Handbook of Benzoxazine Resins

Handbook of Benzoxazine Resins
Author: Hatsuo Ishida,Tarek Agag
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2011
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780444537904

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This handbook provides a wide overview of the field, fundamental understanding of the synthetic methods and structure/property correlation, as well as studies related to applications in a wide range of subjects. The handbook also provides 1H and 13C NMR spectra, FTIR spectra, DSC and TGA thermograms to aid in research activities. Additional tables on key NMR and FTIR frequencies unique to benzoxazine, heat of polymerization, Tg, and char yield will greatly aid in the choice of proper benzoxazine for a specific application. Provides thorough coverage of the chemistry and applications of benzoxazine resins with an evidence-based approach to enable chemists, engineers and material scientists to evaluate effectiveness Features spectra, which allow researchers to compare results, avoid repetition and save time as well as tables on key NMR frequency, IR frequency, heat of polymerization, of many benzoxazine resins to aid them in selection of materials Written by the foremost experts in the field

Handbook of Benzoxazine Resins

Handbook of Benzoxazine Resins
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:873984058

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Handbook of Benzoxazine Resins

Handbook of Benzoxazine Resins
Author: Hatsuo Ishida,Tarek Agag
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 712
Release: 2011-07-13
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780444537911

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This handbook provides a wide overview of the field, fundamental understanding of the synthetic methods and structure/property correlation, as well as studies related to applications in a wide range of subjects. The handbook also provides 1H and 13C NMR spectra, FTIR spectra, DSC and TGA thermograms to aid in research activities. Additional tables on key NMR and FTIR frequencies unique to benzoxazine, heat of polymerization, Tg, and char yield will greatly aid in the choice of proper benzoxazine for a specific application. Provides thorough coverage of the chemistry and applications of benzoxazine resins with an evidence-based approach to enable chemists, engineers and material scientists to evaluate effectiveness Features spectra, which allow researchers to compare results, avoid repetition and save time as well as tables on key NMR frequency, IR frequency, heat of polymerization, of many benzoxazine resins to aid them in selection of materials Written by the foremost experts in the field

Advanced and Emerging Polybenzoxazine Science and Technology

Advanced and Emerging Polybenzoxazine Science and Technology
Author: Hatsuo Ishida,Pablo Froimowicz
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1126
Release: 2017-01-18
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128041857

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Advanced and Emerging Polybenzoxazine Science and Technology introduces advanced topics of benzoxazine resins and polybenzoxazines as presented through the collaboration of leading experts in the benzoxazine community, representing the authoritative introduction to the subjects. Broad topics covered include the recent development and improved understanding of the subjects, including low temperature cure, aerogels and carbon aerogels, smart chemistry in fire retarding materials and coatings, metal containing benzoxazines, rational design of advanced properties, and materials from natural renew. In the past twenty years, the number of papers on polybenzoxazine has continuously increased at an exponential rate. During the past three years, the number of papers published is more than the previous 17 years combined. The material is now part of only a few successfully commercialized polymers in the past 35 years. Therefore, interest in this material in both academia and industry is very strong. Includes the latest advancements in benzoxazine chemistry Describes advanced materials, such as aerogels, carbons, smart coatings, nanofibers, and shape memory materials Includes additional characterization data and techniques, such as FT-IR, Raman, NMR, DSC, and TGA analyses

Phenolic Polymers Based Composite Materials

Phenolic Polymers Based Composite Materials
Author: Mohammad Jawaid,Mohammad Asim
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2020-11-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811589324

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This book contains recent research on phenolic resin and its composite materials. The book covers all types of wood composites, natural fibres and synthetic fibres reinforced composites. It discusses various properties of phenolic composites and presents comparative study with other polymer composites for prospective applications. The chapters in the book present an up-to-date information on the subject area of polymer and composite-based information by prominent researchers in academia and industry as well as government/private research laboratories across the world. The book serves as a holistic reference source for university and college faculties, professionals, postdoctoral research fellows, undergraduate/graduate students, and research and science officers working in the area of polymer science, non-forest products utilization, natural fibres and biomass materials.

Thermosets

Thermosets
Author: Qipeng Guo
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 712
Release: 2017-11-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081010280

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In this new edition, Thermosets: Structure, Properties, and Applications builds on and updates the existing review of mechanical and thermal properties, as well as rheology and curing processes of thermosets, and the role of nanostructures in thermoset toughening. All chapters have been updated or re-written, and new chapters have been added to reflect ongoing changes and developments in the field of thermosetting materials and the applications of these materials. Applications of thermosets are the focus of the second part of the book, including the use of thermosets in the building and construction industry, aerospace technology and as insulation materials. Thermoset adhesives and coatings, including epoxy resins, acrylates and polyurethanes are also discussed, followed by a review of thermosets for electrical applications. New chapters include coverage of thermoset nanocomposites, recycling issues, and applications such as consumer goods, transportation, energy and defence. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the second edition of Thermosets: Structure, Properties, and Applications is an essential guide for engineers, chemists, physicists and polymer scientists involved in the development, production and application of thermosets, as well as providing a useful review for academic researchers in the field. Links structure, properties, and applications, making this book relevant to both academia and engineers in industry Includes entirely new chapters on the use of thermosets in aerospace, transport, defense, and a range of consumer applications Enables practitioners to stay current on the latest developments in recycling of thermosets and their composites

Fiber Reinforced Composites

Fiber Reinforced Composites
Author: Joseph Kuruvilla,Kristiina Oksman,George Gejo,Runcy Wilson,Saritha Appukuttan
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 906
Release: 2021-03-20
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128210918

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Polymer-based fibre-reinforced composites FRC’s have now come out as a major class of structural materials being used or regarded as substituent’s for metals in several critical components in space, automotive and other industries (marine, and sports goods) owing to their low density, strength-weight ratio, and fatigue strength. FRC’s have several commercial as well as industrial applications ranging from aircraft, space, automotive, sporting goods, marine, and infrastructure. The above-mentioned applications of FRC’s clearly reveal that FRC’s have the potential to be used in a broad range of different engineering fields with the added advantages of low density, and resistance to corrosion compared to conventional metallic and ceramic composites. However, for scientists/researchers/R&D’s to fabricate FRC’s with such potential there should be careful and precise design followed by suitable process development based on properties like mechanical, physical, and thermal that are unique to each application. Hence the last few decades have witnessed considerable research on fibre reinforced composites. Fibre Reinforced Composites: Constituents, Compatibility, Perspectives and Applications presents a widespread all-inclusive review on fibre-reinforced composites ranging from the different types of processing techniques to chemical modification of the fibre surface to enhance the interfacial adhesion between the matrix and fibre and the structure-property relationship. It illustrates how high value composites can be produced by efficient and sustainable processing methods by selecting different constituents [fibres and resins]. Researchers in academia working in composites and accompanying areas [materials characterisation] and industrial manufacturers who need information on composite constituents and how they relate to each other for a certain application will find the book extremely useful when they need to make decisions about materials selection for their products. Focuses on the different types of FRC’s that are currently available (e.g. from polymeric matrices to metallic and ceramic matrices, from carbon fibre to different types of natural fibres and from short to long fibre reinforced), their processing techniques, characterization of different properties, and how to improve the interfacial adhesion between an incompatible fibre and matrix and their applications Looks at crisis areas such as how to incorporate incompatible fibres and matrices together (e.g. Non-polar polypropylene matrix is not compatible with that of polar natural fibres and hence suitable surface modifications are required to make them compatible with each other) along with low cost processing methods, low density and high strength Uncovers clarifications to both elementary and practical problems related to the fabrication of FRCs Schematic representations depicting the interaction between different fibre types and matrices will be provided in some chapters

Multicomponent Reactions towards Heterocycles

Multicomponent Reactions towards Heterocycles
Author: Erik Van der Eycken,Upendra K. Sharma
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2022-04-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783527349081

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Demonstrating the vital role and utility of MCRs towards heterocyclic chemistry with applications in natural product synthesis, drug molecules, organic synthesis and others, this book is must-read for every synthetic chemists in academia and industry alike.

Paint and Coatings Industry

Paint and Coatings Industry
Author: Faris Yılmaz
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2019-01-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781789851618

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Some of the futuristic applications are nanotubes for electrically conductive coatings and to increase the rate of reaction of thermoset resins; organosilane dendrimer coatings; buckyball coatings for machine parts; and metals for conductive coatings in inks. The technology is limited to substantially specialized applications due to the high cost per unit volume needed to reduce the size of the particles and the need to add surface modifiers to prevent the particles from agglomerating. Recent research efforts focus primarily on the functionalization of the particle surface of the nanoparticles to make them more compatible with the coating resin systems, so that easy dispersion, low viscosity, and covalent bonding are provided between the particles and the resins.

Epoxy Composites

Epoxy Composites
Author: Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Harikrishnan Pulikkalparambil,Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Suchart Siengchin
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2021-04-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783527824076

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Discover a one-stop resource for in-depth knowledge on epoxy composites from leading voices in the field Used in a wide variety of materials engineering applications, epoxy composites are highly relevant to the work of engineers and scientists in many fields. Recent developments have allowed for significant advancements in their preparation, processing and characterization that are highly relevant to the aerospace and automobile industry, among others. In Epoxy Composites: Fabrication, Characterization and Applications, a distinguished team of authors and editors deliver a comprehensive and straightforward summary of the most recent developments in the area of epoxy composites. The book emphasizes their preparation, characterization and applications, providing a complete understanding of the correlation of rheology, cure reaction, morphology, and thermo-mechanical properties with filler dispersion. Readers will learn about a variety of topics on the cutting-edge of epoxy composite fabrication and characterization, including smart epoxy composites, theoretical modeling, recycling and environmental issues, safety issues, and future prospects for these highly practical materials. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to epoxy composites, their synthesis and manufacturing, and micro- and nano-scale structure formation in epoxy and clay nanocomposites An exploration of long fiber reinforced epoxy composites and eco-friendly epoxy-based composites Practical discussions of the processing of epoxy composites based on carbon nanomaterials and the thermal stability and flame retardancy of epoxy composites An analysis of the spectroscopy and X-ray scattering studies of epoxy composites Perfect for materials scientists, polymer chemists, and mechanical engineers, Epoxy Composites: Fabrication, Characterization and Applications will also earn a place in the libraries of engineering scientists working in industry and process engineers seeking a comprehensive and exhaustive resource on epoxy composites.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics
Author: K.S. Santhosh Kumar,C.P. Reghunadhan Nair
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 800
Release: 2013-11-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128090626

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Polybenzoxazines (PBz) belong to the family of new generation phenolic resins. They have emerged as addition-curable polymers. This feature obviates many of the shortcomings associated with conventional phenolic resins. They are endowed with excellent thermal, physical, and thermo-physical properties, and surpass the features of many conventional and state-of-the-art polymers. These unique materials offer extraordinary characteristics: near zero shrinkage, no release of volatiles during cure, high Tg, low flammability, and high UV and chemical stabilities. Given the breadth of molecular design flexibility, a wide variety of polybenzoxazines can be developed. PBz equipped with additional curing groups can generally enhance the overall thermal and mechanical properties. Blends with epoxy resins, cyanate esters, and bismaleimides offer other opportunities for fine-tuning properties. This chapter gives an account of the developments of PBz materials from their inception to the current level of application in engineering areas.

Printed Circuits Handbook Seventh Edition

Printed Circuits Handbook  Seventh Edition
Author: Clyde F. Coombs,Happy Holden
Publsiher: McGraw Hill Professional
Total Pages: 1504
Release: 2016-02-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780071833967

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The world's leading guide to printed circuits—completely updated to include the latest tools, technology, and techniques The de facto industry-standard for over 30 years, this practical guide equips you with definitive coverage of every facet of printed circuit assemblies—from design methods to fabrication processes. Now thoroughly revised and updated, this book offers cutting-edge coverage of printed circuit engineering, fabrication, construction, soldering, testing, and repair. Printed Circuits Handbook, Seventh Edition features all new, critical guidance on how to create, manage, and measure performance throughout the global supply chain. Written by a team of international experts from both industry and academia, this comprehensive volume offers new information on geographical specialization as well as the latest phase of the EUs Directive on the Restriction of Hazardous Substances (ROHS II). Fully overhauled to cover the latest scientific and technical developments Brand-new coverage of printed circuit supply chain technology and geographical specialization Complete explanations of new EU safety directives for halogen-free base materials

Phenolic Resins A Century of Progress

Phenolic Resins  A Century of Progress
Author: Louis Pilato
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 545
Release: 2010-03-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783642047145

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The legacy of Leo Hendrik Baekeland and his development of phenol formal- hyde resins are recognized as the cornerstone of the Plastics Industry in the early twentieth century, and phenolic resins continue to ?ourish after a century of robust growth. On July 13, 1907, Baekeland ?led his “heat and pressure” patent related to the processing of phenol formaldehyde resins and identi?ed their unique utility in a plethora of applications. The year 2010 marks the Centennial Year of the prod- tion of phenolic resins by Leo Baekeland. In 1910, Baekeland formed Bakelite GmbH and launched the manufacture of phenolic resins in Erkner in May 1910. In October 1910, General Bakelite began producing resins in Perth Amboy, New Jersey. Lastly, Baekeland collaborated with Dr. Takamine to manufacture phenolic resins in Japan in 1911. These events were instrumental in establishing the Plastics Industry and in tracing the identity to the brilliance of Dr. Leo Baekeland. Phenolic resins remain as a versatile resin system featuring either a stable, thermoplastic novolak composition that cures with a latent source of formaldehyde (hexa) or a heat reactive and perishable resole composition that cures thermally or under acidic or special basic conditions. Phenolic resins are a very large volume resin system with a worldwide volume in excess of 5 million tons/year, and its growth is related to the gross national product (GNP) growth rate globally.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics
Author: Hanna Dodiuk,Sydney H Goodman
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 800
Release: 2013-11-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781455731091

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Thermosetting plastics are a distinct category of plastics whose high performance, durability and reliability at high temperatures makes them suitable for specialty applications ranging from automotive and aerospace through to electronic packaging and consumer products (your melamine kitchen worktop is a thermoset resin!). Recent developments in thermoset plastics technology and processes has broadened their use exponentially over recent years, and these developments continue: in November 2011, French scientists created a new lightweight thermoset that is as strong and stable as previous materials yet can be easily reworked and reshaped when heated which makes it unique amongst thermosets and allows for repair and recycling. The Handbook of Thermoset Plastics, now in its 3rd edition, provides a comprehensive survey of the chemical processes, manufacturing techniques and design properties of each polymer, along with their applications. Written by a team of highly experienced practitioners, the practical implications of using thermoset plastics are presented – both their strengths and weaknesses. The data and descriptions presented here enable engineers, scientists and technicians to form judgments and take action on the basis of informed analysis. The aim of the book is to help the reader to make the right decision and take the correct action – avoiding the pitfalls the authors’ experience has uncovered. The new edition has been updated throughout to reflect current practice in manufacturing and processing, featuring: Case Studies to demonstrate how particular properties make different polymers suitable for different applications, as well as covering end-use and safety considerations. A new chapter on using nanoparticles to enhance thermal and mechanical properties. A new chapter describing new materials based on renewable resources (such as soy-based thermoset plastics). A new chapter covering recent developments and potential future technologies such as new catalysts for Controlled Radical Polymerization. Goodman and Dodiuk-Kenig provide a comprehensive reference guide to the chemistry, manufacturing and applications of thermosets. Updated to include recent developments in manufacturing – from biopolymers to nanocomposites. Case Studies illustrate applications of key thermoset plastics.

Polymer Data Handbook

Polymer Data Handbook
Author: James E. Mark
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 1250
Release: 2009
Genre: Reference
ISBN: 0195181018

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This new edition includes better values of properties already reported, properties not reported in time for the earlier edition, and entirely new properties becoming important for modern polymer applications. It also contains 217 total polymers, 20 of which are all-new, particularly in high-technology areas such as eletrical conductivity, non-linear optical properties, microlithography, nanophotonics, and electroluminescences. Examples of specific polymers include silsesquoxane ladder polymers, 'foldamer' self-assembling polymers, and block copolymers that phase separate into 'mushrooms', ellipsoids, and sheets with on surface radically different in properties from the other.