-01-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781789848229

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Photovoltaic (PV) solar energy is expected to be the world's largest source of electricity in the future. To enhance the long-term reliability of PV modules, a thorough understanding of failure mechanisms is of vital importance. In addition, it is important to address the potential downsides to this technology. These include the hazardous chemicals needed for manufacturing solar cells, especially for thin-film technologies, and the large number of PV modules disposed of at the end of their lifecycles. This book discusses the reliability and environmental aspects of PV modules.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1994
Genre: Aeronautics
ISBN: MINN:30000006324275

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Photovoltaic Module Reliability

Photovoltaic Module Reliability
Author: John H. Wohlgemuth
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2020-01-08
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781119458968

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Provides practical guidance on the latest quality assurance and accelerated stress test methods for improved long-term performance prediction of PV modules This book has been written from a historical perspective to guide readers through how the PV industry learned what the failure and degradation modes of PV modules were, how accelerated tests were developed to cause the same failures and degradations in the laboratory, and then how these tests were used as tools to guide the design and fabrication of reliable and long-life modules. Photovoltaic Module Reliability starts with a brief history of photovoltaics, discussing some of the different types of materials and devices used for commercial solar cells. It then goes on to offer chapters on: Module Failure Modes; Development of Accelerated Stress Tests; Qualification Testing; and Failure Analysis Tools. Next, it examines the use of quality management systems to manufacture PV modules. Subsequent chapters cover the PVQAT Effort; the Conformity Assessment and IECRE; and Predicting PV Module Service Life. The book finishes with a look at what the future holds for PV. A comprehensive treatment of current photovoltaic (PV) technology reliability and necessary improvement to become a significant part of the electric utility supply system Well documented with experimental and practical cases throughout, enhancing relevance to both scientific community and industry Timely contribution to the harmonization of methodological aspects of PV reliability evaluation with test procedures implemented to certify PV module quality Written by a leading international authority in PV module reliability Photovoltaic Module Reliability is an excellent book for anyone interested in PV module reliability, including those working directly on PV module and system reliability and preparing to purchase modules for deployment.

Carbon Nanomaterials for Biological and Medical Applications

Carbon Nanomaterials for Biological and Medical Applications
Author: Sekhar Chandra Ray,Nikhil Ranjan Jana
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2017-03-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323479073

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Nanomaterials for Biological and Medical Applications explores the different applications of carbon nanomaterials in drug and gene therapies and their use in tissue regeneration, biosensor diagnosis, enantiomer separation of chiral drugs, extraction and analysis of drugs and pollutants, and as antitoxents. The book describes the synthesis processing of carbon nanomaterials, carbon composite nanomaterials, and their different biological and biomedical applications, including the removal of biologically toxic materials, optical biosensor applications, bio-imaging probe, drug delivery, cancer treatments, and other biomedical applications. Explains the major synthesis chemical process of carbon nanomaterials for biological applications Discusses how carbon nanomaterials can be practically used to create more efficient nanodevices in biosensing, medical imaging, and drug delivery Explores how the unique physical properties of carbon nanomaterials allows them to remove biologically toxic materials

Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation

Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation
Author: Ottmar Edenhofer,Ramón Pichs Madruga
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1076
Release: 2012
Genre: Climate change mitigation
ISBN: 1139248707

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This Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report (IPCC-SRREN) assesses the potential role of renewable energy in the mitigation of climate change. It covers the six most important renewable energy sources - bioenergy, solar, geothermal, hydropower, ocean and wind energy - as well as their integration into present and future energy systems. It considers the environmental and social consequences associated with the deployment of these technologies and presents strategies to overcome technical as well as non-technical obstacles to their application and diffusion. SRREN brings a broad spectrum of technology-specific experts together with scientists studying energy systems as a whole. Prepared following strict IPCC procedures, it presents an impartial assessment of the current state of knowledge: it is policy relevant but not policy prescriptive. SRREN is an invaluable assessment of the potential role of renewable energy for the mitigation of climate change for policymakers, the private sector and academic researchers.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1994
Genre: Power resources
ISBN: MSU:31293011519133

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Clean Electricity from Photovoltaics

Clean Electricity from Photovoltaics
Author: Mary D Archer,Robert Hill
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 868
Release: 2001-06-04
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781783262052

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Photovoltaic cells provide clean, reversible electrical power from the sun. Made from semiconductors, they are durable, silent in operation and free of polluting emissions. In this book, experts from all sectors of the PV community — materials scientists, physicists, production engineers, economists and environmentalists — give their critical appraisals of where the technology is now and what its prospects are. Contents:The Past and Present (M D Archer)Device Physics of Silicon Solar Cells (J O Schumacher & W Wettling)Principles of Cell Design (J Poortmans et al.)Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells (M A Green)Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells (C R Wronski & D E Carlson)Cadmium Telluride Solar Cells (D Bonnet)Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Solar Cells (U Rau & H W Schock)Super-High Efficiency III-V Tandem and Multijunction Cells (M Yamaguchi)Organic Photovoltaic Devices (J J M Halls & R H Friend)Quantum Well Solar Cells (J Nelson)Thermophotovoltaic Generation of Electricity (T J Coutts)Concentrator Cells and Systems (A Luque)Cells and Systems for Space Applications (C M Hardingham)Storage of Electrical Energy (R M Dell)Photovoltaic Modules, Systems and Applications (N M Pearsall & R Hill)The Photovoltaic Business: Manufacturers and Markets (B McNelis)The Economics of Photovoltaic Technologies (D Anderson)The Outlook for PV in the 21st Century (E H Lysen & B Yordi) Readership: Physicists, chemists and engineers. Keywords:Electricity;Photovoltaics;Cadmium;Solar CellsReviews:“… is an excellent resource for its intended readership of students, scientists and technologists working in the area … it is well indexed, and includes a handy list of useful web and library references. At the very least, the book deserves a place in the library of every research institution and company working on renewable energy.”Nature “With a broad range of coverage, many references in each chapter, and an appendix listing useful quantities, factors and symbols, this book would be an excellent reference source for any one working in the field of photovoltaics.”IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine “It is timely, up-to-date and a very comprehensive work. The chapters are written by leading experts in their field who are able to communicate the technology and their enthusiasm … Photovoltaic R&D is a multi-disciplinary activity, and most chapters should be accessible to advanced undergraduate students, postgraduates and researchers with a wide range of backgrounds. It can be recommended to those starting a PhD in the area and to existing researchers in other fields who wish to find out what all the excitement is about.”Contemporary Physics

Gaseous Hydrogen Embrittlement of Materials in Energy Technologies

Gaseous Hydrogen Embrittlement of Materials in Energy Technologies
Author: Richard P Gangloff,Brian P Somerday
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2012-01-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857095374

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Many modern energy systems are reliant on the production, transportation, storage, and use of gaseous hydrogen. The safety, durability, performance and economic operation of these systems is challenged by operating-cycle dependent degradation by hydrogen of otherwise high performance materials. This important two-volume work provides a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the latest research into managing hydrogen embrittlement in energy technologies. Volume 2 is divided into three parts, part one looks at the mechanisms of hydrogen interactions with metals including chapters on the adsorption and trap-sensitive diffusion of hydrogen and its impact on deformation and fracture processes. Part two investigates modern methods of modelling hydrogen damage so as to predict material-cracking properties. The book ends with suggested future directions in science and engineering to manage the hydrogen embrittlement of high-performance metals in energy systems. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Volume 2 of Gaseous hydrogen embrittlement of materials in energy technologies is an invaluable reference tool for engineers, designers, materials scientists, and solid mechanicians working with safety-critical components fabricated from high performance materials required to operate in severe environments based on hydrogen. Impacted technologies include aerospace, petrochemical refining, gas transmission, power generation and transportation. Summarises the wealth of recent research on understanding and dealing with the safety, durability, performance and economic operation of using gaseous hydrogen at high pressure Chapters review mechanisms of hydrogen embrittlement including absorption, diffusion and trapping of hydrogen in metals Analyses ways of modelling hydrogen-induced damage and assessing service life

End Of life Management

End Of life Management
Author: International Renewable Energy Agency
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2016-06
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9295111982

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Solar photovoltaic (PV) deployment has grown at unprecedented rates since the early 2000s. As the global PV market increases, so will the volume of decommissioned PV panels, and large amounts of annual waste are anticipated by the early 2030s. Growing PV panel waste presents a new environmental challenge, but also unprecedented opportunities to create value and pursue new economic avenues.This report, prepared jointly by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) and the International Energy Agency Photovoltaic Power Systems Programme (IEA-PVPS), is the first-ever projection of PV panel waste volumes to 2050. It highlights that recycling or repurposing solar PV panels at the end of their roughly 30-year lifetime can unlock an estimated stock of 78 million tonnes of raw materials and other valuable components globally by 2050. If fully injected back into the economy, the value of the recovered material could exceed USD 15 billion by 2050.

Advanced Thin Film Materials for Photovoltaic Applications

Advanced Thin Film Materials for Photovoltaic Applications
Author: I M Dharmadasa
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 148
Release: 2020-08-31
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 3039430408

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The direct conversion of sunlight into electricity (photovoltaic or PV for short) is evolving rapidly, and is a technology becoming a mainstream clean energy production method. However, to compete with conventional energy production methods using fossil fuels, the conversion efficiency needs to be increased, and the manufacturing cost should be reduced further. Both of these require the improvement of solar energy materials, and the device architectures used for the conversion of light into electrical energy. This Special Issue presents the latest developments in some solar energy materials like Si, CdTe, CIGS, SnS and Perovskites), and the device structures suitable for next generation solar cells. In particular, the progress in graded bandgap multi-layer solar cells are presented in this Special Issue.

Fundamentals of Photovoltaic Modules and Their Applications

Fundamentals of Photovoltaic Modules and Their Applications
Author: G. N. Tiwari,Swapnil Dubey
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 402
Release: 2010
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781849730204

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Presently there is no single publication available which covers the topics related to photovoltaic (PV) or photovoltaic thermal (PV/T) technologies, thermal modelling, CO2 mitigation and carbon trading. This book disseminates the current knowledge in the fundamentals of solar energy, photovoltaic (PV) or photovoltaic thermal (PV/T) technologies, energy security and climate change and is aimed at undergraduate and postgraduate students and professionals. The main emphasis of the book is on the design, construction, performance and application of PV and PV/T from the electricity and thermal standpoint. Hot topics covered in the book include: energy security of a nation, climate change, CO2 mitigation and carbon credit earned by using PV or PV/T technologies (Carbon Trading). This information will prove helpful in filling the gap between the researchers and professionals working on the application of photovoltaic and global climate change. It also covers economic, cost effective and sustainable aspects of photovoltaic technologies. The book gives a detailed history of the new technological developments in PV/T systems worldwide with system photographs and references and elaborates on the fundamentals of hybrid systems and their performances with thermal modelling. Energy and exergy analysis, techno-economic analysis and carbon trading are key chapters for research professionals. The book also includes important case studies to aid understanding of the subject for all readers.