Global Mental Health and Neuroethics

Global Mental Health and Neuroethics
Author: Dan J. Stein,Ilina Singh
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 310
Release: 2020-01-13
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780128150641

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Global Mental Health and Neuroethics explores conceptual, ethical and clinical issues that have emerged with the expansion of clinical neuroscience into middle- and low-income countries. Conceptual issues covered include avoiding scientism and skepticism in global mental health, integrating evidence-based and value-based global medicine, and developing a welfarist approach to the practice of global psychiatry. Ethical issues addressed include those raised by developments in neurogenetics, cosmetic psychopharmacology and deep brain stimulation. Perspectives drawing on global mental health and neuroethics are used to explore a number of different clinical disorders and developmental stages, ranging from childhood through to old age. Synthesizes existing work at the intersection of global mental health and neuroethics Presents the work of leading practitioners of global mental health and neuroethics who address clinical issues Looks at clinical decision-making in settings with non-Western values and customs Covers patient empowerment, human rights, cognitive enhancement, and more

Neuroethics

Neuroethics
Author: Judy Illes
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2017-07-20
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9780198786832

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Over the last decade, there have been unparalleled advances in our understanding of brain sciences. But with the development of tools that can manipulate brain function, there are pressing ethical implications to this newfound knowledge of how the brain works. In Neuroethics: Anticipating theFuture, a distinguished group of contributors tackle current and critical ethical questions and offer forward-looking insights. What new balances should be struck between diagnosis and prediction, or invasive and non-invasive interventions, given the rapid advances in neuroscience? Are new criteria needed for the clinical definition of death for those eligible for organ donation? As data from emerging technologies are madeavailable on public databases, what frameworks will maximize benefits while ensuring privacy of health information? These challenging questions, along with numerous other neuroethical concerns, are discussed in depth. Written by eminent scholars from diverse disciplines including neurology and neuroscience, ethics and law, public health and philosophy, this new volume on neuroethics sets out the many necessary considerations for the future. It is essential reading for the field of neuroethics, neurosciences andpsychology, and an invaluable resource for physicians in neurological medicine, academics in humanities and law, and health policy makers.

Global Mental Health

Global Mental Health
Author: Sabine Bährer-Kohler,Francisco Javier Carod-Artal
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 243
Release: 2017-10-06
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9783319591230

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This international survey defines mental health as a basic human right, and tracks the emergence of mental health prevention and promotion as a global priority. Locating mental illness within a cycle of negative causes and effects affecting human quality of life, the editors identify modern policy barriers to promotion/prevention initiatives, particularly the favoring of the biomedical health model by major stakeholders. The book’s selection of successful programs from diverse countries displays a lifespan approach, emphasizing the centrality of interdisciplinary educational settings in providing primary and secondary prevention and promotion interventions, and the ongoing fight against missing financial investigations, discrimination and stigma. Together, these papers make a forceful argument for rights- based responses to worldwide mental health needs as part of the commitment toward global human rights and long-term development goals. Included in the coverage: · Mental health priorities around the world. · Social determinants of mental health. · Mental health and stigma: aspects of anti-stigma interventions. · Promoting social and emotional wellbeing and responding to mental health problems in schools. · The promotion and delivery of mental health services in primary care settings. · Economic evaluation of mental health promotion and mental illness prevention. Bringing to the fore public health concerns that are too often marginalized, Global Mental Health is necessary reading for health professionals, health and clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, medical sociologists, and policymakers.

The Neuroethics of Biomarkers

The Neuroethics of Biomarkers
Author: Matthew L. Baum
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2016-02-11
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780190236274

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Neuroscientists are mining nucleic acids, blood, saliva, and brain images in hopes of uncovering biomarkers that could help estimate risk of brain disorders like psychosis and dementia; though the science of bioprediction is young, its prospects are unearthing controversy about how bioprediction should enter hospitals, courtrooms, or state houses. While medicine, law, and policy have established protocols for how presence of disorders should change what we owe each other or who we blame, they have no stock answers for the probabilities that bioprediction offers. The Neuroethics of Biomarkers observes, however, that for many disorders, what we really care about is not their presence per se, but certain risks that they carry. The current reliance of moral and legal structures on a categorical concept of disorder (sick verses well), therefore, obscures difficult questions about what types and magnitudes of probabilities matter. Baum argues that progress in the neuroethics of biomarkers requires the rejection of the binary concept of disorder in favor of a probabilistic one based on biological variation with risk of harm, which Baum names a "Probability Dysfunction." This risk-reorientation clarifies practical ethical issues surrounding the definition of mental disorder in the DSM-5 and the nosology of conditions defined by risk of psychosis and dementia. Baum also challenges the principle that the acceptability of bioprediction should depend primarily on whether it is medically useful by arguing that biomarkers can also be morally useful through enabling moral agency, better assessment of legal responsibility, and fairer distributive justice. The Neuroethics of Biomarkers should be of interest to those within neuroethics, medical ethics, and the philosophy of psychiatry.

Mental Health As Public Health Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Ethics of Prevention

Mental Health As Public Health  Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Ethics of Prevention
Author: Jennifer Radden
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2019-09
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 0128167564

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Mental Health as Public Health: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Ethics of Prevention, Volume Two in the Developments in Neuroethics and Bioethics series, brings the most recent advances and information on Neuroethics and Bioethics. Chapters in this new release include Machine learning and suicide prevention: Considering context as a guide to ethical design, Identifying adolescents at risk of depression in global health: Benefits and risks, Ethics of early intervention and early detection in psychosis, The prevention of posttraumatic stress and the limits of positive, Parenting research and interventions applied internationally and cross-culturally, and more.

Foundation of Ethics Based Practices

Foundation of Ethics Based Practices
Author: Birthe Loa Knizek,Sven Hroar Klempe
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 209
Release: 2022-01-01
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9783030836665

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This book contrasts earlier textbooks on “evidence-based practices.” Whereas the latter is a slogan that call for scientific evidence to be used in standardized treatment manuals, ethics-based practices call for individualized treatment that makes the situation meaningful for the patient. The main argument for changing the treatment design from being evidence-based to one based on ethics, is the hypothesis that good health care is based on treatment which makes the situation positive and meaningful for the patient. The awareness for this is primarily provided by ethical considerations.

Causal Explanation in Psychiatry Beyond Scientism and Scepticism

Causal Explanation in Psychiatry   Beyond Scientism and Scepticism
Author: Annemarie Kalis,Derek Strijbos,Leon de Bruin,Gerrit Glas
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017-07-12
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9782889452293

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The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience and Global Mental Health

The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience and Global Mental Health
Author: Joan Y. Chiao,Shu Chen Li,Robert Turner,Su Yeon Lee-Tauler,Beverly Pringle
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 656
Release: 2022-01-07
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780190057695

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"The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience and Global Mental Health provides a substantive and in-depth overview of the study of cultural neuroscience and global mental health. Theory, methods and evidence-based practices are reviewed and integrated across themes that identify ethical, scientific, and health care issues for distinct populations across nations. The international research collaboration in the field of cultural neuroscience and global mental health provides research and training opportunities for global mental health researchers. Future research and training in the field seeks the achievement of the amelioration of disease and fulfillment of the goal to alleviate the unmet societal needs due to the global burden of disease"--

Population Neuroscience

Population Neuroscience
Author: Tomas Paus
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2013-03-23
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783642364501

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Is Newton’s brain different from Rembrandt’s? Does a mother’s diet during pregnancy impact brain growth? Do adolescent peers leave a signature in the social brain? Does the way we live in our middle years affect how our brains age? To answer these and many other questions, we can now turn to population neuroscience. Population neuroscience endeavors to identify environmental and genetic factors that shape the function and structure of the human brain; it uses the tools and knowledge of genetics (and the “omics” sciences), epidemiology and neuroscience. This text attempts to provide a bridge spanning these three disciplines so that their practitioners can communicate easily with each other when working together on large-scale imaging studies of the developing, mature and aging brain. By understanding the processes driving variations in brain function and structure across individuals, we will also be able to predict an individual’s risk of (or resilience against) developing a brain disorder. In the long term, the hope is that population neuroscience will lay the foundation for personalized preventive medicine and, in turn, reduce the burden associated with complex, chronic disorders of brain and body.

Living with Dementia

Living with Dementia
Author: Veljko Dubljević,Frances Bottenberg
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 263
Release: 2021-01-22
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783030620738

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This book addresses current issues in the neuroscience and ethics of dementia care, including philosophical as well as ethical legal, and social issues (ELSIs), issues in clinical, institutional, and private care-giving, and international perspectives on dementia and care innovations. As such, it is a must-read for anyone interested in a well-researched, thought-provoking overview of current issues in dementia diagnosis, care, and social and legal policy. All contributions reflect the latest neuroscientific research on dementia, either broadly construed or in terms of the etiologies and symptoms of particular forms of dementia. Given its interdisciplinary and international scope, its depth of research, and its qualitative emphasis, the book represents a valuable addition to the available literature on neuroethics, gerontology, and neuroscientific memory research.

Mental Health as Public Health Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Ethics of Prevention

Mental Health as Public Health  Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Ethics of Prevention
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2019-09-20
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128167571

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In recent years there has been increased recognition of the global burden of mental disorders, which in turn has led to the expansion of preventive initiatives at the community and population levels. The application of such public health approaches to mental health raises a number of important ethical questions. The aim of this collection is to address these newly emerging issues, with special attention to the principle of prevention and the distinctive ethical challenges in mental health. The collection brings together an interdisciplinary group of experts in bioethics, mental health, public health, and global health. Compared to other public health initiatives, those directed towards mental health are relatively new and have yet to receive sustained ethical analysis. This is the first edited volume to highlight the distinctive ethical issues surrounding public mental health. The individual chapters contain cutting-edge, original research by an interdisciplinary collection of authors, including experts in bioethics, mental health, public health, and global health.

Addiction Neuroethics

Addiction Neuroethics
Author: Adrian Carter,Wayne Hall
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2011-11-17
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781139504676

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Addiction is a significant health and social problem and one of the largest preventable causes of disease globally. Neuroscience promises to revolutionise our ability to treat addiction, lead to recognition of addiction as a 'real' disorder in need of medical treatment and thereby reduce stigma and discrimination. However, neuroscience raises numerous social and ethical challenges: • If addicted individuals are suffering from a brain disease that drives them to drug use, should we mandate treatment? • Does addiction impair an individual's ability to consent to research or treatment? • How will neuroscience affect social policies towards drug use? Addiction Neuroethics addresses these challenges by examining ethical implications of emerging neurobiological treatments, including: novel psychopharmacology, neurosurgery, drug vaccines to prevent relapse, and genetic screening to identify individuals who are vulnerable to addiction. Essential reading for academics, clinicians, researchers and policy-makers in the fields of addiction, mental health and public policy.

Regulating Neuroscience Transnational Legal Challenges

Regulating Neuroscience  Transnational Legal Challenges
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2021-09-29
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128216965

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The Volume Regulating Neuroethics: Transnational Legal challenges will focus on the new and fascinating ethical and legal challenges posed by neurotechnology and its global regulation. The Volume will address topics ranging from the foundations of neuroethics, free will and human liberty to their impact in criminal and civil liability, the legal regulation of biotechnological developments and its challenges for health, privacy and other fundamental human rights. Novel and original research on the emerging field of the legal regulation of neuroscience Interdisciplinary approach, chapters by global scholars from several disciplines, including law, philosophy, and medicine Develops a global approach, useful in jurisdictions along the globe

Debates About Neuroethics

Debates About Neuroethics
Author: Eric Racine,John Aspler
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 263
Release: 2017-06-21
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783319546513

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This is the first book entirely dedicated to exploring issues associated with the nature of neuroethics. It reflects on some of the underlying assumptions in neuroethics, and the implications of those assumptions with respect to training and education programs, research activities, policy engagement, public discourse, teaching, ethics consultation and mentoring, to name but a few areas of interest. Internationally respected and emerging leaders in the area have taken up the pen to express and debate their views about the development, focus and future of neuroethics. They share their analyses and make recommendations regarding how neuroscience could more effectively explore and tackle its philosophical, ethical, and societal implications.

Addiction Neuroethics

Addiction Neuroethics
Author: Adrian Carter,Wayne Hall,Judy Illes
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2011-10-04
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780123859747

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Research increasingly suggests that addiction has a genetic and neurobiological basis, but efforts to translate research into effective clinical treatments and social policy needs to be informed by careful ethical analyses of the personal and social implications. Scientists and policy makers alike must consider possible unintended negative consequences of neuroscience research so that the promise of reducing the burden and incidence of addiction can be fully realized and new advances translated into clinically meaningful and effective treatments. This volume brings together leading addiction researchers and practitioners with neuroethicists and social scientists to specifically discuss the ethical, philosophical, legal and social implications of neuroscience research of addiction, as well as its translation into effective, economical and appropriate policy and treatments. Chapters explore the history of ideas about addiction, the neuroscience of drug use and addiction, prevention and treatment of addiction, the moral implications of addiction neuroscience, legal issues and human rights, research ethics, and public policy. Features outstanding and truly international scholarship, with chapters written by leading experts in neuroscience, addiction medicine, psychology and more Informs psychologists of related research in neuroscience and vice versa, giving researchers easy one-stop access to knowledge outside their area of specialty