Guided Cognition for Learning

Guided Cognition for Learning
Author: William B. Whitten, II,Mitchell Rabinowitz,Sandra E. Whitten
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2019-05-21
Genre: Education
ISBN: 9780128175392

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Guided Cognition for Learning: Unsupervised Learning and the Design of Effective Homework details a new instructional design approach called Guided Cognition where homework tasks are designed to guide learners to engage in specific, observable cognitive events that are hypothesized to elicit underlying theoretical cognitive processes that result in learning. Outlining the results of twenty-six experiments completed over the course of eight years, the book tells a significant story about the generality of Guided Cognition instructional design to improve comprehension and recall by students of varying ages and ability levels. Explains why unsupervised learning is a major part of education Reviews the history of homework in American education Shows that quality of homework is more important than quantity Illustrates how Guided Cognition-designed homework improves learning for literature and mathematics Compares Guided Cognition to other types of instructional design Analyzes how the surface structure of Guided Cognition tasks relate to underlying psychological processes Discusses the effects of the internet on learning Presents applications that facilitate lifelong learning Includes an appendix of frames and guidelines for authoring Guided Cognition questions and tasks

Guided Cognition for Learning

Guided Cognition for Learning
Author: William Whitten,Mitchell Rabinowitz,Sandra Whitten
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2019
Genre: Cognitive learning
ISBN: OCLC:1125067635

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Guided Cognition for Learning: Unsupervised Learning and the Design of Effective Homework details a new instructional design approach called Guided Cognition where homework tasks are designed to guide learners to engage in specific, observable cognitive events that are hypothesized to elicit underlying theoretical cognitive processes that result in learning. Outlining the results of twenty-six experiments completed over the course of eight years, the book tells a significant story about the generality of Guided Cognition instructional design to improve comprehension and recall by students of varying ages and ability levels. Explains why unsupervised learning is a major part of education Reviews the history of homework in American education Shows that quality of homework is more important than quantity Illustrates how Guided Cognition-designed homework improves learning for literature and mathematics Compares Guided Cognition to other types of instructional design Analyzes how the surface structure of Guided Cognition tasks relate to underlying psychological processes Discusses the effects of the internet on learning Presents applications that facilitate lifelong learning Includes an appendix of frames and guidelines for authoring Guided Cognition questions and tasks.

The Brain Cognition and Education

The Brain  Cognition  and Education
Author: Sarah L. Friedman,Kenneth A. Klivington,Rita W. Peterson
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2013-09-25
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9781483260303

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The Brain, Cognition, and Education is a collection of papers that deals with cross-disciplinary communication. This book addresses the use of concepts, methodologies, and research results from other experiments in the conduct of finding new knowledge. One paper addresses the relationships among neuroscience, cognitive psychology, and education to arrive at cross-interdisciplinary communication. Other papers discuss attention, the brain, and the control of cognition; one paper notes that selective attention as a cognitive system with its own measurable features can be associated with underlying neural systems. Other authors deal with acquiring, representing, and using knowledge such as language learning, interplay between mind and experience, as well as the neuropsychology of memory. One paper examines infantile amnesia when early life experiences tend to be forgotten. The book then addresses cognitive and neural development, including neural developments before birth covering neurogenesis, cell migration, dendritic maturation, and synaptic development. One author reviews trends and directions in cognitive development and cites the works of Piaget, Simon, and Chomsky. One author presents several models of memory functions, while another author evaluates the possibilities of building bridges between education and the neurosciences. Many psychologists, neuroscientists, phoneticians, philosophers, and linguists will appreciate this book very highly.

Perkins Activity and Resource Guide Chapter 2 Foundations of Learning Language Cognition and Social Relationships

Perkins Activity and Resource Guide Chapter 2   Foundations of Learning Language  Cognition  and Social Relationships
Author: Charlotte Cushman
Publsiher: eBookIt.com
Total Pages: 65
Release: 2013-01-28
Genre: Education
ISBN: 9780988171312

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Foundations of Learning: Language, Cognition and Social Relationships The Perkins Activity and Resource Guide is a handbook for teachers and parents of students with visual and multiple disabilities. In this chapter we have combined the topics of communication, social relationships, and cognition, because it is critical that teachers think of these as integral parts of each activity and not as isolated classes to be taught at a specific time during the day. These areas must be addressed throughout the day in all activities.

Spatial Cognition VI Learning Reasoning and Talking about Space

Spatial Cognition VI  Learning  Reasoning  and Talking about Space
Author: Christian Freksa,Nora S. Newcombe,Peter Gärdenfors,Stefan Wölfl
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 441
Release: 2008-09-10
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783540876007

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Spatial Cognition, Spatial Cognition 2008, held in Freiburg, Germany, in September 2008. The 27 revised full papers presented together with 3 invited lectures were carefully reviewed and selected from 54 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on spatial orientation, spatial navigation, spatial learning, maps and modalities, spatial communication, spatial language, similarity and abstraction, concepts and reference frames, as well as spatial modeling and spatial reasoning.

Continuum Guide to Media Education

Continuum Guide to Media Education
Author: Pat Brereton
Publsiher: A&C Black
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2005-07-01
Genre: Education
ISBN: 9780826477736

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Presented in an A-Z format this is an authoritative guide to media education in all its aspects.

Augmented Cognition Human Cognition and Behavior

Augmented Cognition  Human Cognition and Behavior
Author: Dylan D. Schmorrow,Cali M. Fidopiastis
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 481
Release: 2020-07-10
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783030504397

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of 14th International Conference on Augmented Cognition, AC 2020, held as part of the 22nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2020, in July 2020. The conference was planned to be held in Copenhagen, Denmark, but had to change to a virtual conference mode due to the COVID-19 pandemic. From a total of 6326 submissions, a total of 1439 papers and 238 posters has been accepted for publication in the HCII 2020 proceedings. The 21 papers presented in this volume were organized in topical sections as follows: cognitive modeling, perception, emotion and interaction; electroencephalography and BCI; and AI and augmented cognition.

Study Guide to Personality Disorders

Study Guide to Personality Disorders
Author: Philip R. Muskin, M.D.
Publsiher: American Psychiatric Pub
Total Pages: 251
Release: 2014-11-03
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781585624997

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Study Guide to Personality Disorders is a question-and-answer companion that allows you to evaluate your mastery of the subject matter as you progress through the textbook. The Study Guide is made up of questions divided into individual quizzes that correspond to chapters in the Textbook.

A Clinician s Guide to Normal Cognitive Development in Childhood

A Clinician s Guide to Normal Cognitive Development in Childhood
Author: Elisabeth Hollister Sandberg,Becky L. Spritz
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2011-03-17
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781136914799

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Clinicians and practitioners-in-training can often lose sight of the normal developmental landscape that underlies behavior, especially in the field of cognitive development. It exists in an insular bubble within the broader field of psychology, and within each sub-domain there is a wide continuum between the anchors of atypical and optimal development. Clinicians need to learn, and to be reminded of, the unique peculiarities of developing cognitive skills in order to appreciate normal developmental phenomena. In A Clinician's Guide to Normal Cognitive Development in Childhood, every chapter provides students and established professionals with an accessible set of descriptions of normal childhood cognition, accompanied by suggestions for how to think about normal development in a clinical context. Each sub-topic within cognitive development is explicated through a succinct presentation of empirical data in that area, followed by a discussion of the ethical implications. With an extensive review of data and clinical practice techniques, professionals and students alike will benefit enormously from this resource.

The Beginner s Guide to Cooperative Learning

The Beginner s Guide to Cooperative Learning
Author: Drew Howard,Jakob Werdelin
Publsiher: Crown House Publishing Ltd
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2021-12-15
Genre: Education
ISBN: 9781785835902

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Written by Jakob Werdelin and Drew Howard, The Beginner's Guide to Cooperative Learning: Make your learners your main teaching resource offers step-by-step guidance on how to get simple, powerful Cooperative Learning up and running in your setting - both as classroom practice and as a wider approach to empowering the entire school community.The Education Endowment Foundation's Teaching and Learning Toolkit describes collaborative learning as an approach which 'involves pupils working together on activities or learning tasks' and in such a way that enables 'everyone to participate on a collective task that has been clearly assigned'. In the context of this book, Cooperative Learning relates to a number of such activities from simple memorising to more complex analysis and debating - which are designed to boost learners' interdependence, participation and interaction.Drawing upon both research-informed theory and real-world examples, Jakob Werdelin and Drew Howard present both an insightful introduction to Cooperative Learning as a practice and philosophy and a practical guide to classroom application.The authors share their expertise on how to amplify the effect of current pedagogical approaches and schemes of work, simplify performance management as an empowering tool for teachers and leaders, and create an inclusive environment in which every pupil is able to fulfil their learning potential. Jakob and Drew also discuss how Cooperative Learning relates to a range of other aspects of teaching, including assessment, metacognition and Rosenshine's Principles.The book focuses on Catch1Partner as an exemplary Cooperative Learning Interaction Pattern (CLIP) as, by fully grasping the principles of staging and running Catch1Partner in its many forms, readers will then be better equipped with the foundational know-how to deploy other CLIPs, such as Sage and Scribe, Word-Round and Rotating Role Reading. The authors also provide a variety of ready-to-photocopy (and downloadable) sample teaching materials, tools, guidelines and an activity transcript in the appendices.Suitable for teachers and leaders in both primary and secondary school settings

The Architecture of Cognition

The Architecture of Cognition
Author: Paco Calvo,John Symons
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 470
Release: 2014-04-18
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9780262027236

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Philosophers and cognitive scientists reassess systematicity in the post-connectionist era, offering perspectives from ecological psychology, embodied and distributed cognition, enactivism, and other methodologies.

Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning

Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning
Author: Norbert M. Seel
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 3536
Release: 2011-10-05
Genre: Education
ISBN: 9781441914279

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Over the past century, educational psychologists and researchers have posited many theories to explain how individuals learn, i.e. how they acquire, organize and deploy knowledge and skills. The 20th century can be considered the century of psychology on learning and related fields of interest (such as motivation, cognition, metacognition etc.) and it is fascinating to see the various mainstreams of learning, remembered and forgotten over the 20th century and note that basic assumptions of early theories survived several paradigm shifts of psychology and epistemology. Beyond folk psychology and its naïve theories of learning, psychological learning theories can be grouped into some basic categories, such as behaviorist learning theories, connectionist learning theories, cognitive learning theories, constructivist learning theories, and social learning theories. Learning theories are not limited to psychology and related fields of interest but rather we can find the topic of learning in various disciplines, such as philosophy and epistemology, education, information science, biology, and – as a result of the emergence of computer technologies – especially also in the field of computer sciences and artificial intelligence. As a consequence, machine learning struck a chord in the 1980s and became an important field of the learning sciences in general. As the learning sciences became more specialized and complex, the various fields of interest were widely spread and separated from each other; as a consequence, even presently, there is no comprehensive overview of the sciences of learning or the central theoretical concepts and vocabulary on which researchers rely. The Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning provides an up-to-date, broad and authoritative coverage of the specific terms mostly used in the sciences of learning and its related fields, including relevant areas of instruction, pedagogy, cognitive sciences, and especially machine learning and knowledge engineering. This modern compendium will be an indispensable source of information for scientists, educators, engineers, and technical staff active in all fields of learning. More specifically, the Encyclopedia provides fast access to the most relevant theoretical terms provides up-to-date, broad and authoritative coverage of the most important theories within the various fields of the learning sciences and adjacent sciences and communication technologies; supplies clear and precise explanations of the theoretical terms, cross-references to related entries and up-to-date references to important research and publications. The Encyclopedia also contains biographical entries of individuals who have substantially contributed to the sciences of learning; the entries are written by a distinguished panel of researchers in the various fields of the learning sciences.

The Memory and Processing Guide for Neurodiverse Learners

The Memory and Processing Guide for Neurodiverse Learners
Author: Alison Patrick
Publsiher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2020-06-18
Genre: Education
ISBN: 9781787750739

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Armed with the wealth of understanding and strategies in this guide, students will discover how they can learn best, to make studying and revision more effective (and less stressful). Packed with simple, tried and tested strategies and workarounds, this study guide for supporting kids and teens who learn differently (such as those with ADHD, dyslexia, dyspraxia or ASD) explains what memory and processing issues are, and how to work around them. Written by a tutor and specialist with years of experience of working with students with learning differences, this book enables the student to understand the best ways they learn and the reasons behind this. Unpacking processing speed, sensory processing, metacognition, and executive functioning, including working memory, this uniquely relatable and empowering study guide will provide students with the self-understanding they need to manage exams and academic tasks at school with confidence and peace of mind.

How People Learn

How People Learn
Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Developments in the Science of Learning with additional material from the Committee on Learning Research and Educational Practice
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2000-08-11
Genre: Education
ISBN: 9780309131971

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First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.

Cognition Education and Communication Technology

Cognition  Education  and Communication Technology
Author: PETER GARDENFORS,Petter Johansson
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2014-04-08
Genre: Education
ISBN: 9781135632540

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Cognition, Education, and Communication Technology presents some of the recent theoretical developments in the cognitive and educational sciences and implications for the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in the organization of school and university education. Internationally renowned researchers present theoretical perspectives with proposals for and evaluations of educational practices. Each chapter discusses different aspects of the use of ICT in education, including: *the role of perceptual processes in learning; *external cognition as support for interactive learning; *the role of meta-cognition; *simulation learning environments as cognitive tools; *the role of science controversy for knowledge integration; *the use of ICT in the development of educators; and *the role of narratives in education. ICT has great potential for revolutionizing education. Large investments of resources are being made, often without a strong understanding of how ICT will or should be implemented. The expectation is that students will show immediate improvements in terms of their motivation to learn and their learning achievements, but reality is different. Progress of ICT in education requires more than just computers in the classroom. It demands an understanding of the complex processes contributing to human learning and how they interact with new technologies. This text provides theoretical perspectives on the learning processes that can be used as a foundation for constructing pedagogically valuable tools based on ICT. The combination of results--from cognitive science and pedagogy, with more practically oriented suggestions for how ICT can be used in various forms of education--makes this book suitable for researchers and students in the cognitive and educational sciences, as well as for practitioners and planners of education.