Drug Discovery and Development E Book

Drug Discovery and Development   E Book
Author: Raymond G Hill
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2012-07-20
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780702053160

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The modern pharmacopeia has enormous power to alleviate disease, and owes its existence almost entirely to the work of the pharmaceutical industry. This book provides an introduction to the way the industry goes about the discovery and development of new drugs. The first part gives a brief historical account from its origins in the mediaeval apothecaries’ trade, and discusses the changing understanding of what we mean by disease, and what therapy aims to achieve, as well as summarising case histories of the discovery and development of some important drugs. The second part focuses on the science and technology involved in the discovery process: the stages by which a promising new chemical entity is identified, from the starting point of a medical need and an idea for addressing it. A chapter on biopharmaceuticals, whose discovery and development tend to follow routes somewhat different from synthetic compounds, is included here, as well as accounts of patent issues that arise in the discovery phase, and a chapter on research management in this environment. The third section of the book deals with drug development: the work that has to be undertaken to turn the drug candidate that emerges from the discovery process into a product on the market. The definitive introduction to how a pharmaceutical company goes about its business of discovering and developing drugs. The second edition has a new editor: Professor Raymond Hill ● non-executive director of Addex Pharmaceuticals, Covagen and of Orexo AB ● Visiting Industrial Professor of Pharmacology in the University of Bristol ● Visiting Professor in the School of Medical and Health Sciences at the University of Surrey ● Visiting Professor in Physiology and Pharmacology at the University of Strathclyde ● President and Chair of the Council of the British Pharmacological Society ● member of the Nuffield Council on Bioethics and the Advisory Council on Misuse of Drugs. New to this edition: Completely rewritten chapter on The Role of Medicinal Chemistry in the Drug Discovery Process. New topic - DMPK Optimization Strategy in drug discovery. New chapter on Scaffolds: Small globular proteins as antibody substitutes. Totally updated chapters on Intellectual Property and Marketing 50 new illustrations in full colour Features Accessible, general guide to pharmaceutical research and development. Examines the interfaces between cost and social benefit, quality control and mass production, regulatory bodies, patent management, and all interdisciplinary intersections essential to effective drug development. Written by a strong team of scientists with long experience in the pharmaceutical industry. Solid overview of all the steps from lab bench to market in an easy-to-understand way which will be accessible to non-specialists. From customer reviews of the previous edition: ‘... it will have everything you need to know on this module. Deeply referenced and, thus, deeply reliable. Highly Commended in the medicine category of the BMA 2006 medical book competition Winner of the Royal Society of Medicine Library Prize for Medical Book of the Year

Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development

Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development
Author: Benjamin E. Blass
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 712
Release: 2021-03-30
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128172155

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Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development presents the multifaceted process of identifying a new drug in the modern era, which requires a multidisciplinary team approach with input from medicinal chemists, biologists, pharmacologists, drug metabolism experts, toxicologists, clinicians, and a host of experts from numerous additional fields. Enabling technologies such as high throughput screening, structure-based drug design, molecular modeling, pharmaceutical profiling, and translational medicine are critical to the successful development of marketable therapeutics. Given the wide range of disciplines and techniques that are required for cutting edge drug discovery and development, a scientist must master their own fields as well as have a fundamental understanding of their collaborator’s fields. This book bridges the knowledge gaps that invariably lead to communication issues in a new scientist’s early career, providing a fundamental understanding of the various techniques and disciplines required for the multifaceted endeavor of drug research and development. It provides students, new industrial scientists, and academics with a basic understanding of the drug discovery and development process. The fully updated text provides an excellent overview of the process and includes chapters on important drug targets by class, in vitro screening methods, medicinal chemistry strategies in drug design, principles of in vivo pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, animal models of disease states, clinical trial basics, and selected business aspects of the drug discovery process. Provides a clear explanation of how the pharmaceutical industry works, as well as the complete drug discovery and development process, from obtaining a lead, to testing the bioactivity, to producing the drug, and protecting the intellectual property Includes a new chapter on the discovery and development of biologics (antibodies proteins, antibody/receptor complexes, antibody drug conjugates), a growing and important area of the pharmaceutical industry landscape Features a new section on formulations, including a discussion of IV formulations suitable for human clinical trials, as well as the application of nanotechnology and the use of transdermal patch technology for drug delivery Updated chapter with new case studies includes additional modern examples of drug discovery through high through-put screening, fragment-based drug design, and computational chemistry

Coronavirus Drug Discovery

Coronavirus Drug Discovery
Author: Chukwuebuka Egbuna
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2022-05-25
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780323851787

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Coronavirus Drug Discovery: SARS-CoV-2 (Covid 19) Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment presents comprehensive information on antiviral drug discovery from medicinal plants, animals, marine organisms and microorganisms. This book present special chapters on the COVID-19 disease outbreak and detailed information on drug discovery for the COVID-19 virus, including its diagnosis and prevention strategies. Subsequent chapters present drug discovery opportunities for the treatment and management of respiratory viral diseases, gastrointestinal viral diseases, exanthematous viral diseases, hepatic viral diseases, cutaneous viral diseases, hemorrhagic viral diseases and neurologic viral diseases. The book's contributors are specialists from key institutions around the world, making this a key resource for drug developers, medicinal chemists, public health scientists, molecular biologists, biochemists, and toxicologists, among others. Details the various natural bioactive compounds for antiviral drug discoveries surrounding treatments for the coronavirus Discuses recent drug discovery for covid-19 treatment and drug discovery from natural sources Focuses on the discovery of drugs against acute viral diseases of world importance Reviews recent advances in research tools for the discovery of new antiviral drugs

Drug Discovery and Development Third Edition

Drug Discovery and Development  Third Edition
Author: James J. O'Donnell,John Somberg,Vincent Idemyor,James T. O'Donnell
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 668
Release: 2019-12-13
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781351625135

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Drug Discovery and Development, Third Edition presents up-to-date scientific information for maximizing the ability of a multidisciplinary research team to discover and bring new drugs to the marketplace. It explores many scientific advances in new drug discovery and development for areas such as screening technologies, biotechnology approaches, and evaluation of efficacy and safety of drug candidates through preclinical testing. This book also greatly expands the focus on the clinical pharmacology, regulatory, and business aspects of bringing new drugs to the market and offers coverage of essential topics for companies involved in drug development. Historical perspectives and predicted trends are also provided. Features: Highlights emerging scientific fields relevant to drug discovery such as the microbiome, nanotechnology, and cancer immunotherapy; and novel research tools such as CRISPR and DNA-encoded libraries Case study detailing the discovery of the anti-cancer drug, lorlatinib Venture capitalist commentary on trends and best practices in drug discovery and development Comprehensive review of regulations and their impact on drug development, highlighting special populations, orphan drugs, and pharmaceutical compounding Multidiscipline functioning of an Academic Research Enterprise, plus a chapter on Ethical Concerns in Research Contributions by 70+ experts from industry and academia specialists who developed and are practitioners of the science and business

Artificial Intelligence in Drug Discovery

Artificial Intelligence in Drug Discovery
Author: Nathan Brown
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2020-11-11
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781839160547

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Following significant advances in deep learning and related areas interest in artificial intelligence (AI) has rapidly grown. In particular, the application of AI in drug discovery provides an opportunity to tackle challenges that previously have been difficult to solve, such as predicting properties, designing molecules and optimising synthetic routes. Artificial Intelligence in Drug Discovery aims to introduce the reader to AI and machine learning tools and techniques, and to outline specific challenges including designing new molecular structures, synthesis planning and simulation. Providing a wealth of information from leading experts in the field this book is ideal for students, postgraduates and established researchers in both industry and academia.

Natural Products and Drug Discovery

Natural Products and Drug Discovery
Author: Subhash C. Mandal,Vivekananda Mandal,Tetsuya Konishi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 776
Release: 2018-02-16
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780081021040

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Natural Products and Drug Discovery: An Integrated Approach provides an applied overview of the field, from traditional medicinal targets, to cutting-edge molecular techniques. Natural products have always been of key importance to drug discovery, but as modern techniques and technologies have allowed researchers to identify, isolate, extract and synthesize their active compounds in new ways, they are once again coming to the forefront of drug discovery. Combining the potential of traditional medicine with the refinement of modern chemical technology, the use of natural products as the basis for drugs can help in the development of more environmentally sound, economical, and effective drug discovery processes. Natural Products & Drug Discovery: An Integrated Approach reflects on the current changes in this field, giving context to the current shift and using supportive case studies to highlight the challenges and successes faced by researchers in integrating traditional medicinal sources with modern chemical technologies. It therefore acts as a useful reference to medicinal chemists, phytochemists, biochemists, pharma R&D professionals, and drug discovery students and researchers. Reviews the changing role of natural products in drug discovery, integrating traditional knowledge with modern molecular technologies Highlights the potential future role of natural products in preventative medicine Supported by real world case studies throughout

Small Molecule Drug Discovery

Small Molecule Drug Discovery
Author: Andrea Trabocchi,Elena Lenci
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2019-11-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128183502

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Small Molecule Drug Discovery: Methods, Molecules and Applications presents the methods used to identify bioactive small molecules, synthetic strategies and techniques to produce novel chemical entities and small molecule libraries, chemoinformatics to characterize and enumerate chemical libraries, and screening methods, including biophysical techniques, virtual screening and phenotypic screening. The second part of the book gives an overview of privileged cyclic small molecules and major classes of natural product-derived small molecules, including carbohydrate-derived compounds, peptides and peptidomimetics, and alkaloid-inspired compounds. The last section comprises an exciting collection of selected case studies on drug discovery enabled by small molecules in the fields of cancer research, CNS diseases and infectious diseases. The discovery of novel molecular entities capable of specific interactions represents a significant challenge in early drug discovery. Small molecules are low molecular weight organic compounds that include natural products and metabolites, as well as drugs and other xenobiotics. When the biological target is well defined and understood, the rational design of small molecule ligands is possible. Alternatively, small molecule libraries are being used for unbiased assays for complex diseases where a target is unknown or multiple factors contribute to a disease pathology. Outlines modern concepts and synthetic strategies underlying the building of small molecules and their chemical libraries useful for drug discovery Provides modern biophysical methods to screening small molecule libraries, including high-throughput screening, small molecule microarrays, phenotypic screening and chemical genetics Presents the most advanced chemoinformatics tools to characterize the structural features of small molecule libraries in terms of chemical diversity and complexity, also including the application of virtual screening approaches Gives an overview of structural features and classification of natural product-derived small molecules, including carbohydrate derivatives, peptides and peptidomimetics, and alkaloid-inspired small molecules

Protein Degradation with New Chemical Modalities

Protein Degradation with New Chemical Modalities
Author: Hilmar Weinmann,Craig Crews
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 359
Release: 2020-10-07
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781839160776

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Targeting protein degradation using small molecules is one of the most exciting small-molecule therapeutic strategies in decades and a rapidly growing area of research. In particular, the development of proteolysis targeting chimera (PROTACs) as potential drugs capable of recruiting target proteins to the cellular quality control machinery for elimination has opened new avenues to address traditionally ‘difficult to target’ proteins. This book provides a comprehensive overview from the leading academic and industrial experts on recent developments, scope and limitations in this dynamically growing research area; an ideal reference work for researchers in drug discovery and chemical biology as well as advanced students.

Phenotypic Drug Discovery

Phenotypic Drug Discovery
Author: Angelique Augustin,Beverley Isherwood
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 245
Release: 2020-12-10
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781788018760

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Phenotypic drug discovery has been highlighted in the past decade as an important strategy in the discovery of new medical entities. How many marketed drugs are derived from phenotypic screens? From the most recent examples, what were the factors enabling target identification and validation? This book answers these questions by elaborating on fundamental capabilities required for phenotypic drug discovery and using case studies to illustrate approaches and key success factors. Written and edited by experienced practitioners from both industry and academia, this publication will equip researchers with a thought-provoking guide to the application and future development of contemporary phenotypic drug discovery for clinical success.

Anti Aging Drug Discovery on the Basis of Hallmarks of Aging

Anti Aging Drug Discovery on the Basis of Hallmarks of Aging
Author: Sandeep Kumar Singh,Chih Li Lin,Shailendra Kumar Mishra
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2022-05-15
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0323902359

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Aging research has experienced an unprecedented advance over recent years with the discovery that the rate of aging is determined, at least to some extent, mainly by our genetics and modulated by environmental factors. The hallmarks of aging describe the molecular and cellular processes that govern biological aging and their variation in individuals. Anti-Aging Drug Discovery on the Basis of Hallmarks of Aging is a comprehensive and timely book on all aspects of anti-aging strategies, providing comprehensive foundational knowledge of the mechanisms of aging and current anti-aging strategies and approaches developed based on the hallmarks of aging. Covers different aspects of anti-aging research, from foundational knowledge to future perspectives Provides an understanding of the different hallmarks of aging and how they can be applied in the development of anti-aging drugs Discusses various anti-aging strategies, including telomerase reactivation, clearance of senescent cells, stem cell-based therapy, and others

Drug Discovery in Cancer Epigenetics

Drug Discovery in Cancer Epigenetics
Author: Gerda Egger,Paola Arimondo
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 498
Release: 2015-11-19
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128024928

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Drug Discovery in Cancer Epigenetics is a practical resource for scientists involved in the discovery, testing, and development of epigenetic cancer drugs. Epigenetic modifications can have significant implications for translational science as biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis or therapy prediction. Most importantly, epigenetic modifications are reversible and epigenetic players are found mutated in different cancers; therefore, they provide attractive therapeutic targets. There has been great interest in developing and testing epigenetic drugs, which inhibit DNA methyltransferases, histone modifying enzymes or chromatin reader proteins. The first few drugs are already FDA approved and have made their way into clinical settings. This book provides a comprehensive summary of the epigenetic drugs currently available and aims to increase awareness in this area to foster more rapid translation of epigenetic drugs into the clinic. Highlights the potential of epigenetic alterations in cancer for drug development Covers the tools and methods for epigenetic drug discovery, preclinical and clinical testing, and clinical implications of epigenetic therapy Provides important information regarding putative epigenetic targets, epigenetic technologies, networks and consortia for epigenetic drug discovery and routes for translation

Textbook of Drug Design and Discovery Third Edition

Textbook of Drug Design and Discovery  Third Edition
Author: Tommy Liljefors,Povl Krogsgaard-Larsen,Ulf Madsen
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2002-07-25
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0415282888

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Building on the success of the previous editions, Textbook of Drug Design and Discovery has been thoroughly revised and updated to provide a complete source of information on all facets of drug design and discovery for students of chemistry, pharmacy, pharmacology, biochemistry, and medicine. The book follows drug design from the initial lead identification through optimization and structure-activity relationship with reference to the final processes of clinical evaluation and registration. Chapters investigate the design of enzyme inhibitors and drugs for particular cellular targets such as ion channels and receptors, and also explore specific classes of drug such as peptidomimetics, antivirals and anticancer agents. The use of gene technology in pharmaceutical research, computer modeling techniques, and combinatorial approaches are also included.

Pharmacology in Drug Discovery

Pharmacology in Drug Discovery
Author: Terrence P. Kenakin
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 247
Release: 2012
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780123848567

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Pharmacology in Drug Discovery: Understanding Drug Response is designed for all students, recent graduates, and new researchers in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries who need to interpret change in physiology induced by a chemical substance. Physiological systems customize chemical signal input to their own needs; therefore the same drug can have different effects in different physiological systems. The field of pharmacology is unique in that it furnishes the tools to analyze these different behaviors and traces them to their root cause. This enables predictions of drug behavior to be made in all systems, an invaluable tool for drug discovery because almost all drugs are developed in test systems far removed from the therapeutic one. This valuable resource provides simple explanations of the ways in which biological systems use basic biochemical mechanisms to produce fine chemical control of physiology, allowing for more informed predictions of drug effects in all systems and forming the basis of the drug-discovery process. Chapters follow a logical progression on how to characterize the pharmacology of any given molecule, and include important terminology, chapter summaries, references, and review questions to aid the reader in understanding and retention of the material. Enables the reader to interpret drug dose-response data and make mechanistic inferences at the molecular level Bridges the gap between biochemistry and therapeutic medicine Chapters include key topics such as drug affinity and efficacy, enzymes as drug targets, in vivo pharmacology, safety pharmacology, and more

Successful Drug Discovery

Successful Drug Discovery
Author: János Fischer,Christian Klein,Wayne E. Childers
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 364
Release: 2018-04-16
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783527808663

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With its focus on drugs so recently introduced that they have yet to be found in any other textbooks or general references, the information and insight found here makes this a genuinely unique handbook and reference. Following the successful approach of the previous volumes in the series, inventors and primary developers of successful drugs from both industry and academia tell the story of the drug's discovery and describe the sometimes twisted route from the first drug candidate molecule to the final marketed drug. The 11 case studies selected describe recent drugs ranging across many therapeutic fields and provide a representative cross-section of present-day drug developments. Backed by plenty of data and chemical information, the insight and experience of today's top drug creators makes this one of the most useful training manuals that a junior medicinal chemist may hope to find. The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry has endorsed and sponsored this project because of its high educational merit.

Innovative Approaches in Drug Discovery

Innovative Approaches in Drug Discovery
Author: Bhushan Patwardhan,Rathnam Chaguturu
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2016-10-03
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128018224

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Despite considerable technological advances, the pharmaceutical industry is experiencing a severe innovation deficit, especially in the discovery of new drugs. Innovative Approaches in Drug Discovery: Ethnopharmacology, Systems Biology and Holistic Targeting provides a critical review and analysis of health, disease and medicine, and explores possible reasons behind the present crisis in drug discovery. The authors illustrate the benefits of systems biology and pharmacogenomics approaches, and advocate the expansion from disease-centric discovery to person-centric therapeutics involving holistic, multi-target, whole systems approaches. This book lays a path for reigniting pharmaceutical innovation through a disciplined reemergence of pharmacognosy, embracing open innovation models and collaborative, trusted public-private partnerships. With unprecedented advances made in the development of biomedically-relevant tools and technologies, the need is great and the time is now for a renewed commitment towards expanding the repertoire of medicines. By incorporating real-life examples and state-of-the-art reviews, this book provides valuable insights into the discovery and development strategies for professionals, academicians, and students in the pharmaceutical sciences. Analyzes the reasons behind historical drug failures to provide valuable insights on lessons learned Uses current scientific research to promote learning from traditional knowledge systems and through the integration of traditional and western medicines Discusses advances in technologies and systems biology to support the transition from formulation discovery to therapeutic discovery