Ground Penetrating Radar

Ground Penetrating Radar
Author: Erica Carrick Utsi
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2017-04-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081022177

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Ground Penetrating Radar: Theory and Practice is a practical guide to using this powerful underground surveying technique. The author uses her wide experience to explain the critical factors in using GPR and how parameters, such as wavelength, attenuation and loss need to be properly considered to obtain good survey results. The first chapter introduces the underlying physics and explains the formation of signal patterning. The next two chapters explain the significance of wavelengths for target detection, probing depths and resolution, and demonstrating the variety of signal presentation. Chapter four discusses why survey results are affected by water and air in the soil, and how this may affect depth readings. Additional chapters discuss a variety of methods for velocity calibration and suggests where they may be useful, challenging soil conditions and potential problem environments, data processing and a suite of useful techniques, amongst other important topics. The book gives a clear and formative guidance on understanding the critical factors in using GPR, as well as a checklist of surveying considerations. Covers the critical, practical factors in using a ground penetrating radar, including troubleshooting appropriate equipment selection Explains why wavelengths matter, providing practice calculations Offers insight into how to spot ringing (echo effects) and air signals, and how to distinguish these from subsurface data Enables the reader to understand the importance of calibration of transmission velocity and a range of methodsa

Ground Penetrating Radar Theory and Applications

Ground Penetrating Radar Theory and Applications
Author: Harry M. Jol
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2008-12-08
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0080951848

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Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) is a rapidly developing field that has seen tremendous progress over the past 15 years. The development of GPR spans aspects of geophysical science, technology, and a wide range of scientific and engineering applications. It is the breadth of applications that has made GPR such a valuable tool in the geophysical consulting and geotechnical engineering industries, has lead to its rapid development, and inspired new areas of research in academia. The topic of GPR has gone from not even being mentioned in geophysical texts ten years ago to being the focus of hundreds of research papers and special issues of journals dedicated to the topic. The explosion of primary literature devoted to GPR technology, theory and applications, has lead to a strong demand for an up-to-date synthesis and overview of this rapidly developing field. Because there are specifics in the utilization of GPR for different applications, a review of the current state of development of the applications along with the fundamental theory is required. This book will provide sufficient detail to allow both practitioners and newcomers to the area of GPR to use it as a handbook and primary research reference. *Review of GPR theory and applications by leaders in the field *Up-to-date information and references *Effective handbook and primary research reference for both experienced practitioners and newcomers

Introduction to Ground Penetrating Radar

Introduction to Ground Penetrating Radar
Author: Raffaele Persico
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2014-06-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781118835685

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A real-world guide to practical applications of groundpenetrating radar (GPR) The nondestructive nature of ground penetrating radar makes itan important and popular method of subsurface imaging, but it is ahighly specialized field, requiring a deep understanding of theunderlying science for successful application. Introduction toGround Penetrating Radar: Inverse Scattering and DataProcessing provides experienced professionals with thebackground they need to ensure precise data collection andanalysis. Written to build upon the information presented in more generalintroductory volumes, the book discusses the fundamentalmathematical, physical, and engineering principles upon which GPRis built. Real-world examples and field data provide readers anaccurate view of day-to-day GPR use. Topics include: 2D scattering for dielectric and magnetic targets 3D scattering equations and migration algorithms Host medium characterization and diffraction tomography Time and frequency steps in GPR data sampling The Born approximation and the singular valuedecomposition The six appendices contain the mathematical proofs of allexamples discussed throughout the book. Introduction to GroundPenetrating Radar: Inverse Scattering and Data Processing is acomprehensive resource that will prove invaluable in the field.

Landslides and Engineered Slopes Experience Theory and Practice

Landslides and Engineered Slopes  Experience  Theory and Practice
Author: Stefano Aversa,Leonardo Cascini,Luciano Picarelli,Claudio Scavia
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 2224
Release: 2018-04-17
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781498788076

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Landslides and Engineered Slopes. Experience, Theory and Practice contains the invited lectures and all papers presented at the 12th International Symposium on Landslides, (Naples, Italy, 12-19 June 2016). The book aims to emphasize the relationship between landslides and other natural hazards. Hence, three of the main sessions focus on Volcanic-induced landslides, Earthquake-induced landslides and Weather-induced landslides respectively, while the fourth main session deals with Human-induced landslides. Some papers presented in a special session devoted to "Subareal and submarine landslide processes and hazard” and in a “Young Session” complete the books. Landslides and Engineered Slopes. Experience, Theory and Practice underlines the importance of the classic approach of modern science, which moves from experience to theory, as the basic instrument to study landslides. Experience is the key to understand the natural phenomena focusing on all the factors that play a major role. Theory is the instrument to manage the data provided by experience following a mathematical approach; this allows not only to clarify the nature and the deep causes of phenomena but mostly, to predict future and, if required, manage similar events. Practical benefits from the results of theory to protect people and man-made works. Landslides and Engineered Slopes. Experience, Theory and Practice is useful to scientists and practitioners working in the areas of rock and soil mechanics, geotechnical engineering, engineering geology and geology.

Ground penetrating Radar for Archaeology

Ground penetrating Radar for Archaeology
Author: Lawrence B. Conyers
Publsiher: Rowman Altamira
Total Pages: 203
Release: 2004
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0759107734

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Conyers succinctly and clearly lays out for archaeological practitioners the theory behind, and applications of, ground-penetrating radar as a non-invasive method of subsurface prospection. Describing the technology, the equipment, the analysis and interpretation necessary to produce usable results and full of examples from GPR projects throughout the world, this book also details advances in computer simulation, statistical modeling, virtual reality techniques, and data integration in recent years. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Gpr Basics

Gpr Basics
Author: Daniel Bigman
Publsiher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Total Pages: 134
Release: 2018-01-03
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 198353482X

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GPR Basics: A Handbook for Ground Penetrating Radar Users was written to help you gain an understanding of the fundamentals of ground penetrating radar and develop the confidence to appropriately utilize this technology. This book is organized in an approachable format that minimizes technical jargon and math. LearnGPR is known for its ease of training without compromising the quality and this book is no different. After reading this book you will understand how GPR works, recognize the limitations of the technology, increase survey success rates, expand the types of projects you can conduct, and feel confident speaking with both clients and industry professionals. The topics covered in this book include: -Electromagnetic Waves -GPR Antenna -Physical Properties of Materials -GPR Wave Behavior -Modeling GPR Signals -Data Interpretation -Data Visualization -Applications of GPR -Documenting and Reporting -Benefits and Limitations

Best Practices of GeoInformatic Technologies for the Mapping of Archaeolandscapes

Best Practices of GeoInformatic Technologies for the Mapping of Archaeolandscapes
Author: Apostolos Sarris
Publsiher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
Total Pages: 278
Release: 2015-11-30
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9781784911638

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Twenty-five papers from the Institute for Mediterranean Studies in Crete provide a best practice guide for the use of geophysical, geoarchaeological, geochemical and surveying techniques to study ancient landscapes.

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Engineering under Uncertainty Safety Assessment and Management ISEUSAM 2012

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Engineering under Uncertainty  Safety Assessment and Management  ISEUSAM   2012
Author: Subrata Chakraborty,Gautam Bhattacharya
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1349
Release: 2013-03-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9788132207573

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International Symposium on Engineering under Uncertainty: Safety Assessment and Management (ISEUSAM - 2012) is organized by Bengal Engineering and Science University, India during the first week of January 2012 at Kolkata. The primary aim of ISEUSAM 2012 is to provide a platform to facilitate the discussion for a better understanding and management of uncertainty and risk, encompassing various aspects of safety and reliability of engineering systems. The conference received an overwhelming response from national as well as international scholars, experts and delegates from different parts of the world. Papers received from authors of several countries including Australia, Canada, China, Germany, Italy, UAE, UK and USA, besides India. More than two hundred authors have shown their interest in the symposium. The Proceedings presents ninety two high quality papers which address issues of uncertainty encompassing various fields of engineering, i.e. uncertainty analysis and modelling, structural reliability, geotechnical engineering, vibration control, earthquake engineering, environmental engineering, stochastic dynamics, transportation system, system identification and damage assessment, and infrastructure engineering.

Advances in Near surface Seismology and Ground penetrating Radar

Advances in Near surface Seismology and Ground penetrating Radar
Author: Rebecca B. Latimer
Publsiher: SEG Books
Total Pages: 487
Release: 2010-01-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781560802242

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Advances in Near-surface Seismology and Ground-penetrating Radar (SEG Geophysical Developments Series No. 15) is a collection of original papers by renowned and respected authors from around the world. Technologies used in the application of near-surface seismology and ground-penetrating radar have seen significant advances in the last several years. Both methods have benefited from new processing tools, increased computer speeds, and an expanded variety of applications. This book, divided into four sections--"Reviews," "Methodology," "Integrative Approaches," and "Case Studies"--captures the most significant cutting-edge issues in active areas of research, unveiling truly pertinent studies that address fundamental applied problems. This collection of manuscripts grew from a core group of papers presented at a post-convention workshop, "Advances in Near-surface Seismology and Ground-penetrating Radar," held during the 2009 SEG Annual Meeting in Houston, Texas. This is the first cooperative publication effort between the near-surface communities of SEG, AGU, and EEGS. It will appeal to a large and diverse audience that includes researchers and practitioners inside and outside the near-surface geophysics community. --Publisher description.

Pollution Assessment for Sustainable Practices in Applied Sciences and Engineering

Pollution Assessment for Sustainable Practices in Applied Sciences and Engineering
Author: Abdel-Mohsen O. Mohamed,Evan K. Paleologos,Fares Howari
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 1170
Release: 2020-10-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081010570

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Pollution Assessment for Sustainable Practices in Applied Sciences and Engineering provides an integrated reference for academics and professionals working on land, air, and water pollution. The protocols discussed and the extensive number of case studies help environmental engineers to quickly identify the correct process for projects under study. The book is divided into four parts; each of the first three covers a separate environment: Geosphere, Atmosphere, and Hydrosphere. The first part covers ground assessment, contamination, geo-statistics, remote sensing, GIS, risk assessment and management, and environmental impact assessment. The second part covers atmospheric assessment topics, including the dynamics of contaminant transport, impacts of global warming, indoor and outdoor techniques and practice. The third part is dedicated to the hydrosphere including both the marine and fresh water environments. Finally, part four examines emerging issues in pollution assessment, from nanomaterials to artificial intelligence. There are a wide variety of case studies in the book to help bridge the gap between concept and practice. Environmental Engineers will benefit from the integrated approach to pollution assessment across multiple spheres. Practicing engineers and students will also benefit from the case studies, which bring the practice side by side with fundamental concepts. Provides a comprehensive overview of pollution assessment Covers land, underground, water and air pollution Includes outdoor and indoor pollution assessment Presents case studies that help bridge the gap between concepts and practice

Holocaust Archaeologies

Holocaust Archaeologies
Author: Caroline Sturdy Colls
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2015-02-28
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9783319106410

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Holocaust Archaeologies: Approaches and Future Directions aims to move archaeological research concerning the Holocaust forward through a discussion of the variety of the political, social, ethical and religious issues that surround investigations of this period and by considering how to address them. It considers the various reasons why archaeological investigations may take place and what issues will be brought to bear when fieldwork is suggested. It presents an interdisciplinary methodology in order to demonstrate how archaeology can (uniquely) contribute to the history of this period. Case examples are used throughout the book in order to contextualise prevalent themes and a variety of geographically and typologically diverse sites throughout Europe are discussed. This book challenges many of the widely held perceptions concerning the Holocaust, including the idea that it was solely an Eastern European phenomena centred on Auschwitz and the belief that other sites connected to it were largely destroyed or are well-known. The typologically , temporally and spatial diverse body of physical evidence pertaining to this period is presented and future possibilities for investigation of it are discussed. Finally, the volume concludes by discussing issues relating to the “re-presentation” of the Holocaust and the impact of this on commemoration, heritage management and education. This discussion is a timely one as we enter an age without survivors and questions are raised about how to educate future generations about these events in their absence.

Non Destructive Testing

Non Destructive Testing
Author: Fausto Pedro García Márquez,Mayorkinos Papaelias,Noor Zaman
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2016-07-27
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789535125013

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Non-destructive testing (NDT) is based on inspection methodologies that do not require the change or destruction of the component or system under evaluation. Numerous NDT techniques are increasingly used, thanks to the recent advances in sensing technologies, data acquisition, data storage and signal processing. Inspection information is widely employed in order to make effective maintenance decisions based on the defects identified, their location and severity. This book presents the main advances recently made on different NDT techniques, together with the principal approaches employed to process the signals obtained during inspection.

Functional Pavements

Functional Pavements
Author: Xianhua Chen,Jun Yang,Markus Oeser,Haopeng Wang
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2020-12-23
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000369007

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Functional Pavements is a collection of papers presented at the 6th Chinese-European Workshop (CEW) on Functional Pavement Design (Nanjing, China, October 18-21, 2020). The focus of the CEW series is on field tests, laboratory test methods and advanced analysis techniques, and cover analysis, material development and production, experimental characterization, design and construction of pavements. The main areas covered by the book include: • Asphalt binders for flexible pavements • Asphalt mixture evaluation and performance • Pavement construction and maintenance • Pavement Surface Properties and Vehicle Interaction • Cementitious materials for rigid pavements • Pavement geotechnics and environment Functional Pavements aims at contributing to the establishment of a new generation of pavement design methodologies in which rational mechanics principles, advanced constitutive models and advanced material characterization techniques shall constitute the backbone of the design process. The book will be much of interest to professionals, academics and practitioners in pavement engineering and related disciplines as it should assist them in providing improved road pavement infrastructure to their stakeholders.

Reconfigurable Antenna Design and Analysis

Reconfigurable Antenna Design and Analysis
Author: Mohammod Ali
Publsiher: Artech House
Total Pages: 310
Release: 2021-05-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781630817084

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This exciting new book focuses on the analysis and design of reconfigurable antennas for modern wireless communications, sensing, and radar. It presents the definitions of basic antenna parameters, an overview of RF switches and explains how to characterize their insertion loss, isolation, and power handling issues. Basic reconfigurable antenna building blocks, such as dipoles, monopoles, patches and slots are described, followed by presentations on frequency reconfigurable antennas, pattern reconfigurable antennas, and basic scanning antenna arrays. Switch biasing in an electromagnetic environment is discussed, as well as simulation strategies of reconfigurable antennas, and MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) reconfigurable antennas. Performance characterization of reconfigurable antennas is also presented. The book provides information for the technical professional to design frequency reconfigurable, pattern reconfigurable, and MIMO antennas all relevant for modern wireless communication systems. Readers learn how to select switching devices, bias them properly, and understand their role in the overall reconfigurable antenna design. The book presents practical experimental implementation issues, including losses due to switches, materials, and EMI (Electromagnetic Interference) and shows how to address those.

Further Developments in the Theory and Practice of Cybercartography

Further Developments in the Theory and Practice of Cybercartography
Author: D.R. Fraser Taylor,Erik Anonby,Kumiko Murasugi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 554
Release: 2019-09-13
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780444642820

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Further Developments in the Theory and Practice of Cybercartography, Third Edition, Volume Nine, presents a substantively updated edition of a classic text on cybercartography, presenting new and returning readers alike with the latest advances in the field. The book examines the major elements of cybercartography and embraces an interactive, dynamic, multisensory format with the use of multimedia and multimodal interfaces. Material covering the major elements, key ideas and definitions of cybercartography is newly supplemented by several chapters on two emerging areas of study, including international dimensions and language mapping. This new edition delves deep into Mexico, Brazil, Denmark, Iran and Kyrgyzstan, demonstrating how insights emerge when cybercartography is applied in different cultural contexts. Meanwhile, other chapters contain case studies by a talented group of linguists who are breaking new ground by applying cybercartography to language mapping, a breakthrough that will provide new ways of understanding the distribution and movement of language and culture. Highlights the relationship between cybercartography and critical geography Incorporates the latest developments in the field of cybercartography, including International Dimensions and Language Mapping Showcases the legal, ethical and policy implications of mapping local and traditional knowledge