Group Theory and Quantum Mechanics

Group Theory and Quantum Mechanics
Author: Michael Tinkham
Publsiher: Courier Corporation
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2012-04-20
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780486131665

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Graduate-level text develops group theory relevant to physics and chemistry and illustrates their applications to quantum mechanics, with systematic treatment of quantum theory of atoms, molecules, solids. 1964 edition.

Group Theory in Quantum Mechanics

Group Theory in Quantum Mechanics
Author: Volker Heine
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 478
Release: 2014-05-15
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781483152004

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Group Theory in Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction to its Present Usage introduces the reader to the three main uses of group theory in quantum mechanics: to label energy levels and the corresponding eigenstates; to discuss qualitatively the splitting of energy levels as one starts from an approximate Hamiltonian and adds correction terms; and to aid in the evaluation of matrix elements of all kinds, and in particular to provide general selection rules for the non-zero ones. The theme is to show how all this is achieved by considering the symmetry properties of the Hamiltonian and the way in which these symmetries are reflected in the wave functions. This book is comprised of eight chapters and begins with an overview of the necessary mathematical concepts, including representations and vector spaces and their relevance to quantum mechanics. The uses of symmetry properties and mathematical expression of symmetry operations are also outlined, along with symmetry transformations of the Hamiltonian. The next chapter describes the three uses of group theory, with particular reference to the theory of atomic energy levels and transitions. The following chapters deal with the theory of free atoms and ions; representations of finite groups; the electronic structure and vibrations of molecules; solid state physics; and relativistic quantum mechanics. Nuclear physics is also discussed, with emphasis on the isotopic spin formalism, nuclear forces, and the reactions that arise when the nuclei take part in time-dependent processes. This monograph will be of interest to physicists and mathematicians.

Applications of Group Theory in Quantum Mechanics

Applications of Group Theory in Quantum Mechanics
Author: M. I. Petrashen,J. L. Trifonov
Publsiher: Courier Corporation
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2013-01-03
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780486172729

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This advanced text explores the theory of groups and their matrix representations. The main focus rests upon point and space groups, with applications to electronic and vibrational states. 1969 edition.

Group Theory

Group Theory
Author: Eugene P. Wigner
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2013-09-03
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781483275765

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Group Theory and its Application to the Quantum Mechanics of Atomic Spectra describes the applications of group theoretical methods to problems of quantum mechanics with particular reference to atomic spectra. The manuscript first takes a look at vectors and matrices, generalizations, and principal axis transformation. Topics include principal axis transformation for unitary and Hermitian matrices; unitary matrices and the scalar product; linear independence of vectors; and real orthogonal and symmetric matrices. The publication also ponders on the elements of quantum mechanics, perturbation theory, and transformation theory and the bases for the statistical interpretation of quantum mechanics. The book discusses abstract group theory and invariant subgroups, including theorems of finite groups, factor group, and isomorphism and homomorphism. The text also reviews the algebra of representation theory, rotation groups, three-dimensional pure rotation group, and characteristics of atomic spectra. Discussions focus on eigenvalues and quantum numbers, spherical harmonics, and representations of the unitary group. The manuscript is a valuable reference for readers interested in the applications of group theoretical methods.

Group Theory and Quantum Mechanics

Group Theory and Quantum Mechanics
Author: Bartel L. van der Waerden
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 211
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9783642658600

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The German edition of this book appeared in 1932 under the title "Die gruppentheoretische Methode in der Quantenmechanik". Its aim was, to explain the fundamental notions of the Theory of Groups and their Representations, and the application of this theory to the Quantum Mechanics of Atoms and Molecules. The book was mainly written for the benefit of physicists who were supposed to be familiar with Quantum Mechanics. However, it turned out that it was also used by. mathematicians who wanted to learn Quantum Mechanics from it. Naturally, the physical parts were too difficult for mathematicians, whereas the mathematical parts were sometimes too difficult for physicists. The German language created an additional difficulty for many readers. In order to make the book more readable for physicists and mathe maticians alike, I have rewritten the whole volume. The changes are most notable in Chapters 1 and 6. In Chapter t, I have tried to give a mathematically rigorous exposition of the principles of Quantum Mechanics. This was possible because recent investigations in the theory of self-adjoint linear operators have made the mathematical foundation of Quantum Mechanics much clearer than it was in t 932. Chapter 6, on Molecule Spectra, was too much condensed in the German edition. I hope it is now easier to understand. In Chapter 2-5 too, numerous changes were made in order to make the book more readable and more useful.

Quantum Theory Groups and Representations

Quantum Theory  Groups and Representations
Author: Peter Woit
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 668
Release: 2017-11-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783319646121

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This text systematically presents the basics of quantum mechanics, emphasizing the role of Lie groups, Lie algebras, and their unitary representations. The mathematical structure of the subject is brought to the fore, intentionally avoiding significant overlap with material from standard physics courses in quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. The level of presentation is attractive to mathematics students looking to learn about both quantum mechanics and representation theory, while also appealing to physics students who would like to know more about the mathematics underlying the subject. This text showcases the numerous differences between typical mathematical and physical treatments of the subject. The latter portions of the book focus on central mathematical objects that occur in the Standard Model of particle physics, underlining the deep and intimate connections between mathematics and the physical world. While an elementary physics course of some kind would be helpful to the reader, no specific background in physics is assumed, making this book accessible to students with a grounding in multivariable calculus and linear algebra. Many exercises are provided to develop the reader's understanding of and facility in quantum-theoretical concepts and calculations.

Group Theory in a Nutshell for Physicists

Group Theory in a Nutshell for Physicists
Author: A. Zee
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2016-03-29
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781400881185

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A concise, modern textbook on group theory written especially for physicists Although group theory is a mathematical subject, it is indispensable to many areas of modern theoretical physics, from atomic physics to condensed matter physics, particle physics to string theory. In particular, it is essential for an understanding of the fundamental forces. Yet until now, what has been missing is a modern, accessible, and self-contained textbook on the subject written especially for physicists. Group Theory in a Nutshell for Physicists fills this gap, providing a user-friendly and classroom-tested text that focuses on those aspects of group theory physicists most need to know. From the basic intuitive notion of a group, A. Zee takes readers all the way up to how theories based on gauge groups could unify three of the four fundamental forces. He also includes a concise review of the linear algebra needed for group theory, making the book ideal for self-study. Provides physicists with a modern and accessible introduction to group theory Covers applications to various areas of physics, including field theory, particle physics, relativity, and much more Topics include finite group and character tables; real, pseudoreal, and complex representations; Weyl, Dirac, and Majorana equations; the expanding universe and group theory; grand unification; and much more The essential textbook for students and an invaluable resource for researchers Features a brief, self-contained treatment of linear algebra An online illustration package is available to professors Solutions manual (available only to professors)

Group Theory and Physics

Group Theory and Physics
Author: S. Sternberg
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 429
Release: 1995-09-07
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 0521558859

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A cohesive and well-motivated introduction to group theory and its application to physics.

A Course on the Application of Group Theory to Quantum Mechanics

A Course on the Application of Group Theory to Quantum Mechanics
Author: Irene Verona Schensted
Publsiher: Neo Press
Total Pages: 342
Release: 1976
Genre: Física matemática
ISBN: UVA:X001402728

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Symmetry

Symmetry
Author: R. McWeeny
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 262
Release: 2013-09-03
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9781483226248

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Symmetry: An Introduction to Group Theory and its Application is an eight-chapter text that covers the fundamental bases, the development of the theoretical and experimental aspects of the group theory. Chapter 1 deals with the elementary concepts and definitions, while Chapter 2 provides the necessary theory of vector spaces. Chapters 3 and 4 are devoted to an opportunity of actually working with groups and representations until the ideas already introduced are fully assimilated. Chapter 5 looks into the more formal theory of irreducible representations, while Chapter 6 is concerned largely with quadratic forms, illustrated by applications to crystal properties and to molecular vibrations. Chapter 7 surveys the symmetry properties of functions, with special emphasis on the eigenvalue equation in quantum mechanics. Chapter 8 covers more advanced applications, including the detailed analysis of tensor properties and tensor operators. This book is of great value to mathematicians, and math teachers and students.

Group Theory

Group Theory
Author: Paul Herman Ernst Meijer,Edmond Bauer
Publsiher: Courier Dover Publications
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2004
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0486437981

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Many books explore group theory’s connection with physics, but few of them offer an introductory approach. This text provides upperlevel undergraduate and graduate students with a foundation in problem solving by means of eigenfunction transformation properties. This study focuses on eigenvalue problems in which differential equations or boundaries are unaffected by certain rotations or translations. Its explanation of transformations induced in function space by rotations (or translations) in configuration space has numerous practical applications — not only to quantum mechanics but also to anyother eigenvalue problems, including those of vibrating systems (molecules or lattices) or waveguides. Points of special interest include the development of Schur's lemma, which features a proof illustrated with a symbolic diagram. The text places particular emphasis on the geometric representation of ideas: for instance, the similarity transformation is characterized as a rotation in multidimensional function space and the reduction is described in terms of mutual orthogonal spaces. General references provide suggestions for further study, citing works of particular clarity and readability. New Preface to the Dover Edition. Problems. List of Symbols. References Cited. Systematic Bibliography. 1965 edition.

Applications of the Theory of Groups in Mechanics and Physics

Applications of the Theory of Groups in Mechanics and Physics
Author: Petre P. Teodorescu,Nicolae-A.P. Nicorovici
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 446
Release: 2004-04-30
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9781402020476

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The notion of group is fundamental in our days, not only in mathematics, but also in classical mechanics, electromagnetism, theory of relativity, quantum mechanics, theory of elementary particles, etc. This notion has developed during a century and this development is connected with the names of great mathematicians as E. Galois, A. L. Cauchy, C. F. Gauss, W. R. Hamilton, C. Jordan, S. Lie, E. Cartan, H. Weyl, E. Wigner, and of many others. In mathematics, as in other sciences, the simple and fertile ideas make their way with difficulty and slowly; however, this long history would have been of a minor interest, had the notion of group remained connected only with rather restricted domains of mathematics, those in which it occurred at the beginning. But at present, groups have invaded almost all mathematical disciplines, mechanics, the largest part of physics, of chemistry, etc. We may say, without exaggeration, that this is the most important idea that occurred in mathematics since the invention of infinitesimal calculus; indeed, the notion of group expresses, in a precise and operational form, the vague and universal ideas of regularity and symmetry. The notion of group led to a profound understanding of the character of the laws which govern natural phenomena, permitting to formulate new laws, correcting certain inadequate formulations and providing unitary and non contradictory formulations for the investigated phenomena.

Quantum Theory for Mathematicians

Quantum Theory for Mathematicians
Author: Brian C. Hall
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 554
Release: 2013-06-19
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781461471165

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Although ideas from quantum physics play an important role in many parts of modern mathematics, there are few books about quantum mechanics aimed at mathematicians. This book introduces the main ideas of quantum mechanics in language familiar to mathematicians. Readers with little prior exposure to physics will enjoy the book's conversational tone as they delve into such topics as the Hilbert space approach to quantum theory; the Schrödinger equation in one space dimension; the Spectral Theorem for bounded and unbounded self-adjoint operators; the Stone–von Neumann Theorem; the Wentzel–Kramers–Brillouin approximation; the role of Lie groups and Lie algebras in quantum mechanics; and the path-integral approach to quantum mechanics. The numerous exercises at the end of each chapter make the book suitable for both graduate courses and independent study. Most of the text is accessible to graduate students in mathematics who have had a first course in real analysis, covering the basics of L2 spaces and Hilbert spaces. The final chapters introduce readers who are familiar with the theory of manifolds to more advanced topics, including geometric quantization.

Applied Group Theory

Applied Group Theory
Author: Arthur P. Cracknell
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 430
Release: 2016-07-29
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781483149387

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Selected Readings in Physics: Applied Group Theory provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of applied group theory. This book discusses the properties of symmetry of a system in quantum mechanics. Organized into two parts encompassing nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of the problem of elastic vibrations of a symmetric structure. This text then examines the numbers, degeneracies, and symmetries of the normal modes of vibration. Other chapters consider the conditions under which a polyatomic molecule can have a stable equilibrium configuration when its electronic state has orbital degeneracy. This book discusses as well the effect of an electric field having a given symmetry upon an atom. The final chapter deals with the symmetry of crystals with a magnetic moment. This book is intended to be suitable for final-year students and fresh postgraduate students in physics. Physicists and researcher workers will also find this book extremely useful.

Group Theory For Physicists

Group Theory For Physicists
Author: Zhong-qi Ma
Publsiher: World Scientific Publishing Company
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2007-11-28
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789813101487

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Newer Edition Available: Group Theory for Physicists (2nd Edition)This textbook explains the fundamental concepts and techniques of group theory by making use of language familiar to physicists. Application methods to physics are emphasized. New materials drawn from the teaching and research experience of the author are included. This book can be used by graduate students and young researchers in physics, especially theoretical physics. It is also suitable for some graduate students in theoretical chemistry.