Evolution and Contextual Behavioral Science

Evolution and Contextual Behavioral Science
Author: David Sloan Wilson,Steven C. Hayes
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2018-09
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 1626259135

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Contextual behavioral science seeks to understand the behavior of individuals and groups in the context of their environments. Meanwhile, evolutionary science examines the effects that environmental selection pressures and heritable variation have on all species. In Evolution and Contextual Behavioral Science, two renowned experts in these two fields argue why these schools of thought are intrinsically linked, as well as why their reintegration--or, reunification--is essential.

EVOLUTION AND CONTEXTUAL BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE

EVOLUTION AND CONTEXTUAL BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE
Author: DAVID SLOAN WILSON AND STEVEN C. HAYES
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 0369332296

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Evolution and Contextual Behavioral Science

Evolution and Contextual Behavioral Science
Author: David Sloan Wilson,Steven C. Hayes
Publsiher: New Harbinger Publications
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2018-09-01
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781626259157

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What do evolutionary science and contextual behavioral science have in common? Edited by David Sloan Wilson and Steven C. Hayes, this groundbreaking book offers a glimpse into the histories of these two schools of thought, and provides a sound rationale for their reintegration. Evolutionary science (ES) provides a unifying theoretical framework for the biological sciences, and is increasingly being applied to the human-related sciences. Meanwhile, contextual behavioral science (CBS) seeks to understand the history and function of human behavior in the context of everyday life where behaviors occur, and to influence behavior in a practical sense. This volume seeks to integrate these two bodies of knowledge that have developed largely independently. In Evolution and Contextual Behavioral Science, two renowned experts in their fields argue why ES and CBS are intrinsically linked, as well as why their reintegration—or, reunification—is essential. The main purpose of this book is to continue to move CBS under the umbrella of ES, and to help evolutionary scientists understand how working alongside contextual behavioral scientists can foster both the development of ES principles and their application to practical situations. Rather than the sequential relationship that is typically imagined between these two schools of thought, this volume envisions a parallel relationship between ES and CBS, where science can best influence positive change in the real world.

Prosocial

Prosocial
Author: Paul W.B. Atkins,David Sloan Wilson,Steven C. Hayes
Publsiher: New Harbinger Publications
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2019-10-01
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781684030262

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A groundbreaking, comprehensive program for designing effective and socially equitable groups of all sizes—from businesses and social justice groups to global organizations. Whether you work in business or schools, volunteer in neighborhoods or church organizations, or are involved in social justice and activism, you understand the enormous power of groups to enact powerful and lasting change in the world. But how exactly do you design, build, and sustain effective groups? Based on the work of Nobel Prize winning economist Elinor Ostrom and grounded in contextual behavioral science, evolutionary science, and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), Prosocial presents a practical, step-by-step approach to help you energize and strengthen your business or organization. Using the Prosocial model, you’ll learn to design groups that are more harmonious, have better member or employee retention, have better relationships with other groups or business partners, and have more success and longevity. Most importantly, you’ll learn to target the characteristics that foster cooperation and collaboration—key ingredients for any effective group.

Phenotypic Plasticity Evolution

Phenotypic Plasticity   Evolution
Author: David W. Pfennig
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 436
Release: 2021-06-04
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781000387582

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Phenotypic plasticity – the ability of an individual organism to alter its features in direct response to a change in its environment – is ubiquitous. Understanding how and why this phenomenon exists is crucial because it unites all levels of biological inquiry. This book brings together researchers who approach plasticity from diverse perspectives to explore new ideas and recent findings about the causes and consequences of plasticity. Contributors also discuss such controversial topics as how plasticity shapes ecological and evolutionary processes; whether specific plastic responses can be passed to offspring; and whether plasticity has left an important imprint on the history of life. Importantly, each chapter highlights key questions for future research. Drawing on numerous studies of plasticity in natural populations of plants and animals, this book aims to foster greater appreciation for this important, but frequently misunderstood phenomenon. Key Features Written in an accessible style with numerous illustrations, including many in color Reviews the history of the study of plasticity, including Darwin’s views Most chapters conclude with recommendations for future research

Handbook of Psychotherapy Case Formulation Third Edition

Handbook of Psychotherapy Case Formulation  Third Edition
Author: Tracy D. Eells
Publsiher: Guilford Publications
Total Pages: 498
Release: 2022-02-23
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781462550326

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Now in a significantly revised third edition featuring 60% new material, this is the authoritative clinical reference and course text on a crucial psychotherapy skill. Leading practitioners of major psychotherapies describe step by step how to construct sound case formulations and use them to guide individualized treatment. Following a standard format, chapters cover the historical background of each case formulation approach, its conceptual framework and evidence base, multicultural considerations, steps in implementation, application to treatment planning and practice, and training resources. Rich case material includes examples of completed formulations. New to This Edition *Chapters on additional models: mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, couple therapy, and thematic mapping. *Chapters on specific approaches for personality disorders, suicidality, and panic disorder. *Expanded case examples now go beyond crafting the initial formulation to show how it shapes the entire course of therapy. *Prior-edition chapters are all updated or rewritten to reflect 15 years of advances in research, clinical practice, and training.

Contemporary Behaviorisms in Debate

Contemporary Behaviorisms in Debate
Author: Diego Zilio,Kester Carrara
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2021-08-27
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9783030773953

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This book presents and discusses seven contemporary theoretical approaches to behavior analysis that build upon the foundations laid by B.F. Skinner’s radical behaviorism and renew its legacy. These contemporary approaches show that behaviorism is not a monolithic or static intellectual tradition, but a dynamic movement, which changes and adapts in face of new questions, issues, and perspectives. The death of behaviorism has been proclaimed since its early days – a “premature” assessment, to say the least – but this volume shows that behaviorism is alive and kicking, even thirty years after its main proponent passed away. This volume contains seven sections, each one dedicated to a particular variation of contemporary behaviorism: Howard Rachlin’s teleological behaviorism, William Baum’s molar behaviorism and multiscale behavior analysis, John Staddon’s theoretical behaviorism, John Donahoe’s biological behaviorism, Gordon Foxall’s intentional behaviorism, Steven Hayes’ contextual behaviorism or contextual behavioral science, and Emilio Ribes-Iñesta’s field-theory behaviorism. Each section contains three chapters: the first one written by the original proponent of each of these forms of behaviorism, the second one written by a commentator, and the third one written by the proponent, replying to the commentator. Contemporary Behaviorisms in Debate will be a valuable tool to behavior analysts and psychologists in general by providing an introduction to contemporary forms of behaviorism and promoting debates about the main philosophical issues faced by the field of behavior analysis today— issues that can directly influence future epistemological variations in the selection process of “behaviorisms.” By doing so the book is directed not only to the present, but, more importantly, toward the future of the field.

A Liberated Mind

A Liberated Mind
Author: Steven C. Hayes, PhD
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2019-08-27
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780735214026

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"In all my years studying personal growth, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy is one of the most useful tools I've ever come across, and in this book, Dr. Hayes describes it with more depth and clarity than ever before."-Mark Manson, #1 New York Times best-selling author of The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck Life is not a problem to be solved. ACT shows how we can live full and meaningful lives by embracing our vulnerability and turning toward what hurts. In this landmark book, the originator and pioneering researcher into Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) lays out the psychological flexibility skills that make it one of the most powerful approaches research has yet to offer. These skills have been shown to help even where other approaches have failed. Science shows that they are useful in virtually every area--mental health (anxiety, depression, substance abuse, eating disorders, PTSD); physical health (chronic pain, dealing with diabetes, facing cancer); social processes (relationship issues, prejudice, stigma, domestic violence); and performance (sports, business, diet, exercise). How does psychological flexibility help? We struggle because the problem-solving mind tells us to run from what causes us fear and hurt. But we hurt where we care. If we run from a sense of vulnerability, we must also run from what we care about. By learning how to liberate ourselves, we can live with meaning and purpose, along with our pain when there is pain. Although that is a simple idea, it resists our instincts and programming. The flexibility skills counter those ingrained tendencies. They include noticing our thoughts with curiosity, opening to our emotions, attending to what is in the present, learning the art of perspective taking, discovering our deepest values, and building habits based around what we deeply want. Beginning with the epiphany Steven Hayes had during a panic attack, this book is a powerful narrative of scientific discovery filled with moving stories as well as advice for how we can put flexibility skills to work immediately. Hayes shows how allowing ourselves to feel fully and think freely moves us toward commitment to what truly matters to us. Finally, we can live lives that reflect the qualities we choose.