Data Driven Traffic Engineering

Data Driven Traffic Engineering
Author: Hubert Rehborn,Micha Koller,Stefan Kaufmann
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2020-10-23
Genre: Transportation
ISBN: 9780128191392

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Data-Driven Traffic Engineering: Understanding of Traffic and Applications Based on Three-Phase Traffic Theory shifts the current focus from using modeling and simulation data for traffic measurements to the use of actual data. The book uses real-world, empirically-derived data from a large fleet of connected vehicles, local observations and aerial observation to shed light on key traffic phenomena. Readers will learn how to develop an understanding of the empirical features of vehicular traffic networks and how to consider these features in emerging, intelligent transport systems. Topics cover congestion patterns, fuel consumption, the influence of weather, and much more. This book offers a unique, data-driven analysis of vehicular traffic in traffic networks, also considering how to apply data-driven insights to the intelligent transport systems of the future. Provides an empirically-driven analysis of traffic measurements/congestion based on real-world data collected from a global fleet of vehicles Applies Kerner’s three-phase traffic theory to empirical data Offers a critical scientific understanding of the underlying concerns of traffic control in automated driving and intelligent transport systems

The Physics of Traffic

The Physics of Traffic
Author: Boris S. Kerner
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 682
Release: 2004-11-19
Genre: Science
ISBN: 3540207163

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The core of ths book presents a theory developed by the author to combine the recent insight into empirical data with mathematical models in freeway traffic research based on dynamical non-linear processes.

PRINCIPLES OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING

PRINCIPLES OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING
Author: PARTHA CHAKROBORTY,ANIMESH DAS
Publsiher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2017-07-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9788120353459

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This book is designed to serve as a comprehensive text for undergraduate as well as first-year master’s students of civil engineering in India. Now, in the second edition, the book incorporates a thorough revision and extension of topics covered in the previous edition. In order to keep the treatment focused, the emphasis is on roadways (highways) based transportation systems. SALIENT FEATURES OF THE BOOK • Analysis of characteristics of vehicles and drivers that affect traffic and design of traffic facilities. • Principles of road geometry design and how to lay a road. • Characterization and analysis of flows on highways, unsignalized and signalized intersections, toll plazas, etc. • Design principles for traffic facilities. • Engineering characteristics of pavement materials. • Structural analysis and design of highway pavements. • Principles of pavement design with special reference to the Indian conditions. • Evaluation and maintenance of highways. HIGHLIGHTS OF THE SECOND EDITION • Incorporates the latest and up-to-date information on the topics covered. • Includes a large number of figures, tables, worked-out examples, and exercises highlighting practical engineering design problems. • Elaborates text by introducing new sections on Continuum Models of Traffic Flow, Traffic Flow at Toll Plazas, Determination of Critical Gap, Occlusion of Signs, Fleet Allocation, Vehicle and Crew Assignment, Elastic Solution of Layered Structures, Analysis of Concrete Pavement Structures, Functional Evaluation of Pavements, Highway Economics and Finance, etc. in respective chapters.

The Physics of Traffic

The Physics of Traffic
Author: Boris S. Kerner
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 682
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783540409861

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The core of ths book presents a theory developed by the author to combine the recent insight into empirical data with mathematical models in freeway traffic research based on dynamical non-linear processes.

Breakdown in Traffic Networks

Breakdown in Traffic Networks
Author: Boris S. Kerner
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 652
Release: 2017-05-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783662544730

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This book offers a detailed investigation of breakdowns in traffic and transportation networks. It shows empirically that transitions from free flow to so-called synchronized flow, initiated by local disturbances at network bottlenecks, display a nucleation-type behavior: while small disturbances in free flow decay, larger ones grow further and lead to breakdowns at the bottlenecks. Further, it discusses in detail the significance of this nucleation effect for traffic and transportation theories, and the consequences this has for future automatic driving, traffic control, dynamic traffic assignment, and optimization in traffic and transportation networks. Starting from a large volume of field traffic data collected from various sources obtained solely through measurements in real world traffic, the author develops his insights, with an emphasis less on reviewing existing methodologies, models and theories, and more on providing a detailed analysis of empirical traffic data and drawing consequences regarding the minimum requirements for any traffic and transportation theories to be valid. The book - proves the empirical nucleation nature of traffic breakdown in networks - discusses the origin of the failure of classical traffic and transportation theories - shows that the three-phase theory is incommensurable with the classical traffic theories, and - explains why current state-of-the art dynamic traffic assignments tend to provoke heavy traffic congestion, making it a valuable reference resource for a wide audience of scientists and postgraduate students interested in the fundamental understanding of empirical traffic phenomena and related data-driven phenomenology, as well as for practitioners working in the fields of traffic and transportation engineering.

Mathematical Theories of Traffic Flow

Mathematical Theories of Traffic Flow
Author: Haight
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 241
Release: 1963-01-01
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9780080955155

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Mathematical Theories of Traffic Flow

Next Generation Teletraffic and Wired Wireless Advanced Networking

Next Generation Teletraffic and Wired Wireless Advanced Networking
Author: Yevgeni Koucheryavy,Jarmo Harju
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 482
Release: 2007-08-23
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783540748328

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Next Generation Teletraffic and Wired/Wireless Advanced Networking, NEW2AN 2007, held in St. Petersburg, Russia in September 10-14, 2007. The 39 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 113 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on teletraffic, traffic characterization and modeling, 3G/UMTS, sensor networks, WLAN, QoS, MANETs, lower layer techniques, PAN technologies, and TCP.

Traffic Engineering Handbook

Traffic Engineering Handbook
Author: ITE (Institute of Transportation Engineers),Brian Wolshon,Anurag Pande
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2016-01-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781118762301

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"The Traffic Engineering Handbook is a comprehensive practice-oriented reference that presents the fundamental concepts of traffic engineering, commensurate with the state of the practice"--

Frontiers in Queueing

Frontiers in Queueing
Author: Jewgeni H. Dshalalow
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 480
Release: 1997-01-21
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 0849380766

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Queueing systems and networks are being applied to many areas of technology today, including telecommunications, computers, satellite systems, and traffic processes. This timely book, written by 26 of the most respected and influential researchers in the field, provides an overview of fundamental queueing systems and networks as applied to these technologies. Frontiers in Queueing: Models and Applications in Science and Engineering was written with more of an engineering slant than its predecessor, Advances in Queueing: Theory, Methods, and Open Problems. The earlier book was primarily concerned with methods, and was more theoretically oriented. This new volume, meant to be a sequel to the first book, was written by scientists and queueing theorists whose expertise is in technology and engineering, allowing readers to answer questions regarding the technicalities of related methods from the earlier book. Each chapter in the book surveys the classes of queueing models and networks, or the applied methods in queueing, and is followed by a discussion of open problems and future research directions. The discussion of these future trends is especially important to novice researchers, students, and even their advisors, as it provides the perspectives of eminent scientists in each area, thus showing where research efforts should be focused. Frontiers in Queueing: Models and Applications in Science and Engineering also includes applications to vital areas of engineering and technology, specifically, telecommunications, computers and computer networks, satellite systems, traffic processes, and more applied methods such as simulation, statistics, and numerical methods. All researchers, from students to advanced professionals, can benefit from the sound advice and perspective of the contributors represented in this book.

Understanding Real Traffic

Understanding Real Traffic
Author: Boris S. Kerner
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 243
Release: 2021-09-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783030796020

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This book addresses the reader interested in vehicular traffic phenomena, who have not learned about them before. It presents traffic phenomena like traffic breakdown and the emergence of moving traffic jams by showcasing empirical traffic data measured in real-world traffic. The author explains how these empirical traffic studies have led to the three-phase traffic theory and why this new theory is in conflict with standard traffic theories developed before. Moreover, he presents the reason for the failure of applications of standard traffic theories in real-world traffic and discusses why understanding real traffic has caused a paradigm shift in traffic and transportation science. The book examines why understanding real traffic breakdown is the basis for an explanation for the autonomous driving effects on traffic flow. It shows that understanding real traffic is possible from real-world traffic data without the need of mathematical traffic models. This makes the book intuitive for non-specialists, who can qualitatively understand all the basic features of traffic dynamics. In turn, experienced traffic researchers can grasp concepts and ideas made here easily accessible by the author, one of the leading pioneers in the field of vehicular traffic.

Characterization of Truck Traffic in Michigan for the New Mechanistic Empirical Pavement Design Guide

Characterization of Truck Traffic in Michigan for the New Mechanistic Empirical Pavement Design Guide
Author: Joel Thomas Brown
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2009
Genre: Pavements
ISBN: MSU:31293030633295

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The New Transit Town

The New Transit Town
Author: Hank Dittmar,Gloria Ohland
Publsiher: Island Press
Total Pages: 253
Release: 2004
Genre: Architecture
ISBN: 9781559631174

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Transit-oriented development (TOD) seeks to maximize access to mass transit and nonmotorized transportation with centrally located rail or bus stations surrounded by relatively high-density commercial and residential development. New Urbanists and smart growth proponents have embraced the concept and interest in TOD is growing, both in the United States and around the world. New Transit Town brings together leading experts in planning, transportation, and sustainable design—including Scott Bernstein, Peter Calthorpe, Jim Daisa, Sharon Feigon, Ellen Greenberg, David Hoyt, Dennis Leach, and Shelley Poticha—to examine the first generation of TOD projects and derive lessons for the next generation. It offers topic chapters that provide detailed discussion of key issues along with case studies that present an in-depth look at specific projects. Topics examined include: the history of projects and the appeal of this form of development a taxonomy of TOD projects appropriate for different contexts and scales the planning, policy and regulatory framework of "successful" projects obstacles to financing and strategies for overcoming those obstacles issues surrounding traffic and parking the roles of all the actors involved and the resources available to them performance measures that can be used to evaluate outcomes Case Studies include Arlington, Virginia (Roslyn-Ballston corridor); Dallas (Mockingbird Station and Addison Circle); historic transit-oriented neighborhoods in Chicago; Atlanta (Lindbergh Center and BellSouth); San Jose (Ohlone-Chynoweth); and San Diego (Barrio Logan). New Transit Town explores the key challenges to transit-oriented development, examines the lessons learned from the first generation of projects, and uses a systematic examination and analysis of a broad spectrum of projects to set standards for the next generation. It is a vital new source of information for anyone interested in urban and regional planning and development, including planners, developers, community groups, transit agency staff, and finance professionals.

Introduction to Modern Traffic Flow Theory and Control

Introduction to Modern Traffic Flow Theory and Control
Author: Boris S. Kerner
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 265
Release: 2009-09-16
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783642026058

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The understanding of empirical traf?c congestion occurring on unsignalized mul- lane highways and freeways is a key for effective traf?c management, control, or- nization, and other applications of transportation engineering. However, the traf?c ?ow theories and models that dominate up to now in transportation research journals and teaching programs of most universities cannot explain either traf?c breakdown or most features of the resulting congested patterns. These theories are also the - sis of most dynamic traf?c assignment models and freeway traf?c control methods, which therefore are not consistent with features of real traf?c. For this reason, the author introduced an alternative traf?c ?ow theory called three-phase traf?c theory, which can predict and explain the empirical spatiot- poral features of traf?c breakdown and the resulting traf?c congestion. A previous book “The Physics of Traf?c” (Springer, Berlin, 2004) presented a discussion of the empirical spatiotemporal features of congested traf?c patterns and of three-phase traf?c theory as well as their engineering applications. Rather than a comprehensive analysis of empirical and theoretical results in the ?eld, the present book includes no more empirical and theoretical results than are necessary for the understanding of vehicular traf?c on unsignalized multi-lane roads. The main objectives of the book are to present an “elementary” traf?c ?ow theory and control methods as well as to show links between three-phase traf?c t- ory and earlier traf?c ?ow theories. The need for such a book follows from many commentsofcolleaguesmadeafterpublicationofthebook“ThePhysicsofTraf?c”.

Multi agent Systems for Traffic and Transportation Engineering

Multi agent Systems for Traffic and Transportation Engineering
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2009-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781605662275

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"This book aims at giving a complete panorama of the active and promising crossing area between traffic engineering and multi-agent system addressing both current status and challenging new ideas"--Provided by publisher.

Livable Streets 2 0

Livable Streets 2 0
Author: Bruce Appleyard
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 609
Release: 2021-03-22
Genre: Transportation
ISBN: 9780128160299

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Livable Streets 2.0 offers a thorough examination of the struggle between automobiles, residents, pedestrians and other users of streets, along with evidence-based, practical strategies for redesigning city street networks that support urban livability. In 1981, when Donald Appleyard’s Livable Streets was published, it was globally recognized as a groundbreaking work, one of the most influential urban design books of its time. Unfortunately, he was killed a year later by a speeding drunk driver. This latest update, Livable Streets 2.0, revisited by his son Bruce, updates on the topic with the latest research, new case studies and best practices for creating more livable streets. It is essential reading for those who influence future directions in city and transportation planning. Incorporates the most current empirical research on urban transportation and land use practices that support the need for more livable communities Includes recent case studies from around the world on successful projects, campaigns, programs, and other efforts Contains new coverage of vulnerable populations