Diseases of the Nervous System

Diseases of the Nervous System
Author: Harald Sontheimer
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2021-05-20
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128213964

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The study of the brain continues to expand at a rapid pace providing fascinating insights into the basic mechanisms underlying nervous system illnesses. New tools, ranging from genome sequencing to non-invasive imaging, and research fueled by public and private investment in biomedical research has been transformative in our understanding of nervous system diseases and has led to an explosion of published primary research articles. Diseases of the Nervous System, Second Edition, summarizes the current state of basic and clinical knowledge for the most common neurological and neuropsychiatric conditions. In a systematic progression, each chapter covers either a single disease or a group of related disorders ranging from static insults to primary and secondary progressive neurodegenerative diseases, neurodevelopmental illnesses, illnesses resulting from nervous system infection and neuropsychiatric conditions. Chapters follow a common format and are stand-alone units, each covering disease history, clinical presentation, disease mechanisms and treatment protocols. Dr. Sontheimer also includes two chapters which discuss common concepts shared among the disorders and how new findings are being translated from the bench to the bedside. In a final chapter, he explains the most commonly used neuroscience jargon. The chapters address controversial issues in current day neuroscience research including translational research, drug discovery, ethical issues, and the promises of personalized medicine. This new edition features new chapters on Pain and Addiction to highlight the growing opioid crisis and the ethical issue of prescriptions drug abuse. This book provides an introduction for course adoption and an introductory tutorial for students, scholars, researchers and medical professionals interested in learning the state of the art concerning our understanding and treatment of diseases of the nervous system. Each chapter includes suggested further readings and/or journal club recommendations. 2016 PROSE Award winner of the Best Textbook Award in Biological and Life Sciences Provides a focused tutorial introduction to the core diseases of the nervous system Includes comprehensive introductions to Stroke, Epilepsy, Alzheimer's Disease, Parkinson's Disease, Huntington's Disease, ALS, Head and Spinal Cord Trauma, Multiple Sclerosis, Brain Tumors, Depression, Schizophrenia and many other diseases of the nervous system Covers more than 40 diseases from the foundational science to the best treatment protocols Includes discussions of translational research, drug discovery, personalized medicine, ethics, and neuroscience New Edition features two new chapters on Pain and Addiction

OCT and Imaging in Central Nervous System Diseases

OCT and Imaging in Central Nervous System Diseases
Author: Andrzej Grzybowski,Piero Barboni
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 561
Release: 2020-01-01
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783030262693

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The second edition of OCT and Imaging in Central Nervous System Diseases offers updated state-of-the-art advances using optical coherence tomography (OCT) regrading neuronal loss within the retina. Detailed information on the OCT imaging and interpretation is provided for the evaluation of disease progression in numerous neurodegenerative disorders and as a biological marker of neuroaxonal injury. Covering disorders like multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, intracranial hypertension, Friedreich’s ataxia, schizophrenia, hereditary optic neuropathies, glaucoma, and amblyopia, readers will given insights into effects on the retina and the and optic nerve. Individual chapters are also devoted to OCT technique, new OCT technology in neuro-ophthalmology, OCT and pharmacological treatment, and the use of OCT in animal models. Similar to the first edition, this book is an excellent and richly illustrated reference for diagnosis of many retinal diseases and monitoring of surgical and medical treatment. OCT allows to study vision from of the retina to the optic tracts. Retinal axons in the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) are non-myelinated until they penetrate the lamina cribrosa. Hence, the RNFL is an ideal structure for visualization of any process of neurodegeneration, neuroprotection, or regeneration. By documenting the ability of OCT to provide key information on CNS diseases, this book illustrates convincingly that the eye is indeed the “window to the brain”.

Inflammatory Disorders of the Nervous System

Inflammatory Disorders of the Nervous System
Author: Alireza Minagar,J. Steven Alezander
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 362
Release: 2007-10-28
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781592599059

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A cutting-edge review of the fundamental biological principles underlying the more common inflammatory disorders of the nervous system. The authors provide extensive updates on the latest findings concerning the mechanisms of inflammation and introduce such new concepts and methodologies as "endothelial and leukocyte microparticles" and "gene microarray technology" to help explain important links between the central nervous system (CNS) and general inflammatory processes. Among the diseases examined from an inflammatory perspective are multiple sclerosis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, optic neuritis, transverse myelitis, CNS vasculitis, neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosis, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease. The role of the immune system in neuroinflammation is also explored in such disorders as neurosarcoidois, HIV-Associated dementia, and HTLV-associated neurological disorders.

Neurorehabilitation for Central Nervous System Disorders

Neurorehabilitation for Central Nervous System Disorders
Author: Frans van der Brugge
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 161
Release: 2017-10-27
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783319587387

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This book describes the four most common central nervous disorders (Parkinson, stroke, dementia and multiple sclerosis) by focusing on the similarities of their symptoms. This analysis is necessary in order to determine the appropriate treatment method for individual patients. In physical therapy there are various methods available for treating patients affected by a neurological disease, yet the method presented here is the only one to include systematic interventions adapted to the patient’s needs, which are determined by means of a health situation analysis. The book offers practical and applicable information for allied health professionals seeking interventions to help patients function better in their own environment. In addition, this book features updated information on the “van der Brugge method,” focusing on a targeted program to stimulate movement in the elderly with dementia. This book will be of interest to neurologists and physiotherapist s.

Diseases of the Nervous System

Diseases of the Nervous System
Author: Arthur K. Asbury,Guy M. McKhann,W. Ian McDonald,Peter J. Goadsby,Justin C. McArthur
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 2194
Release: 2002-11-11
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0521793513

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The third edition of a neurology classic, this two-volume text is the most comprehensive neurology reference available. Written by leading international experts in the field, it encompasses the basic neuroscience and clinical features of the full range of neurological disorders. Disease mechanisms are reviewed comprehensively, with particular relevance to the principles of therapy. Each section, under the direction of one of the distinguished editors, is a text-within-a-text, offering the most reliable account of its topic currently available.

Pediatric Demyelinating Diseases of the Central Nervous System and Their Mimics

Pediatric Demyelinating Diseases of the Central Nervous System and Their Mimics
Author: Emmanuelle Waubant,Timothy E. Lotze
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 347
Release: 2017-11-07
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783319614076

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This collection of pediatric clinical cases focus on multiple sclerosis, neuromyelitis optica, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis and mimics. Dedicated sections on diseases affecting the brain, brainstem, spinal cord and the optic nerve feature chapters that include the diagnostic work up, therapeutic management and case outcome. Typical and atypical presentations of various pediatric demyelinating diseases also emphasize therapy response and those that breakthrough on treatment. Filling a critical gap in the literature on inflammatory disorders of the central nervous system, all those that treat patients with these rare and challenging disorders will find this book extremely helpful for their daily clinical practice.

Diseases of the Nervous System

Diseases of the Nervous System
Author: Victor Mahoney
Publsiher: American Medical Publishers
Total Pages: 209
Release: 2021-11-16
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 1639272925

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Nervous system diseases are also known as neurological disorders. The nervous system consists of central and peripheral nervous systems. The brain and spinal cord together make the central nervous system. The brain is present in the skull and protected by cranium whereas the spinal cord is protected by the vertebrae. Nervous system diseases are neurological disorders that affect the functioning of the whole system. They are majorly caused by traumatic brain injury, infection in the brain or spinal cord or structural defects such as anencephaly and hypospadias. The symptoms of the nervous system diseases are pain in the face, arms, back or legs, lack of concentration, loss of feeling and constant headache. Epilepsy, spina bifida, Parkinson's disease, seizure disorders and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis are some examples of the diseases of the nervous system. This book contains some path-breaking studies related to the diseases of the nervous system. It presents researches and studies performed by experts across the globe. It is appropriate for students seeking detailed information in neurology as well as for experts.

Disorders of the Autonomic Nervous System

Disorders of the Autonomic Nervous System
Author: Alan S. Robertson
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2019-06-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781351454810

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Disorders of the Autonomic Nervous System, the fifth volume in The Autonomic Nervous System book series, is a description of the disorders which give rise to autonomic failure and orthostatic hypotension. Each chapter is prepared by an international authority in the diagnosis and treatment of that disorder. The language and terminology are clear enough to promote understanding of the clinical problems and the underlying concepts of basic science. The most recent data, especially that derived from molecular biology, is included in the discussions of relevant diseases. Hence, the volume provides an unparalleled source of information about this area of medicine and will be helpful not just to practising clinicians but also to basic scientists researching in the field who need to familiarize themselves with the clinical problems.