Ethnography After Antiquity

Ethnography After Antiquity
Author: Anthony Kaldellis
Publsiher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2013-08-12
Genre: Literary Criticism
ISBN: 9780812208405

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Although Greek and Roman authors wrote ethnographic texts describing foreign cultures, ethnography seems to disappear from Byzantine literature after the seventh century C.E.—a perplexing exception for a culture so strongly self-identified with the Roman empire. Yet the Byzantines, geographically located at the heart of the upheavals that led from the ancient to the modern world, had abundant and sophisticated knowledge of the cultures with which they struggled and bargained. Ethnography After Antiquity examines both the instances and omissions of Byzantine ethnography, exploring the political and religious motivations for writing (or not writing) about other peoples. Through the ethnographies embedded in classical histories, military manuals, Constantine VII's De administrando imperio, and religious literature, Anthony Kaldellis shows Byzantine authors using accounts of foreign cultures as vehicles to critique their own state or to demonstrate Romano-Christian superiority over Islam. He comes to the startling conclusion that the Byzantines did not view cultural differences through a purely theological prism: their Roman identity, rather than their orthodoxy, was the vital distinction from cultures they considered heretic and barbarian. Filling in the previously unexplained gap between antiquity and the resurgence of ethnography in the late Byzantine period, Ethnography After Antiquity offers new perspective on how Byzantium positioned itself with and against the dramatically shifting world.

The Fragmentary Latin Histories of Late Antiquity AD 300 620

The Fragmentary Latin Histories of Late Antiquity  AD 300 620
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2020-05-31
Genre: History
ISBN: 9781108420273

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The first systematic collection of fragmentary Latin historians from the period AD 300-620, this volume provides an edition and translation of, and commentary on, the fragments. It proposes new interpretations of the fragments and of the works from which they derive, whilst also spelling out what the fragments add to our knowledge of Late Antiquity. Integrating the fragmentary material with the texts preserved in full, the volume suggests new ways to understand the development of history writing in the transition from Antiquity to the Middle Ages.

Procopius of Caesarea

Procopius of Caesarea
Author: Christopher Lillington-Martin
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017-07-06
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9781317075493

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This volume aims to encourage dialogue and collaboration between international scholars by presenting new literary and historical interpretations of the sixth-century writer Procopius of Caesarea, the major historian of Justinian's reign. Although scholarship on Procopius has flourished since 2004, when the last monograph in English on Procopius was published, there has not been a collection of essays on the subject since 2000. Work on Procopius since 2004 has been surveyed by Geoffrey Greatrex in his international bibliography; Peter Sarris has revised the 1966 Penguin Classics translation of, and introduced, Procopius' Secret History (2007); and Anthony Kaldellis has edited, translated and introduced Procopius' Secret History, with related texts (2010), and revised and modernised H.B. Dewing's Loeb translation of Procopius' Wars as The Wars of Justinian in 2014. This volume capitalises on the renaissance in Procopius-related studies by showcasing recent work on Procopius in all its diversity and vibrancy. It offers approaches that shed new light on Procopius' texts by comparing them with a variety of relevant textual sources. In particular, the volume pays close attention to the text and examines what it achieves as a literary work and what it says as an historical product.

Classifying Christians

Classifying Christians
Author: Todd S. Berzon
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2016-02-23
Genre: Religion
ISBN: 9780520959880

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Classifying Christians investigates late antique Christian heresiologies as ethnographies that catalogued and detailed the origins, rituals, doctrines, and customs of the heretics in explicitly polemical and theological terms. Oscillating between ancient ethnographic evidence and contemporary ethnographic writing, Todd S. Berzon argues that late antique heresiology shares an underlying logic with classical ethnography in the ancient Mediterranean world. By providing an account of heresiological writing from the second to fifth century, Classifying Christians embeds heresiology within the historical development of imperial forms of knowledge that have shaped western culture from antiquity to the present.

Historiography and Space in Late Antiquity

Historiography and Space in Late Antiquity
Author: Peter Van Nuffelen
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2019-08-31
Genre: History
ISBN: 9781108481281

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The later Roman Empire was shrinking on the map, but still shaped the way historians represented the space around them.

The Blinded State

The Blinded State
Author: Mitko B. Panov
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 478
Release: 2019-03-14
Genre: History
ISBN: 9789004394292

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This book offers a new approach to the late 10th- and early 11th-century state of Samuel. Mitko B. Panov deconstructs the Byzantine distorted image of the Samuel’s polity that was recycled by the Balkan elites of the medieval and modern periods and exploited for their political agendas and territorial aspirations.

A Companion to the Byzantine Culture of War ca 300 1204

A Companion to the Byzantine Culture of War  ca  300 1204
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2018-09-06
Genre: History
ISBN: 9789004363731

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The Byzantine Culture of War offers a critical approach to the study of military organisation and warfare as fundamental aspects of the East Roman society and culture in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages.

Rome China and the Barbarians

Rome  China  and the Barbarians
Author: Randolph B. Ford
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2020-04-30
Genre: History
ISBN: 9781108473958

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This book addresses a largely untouched historical problem: the fourth to fifth centuries AD witnessed remarkably similar patterns of foreign invasion, conquest, and political fragmentation in Rome and China. Yet while the western Roman empire was never re-established, China was reunified at the end of the sixth century. Taking a comparative approach to the study of the broader historiographical and ethnographic traditions in the classical Greco-Roman and Chinese worlds, the book turns to the late antique/early medieval period, when the western Roman Empire 'fell' and China was re-constituted as a united empire after centuries of foreign conquest and political division. Analyzing the discourse of ethnic identity in the original texts, with translations by Dr Ford, it explores the extent to which notions of Self and Other, of 'barbarian' and 'civilized', help us understand both the transformation of the Roman world as well as the restoration of a unified imperial China.

Late Antiquity

Late Antiquity
Author: Glen Warren Bowersock
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 780
Release: 1999
Genre: History
ISBN: 0674511735

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A colorful tour of late antiquity covers late Roman, Byzantine, Sassanian, and early Islamic culture and discusses topics ranging from angels in Islam, concubinage, barbarians and ethnicity, and empire building.

A Companion to Ethnicity in the Ancient Mediterranean

A Companion to Ethnicity in the Ancient Mediterranean
Author: Jeremy McInerney
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2014-08-25
Genre: Literary Criticism
ISBN: 9781444337341

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A Companion to Ethnicity in the Ancient Mediterranean presents a comprehensive collection of essays contributed by Classical Studies scholars that explore questions relating to ethnicity in the ancient Mediterranean world. Covers topics of ethnicity in civilizations ranging from ancient Egypt and Israel, to Greece and Rome, and into Late Antiquity Features cutting-edge research on ethnicity relating to Philistine, Etruscan, and Phoenician identities Reveals the explicit relationships between ancient and modern ethnicities Introduces an interpretation of ethnicity as an active component of social identity Represents a fundamental questioning of formally accepted and fixed categories in the field

Roman Identity from the Arab Conquests to the Triumph of Orthodoxy

Roman Identity from the Arab Conquests to the Triumph of Orthodoxy
Author: Douglas Whalin
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 315
Release: 2021-01-22
Genre: History
ISBN: 9783030609061

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This book asks how the inhabitants and neighbours of the Eastern Roman Empire understand their identity as Romans in the centuries following the emergence of Islam as a world-religion. Its answers lie in exploring the nature of change and continuity of social structures, self-representation, and boundaries as markers of belonging to the Roman group in the period from circa AD 650 to 850. Early medieval Romanness was integral to the Roman imperial project; its local utility as an identifier was shaped by a given community’s relationship with Constantinople, the capital of the Roman state. This volume argues that there was fundamental continuity of Roman identity from Late Antiquity through these centuries into later periods. Many transformations which are ascribed to the Romans of this era have been subjectively assigned by outsiders, separated by time or space, and are not born out by the sources. This finding dovetails with other recent historical works re-evaluating the early medieval Eastern Roman polity and its ideology.

Byzantine Intersectionality

Byzantine Intersectionality
Author: Roland Betancourt
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2020-10-06
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9780691210889

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A fascinating history of marginalized identities in the medieval world While the term “intersectionality” was coined in 1989, the existence of marginalized identities extends back over millennia. Byzantine Intersectionality reveals the fascinating, little-examined conversations in medieval thought and visual culture around matters of sexual and reproductive consent, bullying and slut-shaming, homosocial and homoerotic relationships, trans and nonbinary gender identities, and the depiction of racialized minorities. Roland Betancourt explores these issues in the context of the Byzantine Empire, using sources from late antiquity and early Christianity up to the early modern period. Highlighting nuanced and strikingly modern approaches by medieval writers, philosophers, theologians, and doctors, Betancourt offers a new history of gender, sexuality, and race. Betancourt weaves together art, literature, and an impressive array of texts to investigate depictions of sexual consent in images of the Virgin Mary, tactics of sexual shaming in the story of Empress Theodora, narratives of transgender monks, portrayals of same-gender desire in images of the Doubting Thomas, and stereotypes of gender and ethnicity in representations of the Ethiopian Eunuch. He also gathers evidence from medical manuals detailing everything from surgical practices for late terminations of pregnancy to save a mother’s life to a host of procedures used to affirm a person’s gender. Showing how understandings of gender, sexuality, and race have long been enmeshed, Byzantine Intersectionality offers a groundbreaking look at the culture of the medieval world.

Visualizing the invisible with the human body

Visualizing the invisible with the human body
Author: J. Cale Johnson,Alessandro Stavru
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 507
Release: 2019-11-05
Genre: History
ISBN: 9783110642681

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Physiognomy and ekphrasis are two of the most important modes of description in antiquity and represent the necessary precursors of scientific description. The primary way of divining the characteristics and fate of an individual, whether inborn or acquired, was to observe the patient’s external characteristics and behaviour. This volume focuses initially on two types of descriptive literature in Mesopotamia: physiognomic omens and what we might call ekphrastic description. These modalities are traced through ancient India, Ugaritic and the Hebrew Bible, before arriving at the physiognomic features of famous historical figures such as Themistocles, Socrates or Augustus in the Graeco-Roman world, where physiognomic discussions become intertwined with typological analyses of human characters. The Arabic compendial culture absorbed and remade these different physiognomic and ekphrastic traditions, incorporating both Mesopotamian links between physiognomy and medicine and the interest in characterological ‘types’ that had emerged in the Hellenistic period. This volume offer the first wide-ranging picture of these modalities of description in antiquity.

Procopius on Soldiers and Military Institutions in the Sixth Century Roman Empire

Procopius on Soldiers and Military Institutions in the Sixth Century Roman Empire
Author: Conor Whately
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2021-06-22
Genre: History
ISBN: 9789004461611

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In Procopius on Soldiers and Military Institutions in the Sixth-Century Roman Empire, Conor Whately examines Procopius’ coverage of rank-and-file soldiers in his three works, reveals the limitations, and highlights his value to our understanding of recruitment.

Colonizing Christianity

Colonizing Christianity
Author: George E. Demacopoulos
Publsiher: Fordham Univ Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2019-03-05
Genre: Religion
ISBN: 9780823284443

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“A truly extraordinary reevaluation of historical events in light of new theoretical approaches . . . groundbreaking.”?Journal of Orthodox Christian Studies Colonizing Christianity employs postcolonial critique to analyze the transformations of Greek and Latin religious identity in the wake of the Fourth Crusade. Through close readings of texts from the period of Latin occupation, this book argues that the experience of colonization splintered the Greek community over how best to respond to the Latin other while illuminating the mechanisms by which Western Christians authorized and exploited the Christian East. The experience of colonial subjugation opened permanent fissures within the Orthodox community, which struggled to develop a consistent response to aggressive demands for submission to the Roman Church. “Colonizing Christianity's analysis of a number of texts through the lens of colonial and postcolonial theory makes for useful, important, reading. There are significant stakes both for medieval historians and those committed to finding pathways of reconciliation among contemporary Christians.” —David Perry, author of Sacred Plunder: Venice and the Aftermath of the Fourth Crusade