Design and Operation of Human Locomotion Systems

Design and Operation of Human Locomotion Systems
Author: Marco Ceccarelli,Guiseppe Carbone
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2019-10-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128156599

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Design and Operation of Locomotion Systems examines recent advances in locomotion systems with multidisciplinary viewpoints, including mechanical design, biomechanics, control and computer science. In particular, the book addresses the specifications and requirements needed to achieve the proper design of locomotion systems. The book provides insights on the gait analysis of humans by considering image capture systems. It also studies human locomotion from a rehabilitation viewpoint and outlines the design and operation of exoskeletons, both for rehabilitation and human performance enhancement tasks. Additionally, the book content ranges from fundamental theory and mathematical formulations, to practical implementations and experimental testing procedures. Written and contributed by leading experts in robotics and locomotion systems Addresses humanoid locomotion from both design and control viewpoints Discusses the design and control of multi-legged locomotion systems

Design and Operation of Human Locomotion Systems

Design and Operation of Human Locomotion Systems
Author: Marco Cecarelli,Giuseppe Carbone
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 171
Release: 2019-09-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128156605

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Design and Operation of Locomotion Systems examines recent advances in locomotion systems with multidisciplinary viewpoints, including mechanical design, biomechanics, control and computer science. In particular, the book addresses the specifications and requirements needed to achieve the proper design of locomotion systems. The book provides insights on the gait analysis of humans by considering image capture systems. It also studies human locomotion from a rehabilitation viewpoint and outlines the design and operation of exoskeletons, both for rehabilitation and human performance enhancement tasks. Additionally, the book content ranges from fundamental theory and mathematical formulations, to practical implementations and experimental testing procedures. Written and contributed by leading experts in robotics and locomotion systems Addresses humanoid locomotion from both design and control viewpoints Discusses the design and control of multi-legged locomotion systems

New Trends in Medical and Service Robotics

New Trends in Medical and Service Robotics
Author: Georg Rauter,Philippe C. Cattin,Azhar Zam,Robert Riener,Giuseppe Carbone,Doina Pisla
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 335
Release: 2020-11-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783030581046

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This book contains the papers of the 7th International Workshop on Medical and Service Robots (MESROB) that was planned to be held in Basel, Switzerland, in July 2020. Since the conference could not be held due to the worldwide Corona pandemic, the proceedings are published in this book and presentation of the accepted papers will be postponed to next year’s conference (MESROB 2021). The main topics of the workshop include: design of medical devices, kinematics and dynamics for medical robotics, exoskeletons and prostheses, anthropomorphic hands, therapeutic robots and rehabilitation, cognitive robots, humanoid and service robots, assistive robots and elderly assistance, surgical robots, human-robot interfaces, haptic devices, medical treatments, medical lasers, and surgical planning and navigation. The contributions, which were selected by means of a rigorous international peer-review process, highlight numerous exciting ideas that will spur novel research directions and foster multidisciplinary collaboration among different specialists, demonstrating that medical and service robotics will drive the technological and societal change in the coming decades.

Bioinspired Legged Locomotion

Bioinspired Legged Locomotion
Author: Maziar Ahmad Sharbafi,André Seyfarth
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 638
Release: 2017-11-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128037744

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Bioinspired Legged Locomotion: Models, Concepts, Control and Applications explores the universe of legged robots, bringing in perspectives from engineering, biology, motion science, and medicine to provide a comprehensive overview of the field. With comprehensive coverage, each chapter brings outlines, and an abstract, introduction, new developments, and a summary. Beginning with bio-inspired locomotion concepts, the book's editors present a thorough review of current literature that is followed by a more detailed view of bouncing, swinging, and balancing, the three fundamental sub functions of locomotion. This part is closed with a presentation of conceptual models for locomotion. Next, the book explores bio-inspired body design, discussing the concepts of motion control, stability, efficiency, and robustness. The morphology of legged robots follows this discussion, including biped and quadruped designs. Finally, a section on high-level control and applications discusses neuromuscular models, closing the book with examples of applications and discussions of performance, efficiency, and robustness. At the end, the editors share their perspective on the future directions of each area, presenting state-of-the-art knowledge on the subject using a structured and consistent approach that will help researchers in both academia and industry formulate a better understanding of bioinspired legged robotic locomotion and quickly apply the concepts in research or products. Presents state-of-the-art control approaches with biological relevance Provides a thorough understanding of the principles of organization of biological locomotion Teaches the organization of complex systems based on low-dimensional motion concepts/control Acts as a guideline reference for future robots/assistive devices with legged architecture Includes a selective bibliography on the most relevant published articles

A Television computer System for Human Locomotion Analysis

A Television computer System for Human Locomotion Analysis
Author: Michael Owen Jarrett
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1976
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:53534691

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Robotic Augmentation of Human Locomotion for High Speed Running

Robotic Augmentation of Human Locomotion for High Speed Running
Author: Jason Kerestes
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 72
Release: 2014
Genre: Energy metabolism
ISBN: OCLC:904158018

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Human running requires extensive training and conditioning for an individual to maintain high speeds (greater than 10mph) for an extended duration of time. Studies have shown that running at peak speeds generates a high metabolic cost due to the use of large muscle groups in the legs associated with the human gait cycle. Applying supplemental external and internal forces to the human body during the gait cycle has been shown to decrease the metabolic cost for walking, allowing individuals to carry additional weight and walk further distances. Significant research has been conducted to reduce the metabolic cost of walking, however, there are few if any documented studies that focus specifically on reducing the metabolic cost associated with high speed running. Three mechanical systems were designed to work in concert with the human user to decrease metabolic cost and increase the range and speeds at which a human can run. The methods of design require a focus on mathematical modeling, simulations, and metabolic cost. Mathematical modeling and simulations are used to aid in the design process of robotic systems and metabolic testing is regarded as the final analysis process to determine the true effectiveness of robotic prototypes. Metabolic data, (VO2) is the volumetric consumption of oxygen, per minute, per unit mass (ml/min/kg). Metabolic testing consists of analyzing the oxygen consumption of a test subject while performing a task naturally and then comparing that data with analyzed oxygen consumption of the same task while using an assistive device. Three devices were designed and tested to augment high speed running. The first device, AirLegs V1, is a mostly aluminum exoskeleton with two pneumatic linear actuators connecting from the lower back directly to the user's thighs, allowing the device to induce a torque on the leg by pushing and pulling on the user's thigh during running. The device also makes use of two smaller pneumatic linear actuators which drive cables connecting to small lever arms at the back of the heel, inducing a torque at the ankles. Device two, AirLegs V2, is also pneumatically powered but is considered to be a soft suit version of the first device. It uses cables to interface the forces created by actuators located vertically on the user's back. These cables then connect to the back of the user's knees resulting in greater flexibility and range of motion of the legs. Device three, a Jet Pack, produces an external force against the user's torso to propel a user forward and upward making it easier to run. Third party testing, pilot demonstrations and timed trials have demonstrated that all three of the devices effectively reduce the metabolic cost of running below that of natural running with no device.

Mobile Robots for Dynamic Environments

Mobile Robots for Dynamic Environments
Author: Emin Faruk Kececi,Marco Ceccarelli
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2015-05
Genre: Mobile robots
ISBN: 0791860523

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For several decades now, mobile robots have been integral to the development of new robotic systems for new applications, even in non-technical areas. Mobile robots have already been developed for such uses as industrial automation, medical care, space exploration, demining operations, surveillance, entertainment, museum guides and many other industrial and non-industrial applications. In some cases these products are readily available on the market. A considerable amount of literature is also available; not all of which pertains to technical issues, as listed in the chapters of this book and its companion. Readers will enjoy this book and its companion and will utilize the knowledge gained with satisfaction and will be assisted by its content in their interdisciplinary work for engineering developments of mobile robots, in both old and new applications. This book and its companion can be used as a graduate level course book or a guide book for the practicing engineer who is working on a specific problem described in one of the chapters.

Innovative Processing Methods For Synthesizing Advanced Structural And Functional Materials

Innovative Processing Methods For Synthesizing Advanced Structural And Functional Materials
Author: Dr. Mohamed Zakaulla
Publsiher: RED'SHINE Publication. Pvt. Ltd
Total Pages: 145
Release: 2022
Genre: Antiques & Collectibles
ISBN: 9789389840902

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Biomechanics of Movement

Biomechanics of Movement
Author: Thomas K. Uchida,Scott L Delp
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2021-01-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780262359191

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An engaging introduction to human and animal movement seen through the lens of mechanics. How do Olympic sprinters run so fast? Why do astronauts adopt a bounding gait on the moon? How do running shoes improve performance while preventing injuries? This engaging and generously illustrated book answers these questions by examining human and animal movement through the lens of mechanics. The authors present simple conceptual models to study walking and running and apply mechanical principles to a range of interesting examples. They explore the biology of how movement is produced, examining the structure of a muscle down to its microscopic force-generating motors. Drawing on their deep expertise, the authors describe how to create simulations that provide insight into muscle coordination during walking and running, suggest treatments to improve function following injury, and help design devices that enhance human performance.

Applied Mechanics Reviews

Applied Mechanics Reviews
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1982
Genre: Mechanics, Applied
ISBN: OSU:32435026160945

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Raad 2012 Proceeding 21th International Workshop on Robotics in Alpe Adria Danube Region Naples 10 13 September 2012

Raad 2012 Proceeding  21th International Workshop on Robotics in Alpe Adria Danube Region  Naples  10 13 September 2012
Author: Cesare Rossi,Marco Ceccarelli
Publsiher: E.S.A.
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2012
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9788895430454

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Measurement of Human Locomotion

Measurement of Human Locomotion
Author: Vladimir Medved
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2000-12-21
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781420036985

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The importance of measurements for the proper assessment of human locomotion is increasingly being recognized. The fields of application encompass both healthy and pathological locomotion as encountered in rehabilitation medicine, orthopedics, kinesiology, sports medicine, and the like. Measurement of Human Locomotion provides an up-to-date description of the instrument systems used for measurement of: kinematics of human movement; kinetic quantities experienced by the human body in contact with the ground; and, myoelectric changes associated with locomotor activity. Physical principles behind the operation of various measurement systems are emphasized, as well as signal processing issues that must be addressed in order to obtain and use quantitative measurement variables in biomechanics. The book explains how measurement data are acquired, processed and presented to the user in the environment of a modern, computer-based laboratory. The ultimate aim is to contribute to the processes of the diagnosis and treatment of locomotion disorders. The purpose of Measurement of Human Locomotion is to provide a concise but comprehensive presentation of the systems used for the measurement of human locomotion, with a view to the assessment and diagnosis of the phenomenon.

Robot Intelligence Technology and Applications 2012

Robot Intelligence Technology and Applications 2012
Author: Jong-Hwan Kim,Eric T Matson,Hyun Myung,Peter Xu
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1059
Release: 2013-04-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783642373749

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In recent years, robots have been built based on cognitive architecture which has been developed to model human cognitive ability. The cognitive architecture can be a basis for intelligence technology to generate robot intelligence. In this edited book the robot intelligence is classified into six categories: cognitive intelligence, social intelligence, behavioral intelligence, ambient intelligence, collective intelligence and genetic intelligence. This classification categorizes the intelligence of robots based on the different aspects of awareness and the ability to act deliberately as a result of such awareness. This book aims at serving researchers and practitioners with a timely dissemination of the recent progress on robot intelligence technology and its applications, based on a collection of papers presented at the 1st International Conference on Robot Intelligence Technology and Applications (RiTA), held in Gwangju, Korea, December 16-18, 2012. For a better readability, this edition has the total 101 papers grouped into 3 chapters: Chapter I: Cognitive Intelligence, Social Intelligence and Behavioral Intelligence, Chapter II: Ambient Intelligence, Collective Intelligence and Genetic Intelligence, Chapter III: Intelligent Robot Technologies and Applications.

Wearable Robotics Challenges and Trends

Wearable Robotics  Challenges and Trends
Author: Juan C. Moreno,Jawad Masood,Urs Schneider,Christophe Maufroy,Jose L. Pons
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 675
Release: 2021-07-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783030695477

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This book reports on advanced topics in the areas of wearable robotics research and practice. It focuses on new technologies, including neural interfaces, soft wearable robots, sensors and actuators technologies, discussing industrially and medically-relevant issues, as well as legal and ethical aspects. It covers exemplary case studies highlighting challenges related to the implementation of wearable robots for different purposes, and describing advanced solutions. Based on the 5th International Symposium on Wearable Robotics, WeRob2020, and on WearRacon Europe 2020, which were both held online on October 13-16, 2020, the book addresses a large audience of academics and professionals working in for the government, in the industry, and in medical centers, as well as end-users alike. By merging together engineering, medical, ethical and industrial perspectives, it offers a multidisciplinary, timely snapshot of the field of wearable technologies.

ROMANSY 11

ROMANSY 11
Author: A. Morecki,G. Bianchi,C. Rzymkowski
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2014-05-04
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783709126660

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The CISM-IFToMM RoManSy Symposia have played a dynamic role in the development of the theory and practice of robotics. The proceedings of the eleven symposia to date present a world view of the state of the art. The proceedings of this eleventh edition focus mainly on problems of mechanical engineering and control.