Introduction to Ground Penetrating Radar

Introduction to Ground Penetrating Radar
Author: Raffaele Persico
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2014-06-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781118835685

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A real-world guide to practical applications of groundpenetrating radar (GPR) The nondestructive nature of ground penetrating radar makes itan important and popular method of subsurface imaging, but it is ahighly specialized field, requiring a deep understanding of theunderlying science for successful application. Introduction toGround Penetrating Radar: Inverse Scattering and DataProcessing provides experienced professionals with thebackground they need to ensure precise data collection andanalysis. Written to build upon the information presented in more generalintroductory volumes, the book discusses the fundamentalmathematical, physical, and engineering principles upon which GPRis built. Real-world examples and field data provide readers anaccurate view of day-to-day GPR use. Topics include: 2D scattering for dielectric and magnetic targets 3D scattering equations and migration algorithms Host medium characterization and diffraction tomography Time and frequency steps in GPR data sampling The Born approximation and the singular valuedecomposition The six appendices contain the mathematical proofs of allexamples discussed throughout the book. Introduction to GroundPenetrating Radar: Inverse Scattering and Data Processing is acomprehensive resource that will prove invaluable in the field.

Ground Penetrating Radar

Ground Penetrating Radar
Author: Erica Carrick Utsi
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2017-04-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081022177

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Ground Penetrating Radar: Theory and Practice is a practical guide to using this powerful underground surveying technique. The author uses her wide experience to explain the critical factors in using GPR and how parameters, such as wavelength, attenuation and loss need to be properly considered to obtain good survey results. The first chapter introduces the underlying physics and explains the formation of signal patterning. The next two chapters explain the significance of wavelengths for target detection, probing depths and resolution, and demonstrating the variety of signal presentation. Chapter four discusses why survey results are affected by water and air in the soil, and how this may affect depth readings. Additional chapters discuss a variety of methods for velocity calibration and suggests where they may be useful, challenging soil conditions and potential problem environments, data processing and a suite of useful techniques, amongst other important topics. The book gives a clear and formative guidance on understanding the critical factors in using GPR, as well as a checklist of surveying considerations. Covers the critical, practical factors in using a ground penetrating radar, including troubleshooting appropriate equipment selection Explains why wavelengths matter, providing practice calculations Offers insight into how to spot ringing (echo effects) and air signals, and how to distinguish these from subsurface data Enables the reader to understand the importance of calibration of transmission velocity and a range of methodsa

Ground Penetrating Radar Theory and Applications

Ground Penetrating Radar Theory and Applications
Author: Harry M. Jol
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2008-12-08
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0080951848

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Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) is a rapidly developing field that has seen tremendous progress over the past 15 years. The development of GPR spans aspects of geophysical science, technology, and a wide range of scientific and engineering applications. It is the breadth of applications that has made GPR such a valuable tool in the geophysical consulting and geotechnical engineering industries, has lead to its rapid development, and inspired new areas of research in academia. The topic of GPR has gone from not even being mentioned in geophysical texts ten years ago to being the focus of hundreds of research papers and special issues of journals dedicated to the topic. The explosion of primary literature devoted to GPR technology, theory and applications, has lead to a strong demand for an up-to-date synthesis and overview of this rapidly developing field. Because there are specifics in the utilization of GPR for different applications, a review of the current state of development of the applications along with the fundamental theory is required. This book will provide sufficient detail to allow both practitioners and newcomers to the area of GPR to use it as a handbook and primary research reference. *Review of GPR theory and applications by leaders in the field *Up-to-date information and references *Effective handbook and primary research reference for both experienced practitioners and newcomers

Ground Penetrating Radar 2nd Edition

Ground Penetrating Radar  2nd Edition
Author: David J. Daniels
Publsiher: IET
Total Pages: 726
Release: 2004-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780863413605

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This book describes the key elements of the subject of surface penetrating radar, and in general terms the inter-relationship between those topics in electromagnetism, soil science, geophysics and signal processing which form part of its design.

Ground penetrating Radar and Magnetometry for Buried Landscape Analysis

Ground penetrating Radar and Magnetometry for Buried Landscape Analysis
Author: Lawrence B. Conyers
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 109
Release: 2017-11-24
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783319708904

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This book presents the integrated use of magnetometry and ground-penetrating radar geophysical mapping to understand the human presence within buried archaeological landscapes. Ground-penetrating radar can be used to identify buried living surfaces, geological stratigraphy and the architectural remains of sites in three-dimensions. Magnetometry can produce images denoting differences on the composition of those materials, both anthropogenic and natural, but with more limited three-dimensional resolution. The integration of the two has a unique ability to resolve and interpret these buried materials, differentiated between the human-caused and natural layers, and place all buried features within historic landscapes. The final product of geophysical integration, along with some limited subsurface testing, produces a holistic analysis of human adaptations to, and modifications of, the ancient landscape. Examples are shown from sites in Roman Croatia and Britain, Medieval Ireland, Colonial Connecticut, and an Archaic site in the Colorado Rocky Mountains. These examples from very different environments, time periods and cultural groups illustrate how the integrated geophysical methodology can interpret, on a scale approaching many hectares, the ancient landscapes within which people lived.

Civil Engineering Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar

Civil Engineering Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar
Author: Andrea Benedetto,Lara Pajewski
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 371
Release: 2015-04-07
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783319048130

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This book, based on Transport and Urban Development COST Action TU1208, presents the most advanced applications of ground penetrating radar (GPR) in a civil engineering context, with documentation of instrumentation, methods and results. It explains clearly how GPR can be employed for the surveying of critical transport infrastructure, such as roads, pavements, bridges and tunnels and for the sensing and mapping of underground utilities and voids. Detailed attention is also devoted to use of GPR in the inspection of geological structures and of construction materials and structures, including reinforced concrete, steel reinforcing bars and pre/post-tensioned stressing ducts. Advanced methods for solution of electromagnetic scattering problems and new data processing techniques are also presented. Readers will come to appreciate that GPR is a safe, advanced, non destructive and noninvasive imaging technique that can be effectively used for the inspection of composite structures and the performance of diagnostics relevant to the entire life cycle of civil engineering works.

Ground penetrating Radar for Geoarchaeology

Ground penetrating Radar for Geoarchaeology
Author: Lawrence B. Conyers
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2016-01-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781118950005

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There has long been a strong collaboration between geologists and archaeologists, and the sub-field of geoarchaeology is well developed as a discipline in its own right. This book now bridges the gap between those fields and the geophysical technique of ground-penetrating radar (GPR), which allows for three-dimensional analysis of the ground to visualize both geological and archaeological materials. This method has the ability to produce images of the ground that display complex packages of materials, and allows researchers to integrate sedimentary units, soils and associated archaeological features in ways not possible using standard excavation techniques. The ability of GPR to visualize all these buried units can help archaeologists place ancient people within the landscapes and environments of their time, and understand their burial and preservation phenomena in three-dimensions. Readership: Advanced students in archaeology and geoarchaeology, as well as practicing archaeologists with an interest in GPS techniques.

Ground Penetrating Radar in Sediments

Ground Penetrating Radar in Sediments
Author: C. S. Bristow,Harry M. Jol
Publsiher: Geological Society of London
Total Pages: 330
Release: 2003
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1862391319

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Interpreting Ground penetrating Radar for Archaeology

Interpreting Ground penetrating Radar for Archaeology
Author: Lawrence B Conyers
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2016-06-16
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9781315426327

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Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) has become one of the standard tools in the archaeologist's array of methods, but users still struggle to understand what the images tell us. In this book—illustrated with over 200 full-color photographs—Lawrence Conyers shows how results of geophysical surveys can test ideas regarding people, history, and cultures, as well as be used to prospect for buried remains. Using 20 years of data from more than 600 GPR surveys in a wide array of settings, Conyers, one of the first archaeological specialists in GPR, provides the consumer of GPR studies with basic information on how the process works. He show how the plots are generated, what subsurface factors influence specific profiles, how the archaeologist can help the surveyor collect optimal data, and how to translate the results into useable archaeological information.

Ground penetrating Radar for Archaeology

Ground penetrating Radar for Archaeology
Author: Lawrence B. Conyers
Publsiher: Rowman Altamira
Total Pages: 203
Release: 2004
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0759107734

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Conyers succinctly and clearly lays out for archaeological practitioners the theory behind, and applications of, ground-penetrating radar as a non-invasive method of subsurface prospection. Describing the technology, the equipment, the analysis and interpretation necessary to produce usable results and full of examples from GPR projects throughout the world, this book also details advances in computer simulation, statistical modeling, virtual reality techniques, and data integration in recent years. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Ground penetrating Radar

Ground penetrating Radar
Author: Lawrence B. Conyers,Dean Goodman
Publsiher: Altamira Press
Total Pages: 232
Release: 1997
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: UOM:39015040072640

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Traditional archaeological excavation methods are sometimes daunting due to political or financial complications. Other times, an improperly planned dig can destroy or entirely overlook the features or artifacts being sought. In either case, Ground-Penetrating Radar, or GPR, is an increasingly applicable technology, but one that few archaeologists truly understand. That is where this book excels. It is tailored towards an archaeological community which is for the most part apprehensive about using "high tech" instruments and feel more comfortable on their hands and knees digging in the dirt. Its abundant illustrations and easy-to-understand tables help to keep this potentially daunting subject matter accessible. It also contains more complex equations and theory so that the more technically-oriented can use it as a reference tool.

Structural Materials Technology

Structural Materials Technology
Author: Paul E. Hartbower,Philip J. Stolarski
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 388
Release: 1996-07-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1566764246

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This book is a collection of papers presented in the NDT Conference held on February 20-23, 1996 at San Diego, California. The conference provided an opportunity to share experience and provide additional input to the Federal Highway Administration.

Gpr Basics

Gpr Basics
Author: Daniel Bigman
Publsiher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Total Pages: 134
Release: 2018-01-03
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 198353482X

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GPR Basics: A Handbook for Ground Penetrating Radar Users was written to help you gain an understanding of the fundamentals of ground penetrating radar and develop the confidence to appropriately utilize this technology. This book is organized in an approachable format that minimizes technical jargon and math. LearnGPR is known for its ease of training without compromising the quality and this book is no different. After reading this book you will understand how GPR works, recognize the limitations of the technology, increase survey success rates, expand the types of projects you can conduct, and feel confident speaking with both clients and industry professionals. The topics covered in this book include: -Electromagnetic Waves -GPR Antenna -Physical Properties of Materials -GPR Wave Behavior -Modeling GPR Signals -Data Interpretation -Data Visualization -Applications of GPR -Documenting and Reporting -Benefits and Limitations

GPR Remote Sensing in Archaeology

GPR Remote Sensing in Archaeology
Author: Dean Goodman,Salvatore Piro
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 233
Release: 2013-03-19
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783642318573

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GPR Remote Sensing in Archaeology provides a complete description of the processes needed to take raw GPR data all the way to the construction of subsurface images. The book provides an introduction to the “theory” of GPR by using a simulator that shows how radar profiles across simple model structures look and provides many examples so that the complexity of radar signatures can be understood. It continues with a review of the necessary radargram signal processes needed along with examples. The most comprehensive methodology to construct subsurface images from either coarsely spaced data using interpolation or from dense data from multi-channel equipment and 3D volume generation is presented, advanced imaging solutions such as overlay analysis are introduced, and numerous worldwide site case histories are shown. The authors present their studies in a way that most technical and non-technical users of the equipment will find essentials for implementing in their own subsurface investigations.

Ground Penetrating Radar for Evaluating Subsurface Conditions for Transportation Facilities

Ground Penetrating Radar for Evaluating Subsurface Conditions for Transportation Facilities
Author: Rexford M. Morey
Publsiher: Transportation Research Board
Total Pages: 37
Release: 1998
Genre: Ground penetrating radar
ISBN: 0309061105

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This synthesis will be of interest to state Department of Transportation (DOT) geotechnical, bridge, and pavement engineers, engineering geologists, consultants involved with ground penetrating radar (GPR) investigations for state DOTs, and researchers. It describes the current state of the practice of using GPR for evaluating subsurface conditions for transportation facilities. This was accomplished by conducting a literature search and review and an extensive survey of U.S. and Canadian transportation agencies and practitioners, as well as limited international information collection. GPR is a noninvasive nondestructive tool used in transportation applications such as evaluation and characterization of pavement systems, soils, and environmental problems. This report of the Transportation Research Board presents information on the principles, equipment, logistics, applications, and limitations of GPR pertaining to transportation applications. Selected case studies for which ground truth information is available are presented. In addition, an extensive bibliography and glossary are provided as well as appending information about GPR manufacturers from their literature.