Doping Performance Enhancing Drugs and Hormones in Sport

Doping  Performance Enhancing Drugs  and Hormones in Sport
Author: Anthony C Hackney
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2017-11-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128134436

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Doping, Performance-Enhancing Drugs, and Hormones in Sport: Mechanisms of Action and Methods of Detection examines the biochemistry and bioanalytical aspects of performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) and other questionable procedures used by athletes to enhance performance. The book informs the specialist of emerging knowledge and techniques and allows the non-specialist to grasp the underlying science and current practice of the discipline. With clear and compelling language appropriate for a broad spectrum of readers, this book provides background on prevalence, types of agents, their actual or supposed benefits, and their negative effects on health. The technical aspects of detection are discussed, followed by a discussion of why detection is a problematic and still-evolving science. To facilitate comprehension, each chapter is organized in a uniform way with six sections: (1) standard medical uses, (2) why the drugs are used by athletes, (3) biological mechanism of action, (4) what research says about efficacy in improving performance, (5) major health side effects from use and abuse in sport, and 6) concluding key points. Presents the scientific concepts of how performance enhancers work, how they are used, and how they are detected and masked from detection Features language that is neither simplistic to scientists nor too sophisticated for a large, diverse global audience Provides a short “close-up” in each chapter to illustrate key topics that engage, entertain, and create a novel synthesis of thought

Doping Performance Enhancing Drugs and Hormones in Sport

Doping  Performance Enhancing Drugs  and Hormones in Sport
Author: Anthony C. Hackney
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 150
Release: 2017-10-15
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 0128134429

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Doping, Performance Enhancing Drugs, and Hormones in Sport: Mechanisms of Action and Methods of Detection is the latest title in the Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry series. The book examines the biochemistry and bioanalytical aspects of performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) and other questionable procedures used by athletes to enhance performance. It informs the specialist of emerging knowledge and techniques and allows the non-specialist to grasp the underlying science and current practice of the discipline relatively quickly. Unlike most books on the subject, which are monumental, difficult to wade through and appropriate only for specialists, this short format volume will give you a grasp of the scientific concepts of how performance enhancers work, how they are used and how they are detected and masked from detection. The book provides background on prevalence, types of agents, their actual or supposed benefits and their negative effects on health. The technical aspects of detection (the athlete catch) are discussed, followed by a discussion of why detection is a problematic and still-evolving science. To ease comprehension, each chapter is organized in a uniform way with five sections: (1) standard medical uses, (2) why they are used by athletes, (3) biological mechanism of action, (4) what research says about efficacy in improving performance and (5) major health side effects from use and abuse in sport. Features clear, concise and compelling prose appropriate for a broad spectrum of readers-language that is neither simplistic to scientists nor too sophisticated for a large, diverse global audience Embeds key points in each chapter to fix the matter in the reader's mind Offers one-page close-ups in each chapter illustrating key topics to catch, engage, entertain and create a novel synthesis of thought Presents the scientific concepts of how performance enhancers work, how they are used and how they are detected and masked from detection

Sports Endocrinology

Sports Endocrinology
Author: F. Lanfranco,C.J. Strasburger
Publsiher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Total Pages: 172
Release: 2016-06-28
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783318058697

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This book is an up-to-date, extensive overview of the effects of physical activity and training on endocrine function. It gives insights into a complex relationship by describing effects with respect to exercise performance, growth, development, and ageing. It includes discussions of the endocrine response depending on exercise mode, intensity, and duration as well as on gender, age, and fitness level. Additionally the book deals with the impact of environmental and psychological factors on endocrine level. A substantial part of Sports Endocrinology is devoted to the 'hot topic' of hormonal doping in sports. The properties of androgens, growth hormone, erythropoietin, and dietary supplements are highlighted. The use and abuse among professional and recreational athletes is discussed and specific methods of detection are presented and explained. All contributors are well-known experts in sports medicine and endocrinology, endocrine physiology, pharmacology, and doping detection, so this book is a must-read for every professional involved in the field.

Pharmacology Doping and Sports

Pharmacology  Doping and Sports
Author: Jean L. Fourcroy
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2008-10-27
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781134088799

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The work of dope testers is constantly being obstructed by the development of ever harder-to-trace new forms of banned substances. Organisations such as the World Anti-Doping Association and the United States Anti-Doping Agency are pioneering cutting-edge techniques designed to keep competition at the highest level fair and safe, and must ensure that their drug testing laboratories adhere to the highest scientific standards. In Pharmacology, Doping and Sports these techniques and procedures are explained by the anti-doping experts who practice them. Broad-ranging in scope, this book examines the effects of performance-enhancing substances on the athlete’s health; the role of anti-doping procedures as an ethical question, and explains the background to, and the emergence of, the anti-doping movement. The book also offers in-depth analysis of key scientific matters, such as: standard analytical and diagnostic tests for sports doping regulatory standards for laboratory proficiency common performance-enhancing techniques such as anabolic and designer steroids, blood doping, growth hormones, and gene doping carbon-isotope ratio testing. Written by some of the world's leading authorities on the science of sports doping, Pharmacology, Doping and Sports provides an invaluable study of up-to-the-minute anti-doping techniques. This book is essential reading for all sports scientists, coaches, policy-makers, students and athletes interested in the science or ethics of doping in sport.

Game of Shadows

Game of Shadows
Author: Mark Fainaru-Wada,Lance Williams
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2006-03-23
Genre: Sports & Recreation
ISBN: 9781101216767

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In the summer of 1998 two of baseball leading sluggers, Mark McGwire and Sammy Sosa, embarked on a race to break Babe Ruth’s single season home run record. The nation was transfixed as Sosa went on to hit 66 home runs, and McGwire 70. Three years later, San Francisco Giants All-Star Barry Bonds surpassed McGwire by 3 home runs in the midst of what was perhaps the greatest offensive display in baseball history. Over the next three seasons, as Bonds regularly launched mammoth shots into the San Francisco Bay, baseball players across the country were hitting home runs at unprecedented rates. For years there had been rumors that perhaps some of these players owed their success to steroids. But crowd pleasing homers were big business, and sportswriters, fans, and officials alike simply turned a blind eye. Then, in December of 2004, after more than a year of investigation, San Francisco Chronicle reporters Mark Fainaru-Wada and Lance Williams broke the story that in a federal investigation of a nutritional supplement company called BALCO, Yankees slugger Jason Giambi had admitted taking steroids. Barry Bonds was also implicated. Immediately the issue of steroids became front page news. The revelations led to Congressional hearings on baseball’s drug problems and continued to drive the effort to purge the U.S. Olympic movement of drug cheats. Now Fainaru-Wada and Williams expose for the first time the secrets of the BALCO investigation that has turned the sports world upside down. Game of Shadows: Barry Bonds, BALCO, and the Steroid Scandal That Rocked Professional by award-winning investigative journalists Mark Fainaru-Wada and Lance Williams, is a riveting narrative about the biggest doping scandal in the history of sports, and how baseball’s home run king, Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants, came to use steroids. Drawing on more than two years of reporting, including interviews with hundreds of people, and exclusive access to secret grand jury testimony, confidential documents, audio recordings, and more, the authors provide, for the first time, a definitive account of the shocking steroids scandal that made headlines across the country. The book traces the career of Victor Conte, founder of the BALCO laboratory, an egomaniacal former rock musician and self-proclaimed nutritionist, who set out to corrupt sports by providing athletes with “designer” steroids that would be undetectable on “state-of-the-art” doping tests. Conte gave the undetectable drugs to 28 of the world’s greatest athletes—Olympians, NFL players and baseball stars, Bonds chief among them. A separate narrative thread details the steroids use of Bonds, an immensely talented, moody player who turned to performance-enhancing drugs after Mark McGwire of the St. Louis Cardinals set a new home run record in 1998. Through his personal trainer, Bonds gained access to BALCO drugs. All of the great athletes who visited BALCO benefited tremendously—Bonds broke McGwire’s record—but many had their careers disrupted after federal investigators raided BALCO and indicted Conte. The authors trace the course of the probe, and the baffling decision of federal prosecutors to protect the elite athletes who were involved. Highlights of Game of Shadows include: Barry Bonds A look at how Bonds was driven to use performance-enhancing drugs in part by jealousy over Mark McGwire’s record-breaking 1998 season. It was shortly thereafter that Bonds—who had never used anything more performance enhancing than a protein shake from the health food store—first began using steroids. How Bonds’s weight trainer, steroid dealer Greg Anderson, arranged to meet Victor Conte before the 2001 baseball season with...

Endocrinology of Physical Activity and Sport

Endocrinology of Physical Activity and Sport
Author: Anthony C. Hackney,Naama W. Constantini
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 578
Release: 2020-02-26
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783030333768

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Now in its fully revised and expanded third edition, this comprehensive text represents a compilation of the critical endocrinology topics in the areas of sports medicine, kinesiology and exercise science, written by leading experts in the field. As in previous editions, the focus here is on the critical issues involved in understanding human endocrinology and hormonal workings with regards to physical activity, exercise and sport and how such workings impact the full range of medical conditions, overall health and physiological adaptation. Chapters included discuss the effect of exercise on the HPA axis, the GH-IGF-1 axis, thyroid function, diabetes, and the male and female reproductive systems, among other topics. Additional chapters present the current evidence on circadian endocrine physiology, exercise in older adults, exercise and hormone regulation in weight control, and the effects of overtraining in sports. Chapters brand new to this edition present the role of hormones in muscle hypertrophy, the effect of exercise on hormones in metabolic syndrome patients, how exercise impacts appetite-regulating hormones in clinical populations, and the relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S) condition.

Perspectives on Anabolic Androgenic Steroids AAS and Doping in Sport and Health

Perspectives on Anabolic Androgenic Steroids  AAS  and Doping in Sport and Health
Author: Fergal Grace,Julien Baker
Publsiher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Total Pages: 189
Release: 2012
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 1620812436

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Anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) remain the most used/abused drugs in the athlete and recreational gym user. However, there are some new drugs such as human growth hormone and insulin that are being used by athletes in order to gain a competitive advantage. This book presents separate and multi-disciplinary perspectives of anabolic androgenic steroids and other current drugs of use in sport. The perspectives discussed in this book range from those of sports medicine research scientists, a medical practitioner and sports physician, behavioural scientists and molecular physiologists. There are further contributions from experts in the sociology and ethics of sports doping.

The Sport Drug

The Sport Drug
Author: Garry Egger
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 139
Release: 1981-01
Genre: Drugs
ISBN: 0868610283

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Doping in Sports

Doping in Sports
Author: Stephanie Sammartino McPherson
Publsiher: Twenty-First Century Books
Total Pages: 104
Release: 2016-04-01
Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction
ISBN: 9781467795760

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Behind the fame of big-time sports lies a complex web of controversy and deceit. Doping—the use of banned performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) to gain a competitive athletic edge—is common in many sports. While doping can improve performance, it poses huge risks for athletes' health and careers. Some of the world's top athletes, from cyclist Lance Armstrong to professional baseball player Alex Rodriguez, have seen their images tarnished by doping scandals. Still, the pressure to win and high financial stakes drive many athletes to PEDs. Award-winning author Stephanie Sammartino McPherson uncovers the shadowy world of athletes who dope, the people and organizations that help them, and the scientists and officials committed to stopping them.

Doping

Doping
Author: The New York Times Editorial Staff
Publsiher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2018-12-15
Genre: Young Adult Nonfiction
ISBN: 9781642821154

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The temptation to enhance athletes' performance with substances is great when fame, money, and national pride are involved. From the early days of professional sports, both human and animal athletes have tried to improve their strength and endurance with a range of steroids, hormones, and other drugs. Antidoping regulations established by every conceivable sport seek to ensure fairness on the playing field. Yet deception occurs widely, whether from state-sponsored doping regimens or individual efforts. In this collection of articles, readers will gain a nuanced view of the issues and people involved in the most pivotal news about doping in the sports world.

Good Sport

Good Sport
Author: Thomas H. Murray
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2018-01-02
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9780190687984

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"Why are some technologies such as fiberglass vaulting poles and hinged skates accepted in sport while performance-enhancing drugs are forbidden? Yes, performance-enhancing drugs are against the rules, but the people who play and govern sport create those rules; rules can be changed. Should we level the playing field by allowing all competitors to use drugs that allow them to run faster or longer, leap higher, or lift more? In this provocative exploration of what draws us to sport as participants and spectators, Good Sport argues that the values and meanings embedded within our games provide the guidance we need to make difficult decisions about fairness and performance-enhancing technologies. Good Sport reveals what we care about in sport. It describes how the reckless use of biomedical enhancements undermines those values. Implicit in sport's history, rules and practices are values and meanings that provide a sturdy foundation for an ethics of sport that celebrates natural talents and dedication. The way a sport adapts to innovations in equipment, tactics and players makes visible its values and meanings. Performance-enhancing drugs distort the connection between natural talents, the dedication to perfect those talents, and success in sport. Through understanding the fundamental role of values and meanings, we can see not just what we champion in the athletic arena but more broadly what we value in human achievement"--

Drugs and Sports

Drugs and Sports
Author: William Dudley
Publsiher: Greenhaven Press, Incorporated
Total Pages: 93
Release: 2001
Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction
ISBN: 1565106970

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Athletes in numerous sports have been caught using drugs to improve their performance. Contributors analyze the causes and implications of this phenomenon.

Mass Spectrometry in Sports Drug Testing

Mass Spectrometry in Sports Drug Testing
Author: Mario Thevis
Publsiher: Wiley
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2010-08-02
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0470413271

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Enables you to detect, identify, and characterize hundreds of drugs that may be used by athletes Mass spectrometry has become essential to sports drug testing. This book examines both the principles of sports drug testing and the use of mass spectrometry techniques and mass spectral data to detect, identify, and characterize hundreds of known and unknown drugs that athletes may use to enhance their performance. The author provides a detailed overview of the mass spectrometry of numerous classes of therapeutics and agents, various analyzers to detect low- and high-molecular weight drugs, as well as techniques to discriminate between endogenously produced and synthetically derived compounds. Mass Spectrometry in Sports Drug Testing begins with a full chapter dedicated to the history of sports drug testing. Next, the book provides the principles and techniques needed to maximize the specificity and sensitivity of mass spectrometric assays, including: Detailed, step-by-step assays with sample preparation Discussion of both chromatographic separation and mass spectrometric analysis Characterization of analytes in order to unequivocally identify banned substances Mass spectrometric behavior of low- and high-molecular weight analytes Throughout the book, descriptive examples illustrate the principles, advantages, and limitations of different assays. Mass Spectrometry in Sports Drug Testing not only sets forth the role mass spectrometry plays in detecting drug use among athletes, it also adds new insights into the health and ethical issues of doping in sports.

German Sports Doping and Politics

German Sports  Doping  and Politics
Author: Michael Krüger,Christian Becker,Stefan Nielsen
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2015-04-09
Genre: Sports & Recreation
ISBN: 9781442249219

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This book examines doping in Germany, with primary attention given to West Germany, from 1950 to the present, including what societal, cultural, and institutional pressures arose after WWII to bring about such prevalence of doping in the country.

Nutrition and Enhanced Sports Performance

Nutrition and Enhanced Sports Performance
Author: Debasis Bagchi,Sreejayan Nair,Chandan K. Sen
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2013-07-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780123964779

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Nutrition and Enhanced Sports Performance: Muscle Building, Endurance, and Strength provides a comprehensive overview to understanding the integrated impact of nutrition on performance. The book is divided into five main themes: An introductory overview of the role of nutrition in human health Various types of physical exercises, including cardiovascular training, resistance training, aerobic and anaerobic exercise, bioenergetics, and energy balance. This section also covers the nutritional requirements associated with various fitness programs, as well as exercise and nutritional requirements in special populations, including the pre-pubertal, young, elderly, and disabled. Sports and nutritional requirements. The molecular mechanisms involved in muscle building A thorough review of various food, minerals, supplements, phytochemicals, amino acids, transition metals, small molecules and other ergogenic agents that have been implicated in muscle building and human performance This book is an ideal resource for nutritionists, dietitians, exercise physiologists, health practitioners, researchers, students, athletes, trainers, and all those who wish to broaden their knowledge of nutrition and its role in human performance. Discusses the impact of nutrition, including food, minerals, vitamins, hormones, trace elements, etc., that can significantly attenuate/improve human performance and sports Addresses the molecular and cellular pathways involved in the physiology of muscle growth and the mechanisms by which nutrients affect muscle health, growth and maintenance Encompasses multiple forms of sports/performance and the salient contribution of appropriate nutrition on special populations, including nutritional guidelines and recommendations to athletes Strong focus on muscle building