Handbook of Nucleating Agents

Handbook of Nucleating Agents
Author: George Wypych
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2021-01-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323898942

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Analyzes the existing literature and provides guidance on optimal selection of nucleating agents in order to increase production rates, improve the mechanical performance, and reduce the haze of polymeric products

Handbook of Foaming and Blowing Agents

Handbook of Foaming and Blowing Agents
Author: George Wypych
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2022-03-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781774670019

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Handbook of Foaming and Blowing Agents, Second Edition includes the most current information on foaming technology, guiding users on the proper selection of formulation, which is highly dependent on the mechanisms of action of blowing agents and foaming agents, as well as dispersion and solubility. The book includes properties of 23 groups of blowing agents and the typical range of technical performance for each group, including general properties, physical-chemical properties, health and safety, environmental impact, and applications in different products and polymers. All information is illustrated by chemical reactions and diagrams. Chapters in the book look at foaming mechanisms with the use of solid blowing agents, which are decomposed to the gaseous products by application of heat, production of gaseous products by chemical reaction, and foaming by gases and evaporating liquids. Introduces the fundamental mechanisms of action of blowing agents and foaming Includes best practice guidance to help engineers and technicians improve the efficiency of their existing foaming processes Enables practitioners to select blowing agents and foaming methods more effectively, thus reducing the risk of poor specification Introduces useful analytical techniques for foaming Discusses the environmental impact of foaming processes

Handbook of Industrial Polyethylene and Technology

Handbook of Industrial Polyethylene and Technology
Author: Mark A. Spalding,Ananda Chatterjee
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1410
Release: 2017-10-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781119159780

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This handbook provides an exhaustive description of polyethylene. The 50+ chapters are written by some of the most experienced and prominent authors in the field, providing a truly unique view of polyethylene. The book starts with a historical discussion on how low density polyethylene was discovered and how it provided unique opportunities in the early days. New catalysts are presented and show how they created an expansion in available products including linear low density polyethylene, high density polyethylene, copolymers, and polyethylene produced from metallocene catalysts. With these different catalysts systems a wide range of structures are possible with an equally wide range of physical properties. Numerous types of additives are presented that include additives for the protection of the resin from the environment and processing, fillers, processing aids, anti-fogging agents, pigments, and flame retardants. Common processing methods including extrusion, blown film, cast film, injection molding, and thermoforming are presented along with some of the more specialized processing techniques such as rotational molding, fiber processing, pipe extrusion, reactive extrusion, wire and cable, and foaming processes. The business of polyethylene including markets, world capacity, and future prospects are detailed. This handbook provides the most current and complete technology assessments and business practices for polyethylene resins.

Plastics Extrusion Technology Handbook

Plastics Extrusion Technology Handbook
Author: Sidney Levy,James F. Carley
Publsiher: Industrial Press Inc.
Total Pages: 388
Release: 1989
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0831111852

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Offering complete and in-depth data and information on plastics extrusion, this practical handbook presents the technology of the subject rather than the theory. Presents an overview of extrusion technology as applied to the operation of extrusion systems and the design of tooling and equipment for use in the process. Provides basic technical information on the behavior of polymer and plastics materials in the extrusion process. Contains tool descriptions that provide a basis for the analysis of existing product lines as examples for the design of new systems. Includes illustrations of and background material on control systems for the extruder and extrusion process.

Polypropylene Handbook

Polypropylene Handbook
Author: József Karger-Kocsis,Tamás Bárány
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 641
Release: 2019-03-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783030129033

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This book extensively reviews Polypropylene (PP), the second most widely produced thermoplastic material, having been produced for over 60 years. Its synthesis, processing and application are still accompanied by vigorous R&D developments because the properties of PP are at the borderline between those of commodity and engineering thermoplastics. Readers are introduced to various tacticities and polymorphs of PP, and their effects on structural properties. Further, the book addresses the control of optical properties using nucleants, provides strategies for overcoming the limited cold/impact resistance of PP, examines in detail the effects of recycling, and presents guidelines for the property modification of PPs through foaming, filling and reinforcing with respect to target applications. Special attention is paid to descriptions and models of properties as a function of morphological variables. Last but not least, the book suggests potential practical applications of PP-based systems, especially in the packaging, appliances, building/construction, textile and automotive sectors. Each chapter, written by internationally respected scientists, reflects the current state-of-art in the respective field and offers a vital source of information for students, researchers and engineers interested in the morphology, properties, testing and modeling of PP and PP-based systems. The content is indispensable to the appropriate application of PPs and related composites.

Databook of Nucleating Agents

Databook of Nucleating Agents
Author: George Wypych,Anna Wypych
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2021-01-20
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781927885765

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Analyzes the existing literature and provides guidance on optimal selection of nucleating agents in order to increase production rates, improve the mechanical performance, and reduce the haze of polymeric products

Handbook of Industrial Polyethylene and Technology

Handbook of Industrial Polyethylene and Technology
Author: Mark A. Spalding,Ananda Chatterjee
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1410
Release: 2017-10-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781119159773

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This handbook provides an exhaustive description of polyethylene. The 50+ chapters are written by some of the most experienced and prominent authors in the field, providing a truly unique view of polyethylene. The book starts with a historical discussion on how low density polyethylene was discovered and how it provided unique opportunities in the early days. New catalysts are presented and show how they created an expansion in available products including linear low density polyethylene, high density polyethylene, copolymers, and polyethylene produced from metallocene catalysts. With these different catalysts systems a wide range of structures are possible with an equally wide range of physical properties. Numerous types of additives are presented that include additives for the protection of the resin from the environment and processing, fillers, processing aids, anti-fogging agents, pigments, and flame retardants. Common processing methods including extrusion, blown film, cast film, injection molding, and thermoforming are presented along with some of the more specialized processing techniques such as rotational molding, fiber processing, pipe extrusion, reactive extrusion, wire and cable, and foaming processes. The business of polyethylene including markets, world capacity, and future prospects are detailed. This handbook provides the most current and complete technology assessments and business practices for polyethylene resins.

Engineering Plastics Handbook

Engineering Plastics Handbook
Author: James Margolis
Publsiher: McGraw Hill Professional
Total Pages: 436
Release: 2005-11-16
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780071589109

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Tougher and cheaper than other materials, thermoplastic resins are used in applications ranging from aircraft frames to glass windows. This is the first authoritative source for building and evaluating new product lines. Written by a top team of international experts, this reference incorporates the chemical, mechanical, and physical data necessary to compare and evaluate existing product lines with new and emerging products.

Introduction to Plastics Engineering

Introduction to Plastics Engineering
Author: Anshuman Shrivastava
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 262
Release: 2018-05-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323396196

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Introduction to Plastics Engineering provides a single reference covering the basics of polymer and plastics materials, and their properties, design, processing and applications in a practical way. The book discusses materials engineering through properties formulation, combining part design and processing to produce final products. This book will be a beneficial guide to materials engineers developing new formulations, processing engineers producing those formulations, and design and product engineers seeking to understand the materials and methods for developing new applications. The book incorporates material properties, engineering, processing, design, applications and sustainable and bio based solutions. Ideal for those just entering the industry, or transitioning between sectors, this is a quick, relevant and informative reference guide to plastics engineering and processing for engineers and plastics practitioners. Provides a single unified reference covering plastics materials, properties, design, processing and applications Offers end-to-end coverage of the industry, from formulation to part design, processing, and the final product Serves as an ideal introductory book for new plastics engineers and students of plastics engineering Provides a convenient reference for more experienced practitioners

Beta Nucleation of Polypropylene

Beta Nucleation of Polypropylene
Author: Philip Jacoby
Publsiher: William Andrew Publishing
Total Pages: 143
Release: 2013-11-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1455775452

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In Beta Nucleation of Polypropylene, Dr. Philip Jacoby, one of the world's leading experts in the beta nucleation of polypropylene and its related applications, provides insight about the benefits of the material. The book thoroughly covers the required processing know-how to achieve these benefits, as well as fundamental knowledge of beta-nucleated polypropylene, nucleating agents, examples of applications, and a clear differentiation between the properties and design characteristics of conventional and beta-nucleated polypropylene. Beta-nucleated polypropylene has better strength and rigidity than conventional polypropylene, allowing for reduced weight and cost in applications and improved productivity through lowered cycle times. Applications include the automotive industry, electronics, packaging, household appliances, sport equipment, construction, textile, agriculture, and medical. This book discusses these applications in detail, showing how beta nucleation has been used to add value or produce a new product. It also addresses the influence of processing conditions on optimizing properties and performance. Only comprehensive review of beta-nucleated polypropylene technology and applications available The author is one of the world's leading experts in this field Shows how to achieve cost savings and product improvements using beta nucleation technology compared to existing polypropylene fabrication practices and enables implementation of the technology

Handbook of Plastic Foams

Handbook of Plastic Foams
Author: Arthur H. Landrock
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 509
Release: 1995-12-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780815517658

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This book is intended to be a source of practical information on all types of plastic foams (cellular plastics) in use, including the new structural plastic foams. Elastomer (rubber-like) foams are also considered. The book is intended primarily for those who require a non-theoretical, authoritative, easy-to-use handbook in the subject area. It should be of value to materials engineers, plastics fabricators, chemists, chemical engineers and students. Recognized authorities have written several chapters and parts of chapters in their fields of expertise. The book is organized in such a way that information on a desired subject can be found rapidly. An unusual feature is a comprehensive listing of all known standardization documents (test methods, practices, and specifications), including some international standards. Each document includes a brief description of its contents.

Handbook of Polyolefins

Handbook of Polyolefins
Author: Cornelia Vasile
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1032
Release: 2000-06-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0203908716

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A handbook on polyolefins. This second edition includes new material on the structure, morphology and properties of polyolefin (PO) synthesis. It focuses on synthetic advances, the use of additives, special coverage of PO blends, composites and fibres, and surface treatments. It also addresses the problem of interfacial and superficial phenomena.

Handbook of Thermoplastic Elastomers

Handbook of Thermoplastic Elastomers
Author: Jiri George Drobny
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2014-05-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323221689

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Handbook of Thermoplastic Elastomers, Second Edition presents a comprehensive working knowledge of thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs), providing an essential introduction for those learning the basics, but also detailed engineering data and best practice guidance for those already involved in polymerization, processing, and part manufacture. TPEs use short, cost-effective production cycles, with reduced energy consumption compared to other polymers, and are used in a range of industries including automotive, medical, construction and many more. This handbook provides all the practical information engineers need to successfully utilize this material group in their products, as well as the required knowledge to thoroughly ground themselves in the fundamental chemistry of TPEs. The data tables included in this book assist engineers and scientists in both selecting and processing the materials for a given product or application. In the second edition of this handbook, all chapters have been reviewed and updated. New polymers and applications have been added — particularly in the growing automotive and medical fields — and changes in chemistry and processing technology are covered. Provides essential knowledge of the chemistry, processing, properties, and applications for both new and established technical professionals in any industry utilizing TPEs Datasheets provide "at-a-glance" processing and technical information for a wide range of commercial TPEs and compounds, saving readers the need to contact suppliers Includes data on additional materials and applications, particularly in automotive and medical industries

Handbook of Polymer Crystallization

Handbook of Polymer Crystallization
Author: Ewa Piorkowska,Gregory C. Rutledge
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 498
Release: 2013-05-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781118541807

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Polymeric crystals are more complex in nature than other materials' crystal structures due to significant structural disorder present. The only comprehensive reference on polymer crystallization, Handbook of Polymer Crystallization provides readers with a broad, in-depth guide on the subject, covering the numerous problems encountered during crystallization as well as solutions to resolve those problems to achieve the desired result. Edited by leading authorities in the field, topics explored include neat polymers, heterogeneous systems, polymer blends, polymer composites orientation induced crystallization, crystallization in nanocomposites, and crystallization in complex thermal processing conditions.

Springer Handbook of Glass

Springer Handbook of Glass
Author: J. David Musgraves,Juejun Hu,Laurent Calvez
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 1841
Release: 2019-11-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319937281

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This handbook provides comprehensive treatment of the current state of glass science from the leading experts in the field. Opening with an enlightening contribution on the history of glass, the volume is then divided into eight parts. The first part covers fundamental properties, from the current understanding of the thermodynamics of the amorphous state, kinetics, and linear and nonlinear optical properties through colors, photosensitivity, and chemical durability. The second part provides dedicated chapters on each individual glass type, covering traditional systems like silicates and other oxide systems, as well as novel hybrid amorphous materials and spin glasses. The third part features detailed descriptions of modern characterization techniques for understanding this complex state of matter. The fourth part covers modeling, from first-principles calculations through molecular dynamics simulations, and statistical modeling. The fifth part presents a range of laboratory and industrial glass processing methods. The remaining parts cover a wide and representative range of applications areas from optics and photonics through environment, energy, architecture, and sensing. Written by the leading international experts in the field, the Springer Handbook of Glass represents an invaluable resource for graduate students through academic and industry researchers working in photonics, optoelectronics, materials science, energy, architecture, and more.