Drug like Properties Concepts Structure Design and Methods

Drug like Properties  Concepts  Structure Design and Methods
Author: Li Di,Edward H Kerns
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 552
Release: 2010-07-26
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780080557618

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Of the thousands of novel compounds that a drug discovery project team invents and that bind to the therapeutic target, typically only a fraction of these have sufficient ADME/Tox properties to become a drug product. Understanding ADME/Tox is critical for all drug researchers, owing to its increasing importance in advancing high quality candidates to clinical studies and the processes of drug discovery. If the properties are weak, the candidate will have a high risk of failure or be less desirable as a drug product. This book is a tool and resource for scientists engaged in, or preparing for, the selection and optimization process. The authors describe how properties affect in vivo pharmacological activity and impact in vitro assays. Individual drug-like properties are discussed from a practical point of view, such as solubility, permeability and metabolic stability, with regard to fundamental understanding, applications of property data in drug discovery and examples of structural modifications that have achieved improved property performance. The authors also review various methods for the screening (high throughput), diagnosis (medium throughput) and in-depth (low throughput) analysis of drug properties. * Serves as an essential working handbook aimed at scientists and students in medicinal chemistry * Provides practical, step-by-step guidance on property fundamentals, effects, structure-property relationships, and structure modification strategies * Discusses improvements in pharmacokinetics from a practical chemist's standpoint

Drug like Properties

Drug like Properties
Author: Edward Harvel Kerns,Li Di
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 526
Release: 2008
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0123695201

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Of the thousands of novel compounds that a drug discovery project team invents and that bind to the therapeutic target, typically only a fraction of these have sufficient ADME/Tox properties to become a drug product. Understanding ADME/Tox is critical for all drug researchers, owing to its increasing importance in advancing high quality candidates to clinical studies and the processes of drug discovery. If the properties are weak, the candidate will have a high risk of failure or be less desirable as a drug product. This book is a tool and resource for scientists engaged in, or preparing for, the selection and optimization process. The authors describe how properties affect in vivo pharmacological activity and impact in vitro assays. Individual drug-like properties are discussed from a practical point of view, such as solubility, permeability and metabolic stability, with regard to fundamental understanding, applications of property data in drug discovery and examples of structural modifications that have achieved improved property performance. The authors also review various methods for the screening (high throughput), diagnosis (medium throughput) and in-depth (low throughput) analysis of drug properties. * Serves as an essential working handbook aimed at scientists and students in medicinal chemistry * Provides practical, step-by-step guidance on property fundamentals, effects, structure-property relationships, and structure modification strategies * Discusses improvements in pharmacokinetics from a practical chemist's standpoint

Drug Like Properties

Drug Like Properties
Author: Li Di,Edward H Kerns
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 580
Release: 2015-12-17
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128013229

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Of the thousands of novel compounds that a drug discovery project team invents and that bind to the therapeutic target, only a fraction have sufficient ADME (absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination) properties, and acceptable toxicology properties, to become a drug product that will successfully complete human Phase I clinical trials. Drug-Like Properties: Concepts, Structure Design and Methods from ADME to Toxicity Optimization, Second Edition, provides scientists and students the background and tools to understand, discover, and develop optimal clinical candidates. This valuable resource explores physiochemical properties, including solubility and permeability, before exploring how compounds are absorbed, distributed, and metabolized safely and stably. Review chapters provide context and underscore the importance of key concepts such as pharmacokinetics, toxicity, the blood-brain barrier, diagnosing drug limitations, prodrugs, and formulation. Building on those foundations, this thoroughly updated revision covers a wide variety of current methods for the screening (high throughput), diagnosis (medium throughput) and in-depth (low throughput) analysis of drug properties for process and product improvement. From conducting key assays for interpretation and structural analysis, the reader learns to implement modification methods and improve each ADME property. Through valuable case studies, structure-property relationship descriptions, and structure modification strategies, Drug-Like Properties, Second Edition, offers tools and methods for ADME/Tox scientists through all aspects of drug research, discovery, design, development, and optimization. Provides a comprehensive and valuable working handbook for scientists and students in medicinal chemistry Includes expanded coverage of pharmacokinetics fundamentals and effects Contains updates throughout, including the authors’ recent work in the importance of solubility in drug development; new and currently used property methods, with a reduction of seldom-used methods; and exploration of computational modeling methods

Optimizing the Drug Like Properties of Leads in Drug Discovery

Optimizing the  Drug Like  Properties of Leads in Drug Discovery
Author: Ronald Borchardt,Edward Kerns,Michael Hageman,Dhrien Thakker,James Stevens
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2006-09-25
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0387340564

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This book arises from a workshop organized by the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists entitled "Optimizing the Drug-Like Properties of Leads in Drug Discovery," which took place in Parsippany, NJ in September 2004. The workshop focused on the optimization of the drug-like properties of leads in drug discovery. The volume outlines strategies and methodologies designed to guide pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies through the drug discovery and development process.

Textbook of Drug Design and Discovery Third Edition

Textbook of Drug Design and Discovery  Third Edition
Author: Tommy Liljefors,Povl Krogsgaard-Larsen,Ulf Madsen
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 596
Release: 2002-07-25
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0415282888

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Building on the success of the previous editions, Textbook of Drug Design and Discovery has been thoroughly revised and updated to provide a complete source of information on all facets of drug design and discovery for students of chemistry, pharmacy, pharmacology, biochemistry, and medicine. The book follows drug design from the initial lead identification through optimization and structure-activity relationship with reference to the final processes of clinical evaluation and registration. Chapters investigate the design of enzyme inhibitors and drugs for particular cellular targets such as ion channels and receptors, and also explore specific classes of drug such as peptidomimetics, antivirals and anticancer agents. The use of gene technology in pharmaceutical research, computer modeling techniques, and combinatorial approaches are also included.

Metabolism Pharmacokinetics and Toxicity of Functional Groups

Metabolism  Pharmacokinetics and Toxicity of Functional Groups
Author: Dennis A Smith
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2010-04-09
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781849731102

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Until now, the area of drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics has been lacking in texts written for the Medicinal Chemist. This outstanding book, aimed at postgraduate medicinal chemists and those working in industry, fills this gap in the literature. Written by medicinal chemists and ADMET scientists with a combined experience of around 300 years, this aid to discovering drugs addresses the absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicity (ADMET) issues associated with drugs. The book starts by describing drug targets and their structural motifs before moving on to explain ADMET for the medicinal chemist. It is the functional groups which most profoundly influence the drug molecules of which they form a part. They characterise the pharmacology, are essential to the activity, and alter the ADMET characteristics of each drug. Their effects follow a pattern, thus allowing medicinal chemists to predict and overcome potential challenges. For this reason, the Editors have taken the unique approach of dividing the remainder of the book into chapters which each focus on a different functional group. They describe drugs containing the functional group under consideration, explain why the group is there, and outline its physicochemical properties before going on to detail the ADMET issues. Where possible, prodrugs and bioisosteres, which may give alternative ADMET outcomes, are described. The chapters cross refer where similar matters are covered but individual chapters can be used in a stand alone manner. The book ends with a discussion of future targets and chemistry needs.

Structure based Design of Drugs and Other Bioactive Molecules

Structure based Design of Drugs and Other Bioactive Molecules
Author: Arun K. Ghosh,Sandra Gemma
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 474
Release: 2014-08-11
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783527333653

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Drug design is a complex, challenging and innovative research area. Structure-based molecular design has transformed the drug discovery approach in modern medicine. Traditionally, focus has been placed on computational, structural or synthetic methods only in isolation. This one-of-akind guide integrates all three skill sets for a complete picture of contemporary structure-based design. This practical approach provides the tools to develop a high-affinity ligand with drug-like properties for a given drug target for which a high-resolution structure exists. The authors use numerous examples of recently developed drugs to present "best practice" methods in structurebased drug design with both newcomers and practicing researchers in mind. By way of a carefully balanced mix of theoretical background and case studies from medicinal chemistry applications, readers will quickly and efficiently master the basic skills of successful drug design. This book is aimed at new and active medicinal chemists, biochemists, pharmacologists, natural product chemists and those working in drug discovery in the pharmaceutical industry. It is highly recommended as a desk reference to guide students in medicinal and chemical sciences as well as to aid researchers engaged in drug design today.

Pattern Recognition in Bioinformatics

Pattern Recognition in Bioinformatics
Author: Visakan Kadirkamanathan,Guido Sanguinetti,Mark Girolami,Mahesan Niranjan,Josselin Noirel
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 452
Release: 2009-08-31
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783642040313

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Pattern Recognition in Bioinformatics, PRIB 2009, held in Sheffield, UK, in September 2009. The 38 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The topics covered by these papers range from image analysis for biomedical data to systems biology. The conference aims at crating a focus for the development and application of pattern recognition techniques in the biological domain.