Groundwater Vulnerability and Pollution Risk Assessment

Groundwater Vulnerability and Pollution Risk Assessment
Author: Andrzej J. Witkowski,Sabina Jakóbczyk-Karpierz,Joanna Czekaj,Dorota Grabala
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2020-01-24
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781000732306

Download Groundwater Vulnerability and Pollution Risk Assessment Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This volume offers detailed comparisons and validations of different methods of assessing groundwater vulnerability (DRASTIC, GOD, PI, RTt, AVI, SINTACS, COP). It contains new aspects of vulnerability assessment for the evaluation of coastal aquifer vulnerability and aquifer vulnerability to methane gas leakage from shale gas wells. The book also contains the results of studies on intrinsic and specific vulnerability assessment (migration of antibiotics and nitrate, groundwatersurface water interaction), with examples of the different national approaches to groundwater vulnerability mapping in Poland, Ireland, Italy and elsewhere. There are 15 chapters derived from two IAH conferences held in Ustron ́, Poland in 2015 and 2018. The book is valuable for those interested in groundwater vulnerability, in risk assessment, and in environmental issues. It is aimed at land use planners, water managers, the environmental industry, regional and local environmental protection councils and students studying hydrogeology and environmental sciences.

Groundwater Pollution Aquifer Recharge and Vulnerability

Groundwater Pollution  Aquifer Recharge and Vulnerability
Author: N. S. Robins
Publsiher: Geological Society of London
Total Pages: 224
Release: 1998
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1897799985

Download Groundwater Pollution Aquifer Recharge and Vulnerability Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The primary groundwater management issue in many countries today is pollution. The key to understanding the transport of a pollutant from the ground surface or near surface into an aquifer is an understanding of recharge. This allows the vulnerability of aquifers to pollution to be classified and appropriate land zones to be defined. This text provides an up-to-date description of the relationship between pollution, recharge and vulnerability set against the current groundwater protection policies of the UK and Ireland. There are keynote overviews for each topic.

Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping

Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping
Author: Andrzej J. Witkowski,Andrzej Kowalczyk,Jaroslav Vrba
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2014-04-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781482266160

Download Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This volume presents the contemporary issues surrounding groundwater pollution risk assessment and the application of vulnerability and risk assessment maps for the effective protection and management of aquifers. Numerous new and improved approaches to intrinsic and specific vulnerability assessment (modified DRASTIC, GOD, VULK, VURAAS) are descri

Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping using DRASTIC Model

Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping using DRASTIC Model
Author: Prashant Kumar,Praveen Thakur,Sanjit Debnath
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 104
Release: 2019-07-10
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781000074932

Download Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping using DRASTIC Model Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This book shows the effectiveness of DRASTIC model in a geographical setting for validation of vulnerable zones and presents the optimization of parameters for the development of precise maps highlighting several zones with varied contamination. Impact of vadose zone has also been assessed by considering every sub-surface layer. Exclusive title covering effectiveness of DRASTIC model for groundwater vulnerability assessment Reviews of the strengths and limitations of assessment methods Presents multi-criteria evaluation of hydro-geological and anthropogenic factors Discusses integration with geographic information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) Includes application of groundwater governance framework with a case study study of a geographical setting

Groundwater Pollution Risk Control from an Industrial Economics Perspective

Groundwater Pollution Risk Control from an Industrial Economics Perspective
Author: Huan Huan,Jianwei Xu,Jinsheng Wang,Beidou Xi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 123
Release: 2018-04-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811077067

Download Groundwater Pollution Risk Control from an Industrial Economics Perspective Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This book argues that groundwater pollution risk assessment is the essential foundation of groundwater pollution prevention and control. It is on this basis that economic leverage is used to make new breakthroughs in groundwater protection and governance. Presenting a case study on the Jilin Section of the Songhua River, the book applies the overlay index method to assess the shallow groundwater pollution risk and identify high-risk areas and major pollution sources in an effort to identify the mechanism of interaction between industrial structures and groundwater pollution. Further, it proposes concrete measures for preventing and controlling groundwater pollution from an industrial economics perspective. As such, the book offers a valuable resource for all graduate students, lecturers and researchers who are interested in learning about resources and environmental economics.

Ground Water Vulnerability Assessment

Ground Water Vulnerability Assessment
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Committee for Assessing Ground Water Vulnerability
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 1993-02-01
Genre: Nature
ISBN: 9780309047999

Download Ground Water Vulnerability Assessment Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Since the need to protect ground water from pollution was recognized, researchers have made progress in understanding the vulnerability of ground water to contamination. Yet, there are substantial uncertainties in the vulnerability assessment methods now available. With a wealth of detailed information and practical advice, this volume will help decisionmakers derive the most benefit from available assessment techniques. It offers Three laws of ground water vulnerability. Six case studies of vulnerability assessment. Guidance for selecting vulnerability assessments and using the results. Reviews of the strengths and limitations of assessment methods. Information on available data bases, primarily at the federal level. This book will be indispensable to policymakers and resource managers, environmental professionals, researchers, faculty, and students involved in ground water issues, as well as investigators developing new assessment methods.

Investigation and Assessment Technology for Typical Groundwater contaminated Sites and Application Cases

Investigation and Assessment Technology for Typical Groundwater contaminated Sites and Application Cases
Author: Beidou Xi,Juan Li,Yang Wang,Chenning Deng,Xiang Li,Yan Ma,Yanna Xiong
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2020-11-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811528453

Download Investigation and Assessment Technology for Typical Groundwater contaminated Sites and Application Cases Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This book introduces readers to environmental background investigation, pollution source intensity evaluation and risk assessment approaches used at three main types of groundwater-contaminated sites: municipal domestic waste landfills, hazardous waste landfills and oil-contaminated sites. In addition, typical contaminated sites throughout China are examined to demonstrate how these approaches can be applied for their investigation, assessment and restoration. By reading this book, readers will gain a deeper understanding of the restoration and management of typical groundwater-contaminated sites.

Groundwater Pollution Risk Assessment Under Scenarios of Climate and Land Use Change in the Northern Great Plains

Groundwater Pollution Risk Assessment Under Scenarios of Climate and Land Use Change in the Northern Great Plains
Author: Ruopu Li
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 156
Release: 2012
Genre: Groundwater
ISBN: 1267264098

Download Groundwater Pollution Risk Assessment Under Scenarios of Climate and Land Use Change in the Northern Great Plains Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Modeling groundwater vulnerability to pollution is critical for implementing programs to protect groundwater quality. Traditionally, groundwater vulnerability was modeled based on current hydrogeology and land use conditions. However, groundwater vulnerability is strongly dependent on factors such as depth-to-water, recharge and land use conditions that may change in response to future changes in climate and/or socio-economic conditions. For example, global warming may lead to northward shifts in cropping patterns and changes in crop mixes (and use of farm chemicals). Meanwhile, growing demands for biofuels are resulting in expanding corn acreage, and may lead to pressures to remove land from the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) or otherwise open lands that are currently not cropped to cultivation. Such changes may have significant implications for groundwater quality. In this research, a modeling framework, which employs four sub-models linked within a GIS environment, was presented to evaluate the groundwater pollution risks under future climate and land use changes in North Dakota. The major sub-models include a groundwater vulnerability model and a biofuels-related land use change model, which were illustrated in two separate studies. The results showed that areas with high vulnerability will expand northward and/or northwestward in Eastern North Dakota under different scenarios. GIS-based models that account for future changes in climate and land use can help decision-makers identify potential future threats to groundwater quality and take early steps to protect this critical resource.

Water Pollution in Natural Porous Media at Different Scales

Water Pollution in Natural Porous Media at Different Scales
Author: L. Candela
Publsiher: IGME
Total Pages: 759
Release: 2007
Genre: Groundwater
ISBN: 847840676X

Download Water Pollution in Natural Porous Media at Different Scales Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Environmental and Pollution Science

Environmental and Pollution Science
Author: Ian L. Pepper,Charles P. Gerba,Mark L. Brusseau
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 552
Release: 2011-08-09
Genre: Law
ISBN: 9780080494791

Download Environmental and Pollution Science Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Environmental and Pollution Science, Second Edition, provides the latest information on the environmental influence of a significant number of subjects, and discusses their impact on a new generation of students. This updated edition of Pollution Science has been renamed to reflect a wider view of the environmental consequences we pay as a price for a modern economy. The authors have compiled the latest information to help students assess environmental quality using a framework of principles that can be applied to any environmental problem. The book covers key topics such as the fate and transport of contaminants, monitoring and remediation of pollution, sources and characteristics of pollution, and risk assessment and management. It contains more than 400 color photographs and diagrams, numerous questions and problems, case studies, and highlighted keywords. This book is ideally suited for professionals and students studying the environment, especially as it relates to pollution as well as government workers and conservationists/ecologists. * Emphasizes conceptual understanding of environmental impact, integrating the disciplines of biology, chemistry, and mathematics * Topics cover the fate and transport of contaminants; monitoring and remediation of pollution; sources and characteristics of pollution; and risk assessment and management * Includes color photos and diagrams, chapter questions and problems, and highlighted key words

Hydraulic and Civil Engineering Technology VI

Hydraulic and Civil Engineering Technology VI
Author: M. Yang,J.C.G. Lanzinha,X. Bao
Publsiher: IOS Press
Total Pages: 746
Release: 2021-11-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781643682358

Download Hydraulic and Civil Engineering Technology VI Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

New technologies, such as improved testing and physical modeling methods, together with numerical studies and other novel techniques, have led to many developments in the fields of hydraulic and civil engineering in recent years. This book presents proceedings from HCET 2021, the 6th International Technical Conference on Frontiers of Hydraulic and Civil Engineering Technology, held in Sanya, China, on 28 and 29 August 2021. The conference highlighted the latest advances, innovations and applications in the fields of hydraulic and civil engineering, and served as a platform to promote and celebrate interdisciplinary study. The book contains 89 papers, selected from 178 contributions and divided into 4 sections: Modern Civil Engineering; Water and Hydraulic Engineering; Environment Engineering and Sciences; and Transdisciplinary Engineering and Technology. Topics covered involve both theoretical and practical knowledge and understanding, primarily in the areas of hydraulics and water resource engineering, civil engineering, environmental engineering and sciences, transportation engineering, coastal and ocean engineering and transdisciplinary engineering and technology. The book, which presents a wealth of exciting ideas that will open novel research directions and foster multidisciplinary collaboration among specialists in various fields, will be of interest to all academics, researchers, practitioners and policymakers seeking to understand and tackle civil and hydraulic engineering challenges by adopting appropriate, sustainable, solutions.

Environmental Remote Sensing and GIS in Tunisia

Environmental Remote Sensing and GIS in Tunisia
Author: Faiza Khebour Allouche,Abdelazim M. Negm
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 362
Release: 2021-03-12
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030636685

Download Environmental Remote Sensing and GIS in Tunisia Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This book focuses on monitoring and assessing various environmental processes in Tunisia using state-of-the-art remote sensing and GIS technologies. In addition to addressing the diversity of Tunisian landscapes and providing spatial analysis of natural, cultivated and urbanized environments. It presents and discusses several case studies on integrated RS / GIS approaches for mapping, modeling, monitoring and evaluation. Moreover, in this volume authored by experts in the topic from Tunisia and other countries, authors assess the agro-environmental applications from Tunisia and offer different methods and applications to environmental processes and risks including drought, degradation, flood, planning, Yield estimation, dust storm detection, dry land vulnerability, wetland dynamics and others. The material presented here will help decision-makers plan sustainable landscape and agricultural management policies that preserve biodiversity and contribute to achieving sustainability goals and for researchers, it will expose methodological approaches used in different fields of research. Graduate students and Practionioner engineers working in the field of RS/GIS will also benefit from the book. The book ends with a set of conclusions and recommendations to support researchers underscoring the need for further research in this area.

Water Wells and Boreholes

Water Wells and Boreholes
Author: Bruce Misstear,David Banks,Lewis Clark
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 514
Release: 2007-01-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0470031336

Download Water Wells and Boreholes Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Water Wells and Boreholes provides the necessary scientific background together with practical advice using global case studies, in an accessible easy to use style suitable for both postgraduates/researchers and practitioners. The book begins with an introduction to the type and uses of water wells from water supply and irrigation through to groundwater remediation. It then covers well siting detailing how to source data from geophysical surveys, remote sensing etc. Well design is then summarised to ensure the well is stable and cost-effective. The book ends with three chapters covering well construction, well testing and well performance, maintenance and rehabilitation.

Groundwater Vulnerability

Groundwater Vulnerability
Author: Vyacheslav Shestopalov,Alexander Bohuslavsky,Volodymir Bublias
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2014-10-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781118962206

Download Groundwater Vulnerability Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) disaster that occurred in Ukraine on April 26, 1986, was one of the most devastating in human history. Using this as a case study, the AGU monograph Groundwater Vulnerability: Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster is devoted to the problem of groundwater vulnerability, where the results of long-term field and modeling investigations of radionuclide transport in soil and groundwater, within the Ukrainian part of the Dnieper River basin (Kyiv region of Ukraine), are discussed. The authors provide a comprehensive review of existing literature on the assessment of groundwater vulnerability and then describe an improved methodology, which is developed based on integration of the methods of hydrogeological zonation and modeling of anomalously fast migration of radioactive contaminants from the land surface toward groundwater. This volume also includes the evaluation of the effect of preferential and episodic flow on transport of radionuclides toward the aquifers and risk assessment of groundwater vulnerability, which can further assist future researchers in developing remediation technologies for improving drinking water quality. Further, this volume sheds light on the consequences of groundwater contamination from nuclear disasters and assists with assessing the risks associated with contamination and developing effective remediation technologies. Volume highlights include discussions of the following: Assessment of groundwater vulnerability to contamination from the Chernobyl nuclear disaster Novel analytical results of the 25-year investigations of groundwater contamination caused by Chernobyl-born radionuclides The wealth of data on different modes of radioactive transport in the atmosphere, water, and soils, and along the food chains The hydrogeological and physico-chemical processes and factors in groundwater contaminated zones The applicability of commonly used methods of the evaluation of groundwater vulnerability A unique method of fluid dynamics that involves an anomalously fast migration of contaminants through zones of preferential flow from the land surface toward groundwater Building confidence in the assessment of migration pathways of radionuclides in the biosphere Assessment and prediction of the consequences of the nuclear accident, which can shed light on protection from global nuclear accidents Analogue information for different nuclear waste disposal and environmental projects around the world

Groundwater Hydrology

Groundwater Hydrology
Author: Mohammad Karamouz,Azadeh Ahmadi,Masih Akhbari
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 750
Release: 2020-03-20
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780429560682

Download Groundwater Hydrology Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Increasing demand for water, higher standards of living, depletion of resources of acceptable quality, and excessive water pollution due to urban, agricultural, and industrial expansions have caused intense environmental, social, economic, and political predicaments. More frequent and severe floods and droughts have changed the resiliency and ability of water infrastructure systems to operate and provide services to the public. These concerns and issues have also changed the way we plan and manage our surface and groundwater resources. Groundwater Hydrology: Engineering, Planning, and Management, Second Edition presents a compilation of the state-of-the-art subjects and techniques in the education and practice of groundwater and describes them in a systematic and integrated fashion useful for undergraduate and graduate students and practitioners. This new edition features updated materials, computer codes, and case studies throughout. Features: Discusses groundwater hydrology, hydraulics, and basic laws of groundwater movement Describes environmental water quality issues related to groundwater, aquifer restoration, and remediation techniques, as well as the impacts of climate change \ Examines the details of groundwater modeling and simulation of conceptual models Applies systems analysis techniques in groundwater planning and management Delineates the modeling and downscaling of climate change impacts on groundwater under the latest IPCC climate scenarios Written for students as well as practicing water resource engineers, the book develops a system view of groundwater fundamentals and model-making techniques through the application of science, engineering, planning, and management principles. It discusses the classical issues in groundwater hydrology and hydraulics followed by coverage of water quality issues. It also introduces basic tools and decision-making techniques for future groundwater development activities, taking into account regional sustainability issues. The combined coverage of engineering and planning tools and techniques, as well as specific challenges for restoration and remediation of polluted aquifers sets this book apart.