Handbook of Silicon Wafer Cleaning Technology

Handbook of Silicon Wafer Cleaning Technology
Author: Karen Reinhardt,Werner Kern
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 760
Release: 2018-03-16
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323510851

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Handbook of Silicon Wafer Cleaning Technology, Third Edition, provides an in-depth discussion of cleaning, etching and surface conditioning for semiconductor applications. The fundamental physics and chemistry associated with wet and plasma processing are reviewed, including surface and colloidal aspects. This revised edition includes the developments of the last ten years to accommodate a continually involving industry, addressing new technologies and materials, such as germanium and III-V compound semiconductors, and reviewing the various techniques and methods for cleaning and surface conditioning. Chapters include numerous examples of cleaning technique and their results. The book helps the reader understand the process they are using for their cleaning application and why the selected process works. For example, discussion of the mechanism and physics of contamination, metal, particle and organic includes information on particle removal, metal passivation, hydrogen-terminated silicon and other processes that engineers experience in their working environment. In addition, the handbook assists the reader in understanding analytical methods for evaluating contamination. The book is arranged in an order that segments the various cleaning techniques, aqueous and dry processing. Sections include theory, chemistry and physics first, then go into detail for the various methods of cleaning, specifically particle removal and metal removal, amongst others. Focuses on cleaning techniques including wet, plasma and other surface conditioning techniques used to manufacture integrated circuits Reliable reference for anyone that manufactures integrated circuits or supplies the semiconductor and microelectronics industries Covers processes and equipment, as well as new materials and changes required for the surface conditioning process

Handbook of Silicon Wafer Cleaning Technology 2nd Edition

Handbook of Silicon Wafer Cleaning Technology  2nd Edition
Author: Karen Reinhardt,Werner Kern
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 660
Release: 2008-12-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780815517733

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The second Edition of the Handbook of Silicon Wafer Cleaning Technology is intended to provide knowledge of wet, plasma, and other surface conditioning techniques used to manufacture integrated circuits. The integration of the clean processes into the device manufacturing flow will be presented with respect to other manufacturing steps such as thermal, implant, etching, and photolithography processes. The Handbook discusses both wet and plasma-based cleaning technologies that are used for removing contamination, particles, residue, and photoresist from wafer surfaces. Both the process and the equipment are covered. A review of the current cleaning technologies is included. Also, advanced cleaning technologies that are under investigation for next generation processing are covered; including supercritical fluid, laser, and cryoaerosol cleaning techniques. Additionally theoretical aspects of the cleaning technologies and how these processes affect the wafer is discussed such as device damage and surface roughening will be discussed. The analysis of the wafers surface is outlined. A discussion of the new materials and the changes required for the surface conditioning process used for manufacturing is also included. Focused on silicon wafer cleaning techniques including wet, plasma, and other surface conditioning techniques used to manufacture integrated circuits As this book covers the major technologies for removing contaminants, it is a reliable reference for anyone that manufactures integrated circuits, or supplies the semiconductor and microelectronics industries Covers processes and equipment, as well as new materials and changes required for the surface conditioning process Editors are two of the top names in the field and are both extensively published Discusses next generation processing techniques including supercritical fluid, laser, and cryoaerosol

Handbook of Silicon Wafer Cleaning Technology 2nd Edition

Handbook of Silicon Wafer Cleaning Technology  2nd Edition
Author: Karen Reinhardt,Werner Kern
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 660
Release: 2008
Genre: Science
ISBN: 1493303430

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The second Edition of the Handbook of Silicon Wafer Cleaning Technology is intended to provide knowledge of wet, plasma, and other surface conditioning techniques used to manufacture integrated circuits. The integration of the clean processes into the device manufacturing flow will be presented with respect to other manufacturing steps such as thermal, implant, etching, and photolithography processes. The Handbook discusses both wet and plasma-based cleaning technologies that are used for removing contamination, particles, residue, and photoresist from wafer surfaces. Both the process and the equipment are covered. A review of the current cleaning technologies is included. Also, advanced cleaning technologies that are under investigation for next generation processing are covered; including supercritical fluid, laser, and cryoaerosol cleaning techniques. Additionally theoretical aspects of the cleaning technologies and how these processes affect the wafer is discussed such as device damage and surface roughening will be discussed. The analysis of the wafers surface is outlined. A discussion of the new materials and the changes required for the surface conditioning process used for manufacturing is also included. Focused on silicon wafer cleaning techniques including wet, plasma, and other surface conditioning techniques used to manufacture integrated circuits. As this book covers the major technologies for removing contaminants, it is a reliable reference for anyone that manufactures integrated circuits, or supplies the semiconductor and microelectronics industries. Covers processes and equipment, as well as new materials and changes required for the surface conditioning process. Editors are two of the top names in the field and are both extensively published. Discusses next generation processing techniques including supercritical fluid, laser, and cryoaerosol."

Handbook of Semiconductor Wafer Cleaning Technology

Handbook of Semiconductor Wafer Cleaning Technology
Author: Werner Kern
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 623
Release: 1993
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: UOM:39015029095125

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"The cleaning of semiconductor wafers has become one of the most critical operations in the fabrication of semiconductor devices. The considerable body of technical and scientific literature is widely dispersed in numerous journals and symposia proceedings. This book brings together in one volume all pertinent knowledge on semiconductor wafer cleaning and its associated scientific and technical disciplines. It provides the first comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of this rapidly evolving field. Its thirteen chapters were written by nineteen scientists who are recognized experts in each topic." "The scope of this book is very broad, covering all aspects of wafer cleaning. Emphasis is on practical applications in the fab combined with authoritative scientific background information to provide a solid scientific basis for understanding the chemical and physical processes involved in cleaning and in the analytical methods of testing and evaluation." "The depth and breadth of the material should appeal to those new in the field as well as to experienced professionals. The volume is intended to serve as a handbook for practitioners and professionals in the field of semiconductor microelectronics, including fab engineers, scientists and technicians. It should also prove useful to manufacturers of processing equipment, persons concerned with contamination control and analysis, and students attending advanced or specialized technical courses."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Handbook for Cleaning for Semiconductor Manufacturing

Handbook for Cleaning for Semiconductor Manufacturing
Author: Karen A. Reinhardt,Richard F. Reidy
Publsiher: Wiley-Scrivener
Total Pages: 590
Release: 2011-01-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0470625953

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This comprehensive volume provides an in-depth discussion of the fundamentals of cleaning and surface conditioning of semiconductor applications such as high-k/metal gate cleaning, copper/low-k cleaning, high dose implant stripping, and silicon and SiGe passivation. The theory and fundamental physics associated with wet etching and wet cleaning is reviewed, plus the surface and colloidal aspects of wet processing. Formulation development practices and methodology are presented along with the applications for preventing copper corrosion, cleaning aluminum lines, and other sensitive layers. This is a must-have reference for any engineer or manager associated with using or supplying cleaning and contamination free technologies for semiconductor manufacturing. From the Reviews... "This handbook will be a valuable resource for many academic libraries. Many engineering librarians who work with a variety of programs (including, but not limited to Materials Engineering) should include this work in their collection. My recommendation is to add this work to any collection that serves a campus with a materials/manufacturing/electrical/computer engineering programs and campuses with departments of physics and/or chemistry with large graduate-level enrollment." —Randy Wallace, Department Head, Discovery Park Library, University of North Texas

Ultraclean Surface Processing of Silicon Wafers

Ultraclean Surface Processing of Silicon Wafers
Author: Takeshi Hattori
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 616
Release: 2013-03-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783662035351

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A totally new concept for clean surface processing of Si wafers is introduced in this book. Some fifty distinguished researchers and engineers from the leading Japanese semiconductor companies, such as NEC, Hitachi, Toshiba, Sony and Panasonic as well as from several universities reveal to us for the first time the secrets of these highly productive institutions. They describe the techniques and equipment necessary for the preparation of clean high-quality semiconductor surfaces as a first step in high-yield/high-quality device production. This book thus opens the door to the manufacturing of reliable nanoscale devices and will be extremely useful for every engineer, physicist and technician involved in the production of silicon semiconductor devices.

Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies

Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies
Author: Markku Tilli,Mervi Paulasto-Krockel,Veli-Matti Airaksinen,Sami Franssila,Veikko Lindroos,Ari Lehto,Teruaki Motooka
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 668
Release: 2009-12-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0815519885

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A comprehensive guide to MEMS materials, technologies and manufacturing, examining the state of the art with a particular emphasis on current and future applications. Key topics covered include: Silicon as MEMS material Material properties and measurement techniques Analytical methods used in materials characterization Modeling in MEMS Measuring MEMS Micromachining technologies in MEMS Encapsulation of MEMS components Emerging process technologies, including ALD and porous silicon Written by 73 world class MEMS contributors from around the globe, this volume covers materials selection as well as the most important process steps in bulk micromachining, fulfilling the needs of device design engineers and process or development engineers working in manufacturing processes. It also provides a comprehensive reference for the industrial R&D and academic communities. Veikko Lindroos is Professor of Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science at Helsinki University of Technology, Finland. Markku Tilli is Senior Vice President of Research at Okmetic, Vantaa, Finland. Ari Lehto is Professor of Silicon Technology at Helsinki University of Technology, Finland. Teruaki Motooka is Professor at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Kyushu University, Japan. Provides vital packaging technologies and process knowledge for silicon direct bonding, anodic bonding, glass frit bonding, and related techniques Shows how to protect devices from the environment and decrease package size for dramatic reduction of packaging costs Discusses properties, preparation, and growth of silicon crystals and wafers Explains the many properties (mechanical, electrostatic, optical, etc), manufacturing, processing, measuring (incl. focused beam techniques), and multiscale modeling methods of MEMS structures

Ultra Clean Technology Handbook

Ultra Clean Technology Handbook
Author: Ohmi
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 944
Release: 2017-11-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781351406420

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Evaluating the effectiveness of conventional wet processes for cleaning silicon wafers in semiconductor production, this reference reveals concrete measures to improve ultrapure water quality reviewing the structure and physical characteristics of ultrapure water molecules. The volume is divided int