Functional Nanostructured Interfaces for Environmental and Biomedical Applications

Functional Nanostructured Interfaces for Environmental and Biomedical Applications
Author: Valentina Dinca,Mirela Suchea
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 411
Release: 2019-05-17
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128144022

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Functional Nanostructured Interfaces for Environmental and Biomedical Applications provides an overview on the characteristics of nanostructured interfaces and their processing technologies for a wide range of applications in the sensing, photocatalytic and bioengineering areas. The book focuses on the fundamentals of multifunctional nanostructured interfaces and their associated technologies, including versatile technologies, such as colloidal lithography, scanning probe techniques and laser nanostructuring, which can be used to obtain multifunctional 2D and 3D nanotextured interfaces. The book provides multidisciplinary chapters, summarizes the current status of the field, and covers important scientific and technological developments made over past decades. As such, it is an invaluable reference to those working in the design of novel nanostructured materials. Covers emerging applications of nanostructured interfaces, with a focus on sensing, bio-related and environmental applications Provides detailed and up-to-date overviews on the characteristics of nanostructured interfaces and their processing technologies, including materials from multifunctional graphene, to extremophile materials Includes information about versatile technologies, such as colloidal lithography, scanning probe techniques and laser nanostructuring, all of which can all be used to obtain multifunctional 2D and 3D nanotextured interfaces

Smart and Functional Soft Materials

Smart and Functional Soft Materials
Author: Xufeng Dong
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 146
Release: 2019-11-13
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781789847161

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During the past 100 years, a large number of new materials have been developed, which provide us with various tools, wares, clothes, etc. with good properties but low weight and low cost. Recently, smart soft materials that can respond to an external stimulus (such as an electric field, magnetic field, sound, light, temperature, pH, and so on) as well as functional soft materials that are electronically, magnetically, or thermally conductive have attracted considerable attention. They have application potentials in various fields. To some extent, they are the way to fulfill most of the "black technology" described in the world of science fiction. This book introduces several smart soft materials and functional soft materials, which are of interest to scholars in related fields.

Ceramic Science and Engineering

Ceramic Science and Engineering
Author: Kamakhya Prakash Misra,R.D.K. Misra
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 616
Release: 2022-05-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323886031

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Ceramic Science and Engineering: Basics to Recent Advancements covers the fundamentals, classification and applications surrounding ceramic engineering. In addition, the book contains an extensive review of the current published literature on established ceramic materials. Other sections present an extensive review of up-to-date research on new innovative ceramic materials and reviews recently published articles, case studies and the latest research outputs. The book will be an essential reference resource for materials scientists, physicists, chemists and engineers, postgraduate students, early career researchers, and industrial researchers working in R&D in the development of ceramic materials. Ceramic engineering deals with the science and technology of creating objects from inorganic and non-metallic materials. It combines the principles of chemistry, physics and engineering. Fiber-optic devices, microprocessors and solar panels are just a few examples of ceramic engineering being applied in everyday life. Advanced ceramics such as alumina, aluminum nitride, zirconia, ZnO, silicon carbide, silicon nitride and titania-based materials, each of which have their own specific characteristics and offer an economic and high-performance alternative to more conventional materials such as glass, metals and plastics are also discussed. Covers environmental barrier ceramic coatings, advanced ceramic conductive fuel cells, processing and machining technology in ceramic and composite materials, photoluminescent ceramic materials, perovskite ceramics and bioinspired ceramic materials Reviews both conventional, established ceramics and new, innovative advanced ceramics Contains an extensive review of the current published literature on established ceramic materials

Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites for Industrial Applications

Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites for Industrial Applications
Author: Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 782
Release: 2020-10-29
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128226698

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Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites for Industrial Applications summarizes the properties of polymer nanocomposites, discusses their industrial scale fabrication methods, and presents their applications for various industrial sectors at both experimental and theoretical models scales. The book also addresses existing challenges for the use of polymer nanocomposites in major industrial sectors. Overall, the aim of this book is to summarize the recent advancements in the use of PNCs in a variety of industry sectors. Particular attention is paid to those approaches that enable green and sustainable industrial developments. The legal, economical and toxicity aspects of polymer nanocomposite are also presented in detail. Comprehensively explores how polymer nanocomposites are being used to create more efficient products and devices in a variety of industry sectors Explores the environmental, legal, health and safety issues of using polymer nanocomposites in an industrial context Develops a roadmap to the wider commercial utilization of polymer nanocomposites Emphasizes the use of polymer nanocomposites in green and sustainable technologies

Advanced Rare Earth Based Ceramic Nanomaterials

Advanced Rare Earth Based Ceramic Nanomaterials
Author: Sahar Zinatloo-Ajabshir
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2022-01-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323899581

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Advanced Rare Earth-Based Ceramic Nanomaterials focuses on recent advances related to preparation methods and applications of advanced rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials. Different approaches for synthesizing rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials are discussed, along with their advantages and disadvantages for applications in various fields. Sections cover rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials like ceria and rare earth oxides (R2O3), rare earth vanadates, rare earth titanates, rare earth zirconates, rare earth stannates, rare earth-based tungstates, rare earth-based manganites, ferrites, cobaltites, nickelates, rare earth doped semiconductor nanomaterials, rare earth molybdates, rare earth-based nanocomposites, rare earth-based compounds for solar cells, and laser nanomaterials based on rare-earth compounds. Reviews the chemistry and processing of rare earth doped ceramic nanomaterials and their characteristics and applications Covers a broad range of materials, including ceria and rare earth oxides (R2O3), vanadates, titanates, zirconates, stannates, tungstates, manganites, ferrites, cobaltites, nickelates, rare earth doped semiconductor nanomaterials, rare earth molybdates, rare earth-based nanocomposites, rare earth-based compounds for solar cells, and laser nanomaterials based on rare-earth compounds Includes different approaches to synthesizing each family of rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials, along with their advantages and disadvantages Provides green chemistry-based methods for the preparation of advanced rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials

Low Grade Thermal Energy Harvesting

Low Grade Thermal Energy Harvesting
Author: Shiren Wang
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2022-03-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128236918

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Low-Grade Thermal Energy Harvesting: Advances in Thermoelectrics, Materials, and Emerging Applications provides readers with fundamental and key concepts surrounding low-grade thermal energy conversion while also reviewing the latest research directions. The book covers the most promising and emerging technologies for low-grade heat recovery, harvesting and conversion, including wearable thermoelectrics and organic thermoelectrics. Each chapter includes key materials, principles, design and fabrication strategies for low-grade heat recovery. Special attention on emerging materials such as organic composites, 2D materials and nanomaterials are also included. The book emphasizes materials and device structures that enable the powering of wearable electronics and consumer electronics. The book is suitable for materials scientists and engineers in academia and R&D in manufacturing, industry, energy and electronics. Introduces key concepts and fundamental principles of low-grade thermal energy harvesting, storage and conversion Provides an overview on key materials, design principles and fabrication strategies for devices for low energy harvesting applications Focuses on materials and device designs that enable wearable thermoelectrics and flexible electronics applications

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 55

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 55
Author: Vaibhav Kumar Maurya
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9783030768133

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Nanosensors for Smart Agriculture

Nanosensors for Smart Agriculture
Author: Adil Denizli,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Susai Rajendran,Ghulam Yasin,Ashok Kumar
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 824
Release: 2021-11-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323852937

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Nanosensors for Smart Agriculture covers new breakthroughs in smart agriculture, highlighting new technologies, such as the internet of things, big data and artificial intelligence. In addition, the book provides the many advantages of nanosensors over their micro counterparts, such as lower power consumption, higher sensitivity, lower concentration of analytes, and smaller interaction distances between the object and sensor. Sections provide information on fundamental design concepts and emerging applications of nanosensors in smart agriculture. The book highlights how, when cultivating soil, nanosensors and their wireless networks can be used for soil quality monitoring (moisture/herbicides/organic compound/trace metals monitoring in soil, etc. Other applications cover how smart nanosensors can be used for virus detection and hygiene/pathogen controls in livestocks, their use as active transport tracking devices for smart tracking and tracing, and other various applications, such as (i) nanochips for identity (radio frequency identification), (ii) food inspection, (iii) intelligent food packaging, and (iv) smart storage. This is an important reference source for materials scientists and agricultural engineers who are looking to understand more about how nanosensor technology can be used to create more efficient and sustainable agricultural systems. Outlines the fabrication and fundamental design concepts of nanosensors for agricultural applications Explains how nanosensors are being used throughout the agricultural cycle – from crop growth to food manufacturing Assesses major challenges surrounding the application of nanosensors to agricultural applications in mass scale

Micro and Nanotechnology Enabled Applications for Portable Miniaturized Analytical Systems

Micro  and Nanotechnology Enabled Applications for Portable Miniaturized Analytical Systems
Author: Sabu Thomas,Mazaher Ahmadi,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Abbas Afkhami,Tayyebeh Madrakian
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2021-10-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128237281

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Micro- and Nanotechnology Enabled Applications for Portable Miniaturized Analytical Systems outlines the basic principles of miniaturized analytical devices, such as spectrometric, separation, imaging and electrochemical miniaturized instruments. Concepts such as smartphone-enabled miniaturized detection systems and micro/nanomachines are also reviewed. Subsequent chapters explore the emerging application of these mobile devices for miniaturized analysis in various fields, including medicine and biomedicine, environmental chemistry, food chemistry, and forensic chemistry. This is an important reference source for materials scientists and engineers wanting to understand how miniaturization techniques are being used to create a range of efficient, sustainable electronic and optical devices. Miniaturization describes the concept of manufacturing increasingly smaller mechanical, optical, and electronic products and devices. These smaller instruments can be used to produce micro- and nanoscale components required for analytical procedures. A variety of micro/nanoscale materials have been synthesized and used in analytical procedures, such as sensing materials, sorbents, adsorbents, catalysts, and reactors. The miniaturization of analytical instruments can be applied to the different steps of analytical procedures, such as sample preparation, analytical separation, and detection, reducing the total cost of manufacturing the instruments and the needed reagents and organic solvents. Outlines how miniaturization techniques can be used to create new optical and electronic micro- and nanodevices Explores major application areas, including biomedicine, environmental science and security Assesses the major challenges of using miniaturization techniques

The Detection of Biomarkers

The Detection of Biomarkers
Author: Sibel A. Ozkan,Nurgul K. Bakirhan,Fariba Mollaraosouli
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 614
Release: 2021-12-05
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128230756

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Reliable, precise and accurate detection and analysis of biomarkers remains a significant challenge for clinical researchers. Methods for the detection of biomarkers are rather complex, requiring pre-treatment steps before analysis can take place. Moreover, comparing various biomarker assays and tracing research progress in this area systematically is a challenge for researchers. The Detection of Biomarkers presents developments in biomarker detection, including methods tools and strategies, biosensor design, materials, and applications. The book presents methods, materials and procedures that are simple, precise, sensitive, selective, fast and economical, and therefore highly practical for use in clinical research scenarios. This volume situates biomarker detection in its research context and sets out future prospects for the area. Its 20 chapters offer a comprehensive coverage of biomarkers, including progress on nanotechnology, biosensor types, synthesis, immobilization, and applications in various fields. The book also demonstrates, for students, how to synthesize and immobilize biosensors for biomarker assay. It offers researchers real alternative and innovative ways to think about the field of biomarker detection, increasing the reliability, precision and accuracy of biomarker detection. Locates biomarker detection in its research context, setting out present and future prospects Allows clinical researchers to compare various biomarker assays systematically Presents new methods, materials and procedures that are simple, precise, sensitive, selective, fast and economical Gives innovative biomarker assays that are viable alternatives to current complex methods Helps clinical researchers who need reliable, precise and accurate biomarker detection methods

Nanohybrids in Environmental Biomedical Applications

Nanohybrids in Environmental   Biomedical Applications
Author: Surender Kumar Sharma
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 396
Release: 2019-07-09
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781351256834

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Heterostructured nanoparticles have the capability for a broad range of novel and enhanced properties, which leads to appealing biomedical and environmental applications. This timely new book addresses the design and preparation of multiphase nanomaterials with desired size, shape, phase composition, and crystallinity, as well as their current applications. It emphasizes key examples to motivate deeper studies, including nanomaterial-based hyperthermia treatment of cancer, nanohybrids for water purification, nanostructures used in the removal or detection of bioagents from waste water, and so on. Features Presents state of the art research on heterostructured nanomaterials, from their synthesis and physiochemical properties to current environmental and biological applications. Includes details on toxicity and risk assessment of multifunctional nanomaterials. Discusses recent developments and utilization in healthcare by leading experts. Introduces the main features of functionalization of nanomaterials in terms of desired size, shape, phase composition, surface functionalization/coating, toxicity, and geometry. Emphasizes practical applications in the environmental and biomedical sectors.

Nanostructured Materials for Environmental Applications

Nanostructured Materials for Environmental Applications
Author: Subramanian Balakumar,Valérie Keller,M.V. Shankar
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2021-08-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783030720766

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This book discusses how nanostructured materials play a key role in helping address environmental challenges. Employing nanostructured materials in catalysis can increase the efficient decomposition of toxic pollutants in air, water, and soil. This multidisciplinary book discusses the most promising nanostructured materials made-up of metals, metal oxides, metal chalcogenides, multi-metal oxides, carbon nanostructures, and hybrid materials that can address environmental remediation. It provides a well-referenced introduction to newcomers from allied disciplines and will be valuable to researchers in academia, industry, and government working on solutions to environmental problems.

Advances in Nanostructured Materials and Nanopatterning Technologies

Advances in Nanostructured Materials and Nanopatterning Technologies
Author: Vincenzo Guarino,Maria Letizia Focarete,Dario Pisignano
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2020-02-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128173138

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Advances in Nanostructured Materials and Nanopatterning Technologies: Applications for Healthcare, Environment and Energy demonstrates how to apply micro- and nanofabrication and bioextrusion based systems for cell printing, electrophoretic deposition, antimicrobial applications, and nanoparticles technologies for use in a range of green industry sectors, with an emphasis on emerging applications. Details strategies to design and realize smart nanostructured/patterned substrates for healthcare and energy and environmental applications Enables the preparation, characterization and fundamental understanding of nanostructured materials for promising applications in health, environmental and energy related sectors Provides a broader view of the context around existing projects and techniques, including discussions on potential new routes for fabrication

Metal Organic Frameworks Based Hybrid Materials for Environmental Sensing and Monitoring

Metal Organic Frameworks Based Hybrid Materials for Environmental Sensing and Monitoring
Author: Ram K. Gupta,Tahir Rasheed,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Muhammad Bilal
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2022-06-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000569124

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With an unprecedented population boom and rapid industrial development, environmental pollution has become a severe problem for the ecosystem and public health. Classical techniques for sensing and determining environmental contaminants often require complex pretreatments, expensive equipment, and longer testing times. Therefore, new, and state-of-the-art sensing technologies possessing the advantages of excellent sensitivity, rapid detection, ease of use, and suitability for in situ, real-time, and continuous monitoring of environmental pollutants, are highly desirable. Metal-Organic Frameworks-based Hybrid Materials for Environmental Sensing and Monitoring covers the current-state-of-the-art hybrid nanomaterials based on metal-organic frameworks for electrochemical monitoring purposes. Accomplished authors cover various synthetic routes, methods, and theories behind enhancing the electrochemical properties and applications of metal-organic frameworks-based hybrid nanomaterials for electrochemical sensing of environmental pollutants under one roof. This book is essential reading for all academic and industrial researchers working in the fields of materials science and nanotechnology.

Environmental Chemical and Medical Sensors

Environmental  Chemical and Medical Sensors
Author: Shantanu Bhattacharya,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,Nripen Chanda,Ashok Pandey,Ashis Kumar Sen
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 409
Release: 2017-12-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811077517

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This book covers the fundamentals of sensor technologies as well as the recent research for the development of environmental, chemical and medical sensor technologies. Chapters include current research on microflow cytometry, microfluidic devices, colorimetric sensors, and the development of low-cost optical densitometric sensors and paper based analytical devices for environmental and biomedical applications. Special focus has been given to nanotechnology and nanostructures- their fabrication, uses and utility in different fields of research such as for the design of tools for medical diagnostics, therapeutics, as well as for detection and estimation of pollutant levels in water and air quality monitoring. This book is intended as a resource for researchers working in the field of sensor development across the world.