Ecological Understanding

Ecological Understanding
Author: Steward T.A. Pickett,Jurek Kolasa,Clive G. Jones
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 206
Release: 2013-10-22
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780080504971

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Ecology is an historical science in which theories can be as difficult to test as they are to devise. This volume, intended for ecologists and evolutionary biologists, reviews ecological theories, and how they are generated, evaluated, and categorized. Synthesizing a vast and sometimes labyrinthine literature, this book is a useful entry into the scientific philosophy of ecology and natural history. The need for integration of the contributions to theory made by different disciplines is a central theme of this book. The authors demonstrate that only through such integration will advances in ecological theory be possible. Ecologists, evolutionary biologists, and other serious students of natural history will want this book.

Lessons from a Multispecies Studio

Lessons from a Multispecies Studio
Author: Julie Andreyev
Publsiher: Intellect Books
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-11-19
Genre: Art
ISBN: 9781789384543

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A collection of nonfiction, first-hand writings about my creative collaborations with local animals and ecologies – companion dogs, wild birds and salmon, as well as forest communities. The stories reveal human relations with other lifeforms, and how creativity can play a part in generating a renewed sense of wonder and kinship with nature.

A Recursive Vision

A Recursive Vision
Author: Peter Harries-Jones
Publsiher: University of Toronto Press
Total Pages: 358
Release: 1995-01-01
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 0802075916

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Gregory Bateson was one of the most original social scientists of this century. He is widely known as author of key ideas used in family therapy - including the well-known condition called 'double bind' . He was also one of the most influential figures in cultural anthropology. In the decade before his death in 1980 Bateson turned toward a consideration of ecology. Standard ecology concentrates on an ecosystem's biomass and on energy budgets supporting life. Bateson came to the conclusion that understanding ecological organization requires a complete switch in scientific perspective. He reasoned that ecological phenomena must be explained primarily through patterns of information and that only through perceiving these informational patterns will we uncover the elusive unity, or integration, of ecosystems. Bateson believed that relying upon the materialist framework of knowledge dominant in ecological science will deepen errors of interpretation and, in the end, promote eco-crisis. He saw recursive patterns of communication as the basis of order in both natural and human domains. He conducted his investigation first in small-scale social settings; then among octopus, otters, and dolphins. Later he took these investigations to the broader setting of evolutionary analysis and developed a framework of thinking he called 'an ecology of mind.' Finally, his inquiry included an ecology of mind in ecological settings - a recursive epistemology. This is the first study of the whole range of Bateson's ecological thought - a comprehensive presentaionof Bateson's matrix of ideas. Drawing on unpublished letters and papers, Harries-Jones clarifies themes scattered throughout Bateson's own writings, revealing the conceptual consistency inherent in Bateson's position, and elaborating ways in which he pioneered aspects of late twentieth-century thought.

Understanding Human Ecology

Understanding Human Ecology
Author: Robert Dyball,Barry Newell
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2014-11-11
Genre: Nature
ISBN: 9781136271090

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We are facing hugely complex challenges – from climate change to world poverty, our problems are part of an inter-related web of social and natural systems. Human ecology promises an approach to these complex challenges, a way to understand these problems holistically and to start to manage them more effectively. This book offers a coherent conceptual framework for Human Ecology – a clear approach for understanding the many systems we are part of and for how we frame and understand the problems we face. Blending natural, social and cognitive sciences with dynamical systems theory, the authors offer systems approaches that are accessible to all, from the undergraduate student to policy-makers and practitioners across government, business and community. Road-tested and refined over a decade of teaching and workshops, the authors have built a clear, inspiring and important framework for anyone approaching the management of complex problems and the transition to sustainability.

Sustainable Living with Environmental Risks

Sustainable Living with Environmental Risks
Author: Nobuhiro Kaneko,Shinji Yoshiura,Masanori Kobayashi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2014-03-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9784431548041

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We are not free from environmental risks that accompany the development of human societies. Modern economic development has accelerated environmental pollution, caused loss of natural habitats, and modified landscapes. These environmental changes have impacted natural systems: water and heat circulation, nutrient cycling, and biodiversity. These changes in natural systems degrade ecosystem services and subsequently increase environmental risks for humans. Environmental risks, therefore, are not only human health risks by pollution, climatic anomalies and natural disasters, but also degradation of ecosystem services on which most people are relying for their lives. We cannot entirely eliminate the risks, because it is not possible to attain zero impact on the environment, but we need to find a mechanism that minimizes environmental risks for human sustainably. This is the idea of the interdisciplinary framework of “environmental risk management” theory, which advocates harmony between economic development and environmental conservation. Based on this theory, the Sustainable Living with Environmental Risk (SLER) programme, adopted by the Japanese Ministry of Education (MEXT) as one of its strategic programmes, has been training graduate students at the Yokohama National University, Japan, from 2009 to 2013 to become future environmental leaders who will take the initiative in reducing the level of environmental risks and in protecting natural resources in the developing nations of Asia and Africa. This book provides students and teachers of this new academic field with a comprehensive coverage of case studies of environmental risks and their practical management technologies not only in Japan but also in developing nations in Asia and Africa.

Ecological Informatics

Ecological Informatics
Author: Friedrich Recknagel
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2013-06-29
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783662051504

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Ecological Informatics is defined as the design and application of computational techniques for ecological analysis, synthesis, forecasting and management. The book provides an introduction to the scope, concepts and techniques of this newly emerging discipline. It illustrates numerous applications of Ecological Informatics for stream systems, river systems, freshwater lakes and marine systems as well as image recognition at micro and macro scale. Case studies focus on applications of artificial neural networks, genetic algorithms, fuzzy logic and adaptive agents to current ecological management issues such as toxic algal blooms, eutrophication, habitat degradation, conservation of biodiversity and sustainable fishery.

The Ecology Book

The Ecology Book
Author: DK
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2019-04-02
Genre: Nature
ISBN: 9781465488428

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Explore ecology in this accessible introduction to how the natural world works and how we have started to understand the environment, ecosystems, and climate change. Using a bold, graphic-led approach, The Ecology Book explores and explains more than 85 of the key ideas, movements, and acts that have defined ecology and ecological thought. The book has a simple chronological structure, with early chapters ranging from the ideas of classical thinkers to attempts by Enlightenment thinkers to systematically order the natural world. Later chapters trace the evolution of modern thinking, from the ideas of Thomas Malthus, Henry Thoreau, and others, right up to the political and scientific developments of the modern era, including the birth of the environmental movement and the Paris Agreement. The ideal introduction to one of the most important subjects of our time.

Advances in Phytoplankton Ecology

Advances in Phytoplankton Ecology
Author: Lesley Clementson,Ruth Eriksen,Anusuya Willis
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 624
Release: 2021-12-08
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128230299

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Phytoplankton ecology has developed from an understanding of taxonomy, species dynamics and functional roles, and species interactions with the surrounding environment. New and emerging technologies enable a paradigm shift in the ways we monitor and understand phytoplankton in a range of environments. Advances in Phytoplankton Ecology: Applications of Emerging Technologies is a practical guide to these new technologies and explores their application with case studies to show how recent advances have changed our understanding of phytoplankton ecology. Part one of this book explores how traditional taxonomy and species identification has changed, moving from morphological to molecular techniques. Part two explores the new technologies for remote and automatic monitoring and sensor technology and applications for management. Part three explores the explosion of omics techniques and their application in species identification, functional populations, trait characterization, interspecific interactions, and interaction with their environment. This book is an invaluable guide for marine and freshwater ecology researchers to how new technologies can enhance our understanding of ecology. Combines traditional techniques with new technologies and methods Explores the influence of new technology on our understanding of phytoplankton ecology Provides practical applications of each technique through case studies in each chapter

The Ecology of Place

The Ecology of Place
Author: Ian Billick,Mary V. Price
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2012-08-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780226050447

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Ecologists can spend a lifetime researching a small patch of the earth, studying the interactions between organisms and the environment, and exploring the roles those interactions play in determining distribution, abundance, and evolutionary change. With so few ecologists and so many systems to study, generalizations are essential. But how do you extrapolate knowledge about a well-studied area and apply it elsewhere? Through a range of original essays written by eminent ecologists and naturalists, The Ecology of Place explores how place-focused research yields exportable general knowledge as well as practical local knowledge, and how society can facilitate ecological understanding by investing in field sites, place-centered databases, interdisciplinary collaborations, and field-oriented education programs that emphasize natural history. This unique patchwork of case-study narratives, philosophical musings, and historical analyses is tied together with commentaries from editors Ian Billick and Mary Price that develop and synthesize common threads. The result is a unique volume rich with all-too-rare insights into how science is actually done, as told by scientists themselves.

Understanding Ecological Programming

Understanding Ecological Programming
Author: Susan Scherffiu Jakes,Craig Brookins
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 93
Release: 2004-06-25
Genre: Nature
ISBN: 0789024594

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Increase the effectiveness of prevention programs by altering community and social settings! Understanding Ecological Programming: Merging Theory, Research, and Practice contains vital information to help you become a better community-based program designer using ecological programming. Focused on the basic concept of the ecological programming model—that people’s behaviors cannot be separated from their settings—this book provides examples that clarify how ecological applications in programs increase their effectiveness. With tables, figures, assessment tools, and studies of programs currently using ecological or similar approaches, this book will show you how to change the individual’s environment to prevent further ruinous behavior. This book will help you find the answers to such questions as: what is an ecological social program? what are the components of ecological programming? what do real programs that have implemented these principles look like? how realistic is it to suggest that one should implement an ecological program, is it harder than it seems? what are the outcomes of programming with an ecological model? what is the cost/benefit ratio of an ecological approach? A major innovation presented in Understanding Ecological Programming is the Ecological Programming Scale (EPS), introduced by co-editor Dr. Susan Jakes. This book provides an overview, analysis, and evaluation of the EPS as a useful tool that assesses the “ecologicalness” of a social program and shows you how to apply it to your work. This valuable resource also offers an example of a successful program that encompasses ecological programming—the Adolescent Diversion Project (ADP)—as well as an example of a now-defunct social program that is evaluated to determine whether it failed due to a lack of ecological design incorporation. Using the information in this book, you can improve on pre-existing social programs and create better ones. Understanding Ecological Programming is a must-read for social program developers/designers, program operators, interventionists, extension agents, community psychologists, human service providers, and extension specialists.

Understanding Human Ecology

Understanding Human Ecology
Author: Geetha Devi T. V.
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 228
Release: 2019-01-28
Genre: Nature
ISBN: 9780429644078

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This book examines the domain of human agency–environment interaction from a multidimensional point of view. It explores the human–environment interface by analysing its ethical, political and epistemic aspects – the value aspects that humans attribute to their environment, the relations of power in which the actions and their consequences are implicated and the meaning of human actions in relation to the environment. The volume delineates the character of this domain and works out a theoretical framework for the field of human ecology. This book will be a must-read for students, scholars and researchers of environmental studies, human ecology, development studies, environmental history, literature, politics and sociology. It will also be useful to practitioners, government bodies, environmentalists, policy makers and NGOs.

Understanding Urban Ecology

Understanding Urban Ecology
Author: Myrna H. P. Hall,Stephen B. Balogh
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2019-04-10
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030112592

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Over half of the world’s population now lives in urban areas. Few who live in cities understand that cities, too, are ecosystems, as beholden to the laws and principles of ecology as are natural ecosystems. Understanding Urban Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Systems Approach introduces students at the college undergraduate level, or those in advanced-standing college credit high school courses, to cities as ecosystems. For graduate students it provides an overview and rich literature base. Urban planners, educators, and decision makers can use this book to help in designing a more sustainable or “green” future. The authors use a systems approach to explore the complexity and interactions of different components of a city’s ecology with an emphasis on the energy and materials required to maintain such concentrated centers of human activity and consumption. The book is written by seventeen specialized contributors and includes ten accompanying detailed field exercises to promote hands-on experience, observation, and quantification of urban ecosystem structure and function.The chapters describe one by one the different subsystems of the urban environment, their individual components and functions, and the interactions among them that create the social-ecological environments in which we live. The book’s emphasis on social-ecological metabolism provides students with the knowledge and methods needed to evaluate proposed policies for urban sustainability in terms of ecosystem capacity, potential positive and negative feedbacks, the laws of thermo-dynamics, and socio-cultural perception and adaptability.

Learn Arcore Fundamentals of Google Arcore

Learn Arcore   Fundamentals of Google Arcore
Author: Micheal Lanham
Publsiher: Packt Publishing
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2018-03-30
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 1788830407

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Create next-generation Augmented Reality and Mixed Reality apps with the latest version of Google ARCore Key Features Harness the power of the Google's new augmented reality (AR) platform ARCore to build cutting-edge Augmented reality apps Learn core concepts of Environmental Understanding, Immersive Computing, and Motion Tracking with ARCore Extend your application by combining ARCore with OpenGL, Machine Learning and more. Book Description Are you a mobile developer or web developer who wants to create immersive and cool Augmented Reality apps with the latest Google ARCore platform? If so, this book will help you jump right into developing with ARCore and will help you create a step by step AR app easily. This book will teach you how to implement the core features of ARCore starting from the fundamentals of 3D rendering to more advanced concepts such as lighting, shaders, Machine Learning, and others. We'll begin with the basics of building a project on three platforms: web, Android, and Unity. Next, we'll go through the ARCore concepts of motion tracking, environmental understanding, and light estimation. For each core concept, you'll work on a practical project to use and extend the ARCore feature, from learning the basics of 3D rendering and lighting to exploring more advanced concepts. You'll write custom shaders to light virtual objects in AR, then build a neural network to recognize the environment and explore even grander applications by using ARCore in mixed reality. At the end of the book, you'll see how to implement motion tracking and environment learning, create animations and sounds, generate virtual characters, and simulate them on your screen. What you will learn Build and deploy your Augmented Reality app to the Android, Web, and Unity platforms Implement ARCore to identify and visualize objects as point clouds, planes, surfaces, and/or meshes Explore advanced concepts of environmental understanding using Google ARCore and OpenGL ES with Java Create light levels from ARCore and create a C# script to watch and propagate lighting changes in a scene Develop graphics shaders that react to changes in lighting and map the environment to place objects in Unity/C# Integrate motion tracking with the Web ARCore API and Google Street View to create a combined AR/VR experience Who this book is for This book is for web and mobile developers who have broad programming knowledge on Java or JavaScript or C# and want to develop Augmented Reality applications with Google ArCore. To follow this book no prior experience with AR development, 3D, or 3D math experience is needed.

It Takes an Ecosystem

It Takes an Ecosystem
Author: Thomas Akiva,Kimberly H. Robinson
Publsiher: IAP
Total Pages: 341
Release: 2022-01-01
Genre: Education
ISBN: 9781648026690

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It Takes an Ecosystem explores the idea and potential of the Allied Youth Fields—an aspirational term that suggests increased connection across the multiple systems in which adults engage with young people. Recent research and initiatives make a strong case for what developmentalists have argued for decades: A young person’s learning and development is shaped in positive and negative ways by the interactions they have with all the adults in their life. Now is the time to reshape our systems to support this scientific understanding. The chapters in this book provide ideas, tools, examples, and visions for a more connected, more equitable world for young people and the adults in their lives. Endorsements for It Takes an Ecosystem "It Takes an Ecosystem offers a powerful and timely engagement of the possibilities and challenges facing the Out-of-School Time sector…this book charts a path forward for scholars, practitioners, community members to imagine OST anew---in ways that are socially just and affirming, centered on the optimal development of youth and the power of community." — Bianca Baldridge University of Wisconsin Madison "The book’s emphasis on an ecosystem approach, anchored in commitments to equity and racial justice, combines evidence-based analyses with a future-oriented call to action for the allied youth fields. This book will be a must-read for those committed to radically re-thinking how we bring sectors together to support thriving for children and youth." Ben Kirshner University of Colorado

Contaminant Levels and Ecological Effects

Contaminant Levels and Ecological Effects
Author: Biljana Balabanova,Trajče Stafilov
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 414
Release: 2021-03-10
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030661359

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This volume uses chemometric mathematical modelling approaches to investigate geographic areas at risk of ecological degradation due to pollution. While most analytical approaches in environmental research involve sophisticated and sensitive instrumental techniques, this book employs chemometric techniques to create a corresponding data matrix to extract accurate and realistic environmental information in areas vulnerable to and affected by hazardous substances. The text offers case studies to establish a general framework of the opportunities, advantages, weaknesses and challenges of these mathematical approaches, and provides a chemometric model of each focus area to assess the long-distance distribution of pollutants. The case studies highlight the potential use of novel chemometric models for mitigating and preventing environmental pollution and ecological risks, while also providing reviews of the current status and developments in chemometric analysis of environmental pollution. The book will be of interest to students and researchers in environmental and agricultural chemistry, environmental pollution modelling and ecological degradation.