Designing for Human Reliability

Designing for Human Reliability
Author: Ronald W. McLeod
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 422
Release: 2015-03-21
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780081005262

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Industry underestimates the extent to which behaviour at work is influenced by the design of the working environment. Designing for Human Reliability argues that greater awareness of the contribution of design to human error can significantly enhance HSE performance and improve return on investment. Illustrated with many examples, Designing for Human Reliability explores why work systems are designed and implemented such that "design-induced human error" becomes more-or-less inevitable. McLeod demonstrates how well understood psychological processes can lead people to make decisions and to take actions that otherwise seem impossible to understand. Designing for Human Reliability sets out thirteen key elements to deliver the levels of human reliability expected to achieve the return on investment sought when decisions are made to invest in projects. And it demonstrates how investigation of the human contribution to incidents can be improved by focusing on what companies expected and intended when they chose to rely on human performance as a barrier, or control, against incidents. Recognise some ‘hard truths’ of human performance and learn about the importance of applying the principles of Human Factors Engineering on capital projects Learn from analysis of real-world incidents how differences between ‘fast’ and ‘slow’ styles of thinking can lead to human error in industrial processes Learn how controls and barrier against major incidents that rely on human performance can be strengthened throughout the design and development of assets and equipment

A Guide To Practical Human Reliability Assessment

A Guide To Practical Human Reliability Assessment
Author: B. Kirwan
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 587
Release: 1994-11-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0748400524

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Human error is here to stay. This perhaps obvious statement has a profound implication for society when faced with the types of hazardous system accidents that have occurred over the past three decades. Such accidents have been strongly influenced by human error, yet many system designs in existence or being planned and built do not take human error into consideration.; "A Guide to Practical Human Reliability Assessment" is a practical and pragmatic guide to the techniques and approaches of human reliability assessment HRA. lt offers the reader explanatory and practical methods which have been applied and have worked in high technology and high risk assessments - particularly but not exclusively to potentially hazardous industries such as exist in process control, nuclear power, chemical and petrochemical industries. A Guide to Practical Human Reliability Assessment offers the practitioner a comprehensive tool-kit of different approaches along with guidance on selecting different methods for different applications. It covers the risk assessment and the HRA process, as well as methods of task analysis, error identification, quantification, representation of errors in the risk analysis, followed by error reduction analysis, quality assurance and documentation. There are also a number of detailed case studies from nuclear, chemical, offshore, and marine HRA'S, exemplfying the image of techniques and the impact of HRA in existing and design-stage systems.

Design for Reliability

Design for Reliability
Author: Dev G. Raheja,Louis J. Gullo
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2012-07-20
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781118310038

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A unique, design-based approach to reliabilityengineering Design for Reliability provides engineers and managerswith a range of tools and techniques for incorporating reliabilityinto the design process for complex systems. It clearly explainshow to design for zero failure of critical system functions,leading to enormous savings in product life-cycle costs and adramatic improvement in the ability to compete in globalmarkets. Readers will find a wealth of design practices not covered intypical engineering books, allowing them to think outside the boxwhen developing reliability requirements. They will learn toaddress high failure rates associated with systems that are notproperly designed for reliability, avoiding expensive andtime-consuming engineering changes, such as excessive testing,repairs, maintenance, inspection, and logistics. Special features of this book include: A unified approach that integrates ideas from computer scienceand reliability engineering Techniques applicable to reliability as well as safety,maintainability, system integration, and logistic engineering Chapters on design for extreme environments, developingreliable software, design for trustworthiness, and HALT influenceon design Design for Reliability is a must-have guide for engineersand managers in R&D, product development, reliabilityengineering, product safety, and quality assurance, as well asanyone who needs to deliver high product performance at a lowercost while minimizing system failure.

Designing for Human Reliability Human Factors Engineering in the Oil Gas and Process Industries

Designing for Human Reliability  Human Factors Engineering in the Oil  Gas  and Process Industries
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:972041796

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Reliability Engineering

Reliability Engineering
Author: Alessandro Birolini
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2013-04-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783662054093

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Using clear language, this book shows you how to build in, evaluate, and demonstrate reliability and availability of components, equipment, and systems. It presents the state of the art in theory and practice, and is based on the author's 30 years' experience, half in industry and half as professor of reliability engineering at the ETH, Zurich. In this extended edition, new models and considerations have been added for reliability data analysis and fault tolerant reconfigurable repairable systems including reward and frequency / duration aspects. New design rules for imperfect switching, incomplete coverage, items with more than 2 states, and phased-mission systems, as well as a Monte Carlo approach useful for rare events are given. Trends in quality management are outlined. Methods and tools are given in such a way that they can be tailored to cover different reliability requirement levels and be used to investigate safety as well. The book contains a large number of tables, figures, and examples to support the practical aspects.

Human Reliability

Human Reliability
Author: K.S. Park
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2014-06-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781483297279

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The objectives of Human Reliability are to build reliability into the job, into the machine, and into the environment, and to let man perform naturally. In this book the author shows how these objectives can be achieved by concentrating on human reliability issues during the design stage. This is done by illustrating the relationships between various design features and some aspect of human performance, e.g. human errors. The book is designed as a practical guide to the daily performance of tasks in Human Reliability as well as a general reference and tutorial introduction to the field. It is therefore both practical and theoretical: the first four chapters focus on principles and ramifications relevant to human error prevention; the latter four are primarily concerned with human reliability analysis and prediction methodology. Throughout the book there are extensive references, numerous ready-to-use recommendations, formulas and mathematical models, and computer programs for human reliability work for analyzing, predicting and preventing human errors in a variety of situations. Though some of the material requires undergraduate training in engineering, the more difficult mathematical expositions can be omitted without loss of continuity, but are available for the reader who needs a more complete understanding of the relevant theory.

Human Reliability And Error In Medical System

Human Reliability And Error In Medical System
Author: B S Dhillon
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2003-09-05
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9789814486088

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Human reliability and error have become a very important issue in health care, owing to the vast number of associated deaths each year. For example, according to the findings of the Institute of Medicine in 1999, around 100000 Americans die each year because of human error. This makes human error in health care the eighth leading cause of deaths in the US. Moreover, the total annual national cost of the medical errors is estimated at between $17 billion and $37.6 billion.There are very few books on this subject, and none of them covers it at a significant depth. The need for a book presenting the basics of human reliability, human factors and comprehensive information on error in medical systems is essential. This book meets that need.

Human Reliability Error and Human Factors in Power Generation

Human Reliability  Error  and Human Factors in Power Generation
Author: B. S. Dhillon
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 188
Release: 2014-01-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319040196

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Human reliability, error, and human factors in the area of power generation have been receiving increasing attention in recent years. Each year billions of dollars are spent in the area of power generation to design, construct/manufacture, operate, and maintain various types of power systems around the globe, and such systems often fail due to human error. This book compiles various recent results and data into one volume, and eliminates the need to consult many diverse sources to obtain vital information. It enables potential readers to delve deeper into a specific area, providing the source of most of the material presented in references at the end of each chapter. Examples along with solutions are also provided at appropriate places, and there are numerous problems for testing the reader’s comprehension. Chapters cover a broad range of topics, including general methods for performing human reliability and error analysis in power plants, specific human reliability analysis methods for nuclear power plants, human factors in control systems, and human error in power plant maintenance. They are written in such a manner that the potential reader requires no previous knowledge to understand their contents. “Human Reliability, Error, and Human Factors in Power Generation” will prove useful to many individuals, including engineering professionals working in the power generation industry, researchers, instructors, and undergraduate and graduate students in the field of power engineering.

Designing for Human Reliability

Designing for Human Reliability
Author: Ronald W. McLeod
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 422
Release: 2015-04-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0128024216

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Industry underestimates the extent to which behaviour at work is influenced by the design of the working environment. Designing for Human Reliability argues that greater awareness of the contribution of design to human error can significantly enhance HSE performance and improve return on investment. Illustrated with many examples, Designing for Human Reliability explores why work systems are designed and implemented such that "design-induced human error" becomes more-or-less inevitable. McLeod demonstrates how well understood psychological processes can lead people to make decisions and to take actions that otherwise seem impossible to understand. Designing for Human Reliability sets out thirteen key elements to deliver the levels of human reliability expected to achieve the return on investment sought when decisions are made to invest in projects. And it demonstrates how investigation of the human contribution to incidents can be improved by focusing on what companies expected and intended when they chose to rely on human performance as a barrier, or control, against incidents. Recognise some 'hard truths' of human performance and learn about the importance of applying the principles of Human Factors Engineering on capital projects Learn from analysis of real-world incidents how differences between 'fast' and 'slow' styles of thinking can lead to human error in industrial processes Learn how controls and barrier against major incidents that rely on human performance can be strengthened throughout the design and development of assets and equipment

Space Safety and Human Performance

Space Safety and Human Performance
Author: Barbara G. Kanki,Jean-Francois Clervoy,Gro Sandal
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 944
Release: 2017-11-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081018705

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Space Safety and Human Performance provides a comprehensive reference for engineers and technical managers within aerospace and high technology companies, space agencies, operators, and consulting firms. The book draws upon the expertise of the world’s leading experts in the field and focuses primarily on humans in spaceflight, but also covers operators of control centers on the ground and behavior aspects of complex organizations, thus addressing the entire spectrum of space actors. During spaceflight, human performance can be deeply affected by physical, psychological and psychosocial stressors. Strict selection, intensive training and adequate operational rules are used to fight performance degradation and prepare individuals and teams to effectively manage systems failures and challenging emergencies. The book is endorsed by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS). Provides information on critical aspects of human performance in space missions Addresses the issue of human performance, from physical and psychosocial stressors that can degrade performance, to selection and training principles and techniques to enhance performance Brings together essential material on: cognition and human error; advanced analysis methods such as human reliability analysis; environmental challenges and human performance in space missions; critical human factors and man/machine interfaces in space systems design; crew selection and training; and organizational behavior and safety culture Includes an endorsement by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS)

Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics

Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics
Author: Gavriel Salvendy
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1752
Release: 2012-05-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781118129081

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The fourth edition of the Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomicshas been completely revised and updated. This includes allexisting third edition chapters plus new chapters written to covernew areas. These include the following subjects: Managing low-back disorder risk in the workplace Online interactivity Neuroergonomics Office ergonomics Social networking HF&E in motor vehicle transportation User requirements Human factors and ergonomics in aviation Human factors in ambient intelligent environments As with the earlier editions, the main purpose of this handbookis to serve the needs of the human factors and ergonomicsresearchers, practitioners, and graduate students. Each chapter hasa strong theory and scientific base, but is heavily focused on realworld applications. As such, a significant number of case studies,examples, figures, and tables are included to aid in theunderstanding and application of the material covered.

Human Reliability Error and Human Factors in Engineering Maintenance

Human Reliability  Error  and Human Factors in Engineering Maintenance
Author: B.S. Dhillon
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2009-04-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1439803846

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Of the billions of dollars spent on plant management and operation annually, an estimated 80% of the total amount is spent to rectify the chronic failure of systems, machines, and humans. Although information on human reliability, error, and human factors in engineering maintenance is scattered throughout journals and proceedings, no single resource covers all of these topics within a maintenance safety framework. Consulting different and diverse sources can not only make finding information laborious and time consuming, but also cause delays on the job. Human Reliability, Error, and Human Factors in Engineering Maintenance with Reference to Aviation and Power Generation provides engineers a tool for meeting the increasing problem of human error. Drawing on a myriad of sources, the book provides quick and easy access to information that can then be immediately applied to actual problems in the field. It includes examples and their solutions to illustrate engineering safety management at work and gives readers a view of the intensity of developments in the area. The author’s clear, concise, user-friendly style breaks the information down into understandable and applicable concepts. This book not only provides up-to-date coverage of the on-going efforts in human reliability, error, and human factors in engineering maintenance, but also covers useful developments in the general areas of human factors, reliability, and error. This information can then be translated into increased maintenance safety that has a positive impact on the bottom line.

Reliability and Risk Issues in Large Scale Safety critical Digital Control Systems

Reliability and Risk Issues in Large Scale Safety critical Digital Control Systems
Author: Poong-Hyun Seong
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2008-11-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781848003835

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“Reliability and Risk Issues in Large Scale Safety-critical Digital Control Systems” provides a comprehensive coverage of reliability issues and their corresponding countermeasures in the field of large-scale digital control systems, from the hardware and software in digital systems to the human operators who supervise the overall process of large-scale systems. Unlike other books which examine theories and issues in individual fields, this book reviews important problems and countermeasures across the fields of software reliability, software verification and validation, digital systems, human factors engineering and human reliability analysis. Divided into four sections dealing with software reliability, digital system reliability, human reliability and human operators in large-scale digital systems, the book offers insights from professional researchers in each specialized field in a diverse yet unified approach.

Contemporary Ergonomics 1995

Contemporary Ergonomics 1995
Author: Ergonomics Society. Conference
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 580
Release: 1995-04-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0748403280

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Human Reliability and Error in Transportation Systems

Human Reliability and Error in Transportation Systems
Author: Balbir S. Dhillon
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2007-07-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781846288128

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Human errors contribute significantly to most transportation crashes: approximately 70 to 90 percent of crashes are the result of human error. This book examines human reliability across all types of transportation systems. The material is accessible to readers with no previous knowledge in the field and is supported with a full explanation of the necessary mathematical concepts together with numerous examples and test problems.