Electroanalytical Applications of Quantum Dot Based Biosensors

Electroanalytical Applications of Quantum Dot Based Biosensors
Author: Bengi Uslu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2021-05-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128232408

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Quantum dots (QDs) are hybrid organic/inorganic nanoparticles with novel physical properties. QDs have two components: an inorganic core and an optically active coated shell. Moreover, surface coatings can be applied to QDs to modify the particle as needed for experiments. Hydrophilic coatings prevent leaking of metal cargo from the core, enhancing the solubility in biological contexts and bind molecules, such as receptor–ligands, antibodies, therapeutic, and diagnostic macromolecules for enhanced effects. Their high surface-to-volume ratio allows multiple functional groups to attach onto the surface of the particles at constant surface volume. Silicon-, gallium-, indium-, or germanium-based; cadmium-based; and carbon-based QDs have already been used in many applications, such as imaging probes for the engineering of multifunctional nanodevices. Superior properties of QDs make them an excellent system in technology and biotechnology. This book describes electroanalytical applications of QD-based nanobiosensors, including brief information about the synthesis and characterization of QDs and basics of electroanalytical methods, followed by QDs in electrochemical biomimetic sensors, QDs in microchips, inorganic materials doped QDs, QD-based electrochemical DNA biosensors, electroluminescence for biomarker analysis using aptamer-based QDs, QD-based photoelectrochemical techniques, enzyme-based nanobiosensors using QDs, QD-based electrochemical immunosensors, and QD-modified nanosensors in drug analysis. Outlines QD-based applications for drug, food, clinical, and environmental science Shows how the properties of QDs make them effective ingredients in biosensing applications Assesses the major challenges in integrating QDs in biosensing systems

Aqueous Mediated Heterogeneous Catalysis

Aqueous Mediated Heterogeneous Catalysis
Author: Asit K. Chakraborti,Bubun Banerjee
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2022-06-21
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783110733846

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Heterogeneous catalysts are an important tool for greener catalytic processes due to the ease of their removal from the reaction mixture and feasibility of reuse. When these catalysts can operate in the ideal green solvent, water, they improve the sustainability of the process. This book explores aqueous mediated heterogeneous catalysts and their use in synthesis. Topics covered include nanomaterials, quantum dots, metal organic frameworks, and their use as catalysts.

Nanocarbons for Electroanalysis

Nanocarbons for Electroanalysis
Author: Sabine Szunerits,Rabah Boukherroub,Alison Downard,Jun-Jie Zhu
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2017-09-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781119243953

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A comprehensive look at the most widely employed carbon-based electrode materials and the numerous electroanalytical applications associated with them. A valuable reference for the emerging age of carbon-based electronics and electrochemistry, this book discusses diverse applications for nanocarbon materials in electrochemical sensing. It highlights the advantages and disadvantages of the different nanocarbon materials currently used for electroanalysis, covering the electrochemical sensing of small-sized molecules, such as metal ions and endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), as well as large biomolecules such as DNA, RNA, enzymes and proteins. A comprehensive look at state-of-the-art applications for nanocarbon materials in electrochemical sensors Emphasizes the relationship between the carbon structures and surface chemistry, and electrochemical performance Covers a wide array of carbon nanomaterials, including nanocarbon films, carbon nanofibers, graphene, diamond nanostructures, and carbon-dots Edited by internationally renowned experts in the field with contributions from researchers at the cutting edge of nanocarbon electroanalysis Nanocarbons for Electroanalysis is a valuable working resource for all chemists and materials scientists working on carbon based-nanomaterials and electrochemical sensors. It also belongs on the reference shelves of academic researchers and industrial scientists in the fields of nanochemistry and nanomaterials, materials chemistry, material science, electrochemistry, analytical chemistry, physical chemistry, and biochemistry.

Nanomaterials Based Sensing Platforms

Nanomaterials Based Sensing Platforms
Author: Aneeya K. Samantara,Sudarsan Raj,Satyajit Ratha
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2022-02-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000427783

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Sensors are effective tools used to carry out cost-effective, fast, and reliable sensing for a wide range of applications. This volume presents a brief history behind sensing technology and highlights a broad range of biosensing techniques based on optical and electrochemical response methods. Starting from the traditional enzyme-based biosensing method to functionalized nanostructure-based sensors, this book also provides a detailed overview of some of the advanced sensing methodologies based on photonic crystal cavity-based sensing devices. The authors showcase the extraordinary success of nanomaterials, their current strategical exploitation, and an unprecedented pool of possibilities they hold for the future. Many of the technologies have been developed recently for the sensing of various bioanalytes and molecules, some of which have been included in this book through dedicated chapters. The book looks at various sensors, such as for biosensing, electrochemical sensing, gas sensing, photoelectrochemical sensing, and colorimetric sensing, all of which have shown vast potential.

Nanomedicine

Nanomedicine
Author: Yi Ge,Songjun Li,Shenqi Wang,Richard Moore
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 413
Release: 2014-12-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781461421405

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Increasing demand for and awareness of the applications of nanotechnology in medicine has resulted in the emergence of a new fast-growing multidisciplinary area - nanomedicine. This book offers comprehensive knowledge of and diverse perspectives on nanomedicine through two independent volumes. It aims to bridge the gap between nanotechnology and medicine through contributions by world-renowned experts from wide range of backgrounds including academia, industry, professional consultancy, and government agencies. Each contribution integrates knowledge from a wide range of areas to present the fundamentals of new applications and products of nanomedicine, as well as an outlook for the future. This book can well serve as a reference and guide for students, academics, researchers, scientists, engineers, clinicians, government researchers, and healthcare professionals.

Electrochemistry of Metal Chalcogenides

Electrochemistry of Metal Chalcogenides
Author: Mirtat Bouroushian
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2010-04-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783642039676

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The author provides a unified account of the electrochemical material science of metal chalcogenide (MCh) compounds and alloys with regard to their synthesis, processing and applications. Starting with the chemical fundamentals of the chalcogens and their major compounds, the initial part of the book includes a systematic description of the MCh solids on the basis of the Periodic Table in terms of their structures and key properties. This is followed by a general discussion on the electrochemistry of chalcogen species, and the principles underlying the electrochemical formation of inorganic compounds/alloys. The core of the book offers an insight into available experimental results and inferences regarding the electrochemical preparation and microstructural control of conventional and novel MCh structures. It also aims to survey their photoelectrochemistry, both from a material-oriented point of view and as connected to specific processes such as photocatalysis and solar energy conversion. Finally, the book illustrates the relevance of MCh materials to various applications of electrochemical interest such as (electro)catalysis in fuel cells, energy storage with intercalation electrodes, and ion sensing.

Sensors and Biosensors MEMS Technologies and its Applications

Sensors and Biosensors  MEMS Technologies and its Applications
Author: Sergey Yurish
Publsiher: Lulu.com
Total Pages: 558
Release: 2014-07-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9788461641543

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Bio manufactured Nanomaterials

Bio manufactured Nanomaterials
Author: Kaushik Pal
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 451
Release: 2021-06-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783030672232

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This book is based on the principles, limitations, challenges, improvements and applications of nanotechnology in medical science as described in the literature. It highlights various parameters affecting the synthesis of bio-nanomaterials and exclusive techniques utilized for characterizing the nanostructures for their potential use in biomedical and environmental applications. Moreover, biodegradable synthesis of nanomaterials is regarded as an important tool to reduce the destructive effects associated with the traditional methods of synthesis for nanostructures commonly utilized in laboratory and industry and as well as academic scale of innovative research foundation.

Carbon based Nanomaterials in Analytical Chemistry

Carbon based Nanomaterials in Analytical Chemistry
Author: Agustín G Crevillén,Alberto Escarpa,Carlos D Garcia
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 245
Release: 2018-09-07
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781788015332

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Presenting the most relevant advances for employing carbon-based nanostructured materials for analytical purposes, this book serves as a reference manual that guides readers through the possibilities and helps when selecting the most appropriate material for targeted analytical applications. It critically discusses the role these nanomaterials can play in sample preparation, separation procedures and detection limit improvements whilst also considering the future trends in this field. Useful to direct initiatives, this book fills a gap in the literature for graduate students and professional researchers discussing the advantages and limitations across analytical chemistry in industry and academia.

2D Materials for Nanophotonics

2D Materials for Nanophotonics
Author: Young Min Jhon,Ju Han Lee
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2020-11-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128186596

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2D Materials for Nanophotonics presents a detailed overview of the applications of 2D materials for nanophotonics, covering the photonic properties of a range of 2D materials including graphene, 2D phosphorene and MXenes, and discussing applications in lighting and energy storage. This comprehensive reference is ideal for readers seeking a detailed and critical analysis of how 2D materials are being used for a range of photonic and optical applications. Outlines the major photonic properties in a variety of 2D materials Demonstrates major applications in lighting and energy storage Explores the challenges of using 2D materials in photonics

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy
Author: Anton Ficai,Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 722
Release: 2017-05-29
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780323461511

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Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy discusses the pros and cons of the use of nanostructured materials in the prevention and eradication of infections, highlighting the efficient microbicidal effect of nanoparticles against antibiotic-resistant pathogens and biofilms. Conventional antibiotics are becoming ineffective towards microorganisms due to their widespread and often inappropriate use. As a result, the development of antibiotic resistance in microorganisms is increasingly being reported. New approaches are needed to confront the rising issues related to infectious diseases. The merging of biomaterials, such as chitosan, carrageenan, gelatin, poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) with nanotechnology provides a promising platform for antimicrobial therapy as it provides a controlled way to target cells and induce the desired response without the adverse effects common to many traditional treatments. Nanoparticles represent one of the most promising therapeutic treatments to the problem caused by infectious micro-organisms resistant to traditional therapies. This volume discusses this promise in detail, and also discusses what challenges the greater use of nanoparticles might pose to medical professionals. The unique physiochemical properties of nanoparticles, combined with their growth inhibitory capacity against microbes has led to the upsurge in the research on nanoparticles as antimicrobials. The importance of bactericidal nanobiomaterials study will likely increase as development of resistant strains of bacteria against most potent antibiotics continues. Shows how nanoantibiotics can be used to more effectively treat disease Discusses the advantages and issues of a variety of different nanoantibiotics, enabling medics to select which best meets their needs Provides a cogent summary of recent developments in this field, allowing readers to quickly familiarize themselves with this topic area

New Developments in Nanosensors for Pharmaceutical Analysis

New Developments in Nanosensors for Pharmaceutical Analysis
Author: Sibel A. Ozkan,Afzal Shah
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 430
Release: 2019-05-22
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128163788

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New Developments for Nanosensors in Pharmaceutical Analysis presents an overview of developments in nanosensor usage in pharmaceutical analysis, thereby helping pharmaceutical companies attain reliable, precise, and accurate analysis of pharmaceuticals. This book presents very simple, precise, sensitive, selective, fast, and relatively inexpensive methods for pre-treatment, prior to analysis. These methods may be considered for further application in clinical studies and assays. The book includes the manufacturing of sensors for pharmaceutical analysis at nano- or smaller scales, and gives simple and relatable designs for the fabrication of sensors. Twelve chapters cover an introduction to the topic, immobilization techniques, mechanism effect of nanomaterials on structure, optical nanosensors for pharmaceutical detection, chemical nanosensors in pharmaceutical analysis, noble metal nanoparticles in electrochemical analysis of drugs, photo-electrochemical nanosensors for drug analysis, molecularly imprinted polymer based nanosensors for pharmaceutical analysis, nanomaterials for drug delivery systems, nanomaterials enriched nucleic acid-based biosensors, nanosensors in biomarker detection, and nanomaterials-based enzyme biosensors for electrochemical applications. Presents nanosensor types, synthesis, immobilizations and applications in different fields Gives simple repeatable designs for the fabrication of sensors for pharmaceutical analysis Details how to carry out sensitive analysis of pharmaceuticals using nanosensors Describes how to synthesize and immobilize nanosensors, and how nanosensors can be applied in drug assay Proposes innovative ways to optimize pharmaceutical processes with nanosensors

Nanosensors for Environmental Applications

Nanosensors for Environmental Applications
Author: Satish Kumar Tuteja,Divya Arora,Neeraj Dilbaghi,Eric Lichtfouse
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2020-04-28
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030381011

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This book provides a comprehensive overview on the most important types of nanosensor platforms explored and developed in the recent years for efficient detection of environmental/clinical analytes. The chapters cover basic aspects of functioning principles and describe the technologies and challenges of present and future pesticide, metal ions, toxic gases analytical sensing approaches and environmental sensors. Nanosensors are nanoscale miniature devices used for sensing of analyte in ultra-low range. These have gained considerable interest in environmental applications such as environmental chemistry and functionalization approaches, environmental engineering, sustainability, green technology for sensing, environmental health monitoring, pesticide detection, metal and ions detection using electrochemical and wireless sensor.

Biosensors in Food Safety and Quality

Biosensors in Food Safety and Quality
Author: Poonam Mishra,Partha Pratim Sahu
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2022-04-26
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780429535536

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Biosensors in food safety and quality have become indispensable in today’s world due to the requirement of food safety and security for human health and nutrition. This book covers various types of sensors and biosensors that can be used for food safety and food quality monitoring, but these are not limited to conventional sensors, such as temperature sensors, optical sensors, electrochemical sensors, calorimetric sensors, and pH sensors. The chapters are framed in a way that readers can experience the novel fabrication procedures of some advanced sensors, including lab-on-a-chip biosensors, IoT-based sensors, microcontroller-based sensors, and so on, particularly for fruits and vegetables, fermented products, plantation products, dairy-based products, heavy metal analysis in water, meat, fish, etc. Its simplistic presentation and pedagogical writing provide the necessary thrust and adequate information for beginners, scientists, and researchers. The book offers comprehensive coverage of the most essential topics, which include the following: Fundamentals of biosensors Overview of food safety and quality analysis Major toxicants of food and water Fabrication techniques of biosensors applicable for different segments of the food industry This book serves as a reference for scientific investigators who work on the assurance of food safety and security using biosensing principles as well as researchers developing biosensors for food analysis. It may also be used as a textbook for graduate-level courses in bioelectronics.

Electrochemical DNA Biosensors

Electrochemical DNA Biosensors
Author: Mehmet Sengun Ozsoz
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2012-04-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789814241779

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This book focuses on the basic electrochemical applications of DNA in various areas, from basic principles to the most recent discoveries. The book comprises theoretical and experimental analysis of various properties of nucleic acids, research methods, and some promising applications. The topics discussed in the book include electrochemical detection of DNA hybridization based on latex/gold nanoparticle and nanotubes; nanomaterial-based electrochemical DNA detection; electrochemical detection of microorganism-based DNA biosensors; gold nanoparticle-based electrochemical DNA biosensors; electrochemical detection of the aptamer-target interaction; nanoparticle-induced catalysis for DNA biosensing; basic terms regarding electrochemical DNA (nucleic acids) biosensors; screen-printed electrodes for electrochemical DNA detection; application of field-effect transistors to label free electrical DNA biosensor arrays; and electrochemical detection of nucleic acids using branched DNA amplifiers.