Disclosure Behavior of European Firms around the Adoption of IFRS

Disclosure Behavior of European Firms around the Adoption of IFRS
Author: Michael H. R. Erkens
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 166
Release: 2016-05-12
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9783658134419

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Michael Erkens analyzes the determinants and consequences of information disclosure. He presents an empirical investigation of corporate risk management disclosures of nearly 400 firms from 20 European countries. The results show that countries’ institutional settings and cultural values are predominant factors why firms disclose information on their risk management practices. In another study, the author analyzes the economic consequences associated with the publication of an annual report in English by European firms from non-English speaking countries. He finds that the release of English annual reports attracts more analysts and foreign investors to the firm, and decreases information asymmetries between insiders and outsiders of the firm.

International Financial Reporting Standards Implementation

International Financial Reporting Standards Implementation
Author: Mohammad Nurunnabi
Publsiher: Emerald Group Publishing
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2021-08-23
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781801174428

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Contributions to International Accounting aims to address a vital gap in research by focusing on providing relevant and timely studies on International Financial Reporting Standards implementation for local and international policymakers.

Three Essays on Financial Information Disclosure

Three Essays on Financial Information Disclosure
Author: Bo Zhang
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 129
Release: 2018
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:1135027044

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This thesis is comprised of three essays on informational issues that revolve around financial reporting, governance, and disclosure. The first essay focuses on how International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) adoption by the Canadian fund industry impacts the funds' reported performance and managers' behavior. When Canada implemented IFRS for publicly accountable enterprises (PAEs) in 2011, it received much attention from international researchers, professionals, and regulators mainly for three reasons: (1) IFRS were more mature when adopted in Canada as nine amendments had been made from 2005 through 2010, and issues and uncertainties faced by earlier adopters such as firms from EU members may or may not exist in Canada; (2) pre-IFRS Canadian accounting standards were very close to that of the US, and thus, the Canadian experience has strong implication to the largest capital market which has not accepted IFRS as primary standards yet; (3) Canadian accounting and financial regulations have been shown to be more effective in controlling risks during the 2008 financial crisis compared to those of other major economies; how IFRS can strengthen such a tight system is to be examined and is important to IFRS proponents and standard setters. In 2014, Canada took the lead by being the first common law jurisdiction mandating IFRS for investment funds while most other countries hold up IFRS adoption in this particular industry due to various complications. This paper shows that IFRS adoption does affect the funds' outcomes and managers' behavior in Canadian closed-end investment funds, and voluntary disclosure of cash flows also strongly affects fund managers' return and valuation discretion. The implication is that if a country is not ready to fully implement IFRS in the fund industry because of complications at the accounting and financial levels, mandatory disclosure of cash flows could lead to better accounting quality as well, since one major difference between IFRS and GAAP is the disclosure of cash flows which constrains manager's discretion on asset appraisals. The second essay studies the implications from outside directors' turnover. Outside directors have been extensively studied as a governance factor, but their behaviors are not well documented in the literature, partly because most agency theory-based research concentrates on the behavior of managers, not that of directors. While the majority of studies in the governance literature analyze characteristics of directors in a static way, I look at this question in a dynamic way which considers directors' behaviors. This paper studies S&P 500 companies that have boardroom turnovers due to outside directors' unexpected departures. The departures of these non-executive directors usually do not trigger investors' concerns. However, our results show that when they do not provide concrete reasons, the firms from which they resigned experience underperformance afterward. This result suggests that directors may have resigned ahead of sub performance because of information they became privy to. The implication is strong to both regulators and investors. While governance regulations require a certain proportion of outside directors on compensation and audit committees with the intention of achieving efficient governance and releasing timely and reliable information, such mechanisms are substantially affected if outside directors do not fulfill their responsibilities when firms face challenges. Investors who take long positions should be alerted about outside directors' unexplained departure, and investors who take short positions may find opportunities when a company has boardroom turnover. The third essay examines a financial question around mergers and acquisitions announcements. In a tender offer, the bidder contacts shareholders of a target firm directly by announcing a public offer to tender their shares. The risk arises because the acquisition may or may not go through. Insiders typically have a better appreciation of the likelihood of a successful acquisition than outsiders, who have very limited access to strategic and private information. As a result, outsiders are at the disadvantageous position during mergers and acquisitions. This paper documents that besides official and public releases, outsiders can also rely on stock returns around announcements to infer private information to reduce information asymmetry. While current regulations and reporting standards do not have effective ways to minimize information asymmetry during mergers and acquisitions, this study highlights an avenue that indirectly mitigates outsiders' information disadvantage.

Losing the Excess Baggage

Losing the Excess Baggage
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 137
Release: 2011
Genre: Financial statements
ISBN: 1904574823

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Financial Microeconometrics

Financial Microeconometrics
Author: Marek Gruszczyński
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 215
Release: 2019-11-23
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9783030342197

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This book explores new topics in modern research on empirical corporate finance and applied accounting, especially the econometric analysis of microdata. Dubbed “financial microeconometrics” by the author, this concept unites both methodological and applied approaches. The book examines how quantitative methods can be applied in corporate finance and accounting research in order to predict companies getting into financial distress. Presented in a clear and straightforward manner, it also suggests methods for linking corporate governance to financial performance, and discusses what the determinants of accounting disclosures are. Exploring these questions by way of numerous practical examples, this book is intended for researchers, practitioners and students who are not yet familiar with the variety of approaches available for data analysis and microeconometrics. “This book on financial microeconometrics is an excellent starting point for research in corporate finance and accounting. In my view, the text is positioned between a narrative and a scientific treatise. It is based on a vast amount of literature but is not overloaded with formulae. My appreciation of financial microeconometrics has very much increased. The book is well organized and properly written. I enjoyed reading it.” Wolfgang Marty, Senior Investment Strategist, AgaNola AG

Accounting for Biological Assets

Accounting for Biological Assets
Author: Rute Gonçalves,Patrícia Teixeira Lopes
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 108
Release: 2017-10-16
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781351246804

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This book explores accounting for biological assets under IAS 41 – Agriculture, and explains the recent adjustments introduced by the IASB which allow firms to choose between cost or revaluation models concerning mature bearer plants. Identifying the firm and country-level drivers that inform the disclosure and measurement practices of biological assets, this concise guide examines the value relevance of measuring those assets at fair value. It also analyses how firm and country-level drivers explain the differences in the disclosure level and practices used to measure biological assets under IAS 41. Finally, it evaluates whether there is a difference in the relevance of biological assets among the listed firms with high and low disclosure levels on biological assets. Based on a major international study of a wide selection of firms and country-level drivers, this book is vital for standard setters, stakeholders, students, accountants and auditors who need to understand disclosure and measurement practices of biological assets under IAS 41.

Risk Disclosure in the European Banking Industry

Risk Disclosure in the European Banking Industry
Author: Salvatore Polizzi
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
Genre: Banks and banking
ISBN: 9783030939670

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This book analyses the use of qualitative and quantitative content analysis methodologies for risk disclosure practices in the European banking industry. While doing so, it assesses the level of transparency of financial and non-financial reports by focusing on the information disclosed to the public with reference to risk exposure and management. By drawing upon both qualitative and quantitative techniques, the book proposes two different methodological approaches to assess the information European financial institutions provide to the public with reference to the risk disclosure and derivative disclosure in their annual financial reports. These methodologies are subsequently employed to carry out empirical analyses on samples of European banks. By exploiting the points of strength of both qualitative and quantitative content analysis methodologies, this book offers insights into the advantages and disadvantages of these methodologies. The book is a must-read for academics and researchers that analyze disclosure practices of financial and non-financial firms, as well as financial analysts and other practitioners that are interested in assessing the level of transparency and evaluating the disclosures of financial and non-financial firms, especially, but not exclusively, with reference to risk disclosure and derivative disclosure.

International Finance

International Finance
Author: H. Kent Baker,Leigh A. Riddick
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 704
Release: 2012-12-24
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9780199311507

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Understanding the current state of affairs and tools available in the study of international finance is increasingly important as few areas in finance can be divorced completely from international issues. International Finance reflects the new diversity of interest in international finance by bringing together a set of chapters that summarizes and synthesizes developments to date in the many and varied areas that are now viewed as having international content. The book attempts to differentiate between what is known, what is believed, and what is still being debated about international finance. The survey nature of this book involves tradeoffs that inevitably had to be made in the process given the vast footprint that constitutes international finance. No single book can cover everything. This book, however, tries to maintain a balance between the micro and macro aspects of international finance. Although each chapter is self-contained, the chapters form a logical whole that follows a logical sequence. The book is organized into five broad categories of interest: (1) exchange rates and risk management, (2) international financial markets and institutions, (3) international investing, (4) international financial management, and (5) special topics. The chapters cover market integration, financial crisis, and the links between financial markets and development in some detail as they relate to these areas. In each instance, the contributors to this book discuss developments in the field to date and explain the importance of each area to finance as a field of study. Consequently, the strategic focus of the book is both broad and narrow, depending on the reader's needs. The entire book provides a broad picture of the current state of international finance, but a reader with more focused interests will find individual chapters illuminating on specific topics.