Gut Microbiota

Gut Microbiota
Author: Edward Ishiguro,Natasha Haskey,Kristina Campbell
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2018-01-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128105429

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Gut Microbiota: Interactive Effects on Nutrition and Health provides a detailed account of gut microbiota research, an exploration of how diet influences gut microbiota and the implications of gut microbiota for health. The book provides a summary of how diet interacts with the gut microbiome and presents practical applications focused on food, supplements and safety. This book provides scientists and clinicians who have an interest in the microbiome with an understanding of the future potential—and limitations—of this tool, as they strive to make use of evidence-based diet information for the maintenance of good health. Consolidates new research on how gut microbiota affects nutrition Identifies how the research applies to food, supplements and safety Provides diet recommendations to improve health Includes case studies from clinical populations Explores how diet influences gut microbiota

Comprehensive Gut Microbiota

Comprehensive Gut Microbiota
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022-01-15
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0128192658

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Comprehensive Gut Microbiota provides new insights into gut microbiota as a critical mediator of human health and well-being. Comprehensive chapters, split across three volumes, present trusted and authoritative sources of information for novel human gut microbiome and health research. The book focuses on the fascinating intestinal microbiome and its interaction with food, food bioactive components, nutrition and human health. Chapters address the core science in the microbiota field and draw links between the microbiome, food, nutrition and health interaction. The text reflects the current state of evidence available in the field of microbiota, its regulation at the individual and population level, and the importance of the microbiome to human health. Each section includes introductory chapters presenting the key concepts about the section objective. Later sections focus on the novel findings of the gut microbiome, food and nutrition science. Human studies and systematic literature reviews are also discussed throughout the work. Provides a comprehensive introduction to gut microbiota research and its role and relation to human health Consolidates new research on how gut microbiota affects nutrition and vice versa, offering increased understanding of methodologies and the complexity of microbiome-health science Written by leading experts from various fields and regions to ensure that the knowledge within is easily understood by, and applicable to, a large audience

Understanding the Gut Microbiota

Understanding the Gut Microbiota
Author: Gerald W. Tannock
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2017-03-06
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781118801420

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This book discusses the community of microbial species (the microbiota, microbiome), which inhabits the large bowel of humans. Written from the perspective of an academic who has been familiar with the topic for 40 years, it provides a long-term perspective of knowledge about this high profile and fast-moving topic. Building on general ecological principles, the book aims to help the reader to understand how the microbiota is formed, how it works, and what the consequences are to humans. Understanding the Gut Microbiota focuses on conceptual progress made from studies of the human bowel microbiota. Where appropriate, it draws on knowledge obtained from other animal species to provide conceptual enlightenment, but this is essentially a book about humans and their bowel microbes. Particular research approaches are recommended to fill knowledge gaps so that fundamental ecological theory and information about the microbiota can be translated into benefits for human health. The relationship between food for humans and resulting food for bowel bacteria emerges as an important topic for consideration. This concise scholarly treatise of the microbiota of the human bowel will be of great interest and use as a text and reference work for professionals, teachers and students across a wide range of disciplines, including the health sciences, general biology, and food science and technology. The provision of handy ‘explanation of terms’ means that those with a general interest in science can also read the book with enjoyment. About the Author Gerald W. Tannock, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand

Gut Microbiota in Neurologic and Visceral Diseases

Gut Microbiota in Neurologic and Visceral Diseases
Author: Tahira Farooqui,Akhlaq A. Farooqui
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2021-03-11
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128210406

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Gut Microbiota in Neurologic and Visceral Diseases presents readers with comprehensive information on the involvement of microbiota in the pathogenesis of neurological disorders. Chapters cover the effect of microbiota on the development of visceral (obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease) and neurological disorders (Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s, depression, anxiety, and autism). Sections focus on the molecular mechanisms and signal transduction processes associated with the links among microbiota-related visceral and neurological disorders. It is hoped that this discussion will not only integrate and consolidate knowledge in this field but will also jumpstart more studies on the involvement of microbiota in the pathogenesis of neurological disorders. Reviews the relationship between gut microbiome, diseases and disorders Discusses the relationship between diet, microbiota and inflammation Includes neurodegenerative, neuropsychiatric and cardiovascular disorders Covers diabetes, obesity and metabolic disorders Identifies molecular mechanisms and signal transduction processes Encompasses dietary fiber, fat, prebiotics and probiotics

Gut Microbiota Immunity and Health in Production Animals

Gut Microbiota  Immunity  and Health in Production Animals
Author: Michael H. Kogut,Glenn Zhang
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 325
Release: 2022-01-20
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 3030903028

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This work sheds new light on the interplay between the gut, gut microbiota, and host physiological processes in production animals. The gut microbiome shapes health and susceptibility to disease and has become a leading area of research in the animal sciences. Gut health encompasses a number of physiological and functional features. Nutrient digestion and absorption, host metabolism and energy generation, a stable microbiome, mucus layer development, barrier function, and mucosal immune responses; all of which are required to interact to make an animal perform physiologically and according to its greatest genetic potential. This carefully presented book broadens our vision, approach and results on gut health and the ability to regulate animal production. Understanding the chemistry of microbiomes has broad implications, including providing functional annotations for the microbial genomes, insights into the chemical languages that link microbes to each other and to their host, and translational implications for precision veterinary medicine, environmental health, and sustainable animal agriculture and welfare. Experts working in microbiome research, host immunity, and animal production, veterinarians and researchers in livestock science will understand the great importance of this volume.

The Gut Microbiome in Health and Disease

The Gut Microbiome in Health and Disease
Author: Dirk Haller
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2018-07-27
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783319905457

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The book provides an overview on how the gut microbiome contributes to human health. The readers will get profound knowledge on the connection between intestinal microbiota and immune defense systems. The tools of choice to study the ecology of these highly-specialized microorganism communities such as high-throughput sequencing and metagenomic mining will be presented. In addition the most common diseases associated to the composition of the gut flora are discussed in detail. The book will address researchers, clinicians and advanced students working in biomedicine, microbiology and immunology.

Adiposity

Adiposity
Author: Jan Gordeladze
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2017-03-22
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9789535129974

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This book is the second in a series of two, featuring the Adiposity - Omics and Molecular Understanding, serving as an introduction to modern views on how the adipocytes are reciprocally interacting with organ systems in order to explain the biology of the body's fat cells and how they are integrated with other organ systems, like muscle cells and the liver, in order to control the lipid metabolism in our bodies, to finally preserve a positive balance between white and brown/beige adipocyte tissues (WAT and BAT). The understanding of the "omics" of obesity will therefore enable clinicians and researchers to better pursue the untoward incidents of metabolic deviations from a defined and health-bringing homeostasis, with fully responding WAT and BAT, being able to preserve a healthy balance between fat-producing and fat-metabolizing tissues for the benefit of the host, and thus longevity (optimal health with healthy, well-functioning organ systems) throughout a lifetime.

Microbiota in health and disease from pregnancy to childhood

Microbiota in health and disease  from pregnancy to childhood
Author: Pamela D. Browne,Eric Claassen,Michael D. Cabana
Publsiher: Wageningen Academic Publishers
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2017-07-20
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9789086868391

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This book offers a state-of-the-art overview of the vital relationship between human microbiota and infant and child health. Renowned clinical-experimental experts in this field discuss the development of microbiota during early life and review the environmental inputs that affect the developing infant’s gut microbiota, such as early diet and (postnatal) medical interventions. They further describe the interplay between gut microbiota and functional systems of the body, from the immune system to the central nervous system. The book discusses a range of infant and childhood diseases that are associated with microbial changes or dysbiosis, such as gastrointestinal disorders, allergic diseases, autoimmune disorders and respiratory disorders. Additionally mechanisms by which microbial dysbiosis may influence behaviour in infants are discussed. Other topics include the use of current tools in molecular microbiology for microbiota-related research and clinical practice. In the management of particular paediatric disorders, the potential of microbial manipulation with pre- and probiotics during infancy and childhood is increasingly being investigated. This book presents the evidence supporting their use in practice and reviews safety aspects. Microbiota in health and disease: from pregnancy to childhood has the ambition to provide the reader with an overview of the most recent and stunning advances in the field of infant and child microbiota and their role in health, disease and prevention. As such, it is an excellent resource for health care professionals, students and researchers in the field of life sciences.