Dental Wear in Evolutionary and Biocultural Contexts

Dental Wear in Evolutionary and Biocultural Contexts
Author: Christopher W. Schmidt, PhD,James T. Watson, PhD
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2019-07-15
Genre: Law
ISBN: 9780128155998

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Teeth wear down as they are used for a number of functions in life including mastication and non-masticatory activities, such as using them as tools to hold objects in the mouth. Dental wear has been studied for decades at both macroscopic and microscopic levels. However, to date, no volume has been produced that is devoted specifically to dental wear. Dental Wear in Evolutionary and Biocultural Contexts provides a single source that disseminates current state-of-the-art research regarding dental wear across a variety of hominoid species, and under a number of temporal and spatial contexts. The volume begins with a brief introductory chapter addressing the general history, understandings, and approaches to the study of dental wear. The remaining chapters in the first half of the volume are dedicated to dental macrowear, and the chapters in second half are dedicated to dental microwear. The primary audience for this volume are students and professionals in anthropology, specifically paleoanthropologists, bioarchaeologists, archaeologists, and primatologists. It may also be attractive to dentists and other dental professionals interested in dental function. Covers a wide range of topics including method and theory, macrowear and microwear in primates and fossil hominins Highlights several recent technological innovations, including occlusal fingerprinting, considerations of enamel mechanical properties, and microwear texture Includes case studies from archaeological populations

Dental Wear in Evolutionary and Biocultural Contexts

Dental Wear in Evolutionary and Biocultural Contexts
Author: Christopher W. Schmidt,James T. Watson
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2019-09-24
Genre: Law
ISBN: 9780128156001

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Dental Wear in Evolutionary and Biocultural Contexts provides a single source for disseminating the current state-of-the-art research regarding dental wear across a variety of hominoid species under a number of temporal and spatial contexts. The volume begins with a brief introductory chapter addressing the general history, understandings and approaches to the study of dental wear. Remaining chapters cover dental macrowear and dental microwear. Students and professionals in anthropology, specifically paleoanthropologists, bioarcheologists, archaeologists, and primatologists will find this book to be a valuable resource. In addition, it is a helpful guide for dentists and other dental professionals interested in dental function. Covers a wide range of topics, including method and theory, macrowear and microwear in primates, and fossil hominins Highlights several recent technological innovations, including occlusal fingerprinting, considerations of enamel mechanical properties, and microwear texture Includes case studies from archaeological populations

Long on the Tooth

Long  on  the Tooth
Author: Christopher W. Schmidt
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2020-11-21
Genre: Law
ISBN: 9780128243077

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Long 'on' the Tooth: Dental Evidence of Diet addresses human dental macroscopic and microscopic wear, as well as dental disease, as indicators of diet. The book focuses primarily on 350 pre-contact humans from North America dating from approximately 5,500 to 600 years ago. These populations had subsistence strategies ranging from terrestrial foraging to intensive maize agriculture. The study makes intra- and intergroup comparisons to elucidate dietary nuances that are largely beyond the reach of other means of dietary reconstruction. Finally, the book discusses the importance of using multiple dietary indicators in unison in order to provide paleodietary insights. Includes state-of-the-art dental microwear texture data Focuses on populations largely overlooked in archaeological and dental anthropology volumes Offers the first dental anthropology book to integrate dental pathology and dental microwear texture analysis

Updating Neanderthals

Updating Neanderthals
Author: Francesca Romagnoli,Florent Rivals,Stefano Benazzi
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2022-07-15
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128214299

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Updating Neanderthals: Understanding Behavioral Complexity in the Late Middle Paleolithic provides comprehensive knowledge on Neanderthals who lived throughout the European and Asian continents. The book synthesizes historical information about the study of Middle Paleolithic populations and presents current debates about their genetics, subsistence, technology, social and cognitive behaviors. It focuses on the last phase of Neanderthal settlements and presents the main patterns of modern humans across Europe. Written by international experts on the Middle Paleolithic who have conducted innovative studies in the last three decades, this book explores the implications of interactions between different human species, including Neanderthals, Denisovans and Sapiens. In addition, the book discusses the diversity and variability of human adaptations and behaviors in the changing climate and environment of the Late Pleistocene, and the relationship between these behaviors, demography and cognitive capabilities. Offers a comprehensive update on the variability and diversity of Neanderthal behaviors during the Late Pleistocene Presents an interdisciplinary reconstruction of Neanderthals by assessing archaeology, paleontology, paleoecology, anthropology, genetics and cognition Reviews the reliability of archaeological data and the theoretical and methodological advances of the last 30 years Discusses the most debated Neanderthal themes, such as demography, diet, socio-economy and art

What Anthropologists Do

What Anthropologists Do
Author: Veronica Strang
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 278
Release: 2021-05-11
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9781000182385

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Why should you study anthropology? How will it enable you to understand human behaviour? And what will you learn that will equip you to enter working life? This book describes what studying anthropology actually means in practice, and explores the many career options available to those trained in anthropology. Anthropology gets under the surface of social and cultural diversity to understand people’s beliefs and values, and how these guide the different lifeways that these create. This accessible book presents a lively introduction to the ways in which anthropology's unique research methods and conceptual frameworks can be employed in a very wide range of fields, from environmental concerns to human rights, through business, social policy, museums and marketing. This updated edition includes an additional chapter on anthropology and interdisciplinarity. This is an essential primer for undergraduates studying introductory courses to anthropology, and any reader who wants to know what anthropology is about.

Civil Rights in America

Civil Rights in America
Author: Christopher W. Schmidt
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2020-12-17
Genre: History
ISBN: 9781108426251

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This book tells the story of how Americans, from the Civil War through today, have fought over the meaning of civil rights.

Patterns of Human Growth

Patterns of Human Growth
Author: Barry Bogin
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 455
Release: 1999-05-06
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 0521564387

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A revised edition of an established text on human growth and development from an anthropological and evolutionary perspective.

Bioarchaeology

Bioarchaeology
Author: Clark Spencer Larsen
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 656
Release: 2015-03-30
Genre: History
ISBN: 9780521838696

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A synthetic treatment of the study of human remains from archaeological contexts for current and future generations of bioarchaeologists.

The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth

The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth
Author: G. Richard Scott,Christy G. Turner II,Grant C. Townsend,María Martinón-Torres
Publsiher: Cambridge Studies in Biological and Evolutionary Anthropology
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2018-03-15
Genre: Law
ISBN: 9781107174412

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Complete guide to genetics, evolution, and variation in human tooth crown and root morphology in modern and fossil Homo sapiens.

The Art of Being Human

The Art of Being Human
Author: Michael Wesch
Publsiher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Total Pages: 370
Release: 2018-08-07
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 1724963678

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Anthropology is the study of all humans in all times in all places. But it is so much more than that. "Anthropology requires strength, valor, and courage," Nancy Scheper-Hughes noted. "Pierre Bourdieu called anthropology a combat sport, an extreme sport as well as a tough and rigorous discipline. ... It teaches students not to be afraid of getting one's hands dirty, to get down in the dirt, and to commit yourself, body and mind. Susan Sontag called anthropology a "heroic" profession." What is the payoff for this heroic journey? You will find ideas that can carry you across rivers of doubt and over mountains of fear to find the the light and life of places forgotten. Real anthropology cannot be contained in a book. You have to go out and feel the world's jagged edges, wipe its dust from your brow, and at times, leave your blood in its soil. In this unique book, Dr. Michael Wesch shares many of his own adventures of being an anthropologist and what the science of human beings can tell us about the art of being human. This special first draft edition is a loose framework for more and more complete future chapters and writings. It serves as a companion to anth101.com, a free and open resource for instructors of cultural anthropology. This 2018 text is a revision of the "first draft edition" from 2017 and includes 7 new chapters.

Advanced Operative Dentistry E Book

Advanced Operative Dentistry E Book
Author: David Ricketts,David W. Bartlett
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2011-05-16
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780702046971

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This Elsevier title is a Pageburst product which provides you with the printed volume PLUS an e-book. Pageburst (formerly Evolve eBooks) allows you to quickly search the entire book, make notes, add highlights, and study more efficiently. Buying other Pageburst titles makes your learning experience even better: all of the eBooks will work together on your electronic 'bookshelf' so that you can search across your entire electronic library. Advanced Operative Dentistry: A Practical Approach is a brand new volume that addresses the use of fixed prosthodontics in a single handy reference source. Prepared by editors and contributors of international renown, this volume places unique emphasis on the biological basis of effective treatment planning by describing the diagnosis, aetiology, risk assessment and preventive management of diseases and disorders and how these factors are integral to predictable long-term patient outcomes. Advanced Operative Dentistry: A Practical Approach also gives clear advice on the selection and use of modern dental materials and describes how teeth are prepared – and to what extent – for indirect restorations such as crowns, bridges, veneers, inlays and onlays. The book also explores the use of complex indirect fixed prosthodontics which brings with it specific issues of restoration design, retention and occlusal management. Recognising that great deal of emphasis is placed on aesthetic dentistry by patient and dentist alike, this text also discusses factors which can impact upon aesthetics and how the aesthetic demands of patients can be met in a realistic and ethical manner. Clearly written and fully illustrated throughout, this practical step-by-step guide will be ideal for undergraduate dental students, vocational trainees and practitioners undertaking post-graduate exams. Prepared by editors and contributors of international renown Contains an abundance of full colour, clinical illustrations to show the results that can be achieved in real life Describes how to achieve the best appearance in order to meet increasing patient expectations Discusses the use of fixed prosthodontics in one volume and how fixed and removable prosthodontics can be integrated Gives unique emphasis on the preventative, biological approach to the use of fixed prosthodontics in order to ensure positive long-term treatment outcomes Clearly illustrates why aspects of tooth preparation are necessary and how the construction of restorations influences their fit Provides an integrated, multidisciplinary step-by-step guide to the provision of indirect fixed restorations Provides guidance on effective communication with laboratory staff to ensure high-quality tooth preparation Describes the correct handling of materials and restorations when being fitted Presents the latest findings regarding the use of contemporary materials and techniques – such as the use of Expasyl, Protemp temporary crowns, CAD and CAM crowns Comprehensive coverage of the subject area makes cross-referencing to other books unnecessary

Transformation by Fire

Transformation by Fire
Author: Gabriel Cooney
Publsiher: University of Arizona Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2014-11-27
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9780816531141

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Transformation by Fire offers a current assessment of the archaeological research on the widespread social practice of cremation. Editors Ian Kuijt, Colin P. Quinn, and Gabriel Cooney chart a path for the development of interpretive archaeology surrounding this complex social process.

Cyberfeminism and Artificial Life

Cyberfeminism and Artificial Life
Author: Sarah Kember,Professor of New Technologies of Communication Sarah Kember
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 257
Release: 2003
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 0415240271

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Examining the construction, manipulation and re-definition of life in contemporary technoscientific culture, this book aims to re-focus concern on the ethics rather than on the 'nature' of artificial life.

The Evolutionary Foundations of Economics

The Evolutionary Foundations of Economics
Author: Kurt Dopfer
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2005-05-23
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 1139443232

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It is widely recognised that mainstream economics has failed to translate micro consistently into macro economics and to provide endogenous explanations for the continual changes in the economic system. Since the early 1980s, a growing number of economists have been trying to provide answers to these two key questions by applying an evolutionary approach. This new departure has yielded a rich literature with enormous variety, but the unifying principles connecting the various ideas and views presented are, as yet, not apparent. This 2005 volume brings together fifteen original articles from scholars - each of whom has made a significant contribution to the field - in their common effort to reconstruct economics as an evolutionary science. Using meso economics as an analytical entity to bridge micro and macro economics as well as static and dynamic realms, a unified economic theory emerges.

Human Tooth Crown and Root Morphology

Human Tooth Crown and Root Morphology
Author: G. Richard Scott,Joel D. Irish
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2017-03-16
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781107480735

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This guide to scoring crown and root traits in human dentitions substantially builds on a seminal 1991 work by Turner, Nichol, and Scott. It provides detailed descriptions and multiple illustrations of each crown and root trait to help guide researchers to make consistent observations on trait expression, greatly reducing observer error. The book also reflects exciting new developments driven by technology that have significant ramifications for dental anthropology, particularly the recent development of a web-based application that computes the probability that an individual belongs to a particular genogeographic grouping based on combinations of crown and root traits; as such, the utility of these variables is expanded to forensic anthropology. This book is ideal for researchers and graduate students in the fields of dental, physical, and forensic anthropology and will serve as a methodological guide for many years to come.